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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3318 - יָצָא
1) to go out, come out, exit, go forth
1a1) to go or come out or forth, depart
1a2) to go forth (to a place)
1a3) to go forward, proceed to (to or toward something)
1a4) to come or go forth (with purpose or for result)
1a5) to come out of
1b1) to cause to go or come out, bring out, lead out
1b2) to bring out of
1b3) to lead out
1b4) to deliver
1c) (Hophal) to be brought out or forth
V) ayi (יתסא YTsA) - Go out: To go, come or issue out. [Hebrew and Aramaic; A generic verb with a wide application meaning to go or come out] KJV (1070): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) out, forth, bring, come, proceed, go, depart, finished - Strongs: H3318 (יָצָא), H3319 (יְצָא)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 go or come out or forth:
a. from (מִן) a place, e.g. a tent Genesis 31:33 (E; opposed to בּוֺא בְ), מִמֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֺעֵד Leviticus 8:33; Leviticus 10:7 (P), compare מִןהַֿמִּקְדָּשׁ Leviticus 21:22 (H); from a house 2 Samuel 11:8, the doors (דלתי) of a house Joshua 2:19 (JE), Judges 11:31; מִפֶתח ביתו Exodus 12:22 (JE), from a camp 1 Samuel 13:17; 2 Kings 7:12, a city Genesis 19:14 (J), Genesis 12:4 (P), 1 Kings 11:29; 1 Kings 20:17; Micah 4:10, a cave 1 Samuel 24:9, the ark Genesis 9:18 (J), Genesis 8:16,19 (both P); out of vineyards Judges 21:21; followed by accusative אֶתהָֿעִיר Genesis 44:4 (E), Exodus 9:29 (J); with בְּ also, of gate Jeremiah 17:19; Nehemiah 2:13; followed by accusative local. לֹא אֵצֵא פָ֑תַח Job 31:34; participle construct יֹצְאֵי הֵַתּבָה Genesis 9:10 (P), יֹצְאֵי שַׁעַר עִירוֺ Genesis 34:24 (P); absolute Joshua 2:5 (JE), Judges 3:24; Exodus 34:34 (P), Numbers 33:3 (P; Israel going out [from Egypt]), 2 h Numbers 26:20 +; specify., of going out (מִן) from a land (of emigration) Genesis 10:11,14; Genesis 24:5 (all J); patric. of coming forth from (the land of) Egypt (the Exodus) Exodus 12:41 (J), Exodus 13:3,8; Exodus 23:15; Exodus 34:18; Numbers 11:20; Numbers 22:5 (all J E), and especially D, Deuteronomy 4:45,46; Deuteronomy 9:7; Deuteronomy 11:10; Deuteronomy 16:3 (twice in verse); Deuteronomy 16:6; Deuteronomy 23:5; Deuteronomy 24:9; Deuteronomy 25:17; Joshua 2:10; Joshua 5:4,5,6 (all D), Numbers 33:1 (P), 1 Kings 6:1; 1 Kings 8:9 2 Chronicles 5:10; 2 Kings 21:15; Jeremiah 7:25; Haggai 2:5; Psalm 114:1.
b go forth from (the presence of) a person: Exodus 8:26; Exodus 9:33; Exodus 10:6 (all followed by מֵעִם), Genesis 44:28; Exodus 5:20; Jeremiah 2:37 (מֵאֵת), Judges 3:19 (מֵעָלָיו); followed by מִלִּפְנֵי Genesis 4:16 (J), Genesis 41:46; Genesis 47:10; Esther 8:15; Ecclesiastes 10:5; followed by מֵעִם מְּנֵי Job 1:12, מֵאֵת מְּנֵי Job 2:7; followed by suffix יְצָאֻנִי Jeremiah 10:20 (see De Ecclesiastes 7:18).
c. in technical senses: absolute go forth, of emancipation Exodus 21:2,3(twice in verse); Exodus 21:4,5,7 (3t. in verse); Exodus 21:11 (all J E), compare יצא מִתַּחַת יַדאֲֿרָם 2 Kings 13:5; of release in the year of jubilee, land, etc. Leviticus 25:28,30,31,33 (all H), Leviticus 27:21 (P); also of a debtor-slave Leviticus 25:54 (H); suffix divorce וְיָָֽצְאָה מִבֵּיתוֺ Deuteronomy 24:2; of condemnation בְּהִשָּֽׁפְטוֺ יֵצֵא רָשָׁע Psalm 109:7 when he is judged let him go out as a criminal, i.e. be condemned: of bowels (מֵעִים) falling out by reason of disease 2 Chronicles 21:15,19.
d. of flight, involving escape: followed by הַחוּ֫צָה, "" נוּס, flee Genesis 39:12,15 (J), כִּי נָצאֹ תֵצֵא Jeremiah 48:9; opposed to taken (by lot) 1 Samuel 14:41; רָעָה אֲשֶׁרלֹאיֿוּכְלוּ לָצֵאת מִמֶּ֑נָּה Jeremiah 11:11 calamity from which they shall not be able to escape; perhaps also יְרֵאאֱלֹהִים יֵצֵא אֶתכֻּֿלָּם Ecclesiastes 7:18 he that feareth God shall escape (or be freed from, see De Hi-Now Mishna) all of them (see VB), — on accusative with יצא see De.
e. depart בְּצֵאת נַפְשָׁהּ Genesis 35:18i.e. when she was expiring; so תֵּצֵא רוּחוֺ Psalm 146:4; בְּצֵאת הַיַּיִן מִנָּבָל 1 Samuel 25:27i.e. when Nabal became sober; also figurative וַיֵּצֵא לִבָּם Genesis 42:28 (E) i.e. their heart failed ("" וַיֶּחֶרְדוּ); rust from (מִן) caldron Ezekiel 24:16 (see Co Ezekiel 12:5); of glory of ׳י Ezekiel 10:18; וַיֵּצֵאמִן בַּתצִֿיּוֺן כָּלהֲֿדָרָהּ Lamentations 1:6; hence infinitive = exit, end בְּצֵאת הַשָּׁנָה Exodus 23:16 (JE), and, refundantly, כְּעֵתצֵאת הַקֵּץ לְיָמִים שְׁנַיִם 2 Chronicles 21:19i.e. at the end of two years
f. of inanimate things: river out of Eden Genesis 2:10 (J), water out of rock Exodus 17:6 (E), Numbers 20:11 (JE), from Leh1Judges 15:19; of molten calf out of fire Exodus 32:24(E); of gold (after refining) Job 23:10 (absolute, in simile); in prophecy of fountain from house of ׳י Ezekiel 47:1,8,12; Zechariah 14:8; Joel 4:18; of seed (semen virile) from man Leviticus 15:16,32 (P), Leviticus 22:4 (H); of weapon which has pierced body 2 Samuel 2:23 (מֵאַחֲרָיו), 2 Kings 9:24 (מִלִּבּוֺ), Job 20:25 (מִגֵּוַה); וַתֵּצֵא אַחֲרָיו מַשְׂאַת הַמֶּלֶךְ 2 Samuel 11:8 and there went out ( = was sent out) after him the king's portion (i.e. the food given by the king); idiomatically of expenditure of money 2 Kings 12:13 (absolute, compare Hiph`il v. 2 Kings 12:12); of swift movement of arrow from bow Zechariah 9:14 (like lightning), of lightning out of fire Ezekiel 1:13; absolute of sunrise (subject שֶׁמֶשׁ) Judges 5:31 (in simile), Genesis 19:23, compare Isaiah 13:10 (so Assyrian, e.g. ultu ƒît šanši adi êrib šanši COT Genesis 19:23); of rising of stars (כּוֺכָבִים) Nehemiah 4:15; of sentence of judge Habakkuk 1:4 (twice in verse); Psalm 17:2; of judgment, or right appearing (with simile of light) Hosea 6:5 (read וּמִשְׁמָּטִי כָאוֺר יֵצֵא), Isaiah 62:1; of a lot וַיֵּצֵא הַנּוֺרָל לִבְנֵי יוֺסֵף Joshua 16:1 (JE), and especially P, Numbers 33:54; Joshua 19:1,17,24,32,40; Joshua 21:4, compare also ויצא גְּבוּל גּוֺרָלָם Joshua 18:11 (P)
g. with especial emphasis on idea of origin, source: hyssop out of the wall 1 Kings 5:13; מיהוה יצא הדבר Genesis 24:50 (J) from ׳י has the thing proceeded, of a providential arrangement, so ׳מֵעִם י Isaiah 28:29; מֵרְשָׁעִים יֵצֵא רֶשַׁע 1 Samuel 24:14 (an ancient proverb); of pollution proceeding from (מֵאֵת) prophets Jeremiah 23:15; of fire from Heshbon Numbers 21:28 (JE), Jeremiah 48:45, compare Judges 9:15,20 (twice in verse); of fire ׳מִלִּפְנֵי י Leviticus 9:24; Leviticus 10:2, ׳מֵאֵת י Numbers 16:35 (all P); in theophany יצא רֶשֶׁף לְרַגְליו Habakkuk 3:5; iniquity from unreceptive heart Psalm 73:7 (see I. הֵלֶב
1); wrath ׳מִלִּפְנֵי י Numbers 17:11 (P); absolute Jeremiah 4:4 = Jeremiah 21:12; Jeremiah 23:19 = Jeremiah 30:23; so salvation Isaiah 51:5; וְנִשְׁמַתמִֿי יָָֽצְאָה מִמֶּךָּ Job 26:4; of words going forth from mouth of speaker (of solemn or formal speech) מִמִּיכֶם דָּבָר לֹא יֵצֵא Joshua 6:10 (JE), Judges 11:26; 1 Samuel 2:3; Jeremiah 44:17; Job 37:2; Esther 7:8, also Numbers 30:3; Numbers 32:24 (both P); of ׳י s words going forth from his mouth, or from him Isaiah 45:23; Isaiah 48:3; Isaiah 51:4; Isaiah 55:11; Ezekiel 33:30; of ׳י s words, instruction, command, etc., going froth Isaiah 2:3 = Micah 4:2 (from Jerusalem), Daniel 9:23; of human commandment Esther 1:19, compare Esther 1:17.
h. of children as going forth from loins (of father) מִמֵּעִים 2 Samuel 7:12; 2 Samuel 16:11; מֵחֲלָצִים Genesis 35:11 (P), 1 Kings 8:19 2 Chronicles 6:9; followed by מִן alone 2 Kings 20:18 = Isaiah 39:7; also יֹצְאֵי יְרֵכוֺ Judges 8:30; Genesis 46:26; Exodus 1:5 (both P); also of birth מֵרֶחֶם (אִמּוֺ) Numbers 12:12 (JE), Jeremiah 1:5; Jeremiah 20:18; Job 3:11; figurative of sea Job 38:9; of ice Job 38:29; מִבֶּטֶן אִמּוֺ Job 1:21; Ecclesiastes 5:14; literal, source not expressed, Genesis 25:25,26; Genesis 38:28,29,30 (all J); of untimely birth Exodus 21:22 (JE); compare היּוֺצֵ֯ת מִבֵּין רַגְלֶיהָ Deuteronomy 28:57 ("" תֵּלֵד); of family or race connection (followed by מִן) Nahum 1:11; Isaiah 48:1; 1 Chronicles 1:12; 1 Chronicles 2:53; יצא also of produce of vine (מִגֶּפֶן) Judges 13:14, compare הַיֹּצֵא הַשָּׂדֶה Deuteronomy 14:22 (read יצא⅏, see Di); אֶרֶץ מִמֶּנָּה יצא לֶחֶם Job 28:5; of viper proceeding from serpent's root Isaiah 14:29; further, with idea of unfolding, growth Job 8:16; Job 14:2; Job 31:40; וְיָצָא חֹטֶר מִגֶּזַע יִשָׁ֑י Isaiah 11:1; of the little horn Daniel 8:9; so of branches of candlestick in tabernacle Exodus 25:32,33,35; Exodus 37:18,19,21 (all P); then simply project (tower from wall) Nehemiah 3:25,26,27; of measuring-line going forth (absolute) in a particular direction Jeremiah 31:39; of a boundary (-line) going out (absolute) so as then to turn and make an angle Numbers 34:4,9; Joshua 15:3,4,9,11 (twice in verse); Joshua 16:2,6,7; Joshua 18:15 (twice in verse); Joshua 18:17 (twice in verse); Joshua 19:12,13,27,34,47.
2. a. go forth to a place Genesis 27:3 (J), Jeremiah 14:18; Ezekiel 3:22; Zechariah 6:6 (twice in verse); Zechariah 6:7 +; so וַיֵּצֵא הַמַּרְשְׁדֹ֫נָה Judges 3:22 (see VB); go forth in surrender 1 Samuel 11:3 (followed by אֶל person) 2 Kings 18:31 = Isaiah 36:16; Jeremiah 38:17,21; אֵין מֶּרֶץ וְאֵיןיוֺצֵאת Psalm 144:14; into captivity לֹא יָָֽצְאוּ אִתְּכֶםבַּגּוֺלָה Jeremiah 29:16, compare Jeremiah 48:7; Zechariah 14:2; also יָצָא מִןהַֿמָּקוֺםהַזֶּה Jeremiah 22:11, compare בָּנַי יְצָאֻנִי Jeremiah 10:20.
b. go forward proceed to or toward something, figurative, מֵרָעָה אֶלֿרָעָה יָצָ֑אוּ Jeremiah 9:2 from evil to evil they go on; in like manner 2 Samuel 20:8 si vera lectio, but read rather וְהִיא יָָֽצְאָה and it (i.e. the sword) came out (of the sheath) and fell ᵐ5 We Dr Kit Bu.
c. come or go forth, with especially reference to purpose or result: וְיָצָאתִי אַחֲרָיו וְהִכִּתִיו 1 Samuel 17:35, compare 1 Samuel 24:15; יָצָא שָׁאוּללְבַקֵּשׁ נַפְשׁוֺ 1 Samuel 23:15, compare 1 Samuel 26:20, further 2 Samuel 2:13; 2 Samuel 18:4; 1 Kings 20:18 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 20:19,39; 2 Kings 5:2; Micah 1:11; Jeremiah 37:5; Zechariah 14:3; Daniel 11:11,44 +; of an adulteress Proverbs 7:15; of an angel Numbers 22:32 (JE), Daniel 9:22; for יֵצֵא ֗֗֗ אִתְּכֶם 1 Samuel 22:3 ( let my father etc. go forth [to be] with you, compare Klo) read perhaps יֵשְׁבוּ as ᵑ6ᵑ9 Kit, see also Dr; of army marching out to form battle line יֹצֵא אֶלהַֿמַּעֲרָכָה 1 Samuel 17:20 (with article, ᵑ0, < omitted by We Dr Kit Bu); בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר יָָֽצְאוּ Judges 2:15 in all to which they went forth, יָצָא לפני 1 Samuel 8:20 of king going out at the head of his soldiers; so of ׳י before his people Judges 4:14; 2 Samuel 5:24; Psalm 68:8, compare Psalm 108:12; 1 Chronicles 14:15; of ׳י going out from Seir Judges 5:14, compare Habakkuk 3:13; of the hand of ׳י, in hostility ׳יָָֽצְאָה בִי יַדיֿ Ruth 1:13; absolute of fire breaking out Exodus 22:5 (JE).
3 of combinations, note esp.: יָצוֺא וָשׁוֺב (infinitive absolute) Genesis 8:7 going out and returning, nearly = to and fro; אִישׁ יוֺצֵא ֗֗֗ יֹצֵא יָצוֺאוּמְקַלֵּל 2 Samuel 16:5 = coming forth, cursing as he came; יצא ובא, literal אֵין יוֺצֵא וְאֵין בָּא Joshua 6:1 none went out and none came in, i.e. there was no free egress or ingress (of besieged city), compare 1 Kings 15:17 2 Chronicles 16:1; 15:5; to go out and come in before, of leader in war Numbers 27:17; 1 Samuel 18:16, compare 1 Samuel 29:6; figurative Deuteronomy 28:6 blessed shalt thou be בבואך ובצאתך, i.e. when thou completest and beginnest any undertaking, so Deuteronomy 28:19; Deuteronomy 31:2 לא אוכל לצאת ולבוא, i.e. I can no more engage in active undertakings; similarly Joshua 14:11; 1 Kings 3:7; Isaiah 37:28 ( + שִׁבְתְּךָ) = 2 Kings 19:27; Psalm 121:8.
Hiph`il278 Perfect הוֺצִיא Genesis 14:18 +; וְהוֺצִא consecutive Deuteronomy 22:14; הוֺצֵאתָ Exodus 32:11 7t.; וְהוֺצֵאתָ֫ Numbers 20:8 3t.; 2 feminine singular וְהוֺצֵאת 1 Kings 17:13; suffix הוֺצִיאַ֫נִי Ezekiel 42:15; הוֺצִיאָ֫נוּ Exodus 13:14 2t.; הוֺצִיאֲךָ Deuteronomy 6:12; Deuteronomy 16:1, הוֺצִאֲךָ Exodus 13:9; Deuteronomy 7:19; הוֺצִיאָם Exodus 32:12 2t., etc.; Imperfect (יֹצִא) יוֺצִיא Leviticus 16:27 9t.; (וַיּצֵא) וַיּוֺצֵא Genesis 15:5 23t.; (וַיֹּצִא) וַיּוֺצִא Deuteronomy 4:20 4t.; suffix יוֺצִיאֵנִי Micah 7:9; וַיּוֺצִאֲךָ Deuteronomy 4:37; Deuteronomy 5:15; וַיּוֺצִאָהּ Exodus 4:6,7; 3 feminine singular תּוֺצִיא Isaiah 61:11; Haggai 1:11; jussive תּוֺצֵא Genesis 1:24; וַתּוֺצֵא Genesis 1:12; Ruth 2:18; 2 masculine singular תּוֺצִיא Exodus 12:46 5t.; חֲתֹצִיא Job 38:32; וַתֹּצֵא Jeremiah 32:21; (וַיֹּצִאוּ) וַיּוֺצִיאוּ Leviticus 24:23 +; suffix וַיּוֺצִיאֻהוּ 2 Kings 12:12; וַיֹּצִאֻהוּ Genesis 19:16; וַיֹּצִיאֻהוּ 1 Kings 21:13; יוֺצִיאוּם 1 Chronicles 9:28, etc.; Imperative הוֺצֵא Genesis 19:12 5t. + Genesis 8:17 Kt (Qr הַיְצֵא); הוֺצִיא Isaiah 43:8; הוֺצִ֫יאָה Psalm 142:8; suffix הוֺצִיאֵנִי Psalm 25:17; 1 Kings 22:34, etc.; Infinitive construct הוֺצִיא Exodus 6:13 +; suffix (הוֺצִאִי) הוֺצִיאִי Exodus 16:32 +; לְהוֺצִאֵהוּ Jeremiah 39:14, anomalous (Kö i. 642), etc.; Participle מוֺצִיא Exodus 6:7 11t.; מוֺצֵא Psalm 135:7; suffix מוֺצִיאִי 2 Samuel 22:49, מוֺצִיאֲךָ Deuteronomy 8:14; Deuteronomy 13:11, etc.; —
1 cause to go or come out, bring out, lead out:
a. a person from a place, + מִן local, out of prison, etc. Genesis 40:14 (E), Jeremiah 20:3; Jeremiah 52:31 (not "" 2 Kings 25:27); so with the servant of ׳י subject Isaiah 42:7; out of house Joshua 6:22 (JE), a city Genesis 19:12 (J), Ezekiel 14:22 (so ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9 Co VB; ᵑ0 Hoph`al); of ׳י bringing people of Jerusalem out of city to deliver them to enemy Ezekiel 11:7 (ᵑ0 ( one) shall bring, but read 1 singular, see VB), Ezekiel 11:9; from a land Jeremiah 26:33; especially of Moses bringing Israelites out of Egypt Exodus 3:10,11,12 (E), Exodus 14:11 (J); of Moses and Aaron Exodus 6:13,26,27 (P); of ׳י bringing Israelites out of (מִן) Egypt Exodus 18:1; Exodus 20:2; Joshua 24:6 (all E), Exodus 13:3,9,14,16; Exodus 32:11; Numbers 20:16; Numbers 23:22; Numbers 24:8 (all J E), Deuteronomy 1:27; Deuteronomy 4:20,37; Deuteronomy 5:6,15; Deuteronomy 6:12,21,23; Deuteronomy 8:14; Deuteronomy 9:12,26,28; Deuteronomy 13:6; Deuteronomy 13:11; Deuteronomy 16:1; Deuteronomy 26:8 (all D), Leviticus 19:36; Leviticus 22:33; Leviticus 23:43; Leviticus 25:38,44,55; Leviticus 26:13,45 (all H), Exodus 6:6,7 (מִתַּחַת סִבְלֹת מצרים), Exodus 7:4,5; Exodus 12:17,42,51; Exodus 16:6,32; Exodus 29:46; Numbers 15:41 (all P), Judges 2:12; Judges 6:8; 1 Samuel 12:8; 1 Kings 8:16 2 Chronicles 6:5; 1 Kings 8:21,51,53; 1 Kings 9:9; Jeremiah 7:22; Jeremiah 11:4; Jeremiah 31:32; Jeremiah 32:21; Jeremiah 34:13; Ezekiel 20:6,10, compare Ezekiel 20:9 (strike out Co), 2 Chronicles 7:22; Psalm 136:11; Daniel 9:15; absolute, same sense, Joshua 24:5 (E), Deuteronomy 7:8,19; Ezekiel 20:14,22; Psalm 105:37; Psalm 105:43; of ׳י bringing Israelites out of exile (followed by מִן) Ezekiel 20:34,41; Ezekiel 34:13; object rebels (out of, מִן, land) Ezekiel 20:38; of charioteer bringing Ahab out of battle 1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33; of Joseph's bringing out his sons from between Jacob's knees Genesis 48:12 (E).
b. of bringing from a place for a particular purpose (human subject) Exodus 19:17 (מִן); also (point of departure not expressed, and purpose sometimes only implied) Genesis 38:24 (J), Joshua 2:3; Joshua 6:23 (twice in verse); Judges 6:30; 2 Samuel 12:31 = 1 Chronicles 20:3; 2 Kings 11:12 2 Chronicles 23:11,14; Isaiah 43:8; ׳י subject, of bringing Israelites out of Egypt to slay them Exodus 32:16 (JE), Deuteronomy 9:28,29; object Gog Ezekiel 38:4; subject ׳יַד י Ezekiel 37:1.
c. lead out as an army 2 Samuel 10:16 = 1 Chronicles 19:16, so of ׳י Isaiah 43:17; hence with הֵבִיא, of a ruler's function to lead people out and in 2 Samuel 5:2 = 1 Chronicles 11:2; Numbers 27:17 (P).
d.הוֺצִיא מֵרֶחֶם of God's agency in birth Job 10:18.
e. = remove (from a person's presence) הוֺצִיאוּ כָלאִֿישׁ מֵעָלָ֑י Genesis 45:1; 2 Samuel 13:9; without "" מעל 2 Samuel 13:18.
f. of putting away wives and children Ezra 10:3,19 (opposed to הוֺשִׁיב Ezra 10:2, compare יצאה מביתו Deuteronomy 24:2).
g. bring out person unto (אֶל) a place (human subject) Joshua 10:22,23 (JE), Deuteronomy 17:5; Deuteronomy 22:21,24 (all D), Leviticus 24:14,23 (H), Numbers 15:36 (P; all אֶלמִֿחוּץ), 1 Kings 21:10,13 (
יָצָא pret. once without א: יָצָתִי Job 1:21 fut. יֵצֵא, imp. צֵא, with ה parag. צֵאָה Judges 9:20 pl. once ἀνομαλῶς צְאֶינָה Song of Solomon 3:11 inf. absol. יָצאֹ, const. צֵאת, part. יוֹצֵא, f. יֹצָא for יֹצְאָה, יֹצֵאת and without יוֹצֵת אֶ Deuteronomy 28:57; Psalms 144:14.
to go out, to go forth (Eth. ወፅአ፡ id. In Syriac and Chaldee the word which radically corresponds, יֳעא ܝܺܥܐܳ to germinate, to expand, as a plant, they use in the sense of going out, when speaking of men and other things ܢܦܰܩ, נְפַק as the Arabs do خرج).
Const. followed by מִן of the place, whence any one goes out, Genesis 8:19; Job 3:11 also followed by an accus. like the Latin egredi urbem; Genesis 44:4, יָֽצְאוּ אֶת־הָעִיר הֵם “hi egressi erant urbem;” Exodus 9:29, 33 Job 29:7; Deuteronomy 14:22, יוֹצֵא הַשָּׂדֶה “that which goes out from the field,” its produce; Jerem. 10:20, בָּנַי יְצָאוּנִי “my children have gone out from me,” i.e. have forsaken me; Amos 4:3, פְּרָצִים תֵּצֶאנָה “go out through the breaches.” Part. יוֹצְאֵי [שַׁעַר]־הָעִיר; Genesis 32:24, compared with 9:10. Once with accus. of that which goes out in great plenty, or pours itself out (comp. Heb. Gramm. ed. 10, § 135, 1, note 2, and the verbs עָלָה Proverbs 24:31 יָרַד Lamentations 3:38; Amos 5:3, הָעִיר הַיּוֹצֵאת אֶלֶף “the city which poured forth thousands;” מִן is prefixed to the gate by which one goes out, Judges 11:31 and בְּ Jeremiah 17:19; Nehemiah 2:13.
Specially to go out, to go forth, is used
(a) of soldiers
(α) to war, 1 Samuel 8:20; Job 39:21; Isaiah 42:12; Zechariah 14:3 (and similarly shepherds against wild beasts, 1 Samuel 17:35).
(β) out of a city in order to surrender it, Isaiah 36:16.
(b) merchants and sailors for purposes of trade, Deuteronomy 33:18.
(c) slaves manumitted by their owners, Exodus 21:3, Exodus 21:4, 11 Exodus 21:11; Leviticus 25:41, 54 Leviticus 25:54 more fully in this sense יָצָא חָפְשִׁי Exodus 21:5 and יָצָא לַחָפְשִׁי verse Exodus 21:2, to go out as free, manumitted (figuratively applied to estates which were to be delivered gratuitously to the original possessor in the year of jubilee, Leviticus 25:28, 30 Leviticus 25:30).
(d) children, descendants are said to come forth from their father, or the ancestor of the race; Genesis 17:6, מְלָכִים מִמְּךָ יֵצֵאוּ “kings shall come forth from thee,” shall be amongst thy descendants. More fully מִיֶּרֶךְ פּ׳, יָצָא מִבֶּטֶן to come forth from the womb, from the loins of any one, Job 1:21; Genesis 46:26.
(e) those who are delivered from danger are said to come forth; followed by an accus. Ecclesiastes 7:18, יְרֵא אֱלֹהִים יֵצֵא אֶת־בֻּלָּם “he who fears God shall come forth from all these” (similarly of any one who escapes being taken by lot, opp. to נִלִכַּר 1 Samuel 14:41).
It is applied to inanimate things. So
(f) the sun is said to go forth, i.e. to rise, Genesis 19:23; Psalms 19:6 the stars, Nehemiah 4:15 the morning, Hosea 6:5.
(g) to plants which spring forth, 1 Kings 5:13; Isaiah 11:1 flowers, Job 14:2 compare Syr. ܝܺܥܐܳ to shoot up, and the noun צֶאֱצָאִים
(h) water flowing, gushing forth from a fountain, Genesis 2:10; Deuteronomy 8:7 מוֹצָא מַיִם Isaiah 41:18. It is used also
(1) of a boundary, terminus, running on, running through, Joshua 15:3, Joshua 15:4, Joshua 15:9, 11 Joshua 15:11.
(k) of money which is laid out, expended, 2 Kings 12:13 (like the synonyms in Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic).
(l) of things which go forth to the people, are promulgated; of an edict, Habakkuk 1:4 of the sentence of a judge, Psalms 17:2 compare Genesis 24:50.
(m) of the outgoing, i.e. the end of a period of time; Exodus 23:16, בְּצֵאת הַשָּׁנָה “at the end of the year,” Ezekiel 7:10 hence of the end, the destruction of a city, Ezekiel 26:18.
Hiphil הוֹצִיא causat. to cause to go out, or come forth, hence of animate beings; to lead out, e.g. the people from Egypt, Exodus 12:51, 16:6 of inanimate beings, to carry out, Genesis 14:18 to draw out, to take out, Exodus 4:6, Job 28:11 to take out as from a case, Genesis 24:53. Specially it is
(a) causat. of Kal, letter g, to put forth plants (as the earth), Genesis 1:12, 24 Isaiah 61:11.
(b) causat. of Kal letter k, to cause to lay out, to exact money, followed by עַל; to lay on a tribute, 2 Kings 15:20 (comp. Arab. خَرْجُ, خِرَاجُ tribute).
(c) cansat. of Kal letter l, to publish a report, followed by עַל of the pers. concerning whom the report is spread, Numbers 14:37; Deuteronomy 22:14, 19 Deuteronomy 22:19 to report words, followed by לְ of the pers. to whom they are brought, Nehemiah 6:19 to promulgate doctrine, lsa. 42:1, מִשְׁפָּט לַגּוֹיִם יוֹצִיא “he shall promulgate a law to the Gentiles” [far better literally, “he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles”]; Isaiah 42:3.
(d) to produce as an artisan, Isaiah 54:16.
(e) to lead forth, i.e. to separate, Jeremiah 15:19.
Hophal, to be brought forth, to be taken out, Ezekiel 38:8, 47:8.
Derivatives, יָצִיא, מוֹצָא, מוֹצָאָה, תּוֹצָאוֹת, צֶֽאֱצָאִים, צֵאָה, צוֹאָה [and in Thes. צוֹא].