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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6191 - עָרַם
1) to be subtle, be shrewd, be crafty, beware, take crafty counsel, be prudent
1a) (Qal) to be crafty, be subtle
1b) (Hiphil) to be crafty, be or become shrewd
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) i.q. عرَمَ to make naked, [“to be naked”], to uncover, whence עָרֹם, עָרוֹם which see. Intrans. عَرِمَ to be impudent, spiteful (manifesting one’s malevolent mind).
(2) to be crafty. (Syr. Ethpe. id. ܥܰܪܝܺܡܳܐ, עֲרִימָא crafty, spiteful.) Once found in Kal, 1 Samuel 23:22.
(1) to make crafty, Psalms 83:4, יַעֲרִימוּ סוֹד “they make their counsel crafty,” they take crafty counsels.
(2) to act craftily, 1 Samuel 23:22, and, in a good sense, to act prudently, Proverbs 15:5, 19:25.
Derivatives עָרוּם, עֹרֶם, עָרְמָה [עָרוֹם, עֵירֹם, מַעֲרֻמִּים].
עָרַם not used in Kal, cognate to the verbs, אָרַם, הָרַם, רָאַם, רוּם, רָמַם, to be high. (Syr. Pa. to hear up; Arab. عرم to be heaped up. Saad. Exodus 15:8 عَرَمَةُ a heap of grain on the threshing floor.)
Niphal, to be heaped up, Exodus 15:8.
Derivatives, עֲרֵמָה, עַרְמוֹן.
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26