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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3835 - πανοῦργος

from (G3956) and (G2041)
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  1. skilful, clever
    1. in a good sense, fit to undertake and accomplish anything, dexterous, wise, sagacious, skilful
    2. in a bad sense, crafty, cunning, knavish, treacherous, deceitful
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm');  3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  6175 ‑ עָרוּם (aw‑room');  6191 ‑ עָרַם (aw‑ram');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
2 Corinthians 1
NAS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
HCS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (1)
2 Corinthians 1
WEB (1)
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(properisp.), ον,

1. ready to do anything, wicked, knavish, A. Ch. 384, E. Alc. 766, Ar. Eq. 250, 450, al.: Sup., opp. εὐηθέστερος, Lys. 3.44: as Subst., knave, rogue, E. Hipp. 1400, Ar. Eq. 249, al.; ὦ πανοῦργε E. Hec. 1257, Ar. Ach. 311; τὰ π. the knavish sort, S. Ph. 448; τὸ π., = πανουργία, Id. El. 1507: Comp. -ότερος LXX Proverbs 21:11; -έστερος Plu. 2.395c: Sup. -ότατος Ar. Eq. 45, Lys. l.c.

2. Adv. -γως Ar. Eq. 317, Pl. Sph. 239c: Sup. -ότατα Ar. Eq. 56. πανούργως κατασκευάζεσθαι to be adulterated, Gal. 14.54.

3. of animals, as the fox, Arist. HA 488b20, cf. 613b23. II in a less positively bad sense, cunning, clever, smart, π. καὶ δεινός D. 1.3, cf. Pl. Tht. 177a, Arist. EN 1144a28; π. τε καὶ σοφός Pl. R. 409c; κομψὸς καὶ π. Plu. 2.28a: Sup., Plb. 5.75.2. Adv. -γως, π. καὶ ὑποκριτικῶς λέγειν τὰ ἔπη Ath. 9.407a.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πανοῦργος, πανοῦργον (πᾶς and ἘΠΤΩ equivalent to ἐργάζομαι; on the accent, see κακοῦργος), the Sept. for עָרוּם; skillful, clever, i. e.:

1. in a good sense, fit to undertake and accomplish anything, dexterous; wise, sagacious, skillful (Aristotle, Polybius, Plutarch, others; the Sept. Proverbs 13:1; Proverbs 28:2). But far more frequent.

2. in a bad sense, crafty, cunning, knavish, treacherous, deceitful, (Tragg., Aristophanes, Plato, Plutarch, others; the Sept.; Sir. 6:32 (31) (but here in a good sense); , etc.): 2 Corinthians 12:16.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πανοῦργος , -ον ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6175;]

ready to do anything;

(a) in cl., chiefly in bad sense, knavish, crafty: 2 Corinthians 12:16;

(b) in good sense, skilful, clever (Proverbs 13:1; Proverbs 28:2).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";let pass,"; ";omit"; (Luke 11:42), cf. P Giss I. 43.23 (ii/A.D.) μηδ [έν ]α ̣ παρεικέναι ἀνα ̣πόγρα (φον), P Oxy IX. 1202.15 (A.D. 217) παρεῖ [κε ]ν τὸν ἡμέτερον υἱόν —a father’s complaint that his son’s name had been omitted from a list of ephebi, and Syll 326 (= .3 709) .28 (B.C. 107) οὐδένα δὲ χρόνον ἀργὸν παρείς. In P Oxy IV. 713.26 (A.D. 97) ἐκ τῆς Θρασυμάχου παρειμένης (sc. γῆς), παρειμένης is a technical term applied to land, perhaps, as the editors suggest, in the sense of ";conceded to"; or ";abandoned"; : cf. now ib. XII. 1549.14, .35 (A.D. 240), also P Hib I. 53.5 (B.C. 246) with the editors’ note, and see Hebrews 12:12. For the meaning ";admit"; we may cite Aristeas 173 παρειμένοι δ᾽ εἰς τὴν αὐλὴν. . . ἠσπασάμεθα τὸν βασιλέα, ";on being admitted to the court, we greeted the king.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πανούργοι πανουργος πανούργος πανοῦργος πανουργότερος πανούργων πανταχή panourgos panoûrgos
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