the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #995 - בִּין
1) to discern, understand, consider
1a1) to perceive, discern
1a2) to understand, know (with the mind)
1a3) to observe, mark, give heed to,distinguish, consider
1a4) to have discernment, insight, understanding
1b) (Niphal) to be discerning, intelligent, discreet, have understanding
1c1) to understand
1c2) to cause to understand, give understanding, teach
1d) (Hithpolel) to show oneself discerning or attentive, consider diligently
1e) (Polel) to teach, instruct
2) (TWOT) prudent, regard
1037) nb (בנ BN) AC: Build CO: Tent panel AB: Intelligence: The pictograph b is a picture of the tent. The n is a picture of a sprouting seed and represents continuity as the seed continues the next generation. The combined meaning of these letters mean “the continuing of the house”. The tent was constructed of woven goat hair. Over time the sun bleaches and weakens the goat hair necessitating their continual replacement. Each year the women make a new panel, approximately3feet wide and the length of the tent. The old panel is removed (being recycled into a wall or floor) and the new strip is added to the tent. Since the tent is only replaced one small piece at a time the tent essentially lasts forever. (eng: beam - a component of construction with an exchange for the m and n; between - with the t added)
A) nb (בנ BN) AC: ? CO: Tent Panel AB: ?: There are many similarities between building a tent out of goat hair panels and the building of a house out of sons (The idea of building a house with sons can be seen in ge303) . Just as the tent panels are added to continue the tent, sons are born to the family to continue the family line. Just as the tent is continually being renewed with new panels, the family is continually being renewed with new sons.
Nm) nb (בנ BN) - Son: One who continues the family line. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Transforms to rbwhen used in the possessive] KJV (4925): son, children, old, first, man, young, stranger, people - Strongs: H1121 (בֵּן), H1123 (בֵּן), H1247 (בַּר)
Nf2 ) tnb (בנת BNT) - Daughter: Also a village that resides outside of the city walls as the daughter of the city. [df: tb] KJV (588): daughter, town, village, first, apple, branches, children, company, eye, old - Strongs: H1323 (בַּת)
im ) nbt (תבנ TBN) - Straw: When more permanent structures were built they were constructed of stones and bricks made of clay and straw, replacing the tent panels as the main component of construction for dwellings. KJV (17): straw, stubble, chaff - Strongs: H8401 (תֶּבֶן)
aim) nbtm (מתבנ MTBN) - Straw: When more permanent structures were built they were constructed of stones and bricks, made of clay and straw, replacing the tent panels as the main component of construction for dwellings. KJV (1): straw - Strongs: H4963 (מַתְבֵּן)
V) enb (בנה BNH) - Build: To build or construct a building, home or family. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (398): (vf: Paal, Niphal) build, build up, builder, repair, set up, building, make, children - Strongs: H1124 (בְּנָא), H1129 (בָּנָה)
J) nfb (בונ BWN) AC: Plan CO: ? AB: Intelligence: The skill of the mind and hands to build. Before the tent is constructed the location and orientation must be carefully considered according to weather, view and size. The planning and building of a house, structure or family.
M) nib (בינ BYN) AC: Plan CO: ? AB: Understand: The tent was usually divided into two parts, one for the females and the other for the male. The wall makes a distinction between the two sides. Understanding as the ability to discern between two or more things.
V) nib (בינ BYN) - Understand: KJV (170): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) understand, cunning, skilful, teacher, taught, consider, perceive, wise, viewed, discern, prudent, consider - Strongs: H995 (בִּין)
Nm) nib (בינ BYN) - Between: As the wall is between the two sides of the tent. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (36): between, among, asunder, betwixt, within, out of, from - Strongs: H996 (בַּיִן), H997 (בֵּין), H1143 (בֵּנַיִם)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect בִּין Daniel 10:1; בַּנְתָּה Psalm 139:2; בִּינֹתִי Daniel 9:2; Imperfect יָבִין Psalm 19:13 25t. וְיָבֵן Jeremiah 9:11 2t., וַיָּבֶן 1 Samuel 3:8 2t.; אָבִינָה Psalm 73:17 4t.; יָבִינוּ Proverbs 28:5 12t.; Imperative בִּין Daniel 9:23; בִּינָה Psalm 5:2; בִּינוּ Deuteronomy 32:7 2t.; Infinitive absolute בִּין Proverbs 23:1; Participle בָּנִים Jeremiah 49:7; —
1 perceive (with the senses); —
a. eyes, accusative Proverbs 7:7, with לְ Job 9:11; Job 14:21; Job 23:8; Proverbs 14:15.
b. ears, accusative Proverbs 29:19, with לְ Job 13:1.
c. touch, accusative Psalm 58:10.
d. taste, acc. Job 6:30.
2 understand, know (with mind): —
a. absolute Job 18:2; Job 38:20; Job 42:3; Psalm 49:21; Psalm 82:5; Proverbs 24:12; Isaiah 6:9,10; Isaiah 44:18; Daniel 12:10; Hosea 4:14; Hosea 14:10; שׁמעתי ולא אבין I heard but I could not understand Daniel 12:8.
b. accusative Job 15:9; Job 23:5; Job 36:29; Proverbs 2:5,9; Proverbs 20:24; Proverbs 28:5; Psalm 19:13; Psalm 92:7; Jeremiah 9:11; יבין משׁפט Job 32:9; Proverbs 28:5; יבין דעת Proverbs 29:7.
c. with כִּי 1 Samuel 3:8; 2 Samuel 12:19; Isaiah 43:10.
d. with infinitive & לְ, יבין לָדָֽעַת Isaiah 32:4
3 observe, Mark , give heed to, distinguish, consider (with attention): —
a. accusative Deuteronomy 32:7; Psalm 5:2; Psalm 50:22; Psalm 94:7; Psalm 94:8; Proverbs 23:1; Proverbs 21:29 (Qr) Daniel 9:2; Daniel 10:1.
b. with לְ, Psalm 73:17; Psalm 139:2; Deuteronomy 32:29.
c. with בְּ, Ezra 8:15; Nehemiah 13:7; Daniel 9:23.
d. with אל, Psalm 28:5.
e. with עַל, Daniel 11:30,37.
4 have discernment, insight, understanding Jeremiah 49:7.
Niph`alנְבֻנוֺתִי Isaiah 10:12; Participle נָבוֺן Genesis 41:33 15t.; plural נְבוֺנִים Jeremiah 4:22, elsewhere נְבֹנִים Deuteronomy 1:13; Isaiah 5:22 (Baer) Ecclesiastes 9:11; נְבֹנָיו Isaiah 29:14; be intelligent, discreet, discerning, have understanding 1 Samuel 16:18; Proverbs 1:5; Proverbs 10:13; Proverbs 14:6; Proverbs 16:21; Proverbs 17:28; Proverbs 19:25; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Isaiah 3:3; Isaiah 5:21; Isaiah 10:13; Isaiah 29:14; Jeremiah 4:22; Hosea 14:10; לֵב נָבוֺן intelligent mind Proverbs 14:33; Proverbs 15:14; Proverbs 18:15; נָבוֺן וְחָכָם Genesis 41:33,39; חכם ונבון Deuteronomy 4:6; 1 Kings 3:12; חכמים ונבנים Deuteronomy 1:13.
Po. יְבוֺנְַנֵהוּ he attentively considereth him Deuteronomy 32:10.
Hiph`il Perfect הֵבִין Job 28:33 5t.; Imperfect יָבִין Isaiah 28:9 4t.; וַיָּבֶן 2 Chronicles 11:23; Daniel 9:22; Infinitive הָבִין Psalm 32:9 9t.; Imperative הָבֵן Daniel 8:16 12t.; Participle מֵבִין Proverbs 28:7 26t.; —
1 understand: —
a. absolute Isaiah 29:16; Isaiah 40:21; Isaiah 56:11; 1 Kings 3:11; Psalm 32:9; Daniel 8:17; Daniel 10:12.
b. accusative 1 Chronicles 28:9; Job 28:23; Proverbs 1:2,6; Proverbs 8:5; Proverbs 14:8; Isaiah 28:19; Daniel 8:23; Micah 4:12; מֵבִין one with understanding Proverbs 8:9; Proverbs 17:10,24; Proverbs 28:2,7,11; מְבִינֵי מַדָּע Daniel 1:4; able to understand (i.e. old enough) Nehemiah 8:3; Nehemiah 10:29, compare Nehemiah 8:2 (followed by לִשׁמֹעַ).
2 give heed to, attend to, observe, discern, absolute Isaiah 57:1; 2 Chronicles 11:23; Daniel 8:5; with בְּ Nehemiah 8:12; Daniel 9:23; Daniel 10:11; מֵבִין בְּ skilled in 2 Chronicles 26:5; 34:12; with אֶל Psalm 33:15; בין טוב לרע 1 Kings 3:9.
3 give understanding make understand, teach: —
a. absolute Daniel 8:27; Daniel 9:22.
b. with accusative of person Psalm 119:34; Psalm 119:73; Psalm 119:125; Psalm 119:130; Psalm 119:144; Psalm 119:169; Job 32:8; Nehemiah 8:7,9; Isaiah 40:14.
c. with לְ person 2 Chronicles 35:3; Daniel 11:33; with לְ person & accusative of thing Job 6:24; Daniel 8:16.
d.בְּ of thing Nehemiah 8:8, + accusative of person Daniel 1:17.
e. double accusative Isaiah 28:9; Psalm 119:27; Daniel 10:14; מֵבִין teacher 1 Chronicles 15:22; 1 Chronicles 25:7,8; 1 Chronicles 27:32; Ezra 8:16.
Hithpa`el Perfect הִתְבּוֺנָ֑ן Isaiah 1:3 6t.; Imperfect אֶתְבּוֺנֵן Job 23:15 3t.; אֶתְבּוֺנָ֑ן Job 32:12 5t.; יִתְבּוֺנְנוּ Psalm 107:43 2t.; יִתְבּוֺנָ֑נוּ Isaiah 14:16; Isaiah 43:18.
1 shew oneself attentive, consider diligently: —
a. absolute Job 11:11; Job 23:15; Isaiah 1:3; Jeremiah 2:10; Jeremiah 9:16.
b. accusative Job 37:14; Psalm 107:43; Psalm 119:95; Isaiah 43:18; Isaiah 52:15.
c. with אֶל 1 Kings 3:21; Isaiah 14:16.
d. with עַל Job 31:1; Psalm 37:10
e. with עד Job 32:12; Job 38:18.
f. with בְּ Job 30:20; Jeremiah 23:20 (= Jeremiah 30:24).
2 get understanding, understand Job 26:14; Psalm 119:104.
3 shew oneself to have understanding Psalm 119:100
בִּין pret. בַּנְתָּ Psalms 139:2, and בִּין Daniel 10:1, בִּינֹתִי Daniel 9:2, inf. imp. בִּין, fut. יָבִין, apoc. and conv. יָבֵן, וַיָּבֶן (see note on Hiph.) pr. to distinguish, to separate (comp. בַּיִן, בֵּין, and Arab. بَانَ Med. Ye intrans. to stand apart, to be separate and distinct; metaph. Conj. I. V. X. to be easily distinguished, distinct, manifest); hence, to consider, to understand, which depends upon the power of discerning; comp. κρίνω, cerno, intelligo, for interligo; German merken, compare Marke, בָּצַר, בָּקַר, etc. Specially
(1) to discern, to perceive
(a) with the eyes, i.q. to see. Constr. with an acc. Proverbs 7:7 בְּ Nehemiah 13:7 לְ Job 9:11, 23:8.
(b) with the ears, i.q. to hear, Job 23:5; Proverbs 29:19.
(c) with the touch, i.q. to feel, used of inanimate things, Psalms 58:10.
(2) Elsewhere it signifies some counsel and purpose, to turn the mind to any thing, to attend; with an acc. Daniel 10:1; Psalms 5:2, 94:7 Deuteronomy 32:7; Proverbs 23:1 בְּ (which seems to be peculiar to the later Hebrew, see above, No. 1) Ezra 8:15; Daniel 9:2, 23 אֶל Psalms 28:5 לְ Psalms 73:17; Job 14:21; Deuteronomy 32:29; Isaiah 32:4 עַל Daniel 11:30, 37 Daniel 11:37 absol. Psalms 94:7.
(3) to understand. Daniel 12:8, שָׁמַעְתִּי וְלֹא אָבִין “I heard indeed, but I understood not;” Isaiah 6:9 followed by כִּי 1 Samuel 3:8; 2 Samuel 12:19; Isaiah 43:10.
(4) to regard as a thing understood, to know, to be acquainted with; followed by an acc. Psalms 19:13; Job 38:20 לְ Psalms 139:2. בִּין מִשְׁפָּט to know what is right, Job 32:9; Proverbs 28:5 בִּין דַּעַת Proverbs 29:7 (compare יָדַע בִּינָה).
(5) absol. to have understanding, Job 42:3, 18:2, “understand, afterwards speak.” Hosea 4:14. Part. plur. בָּנִים the wise, understanding ones, Jeremiah 49:7.
Niphal נָבוֹן to be intelligent, prudent, Isaiah 10:13. Part. adj. נָבוֹן intelligent, skilful; often joined with חָכָם Genesis 41:33, 39 Genesis 41:39; Deuteronomy 1:13, 4:6 Isaiah 5:21 opp. to words signifying folly, Proverbs 10:13, 14:33. נְבוֹן דָּבָר skilful of speech, eloquent, 1 Samuel 16:18.
Pilel בּוֹנֵן i.q. Kal No. 2, Deuteronomy 32:10, יְסֹבְבֶנְהוּ יְבוֹנְנֵהוּ “he led him about, (and) took care of him.”
Hiphil הֵבִין, infin. הָבִין, imp. הָבֵן (see note), part. מֵבִין; it has a signification
(1) proper to itself and causative, viz.
(a) causat. of Kal No. 3, to declare, to explain. Daniel 8:16, 27 Nehemiah 8:8, וַיָּבִינוּ בַּמִּקְרָא.
(b) causat. of Kal No. 4, to teach, to instruct, with an acc. of person, Nehemiah 8:9; Psalms 119:34, 73 Psalms 119:73, 130 Psalms 119:130; Isaiah 40:14 also with an acc. of the thing, Psalms 119:27, דֶּרֶךְ פִּקּוּדֶיךָ הֲבִינֵנִי “teach me the way of thy precepts.” Proverbs 8:5. Elsewhere with an acc. of the thing and dat. of pers. Job 6:24; Daniel 11:33 and with acc. of pers. and dat. of thing, Nehemiah 8:7. Used also of things which are divinely disclosed to men, Daniel 10:14.
(c) causat. of Kal No.5, to cause to understand, Job 32:8.
(2) it is i.q. Kal No. 1, to perceive, as a rumour, Isaiah 28:19 No. 2, to turn the mind to any thing; construed with בְּ Daniel 9:23, 10:11 Nehemiah 8:12 אֶל Psalms 33:15 and absol. Daniel 8:5, 17 No. 3, to discern, to understand, 1 Kings 3:9 No. 4, to know, to be acquainted with, Job 28:23; Micah 4:12. הֵבִין דַּעַת Daniel 1:4; Proverbs 1:2, to be skilled in any thing; followed by בְּ Daniel 1:17, and acc. Daniel 8:23; Proverbs 1:6 also, absol. Isaiah 29:16 No. 5, to have understanding, Isaiah 57:1. Part. מֵבִין Proverbs 8:9, 17:10, 24 Proverbs 17:24, 28:7, 11 Proverbs 28:11.
Note. In the examples cited under No. 2, there are always found Preterites, Infinitives, Imperatives, and Participles, which only can be safely referred to this conjugation. The forms of the future יָבִין, יָבֵן, etc., are placed under the first conjugation [Kal], and only a few examples are found which have a causative power (Isaiah 28:9, 40:14 Job 32:8).
(1) pr. to show oneself attentive, hence mostly, i.q. Kal No. 2, to consider, to attend, to remark, absol. Jeremiah 2:10, 9:16 Job 11:11 followed by אֶל 1 Kings 3:21; Isaiah 14:16 עַל Job 31:1 Psalms 37:10 עַד Job 32:12, 38:18 בְּ Jeremiah 30:24; Job 30:20, and (from the power of the conjugation being made transitive), also with an acc., Job 37:14 hence
(2) to perceive [“e. g. to hear”], with an acc. Job 26:14.
(3) to have understanding, pr. to show oneself wise, Psalms 119:100.
Hence are derived the nouns יָבִין, תְּבוּנָה תָּבוּן, and those which immediately follow, בֵּין, בִּינָה.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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