the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1321 - διδάσκω
- to teach
- to hold discourse with others in order to instruct them, deliver didactic discourses
- to be a teacher
- to discharge the office of a teacher, conduct one's self as a teacher
- to teach one
- to impart instruction
- instill doctrine into one
- the thing taught or enjoined
- to explain or expound a thing
- to teach one something
inf. -έμεναι and -έμεν, Il. 9.442, 23.308: fut. διδάξω A. Supp. 519, etc.: aor. ἐδίδαξα Il. 23.307, etc.; poet. ἐδιδάσκησα h.Cer. 144 (prob.), Hes. Op. 64, Pi. P. 4.217: pf. δεδίδαχα X. Cyr. 1.3.18, Pl. Men. 85e: — Med., fut. διδάξομαι: aor. ἐδιδαξάμην: — Pass., fut. διδαχθήσομαι D.H. 3.70, etc.: aor. ἐδιδάχθην Sol. 13.51, Hdt. 3.81, Ar. Nu. 637, etc.: pf. δεδίδαγμαι Il. 11.831, Pl. Phdr. 269c, etc. Redupl. form of δάω (q.v.)
1. in causal sense: — instruct a person, or teach a thing, Il. 11.832, 9.442: c. dupl. acc., σε.. ἱπποσύνας ἐδίδαξαν they taught thee riding, 23.307, cf. Od. 8.481; πολλὰ διδάσκει μ' ὁ πολὺς βίοτος E. Hipp. 252 (lyr.), etc.; also δ. τινὰ περί τινος Ar. Nu. 382; δ. τῶν γενομένων τισὶ τὴν ἀλήθειαν Pl. Tht. 201b: c. acc. pers. et inf., σε διδάσκουσιν θεοὶ αὐτοὶ ὑψαγόρην ἔμεναι teach thee to be.., Od. 1.384: c. inf. only, δίδαξε γὰρ Ἄρτεμις αὐτὴ βάλλειν ἄγρια πάντα she taught how to shoot, Il. 5.51, etc.: without inf., πολλοὶ τοὺς υἱοὺς ῥήτορας διδάσκουσιν Aristonym. ap. Stob. 3.4.105; δ. πολλοὺς αὐλητάς Charon 9; τούτους ἱππέας ἐδίδαξεν οὐδενὸς χείρους Pl. Men. 94b; also δ. τινὰ σοφόν E. Heracl. 575: with an abstract subject, πολυμαθίη νόον οὐ διδάσκει Heraclit. 40; ξενιτείη αὐτάρκειαν δ. Democr. 246: — Med., teach oneself, learn, φθέγμα καὶ ἀστυνόμους ὀργὰς ἐδιδάξατο S. Ant. 356 (lyr.); but usu., have one taught or educated, esp. of a father, τὰ ἄλλα.. διδάσκεσθαι τοὺς ὑεῖς Pl. Prt. 325b; δ. τοὺς ὑεῖς τὰς κούφας ἐργασίας Arist. Pol. 1321a24: c. inf., δ. τινὰ ἱππεύειν Pl. R. 467e; δ. τινα ἱππέα Id. Men. 93d, cf. X. Mem. 4.4.5 (this distn. between Act. and Med. was neglected by some Poets and late Prose writers, Med. being used like Act. in Pi. O. 8.59, Luc. Somn. 10, etc.; but in Ar. Nu. 783 Elmsl. restored διδάξαιμ' ἄν σ' ἔτι for διδαξαίμην σ' ἔτι, and in Pl. R. 421e Cobet cj. διδάξει for -εται: Med. is used of gods, [ θεοί].. ὅπλων χρῆσιν διδαξάμενοι Id. Mx. 238b): —
1. to be taught, learn, c. gen., διδασκόμενος πολέμοιο trained, skilled in war, Il. 16.811: c. acc., τά σε προτί φασιν Ἀχιλλῆος δεδιδάχθαι which [medicines] they say thou wert taught by Achilles, 11.831, cf. Arat. 529; ὃς οὔτ' ἐδιδάχθη οὔτε εἶδε καλὸν οὐδέν Hdt. 3.81; διδάξω καὶ διδάξομαι λόγους E. Andr. 739: freq. c. inf., δεδιδαγμένον εἶναι χειροήθεα Hdt. 2.69; βρέφος διδάσκεται λέγειν ἀκούειν θ' E. Supp. 914; διδάσκεσθαι ὡς.. X. HG 2.3.45.
2. c. gen., indicate, give sign of, χειμῶνος συναγειρομένοιο Arat. 793, cf. 734.
II abs., explain, πῶς δή; δίδαξον A. Eu. 431; σαφῶς δ. Th. 2.60, etc.; show by argument, prove, λέγων διδασκέτω X. An. 5.7.11, etc.; δ. περί τινος ὡς.. Th. 3.71; ἡλίκον ἐστὶ τὸ ἀλαζόνευμα.. πειράσομαι.. διδάξαι Aeschin. 3.238; ποιητὴς δ. ὅτι.. Jul. Or. 2.50b.
III of dithyrambic and dramatic Poets (cf. διδάσκαλος 11), δ. διθύραμβον, δρᾶμα, produce a piece, Hdt. 1.23, 6.21; Πέρσας Ar. Ra. 1026, cf. Pl. Prt. 327d, IG 12.770, al.: — Med., διδάξασθαι χορόν train one's own chorus, Simon. 145.
διδάσκω; imperfect ἐδίδασκον; future διδάξω; 1 aorist ἐδίδαξα; 1 aorist passive ἐδιδάχθην; (ΔΑΩ (cf. Vanicek, p. 327)); (from Homer down); the Sept. for הודִיעַ , הורָה, and especially for לִמַּד; to teach;
a. to hold discourse with others in order to instruct them, deliver didactic discourses: Matthew 4:23; Matthew 21:23; Mark 1:21; Mark 6:6; Mark 14:49; Luke 4:15; Luke 5:17; Luke 6:6; John 6:59; John 7:14; John 18:20, and often in the Gospels; 1 Timothy 2:12.
b. to be a teacher (see διδάσκαλος, 6): Romans 12:7.
c. to discharge the office of teacher, conduct oneself as a teacher: 1 Corinthians 4:17.
2. in construction;
a. either in imitation of the Hebrew לְ לִמַּד (Job 21:22) or by an irregular use of the later Greeks (of which no well-attested example remains except one in Plutarch, Marcell c. 12), with the dative of person: τῷ Βαλάκ, Revelation 2:14 (according to the reading now generally accepted for the Rec.bez elz τόν Βαλάκ); cf. Buttmann, 149 (130); Winers Grammar, 223 (209), cf. 227 (213).
b. according to the regular use, with the accusative of person, to teach one: used of Jesus and the apostles uttering in public what they wished their hearers to know and remember, Matthew 5:2; Mark 1:22; Mark 2:13; Mark 4:2; Luke 5:3; John 8:2; Acts 4:2; Acts 5:25; Acts 20:20; τούς Ἕλληνας, to act the part of a teacher among the Greeks, John 7:35; used of those who enjoin upon others to observe some ordinance, to embrace some opinion, or to obey some precept: Matthew 5:19; Acts 15:1; Hebrews 8:11; with especially reference to the addition which the teacher makes to the knowledge of the one he teaches, to impart instruction, instill doctrine into one: Acts 11:26; Acts 21:28; John 9:34; Romans 2:21; Colossians 3:16; 1 John 2:27; Revelation 2:20.
c. the thing taught or enjoined is indicated by a following ὅτι: Mark 8:31; 1 Corinthians 11:14; by a following infinitive, Luke 11:1; Matthew 28:20; Revelation 2:14; περί τίνος, 1 John 2:27; ἐν Χριστῷ διδαχθῆναι, to be taught in the fellowship of Christ, Ephesians 4:21; followed by an accusative of the thing, to teach i. e. prescribe a thing: διδασκαλίας, ἐντάλματα ἀνθρώπων, precepts which are commandments of men (from Isaiah 29:13), Matthew 15:9; Mark 7:7 (Buttmann, 148 (129)); τήν ὁδόν τοῦ Θεοῦ, Matthew 22:16; Mark 12:14; Luke 20:21; ταῦτα, 1 Timothy 4:11; ἅ μή δεῖ, Titus 1:11; to explain, expound, a thing: Acts 18:11, 25; Acts 28:31; ἀποστασίαν ἀπό Μωϋσέως, the necessity of forsaking Moses, Acts 21:21.
d. with the accusative of person and of thing, to teach one something (Winers Grammar, 226f (212); Buttmann, 149 (130)): (ἐκεῖνος ὑμᾶς διδάξει πάντα, John 14:26); τοῦ διδάσκειν ὑμᾶς τινα τά στοιχεῖα, Hebrews 5:12 (where R G T Tr and others read — not so well — τινα; (but cf. Buttmann, 260 (224) note, 268 (230) note)); ἑτέρους διδάξαι, namely, αὐτά, 2 Timothy 2:2; hence, passive διδαχθῆναι τί (Buttmann, 188 (163); Winer's Grammar, 229 (215)): Galatians 1:12 (ἐδιδάχθην, namely, αὐτό), 2 Thessalonians 2:15.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
to teach (i.e. instruct) a person, teach a thing;
1. trans.: c. acc pers., Matthew 5:2, Mark 1:22, al.; seq. ὅτι , Mark 8:31; περί , 1 John 2:27; c. inf., Luke 11:1; c. acc rei, Mark 6:30; Mark 12:14; c. cogn. acc, Matthew 15:9 (LXX); c. dupl. acc, Mark 4:2, John 14:26; pass., Galatians 1:12, 2 Thessalonians 2:15; c. dat. pers. (like Heb., cf. Job 21:2, but prob. a vernac. usage, v. Swete, in l), Revelation 2:14.
2. Absol., to teach, give instruction: Matthew 4:23, Mark 1:21, and often in Gosp., Romans 12:7, 1 Corinthians 4:17, 1 Timothy 2:12, al.
SYN.: παιδεύω G3811 (cf. Westc., Heb., 402; Cremer, 180).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Like διδάσκαλος, διδάσκω is by no means so common as we might have expected; but from the instances we have noted we may select the following—P Lond 43.6 (ii/B.C.) (= I. p. 48), where a mother congratulates her son on having finished his education and being now in a position to earn his livelihood as a teacher—νῦγ γε παραγενόμενος εἰς τὴν πόλιν διδάξεις. . . τὰ παιδάρια καὶ ἕξεις ἐφόδιον εἰς τὸ γῆρας, P. Oxy I. 40.8 (ii/iii A.D.), where a doctor practising mummification is asked—δίδαξον τ [ὸ κατα ]τῆκον, ";tell me what is the solvent"; (Edd.), P Strass I. 41.8 (A.D. 250) π ̣ερὶ δὲ οὗ δικάζομαι, διὰ βραχέων σε διδάξ ̣ω, CP Herm 23ii. 5 (a law report) ἡμεῖς ἃ ἐδειδά [χ ]θ [η ]μεν ὑπὸ τῆς λα [μπρ. . .] ταῦτά σοι παρεθέμεθα, and ib. 25ii. 5 ἵν ̣α ̣ πάλιν σε διδάξωμεν · εἰ οὖν σοι δοκ ̣[εῖ ] ἀκοῦσαι τ [ . . .
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.