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Historical Writings

Today in Christian History

Sunday, January 23

1549
Death at Kronstadt, Transylvania (now Brasov, Romania), of Johannes Honter, a humanist scholar, theologian, and the reformer of Transylvania.
1579
The Union of Utrecht joins several Dutch states against oppressive Spain.
1589
The Moscow Patriarchate is created, making the Russian Church autocephalous, that is, subject to no higher bishop. However, there are some details regarding precedence and signatures that will not be ironed out for about four years. In practice, the Russian church had been independent for one hundred and forty years before the Orthodox Church of Constantinople formally recognizes the de facto situation.
1656
Blaise Pascal publishes his first Provinical Letter, weighing in on the French controvery between Jansenists and Roman Catholics.
1855
Death of Julius Hare, archdeacon of Lewes, one of Queen Victoria's chaplains and the author of several influential theological and polemical works, including Vindication of Luther against his Recent English Assailants (1854).
1893
Death in Boston, Massachusetts, of clergyman and educator Phillips Brooks, opponent of slavery and author of "O Little Town of Bethlehem."
1943
The New Tribes Mission was incorporated in Los Angeles by founder Paul W. Fleming. NTM works today primarily in missionary aviation, Bible translation, church planting and the production and distribution of Christian literature.
1945
Nazis execute Helmuth James von Moltke, having said "the only trouble with you is you are a Christian."
1950
Polish Communists take over the offices of Caritas, a Roman Catholic humanitarian agency, hoping to reduce the influence of the Roman Catholic Church.
1999
Hindu extremists burn to death Australian missionary Graham Staine and his two sons in their jeep, forcing them back into the burning vehicle when they try to escape the flames.

Copyright Statement
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"