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Today in Christian History
Armenians fight a desperate battle at Avarayr to preserve their Christian culture against the Persians, who have a much larger army. This is the first known battle in history fought to preserve a nation's Christian faith. Although the Armenians lose the battle and their best leaders, the Persians lose sixty thousand soldiers and agree by treaty that Armenia may practice its faith.
Pope Gregory IX appoints Dominican friars to be inquisitors in Aragon. He will appoint others for the kingdoms of Navarre, Castile, and Portugal.
Franciscan friar William of Occam, a notable scholar, flees from Avignon to escape Pope John XXII, of whom he had been critical, and joins Emperor Louis of Bavaria. He will take an active part in the emperor's struggles against the pope.
In Pittsburgh, the Associate Presbyterian and the Associate Reformed Presbyterian churches merged to form the United Presbyterian Church in North America.
Thomas Barnardo experiences conversion to evangelical Christianity. His most famous work will be the opening of orphanages for London's homeless boys and girls.
Lillian May Thomas, an African-American, sails from the United States for the Congo as a missionary.
Pope Pius X issues his "Borromeo" encyclical (Editae saepe) in which he blames modern revolutions on "the would-be reformers of the sixteenth century" and characterizes them as enemies of the cross.
Death at Newton, Massachusetts, of Francis Edward Clark, founder of the Young People's Society of Christian Endeavor.
Death in Valparaiso, Chili, of Willis Collins Hoover, a Methodist missionary who founded Chile's Pentecostal movement and consequently was disowned by his Methodist sponsors.
Death in Fort Worth, Texas, of Walter Thomas Conner, a Southern Baptist preacher and educator active in Texas. He had sought to make theological education result in practical expressions of faith, by writing and teaching for four decades at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary.
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"