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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6191 - עָרַם

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be subtle, be shrewd, be crafty, beware, take crafty counsel, be prudent

1a) (Qal) to be crafty, be subtle

1b) (Hiphil) to be crafty, be or become shrewd

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 246 ‑ ἀλλόφυλος (al‑lof'‑oo‑los);  1339 ‑ διΐστημι (dee‑is'‑tay‑mee);  3835 ‑ πανοῦργος (pan‑oor'‑gos);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
1 Samuel 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
NAS (7)
1 Samuel 2
Psalms 2
Proverbs 3
HCS (5)
1 Samuel 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
BSB (4)
1 Samuel 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
ESV (5)
1 Samuel 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
WEB (5)
1 Samuel 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2908) mrg (גהרמ GhRM) AC: Subtle CO: ? AB: ?

V) mrg (גהרמ GhRM) - Subtle: To be subtle in craftiness or prudence. KJV (5): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) subtilty, crafty, prudent, beware - Strongs: H6191 (עָרַם)

Nf1) emrg (גהרמה GhRMH) - Subtlety: In craftiness or prudence. KJV (5): guile - Strongs: H6195 (עָרְמָה)

dm) mfrg (גהרומ GhRWM) - Subtle: In craftiness or prudence. KJV (11): prudent, crafty, subtil - Strongs: H6175 (עָרוּם)

gm) mrfg (גהורמ GhWRM) - Subtlety: In craftiness or prudence. KJV (1): craftiness - Strongs: H6193 (עֹרֶם)

jm) nfmrg (גהרמונ GhRMWN) - Ermon: An unknown tree. KJV (2): chestnut - Strongs: H6196 (עֶרְמוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [עָרֹם Lag BN 31] verb be shrewd, crafty (Late Hebrew id., Hiph`il; Arabic , , be ill-natured, cross; ᵑ7 adjective עָרִים shrewd, Syriac id., and verb in derived species (Pe`al in Lexicons)); —

Qal Infinitive absolute in עָרֹם יַעְרִם 1 Samuel 23:22 he is exceedingly crafty.

Hiph`il Imperfect be crafty, 3 masculine singular יַעְרִם 1 Samuel 23:22; be or become shrewd יַעְרִם Proverbs 15:5; Proverbs 19:25; all these

Qal Imperfect in ִ֯ according to Ba ZMG xliii (1889), 180 so Ges§ 63 n Buhl Lex, but perhaps read יֶעְרַם as

Qal; True.

Hiph`il in 3 masculine plural יַעֲרִימוּ סוֺד Psalm 83:4 they make crafty (their) counsel against thy people.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) i.q. عرَمَ to make naked, [“to be naked”], to uncover, whence עָרֹם, עָרוֹם which see. Intrans. عَرِمَ to be impudent, spiteful (manifesting one’s malevolent mind).

(2) to be crafty. (Syr. Ethpe. id. ܥܰܪܝܺܡܳܐ, עֲרִימָא crafty, spiteful.) Once found in Kal, 1 Samuel 23:22.


(1) to make crafty, Psalms 83:4, יַעֲרִימוּ סוֹד “they make their counsel crafty,” they take crafty counsels.

(2) to act craftily, 1 Samuel 23:22, and, in a good sense, to act prudently, Proverbs 15:5, 19:25.

Derivatives עָרוּם, עֹרֶם, עָרְמָה [עָרוֹם, עֵירֹם, מַעֲרֻמִּים].


עָרַם not used in Kal, cognate to the verbs, אָרַם, הָרַם, רָאַם, רוּם, רָמַם, to be high. (Syr. Pa. to hear up; Arab. عرم to be heaped up. Saad. Exodus 15:8 عَرَمَةُ a heap of grain on the threshing floor.)

Niphal, to be heaped up, Exodus 15:8.

Derivatives, עֲרֵמָה, עַרְמוֹן.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
יַעְרִ֑ם יַעְרִֽם׃ יַעֲרִ֣ימוּ יערימו יערם יערם׃ עָר֥וֹם ערום ‘ā·rō·wm ‘ārōwm aRom ya‘·rim ya‘ărîmū ya‘rim ya·‘ă·rî·mū yaaRimu yaRim
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