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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5419 - φράζω

Transliteration
phrázō
Phonetics
frad'-zo
Origin
probably akin to (G5420) through the idea of defining
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to indicate plainly, make known, declare, whether by gesture or by writing or speaking, or in some other ways
  2. to explain
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2244 ‑ חָבָא (khaw‑baw');  3384 ‑ יָרָא (yaw‑raw', yaw‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
Matthew
2
NAS (1)
Matthew
1
HCS (1)
Matthew
1
BSB (1)
Matthew
1
ESV (1)
Matthew
1
WEB (2)
Matthew
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φράζω,

S. Ph. 25, etc.: poet. impf. φράζον Pi. N. 1.61: fut. φράσω [] A. Pr. 781, etc.: aor. 1 ἔφρᾰσα h.Ven. 128, h.Merc. 442, Hdt. 2.150, etc.; poet. φράσα [] Od. 11.22, A. Ag. 231 (lyr.); imper. φράσσατε Pi. P. 4.117: pf. πέφρᾰκα Isoc. 5.93, Phld. Po. 5.23: aor. πέφρᾰδον, ἐπέφραδον used by Hom. mostly in 3 sg., Il. 14.500, al. (in Od. 1.273, 8.142, πέφραδε is imper.); opt. πεφράδοι Il. 14.335; inf. πεφραδέειν, πεφραδέμεν, Od. 19.477, 7.49; 1 sg. ἐπέφραδον only Il. 10.127: also aor. 1 part. gen. φράδαντος dub. in IG 5(2).261.15 (Mantinea, vi B. C.): Med. and Pass., φράζομαι, imper. φράζεο, φράζευ, Il. 5.440, 9.251; inf. φράζεσθαι Od. 1.294: Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. impf. φράζετο, φραζέσκετο, 11.624, h.Ap. 346: fut. φράσομαι [] Il. 15.234, φράσσομαι Od. 16.238: aor.1 ἐφρᾰσάμην 17.161, φρᾰσάμην 23.75; 3 sg. and pl. ἐφράσσατο, φράσσαντο, 4.529, Il. 15.671; imper. φράσαι Od. 24.331, A. Ch. 113; Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. subj. φράσσεται Od. 24.217; inf. φράσσασθαι Orac. ap. Hdt. 3.57: aor. Pass. ἐφράσθην Od. 19.485, Hdt. 1.84, E. Hec. 546: pf. πέφρασμαι (in med. sense) A. Supp. 438, (in pass. sense) Isoc. 15.195; part., προ-πεφραδμένος Hes. Op. 655. The aor. Med. is chiefly , also Archil. 94, Sol. 5.4, 34.1, A. Ch. 113, E. Med. 653 (lyr.):

point out, show (never say, tell, in Hom. acc. to Aristarch.), ἐς χῶρον ὃν φράσε Κίρκη Od. 11.22, cf. Il. 23.138, Od. 15.424; also, show the way to, show where to find, ᾗ οἱ Ἀθήνη πέφραδε δῖον ὑφορβόν 14.3, cf. 8.68; σήματ'.., τά οἱ ἔμπεδα πέφραδ' Ὀδυσσεύς showed, 19.250; μῦθον πέφραδε πᾶσιν show, make known the word to all, 1.273, cf. 8.142; δεῖξε καὶ ἔφρασε h.Ven. 128; φράσσατέ μοι δόμους show me them, Pi. P. 4.117; ἔφρασε τὴν ἀτραπόν Hdt. 7.213; κόποι αὐτόματοι φράζουσι νούσους Hp. Aph. 2.5; δμώων δή τινα.. μοι φράσον Theoc. 25.47; τὸ παράδειγμα ὃ ἂν φράζῃ ὁ ἀρχιτέκτων IG 22.1668.96: abs., φωνῆσαι μὲν οὐκ εἶχε, τῇ δὲ χειρὶ ἔφραζε Hdt. 4.113; ἀντὶ φωνῆς φράζε.. χερί A. Ag. 1061.

2. show forth, tell, declare, λόγον, ἔπος, ὄνομα, Pi. O. 2.60, A. Pers. 173 (troch.), Supp. 320; φ. τοῖσι ἥκουσι τὰ πρήγματα Hdt. 6.100; ἑλοῦ γάρ, ἢ πόνωντὰ λοιπά σοι φράσω σαφηνῶς, ἢ τὸν ἐκλύσοντ' ἐμέ A. Pr. 781; τιπρός τινα Hdt. 1.68, Ar. Nu. 359 (anap.), etc.: c. dupl. acc., φ. τινά τι Isoc. 15.100; τι Pl. Phdr. 267b; περί τινος Isoc. 15.117 (v. infr.); ἐπί τινος Id. Ephesians 6:8 : rarely c. gen., tell of, τῆς μητρὸς ἥκω τῆς ἐμῆς φράσων, ἐν οἷς νῦν ἐστι S. Tr. 1122: folld. by a relat. clause, φ. ὅτι.. Lys. 1.23, Pl. Phdr. 278b, etc.; φ. ὡς δεῖ γεωργεῖν X. Oec. 16.8; φ. οἷ' ἐπορσύνθη κακά A. Pers. 267, cf. Pr. 995, etc.; with double constr., φ. τό τε ὄνομα καὶ ἐν ᾗ κώμῃ οἰκοῦσιν PRLaws 29.5 (iii B. C.): rarely c. part., πεφραδέειν πόσιν ἔνδον ἐόντα Od. 19.477; οὐκ ἔφραζες σῆς προκείμενον νέκυν γυναικός E. Alc. 1012: later c. acc. et inf., Phld. l.c.; explain (opp. λέγω, which means simply speak, say), φράσον ἅπερ γ' ἔλεξας declare, explain what thou didst say, S. Ph. 559; φράζε δὴ τί φῄς Id. OT 655; φράζουσιν ἃ λέγει X. An. 2.4.18; φράζε λόγῳ S. Ph. 49, Pl. Lg. 814c; οὐχ ἁπλῶς εἰπεῖν ἀλλὰ σαφῶς φράσαι περὶ αὐτῶν Isoc. 15.117, cf. Ephesians 1:2; σαφῶς φ. τοῖς βουλομένοις συνιέναι Aeschin. 1.129; of teachers, Antipho 6.13, Pl. Tht. 180b; of oracles, Ar. Eq. 1048, Pl. 46, Pl. Lg. 923a, etc.; of letters, Plu. Cic. 15: abs., τοῦτο φράζει ὅτι this signifies that.., X. Smp. 8.30. cultivate style or phrasing, opp. αὐτὸ τὸ γράφειν, Duris 1 J.

3. c. dat. pers. et inf., tell one to do so and so, ἵνα γάρ σφιν ἐπέφραδον ἠγερέθεσθαι Il. 10.127; δὴ γάρ μοι ἐπέφραδε.. Κίρκη (sc. ἰέναι) Od. 10.549; τοῖς ἀνθρώποισι φ. σιγᾶν Ar. Pax 98 (anap.); τὰ ὅπλα ὑπολαβεῖν Th. 6.58, cf. 3.15.

4. abs., give counsel, advise, suggest, δόλος ἦν ὁ φράσας S. El. 197 (lyr.).

II Med. and Pass., indicate to oneself, i.e. think or muse upon, consider, ponder, , Ion., Trag., but not in Att. Prose; εὔκηλος τὰ φράζεαι ἅσσ' ἐθέλῃσθα Il. 1.554; φράζεσθαι βουλήν, βουλάς, 18.313, Od. 11.510; ἐνὶ φρεσὶ μῆτιν ἀμείνω Il. 9.423; πάντα μετὰ φρεσίν Hes. Op. 688; θυμῷ Il. 16.646; ἐφράσθη καὶ ἐς θυμὸν ἐβάλετο Hdt. 1.84; πρὸς ταῦτα φράζου bethink thee, S. El. 383; ἀμφὶς φ. to think differently, Il. 2.14: folld. by εἰ c. fut. indic., consider whether.., 1.83, Od. 10.192.

2. purpose, plan, contrive, φ. τινὶ κακά, θάνατον, ὄλεθρον, 2.367, 3.242, 13.373; μέγ' ὄνειαρ 4.444; ἐσθλά Il. 12.212; φράσσατο Πατρόκλῳ μέγα ἠρίον 23.126; φράσσεται ὥς κε νέηται will contrive how.., Od. 1.205; φ. ὅπως ὄχ' ἄριστα γένοιτο 3.129, cf. S. Aj. 1041.

3. c. acc. et inf., think, suppose, believe, imagine that.., Od. 11.624; οὐκ ἐφράζετο δυνατὸς εἶναι Hdt. 3.154.

4. perceive, observe, οἷον ἐγὼν οἰωνὸν.. ἐφρασάμην Od. 17.161; τὴν (sc. τὴν οὐλὴν) ἀπονίζουσα φρασάμην 23.75; with a part., τὸν δὲ φράσατο προσιόντα Il. 10.339, cf. 23.453: later c. gen., χειμῶνος Arat. 745; πομπᾶς Theoc. 2.84: rarely c. part., ψυχὰν Ἀΐδᾳ τελέων οὐ φράζεται marks not that he will die, Pi. I. 1.68.

5. watch, guard, [ ὀρσοθύρην ] Od. 22.129.

6. beware of, ξύλινον λόχον Orac. ap. Hdt. 3.57: freq. in imper., φράζευ κύνα cave canem, Ar. Eq. 1030 (hex.); φράσσαι κυναλώπεκα μή σε δολώσῃ ib. 1067 (hex.); φράζεο δή, μὴ.. μάρψῃ Id. Pax 1099 (hex.), cf. Call. Lav.Pall. 52: c. inf., φράζου μὴ πόρσω φωνεῖν S. El. 213 (lyr.): abs., φράζου take care! A. Eu. 130. (Perh. cf. Lith girdziù 'I hear', inf. girdçti.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φράζω ,

[in LXX: Job 6:24 (H995 hi.) Job 12:8 (H3384 hi.), Da LXX Daniel 2:4 (H2331 pa.) *;]

to show forth, tell, declare, explain: Matthew 13:36 (WH, RV, διασάφησον ) Matthew 15:15.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a pig"; : P Tebt I. 190 (early i/B.C.) τιμὴν χοίρου (δραχμαὶ) η ̄, Chrest. I. 73.6 (A.D.247–8) an order that πάντας τοὺς χοίρους ἐξελασθῆναι ἀπὸ ἱεροῦ κώμης Τάλμεως, in order that the sacred service may not be disturbed (cf. OGIS 210), P Flor II. 166.1 ff. (iii. A.D.) τὸν χοῖρον καὶ τὰ δελφάκια (";sucking pigs";) τὰ β ̄ καλὰ παράδος Γρηγωρίῳ τῷ μαγείρῳ μου, ἀλλὰ ἤτω ὁ χοῖρος καλός, P Oxy VI. 901.5 (A.D. 336) ἡμέτεροι χῦροι δύο τὴν ὁρμὴν ποιούμενοι ἐπὶ ἡμέτερον ἔδαφος (cf. Mar. 5:13).

For dim. χοιρίδιον, see P Ryl II. 229.12 (A.D. 38) περὶ δὲ τῆς τροφῆς τῶν χοιριδίω (ν), and similarly 19, P Fay 11110 (A.D. 95–6) πεζῶι [τὰ χ ]υρίδια ἐλάσαι, ";to drive the pigs, on foot,"; ib. 115.7 (A.D. 101 ) μέλλομεν. . . χυρίδια θύειν εἰς τὰ γενέσια Σαβίνου, ";we intend to sacrifice pigs on the birthday feast of Sabinus"; (Edd.), and P Oxy VI. 932.10 (late ii/A.D.) τὰ χοιρίδια χωρὶς μοῦ μὴ πώλι, ";do not sell the young pigs without me"; (Edd.).

The adj. χοίρειος, ";(flesh) of a pig"; occurs in P Magd 4.8 (B.C. 221) πρᾶξαι αὐτοὺς τὴν τιμὴν τ [ῶν χοι ]ρείων.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φράσατέ Φρασον Φράσον Phrason Phráson
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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