the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1121 - בֵּן
1) son, grandson, child, member of a group
1a) son, male child
1c) children (plural — male and female)
1d) youth, young men (plural)
1e) young (of animals)
1f) sons (as characterisation, i.e. sons of injustice [for unrighteous men] or sons of God [for angels])
1g) people (of a nation) (plural)
1h) of lifeless things, i.e. sparks, stars, arrows (figuratively)
1i) a member of a guild, order, class
1037) nb (בנ BN) AC: Build CO: Tent panel AB: Intelligence: The pictograph b is a picture of the tent. The n is a picture of a sprouting seed and represents continuity as the seed continues the next generation. The combined meaning of these letters mean “the continuing of the house”. The tent was constructed of woven goat hair. Over time the sun bleaches and weakens the goat hair necessitating their continual replacement. Each year the women make a new panel, approximately3feet wide and the length of the tent. The old panel is removed (being recycled into a wall or floor) and the new strip is added to the tent. Since the tent is only replaced one small piece at a time the tent essentially lasts forever. (eng: beam - a component of construction with an exchange for the m and n; between - with the t added)
A) nb (בנ BN) AC: ? CO: Tent Panel AB: ?: There are many similarities between building a tent out of goat hair panels and the building of a house out of sons (The idea of building a house with sons can be seen in ge303) . Just as the tent panels are added to continue the tent, sons are born to the family to continue the family line. Just as the tent is continually being renewed with new panels, the family is continually being renewed with new sons.
Nm) nb (בנ BN) - Son: One who continues the family line. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Transforms to rbwhen used in the possessive] KJV (4925): son, children, old, first, man, young, stranger, people - Strongs: H1121 (בֵּן), H1123 (בֵּן), H1247 (בַּר)
Nf2 ) tnb (בנת BNT) - Daughter: Also a village that resides outside of the city walls as the daughter of the city. [df: tb] KJV (588): daughter, town, village, first, apple, branches, children, company, eye, old - Strongs: H1323 (בַּת)
im ) nbt (תבנ TBN) - Straw: When more permanent structures were built they were constructed of stones and bricks made of clay and straw, replacing the tent panels as the main component of construction for dwellings. KJV (17): straw, stubble, chaff - Strongs: H8401 (תֶּבֶן)
aim) nbtm (מתבנ MTBN) - Straw: When more permanent structures were built they were constructed of stones and bricks, made of clay and straw, replacing the tent panels as the main component of construction for dwellings. KJV (1): straw - Strongs: H4963 (מַתְבֵּן)
B) nnb (בננ BNN) AC: Build CO: Building AB: ?: The building of a family or a structure for housing the family.
bm) ninb (בנינ BNYN) - Building: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (8): building - Strongs: H1146 (בִּנְיָן), H1147 (בִּנְיָן)
C) nba (אבנ ABN) AC: Build CO: Stone AB: ?
Nf ) nba (אבנ ABN) - Stone: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (282): stone - Strongs: H68 (אֶבֶן), H69 (אֶבֶן), H70 (אֹבְנַיִם)
F) nbe (הבנ HBN) AC: ? CO: Hard AB: ?: The hardness of stone or brick.
Nm) nbe (הבנ HBN) - Ebony: A hard wood. KJV (1): ebony - Strongs: H1894 (הָבְנִים)
G) neb (בהנ BHN) AC: Build CO: Thumb AB: ?: The part of the body understood as the builder by the Hebrews.
Nf) neb (בהנ BHN) - Thumb: Also the big toe by extension. KJV (16): thumb, great toe - Strongs: H931 (בֹּהֶן)
H) enb (בנה BNH) AC: Build CO: Building AB: ?: A structure built for occupation.
V) enb (בנה BNH) - Build: To build or construct a building, home or family. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (398): (vf: Paal, Niphal) build, build up, builder, repair, set up, building, make, children - Strongs: H1124 (בְּנָא), H1129 (בָּנָה)
bf1) einb (בניה BNYH) - Building: KJV (1): building - Strongs: H1140 (בִּנְיָה)
hm) enbm (מבנה MBNH) - Structure: The framework of a building. KJV (1): frame - Strongs: H4011 (מִבְנֶה)
iff2) tinbt (תבנית TBNYT) - Pattern: A model or pattern for building something. KJV (20): pattern, likeness, form, similtude, figure - Strongs: H8403 (תַּבְנִית)
J) nfb (בונ BWN) AC: Plan CO: ? AB: Intelligence: The skill of the mind and hands to build. Before the tent is constructed the location and orientation must be carefully considered according to weather, view and size. The planning and building of a house, structure or family.
im) nfbt (תבונ TBWN) - Intelligence: One able to plan and build. KJV (43): understanding, discretion, reasons, skillfulness, wisdom - Strongs: H8394 (תּוֹבֻנָה)
M) nib (בינ BYN) AC: Plan CO: ? AB: Understand: The tent was usually divided into two parts, one for the females and the other for the male. The wall makes a distinction between the two sides. Understanding as the ability to discern between two or more things.
V) nib (בינ BYN) - Understand: KJV (170): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) understand, cunning, skilful, teacher, taught, consider, perceive, wise, viewed, discern, prudent, consider - Strongs: H995 (בִּין)
Nm) nib (בינ BYN) - Between: As the wall is between the two sides of the tent. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (36): between, among, asunder, betwixt, within, out of, from - Strongs: H996 (בַּיִן), H997 (בֵּין), H1143 (בֵּנַיִם)
Nf1) enib (בינה BYNH) - Understanding: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (39): understanding, wisdom, knowledge, meaning, perfectly, understand - Strongs: H998 (בִּינָה), H999 (בִּינָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 son, male child, born of a woman Genesis 4:25; Genesis 16:11,15; Genesis 17:19 compare Genesis 17:16; Genesis 18:10,14; Genesis 19:37,38 #NAME?בֶּןבִּֿטְנָהּ Isaiah 49:15; begotten by a man Genesis 5:4 f; Genesis 5:28; Genesis 6:10; Genesis 11:11f. + often; "" (בָּנוֺת) בַּת daughter Genesis 5:4,7,10f. Genesis 11:11,13,15f; Exodus 20:10; Deuteronomy 5:14; Deuteronomy 16:11; Deuteronomy 16:14; 1 Samuel 30:3; 1 Samuel 30:6; Job 1:2; Job 42:13 +; of son as desired Genesis 30:2 (compare Genesis 15:2; Genesis 16:2; Genesis 17:17; Genesis 18:10f.; 1 Samuel 1:5-11) 2 Kings 4:14,28; Psalm 127:3 +; rejoiced in Genesis 30:6 +; beloved Exodus 21:5; 2 Samuel 19:1; 2 Samuel 19:3; 2 Samuel 19:5; 1 Kings 3:26; cared for Deuteronomy 1:31; spared Malachi 3:17; disciplined & trained Deuteronomy 8:5; Proverbs 3:12; Proverbs 13:24; Proverbs 19:18; Proverbs 29:17; owing reverence, obedience, etc. to parents Proverbs 6:20; Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 13:1; בִּנְךָ בְּכוֺרְךָ thy first-born son Genesis 27:32; הַבֵּן הַבְּכֹר Deuteronomy 21:15 compare 1 Samuel 8:2; בְּנָהּהַגָּדֹל her elder son Genesis 27:15,42; בְּנוֺ הַגָּדֹל Genesis 27:1; בְּנָהּהַקָּטָן her younger son Genesis 27:15,42. In particular
a. בֶּןאִֿמּוֺ son of his mother, i.e. own (uterine) brother Genesis 43:29, compare Genesis 27:29; Judges 8:19; Psalm 50:20; Psalm 69:9, & see אֵם; בְּנֵי אָבִיךָ sons of thy father = brethren Genesis 49:8 (poetry)
b.בְּנֵי דֹדֵיהֶן = cousins Numbers 36:11.
c. בְּנִי my son, as term of kindliness or endearment, used by Eli to Samuel 1 Samuel 3:6,16; compare 1 Samuel 4:16; 1 Samuel 24:17; 1 Samuel 26:17,21,25, see also Proverbs 1:8,10; Proverbs 2:1 +; compare בִּנְךָ, used by Benhadad of himself to Elisha 2 Kings 8:9; by Ahaz to Tiglath-pileser 2 Kings 16:7; especially to express intimate and gracious relation with God: ׳י calls Israel בְּנִי בְכֹרִי Exodus 4:22 compare Exodus 4:23; Hosea 11:1, see also Psalm 80:16 (but compare Che); בָּנִים אַתֶּם ליהוה אלהיכם Deuteronomy 14:1; בְּנֵיעֶלְיוֺן Psalm 82:6 ("" אלהים); בְּנֵי אֵלחָֿ֑י Hosea 2:1; compare further Deuteronomy 32:5 (plural) Deuteronomy 32:20 (plural) Isaiah 1:2,4; Isaiah 30:1,9; Jeremiah 3:14,22; Jeremiah 4:22; Jeremiah 31:20; of future Davidic king 2 Samuel 7:14 = 1 Chronicles 17:13 compare Psalm 2:7; expressly referred to Song of Solomon 1Chronicles 22:10; 1 Chronicles 28:6; also of children (offered in fire) Ezekiel 16:21.
d.בְּנֵי האלהים applied to supernatural beings Genesis 6:2,4; Job 1:6; Job 2:1; בְּנֵי אלהים Job 38:7; בְּנֵי אֵלִים Psalm 29:1 (on which compare Che's note) Psalm 89:7.
e.בֶּןאָֿדָם son of man, compare ׳בְּנֵי א, see אָדָם; בְּנֵי אִישׁ Psalm 4:3 & ("" בני אדם) Psalm 49:3; Psalm 62:10.
f.בֶּןבִּֿנְךָ = thy grandson Exodus 10:2; Deuteronomy 6:2; Judges 8:22 compare Jeremiah 27:7; plural Exodus 34:7; Deuteronomy 4:9; Deuteronomy 4:25; Judges 12:14; 2 Kings 17:41; 2 Chronicles 8:40; Job 42:16; Psalm 128:6; Proverbs 13:22; Proverbs 17:6; Ezekiel 37:25; also בֵּן alone with similar reference Genesis 29:5 (Laban son of Nahor); Laban calls his daughters' children his own sons Genesis 31:28,43; compare Genesis 32:1; so of Naomi Ruth 4:17; בְּנֵירְבִעִים 2 Kings 10:30 sons of the fourth Generation, and, in General, descendants Joshua 22:24,25,27 +; see also below
g. constantly, as more precise designation, added to personal name כָּלֵב בֶּןיְֿפֻנֶּה Numbers 14:30; Numbers 32:12; Numbers 34:19 +; יְהוֺשֻׁעַ בִּןנֿוּן Numbers 11:28; Numbers 14:30; Numbers 32:12,28; Numbers 34:17 +; יָרָבְעָם בֶּןנְֿבָט 1 Kings 12:2,15 +, etc.; also without personal name (often with implication of contempt) בֶּןקִֿישׁ 1 Samuel 10:11; בֶּןיִֿשַׁי 1 Samuel 20:27,30,31; 1 Samuel 22:7,8,9,13; 1 Samuel 25:10; 2 Samuel 20:1; בְּנֵי צְרוּיָה 2 Samuel 16:10; בֶּןרְֿמַלְיָהוּ Isaiah 7:4,5,9; Isaiah 8:16; בֶּןטָֽֿבְאַ֑ל Isaiah 7:6; compare also בְּנֵי לֵוִי Numbers 16:7,8.
h. designated asבֶּןזְֿקֻנִים i.e. born in old age of father Genesis 37:3; opposed to בְּנֵי הַנְּעוּרִים sons of one's youth Psalm 127:4; also בֶּןבֵּֿיתִי one born in my house Genesis 15:3 (i.e. slave) so בְּנֵי בַיִת Ecclesiastes 2:7.
i. in various combinations: (α) as expression of contumely, בֶּןֿנַעֲוַת הַמַּרְדּוּת 1 Samuel 20:30; בֶּןהַֿמְּרַצֵּחַ הַזֶּה 2 Kings 6:32 this son of a murderer; compare בְּנֵינָֿבָל Job 30:8; בְּנֵי בְלִישֵֿׁם ib.; בְּנֵי עֹנֲַנָה Isaiah 57:3 ("" זֶרַע מְנָאֵף); compare בֶּןאִֿשָּׁה אַחֶרֶת Judges 11:2 (compare Judges 11:1); (β) as term of respect, dignity, בֶּןחֿוֺרִים son of nobles Ecclesiastes 10:17 (in Aramaic = free born); בֶּןחֲֿכָמִים Isaiah 19:11; בֶּןמַֿלְכֵיקֶֿדֶם ib.; compare בֶּןמֶֿלֶךְ Psalm 72:1 ("" מֶלֶךְ); בֶּןאֲֿמָתֶ֑ךָ Psalm 86:16 in addressing ׳י ("" עַבְדֶּ֑ךָ) & בְּנֵיעֲֿבָדֶיךָ Psalm 102:29; of noble appearance בְּנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ Judges 8:18.
j. often plural with name of ancestor, people, land, or city, to denote descendants, inhabitants, membership in a nation or family, etc.: (α) e.g. בְּנֵיעֵֿבֶר Genesis 10:21; בְּנֵיחֵֿת Genesis 23:3,5,7,10 (twice in verse); Genesis 23:11,16,18,20; Genesis 25:10; Genesis 49:32 (all P); (בְּנֵישֵֿׁת Numbers 24:17 see below 8); בְּנֵיחֲֿמוֺר Genesis 33:19; Joshua 24:32; בְּנֵי עֵשָׂו Genesis 36:5,15,19; Deuteronomy 2:4,8,12,22,29; בְּנֵי שֵׂעִיר Genesis 36:20,21; בֶּןֿ(בני)הִנֹּם Joshua 15:8 + (compare below גַּיְא); בְּנֵי לוֺט Deuteronomy 2:9,19; Psalm 83:9; בְּנֵייֿוֺסֵף (literal Genesis 46:27; Genesis 48:8; 1 Chronicles 5:1) Numbers 1:32; Numbers 26:28,37; Numbers 34:23; Numbers 36:5 (׳י׳מַטֵּה ב) + 6t. Joshua , compare Psalm 77:16; even בְּנֵי חֲצִי שֵׁבֶט מְנַשֶּׁה 1 Chronicles 5:23; בְּנֵי דָוַיד (literal 2 Samuel 8:18 = 1 Chronicles 18:17; 1 Chronicles 3:1,9) 2 Chronicles 13:8; 23:3; 32:33; בְּנֵי אָסָף 2 Chronicles 29:13; Ezra 2:41; Ezra 3:8 + (see אָסָף); בְּנֵי קֹרַח in titles of Psalm 42-49,84, 85,87, 88; especially (β) בְּנֵיעַֿמּוֺן (standing designation of people of Ammon) Genesis 19:38 81t. (compare עַמּוֺן & Nö ZMG 1886,171 Dr Sm 66); בְּנֵי יַעֲקֹב (literal Genesis 34:7,13,25,27; Genesis 35:5,22,26; Genesis 49:2) 2 Kings 17:34; Psalm 105:6; Malachi 3:6 compare Psalm 77:16; & chiefly (γ) בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל (literal Genesis 42:5; Genesis 45:21; Genesis 46:5; Exodus 1:1) Exodus 1:7 613t., including Hexateuch 427 (of which 328 P, 49 E, 25 J, 25 D), Judges 61, Samuel Kings Chronicles 73 (23in reference to ancient history, 10 in opposition to Judah); so also Vrss & variant reading sometimes for ׳בֵּית יִשׂ, e.g. Joshua 21:43 + see Di, Ezekiel 3:1 + see Co; also the reverse Ezekiel 2:3 and elsewhere; note especially יִשְׂרָאֵל׳עַם בּ Exodus 1:9; יִשְׂרָאֵל׳עַמִּי בּ Exodus 3:10; Exodus 7:4; עֲדַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל Exodus 16:1,2,9,10; Exodus 17:1; Leviticus 16:5; Leviticus 19:2; Numbers 1:2,53; Numbers 8:9,20; Numbers 13:26; Numbers 15:25,26; Numbers 17:6; Numbers 19:9; Numbers 25:6; Numbers 26:2; Numbers 31:12 (all P); ׳יִשׂ׳דֹּרוֺת ב Judges 3:2; וְכָלהָֿעָם׳יִשׂ ׳כָּלבֿ Judges 20:26; וּבְּנֵי הַלֵּוִי׳יִשׂ ׳ב Nehemiah 10:40; also (δ) בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה (literal Genesis 46:12; Genesis 26:19; 1 Chronicles 2:3,10; 1 Chronicles 4:1) Numbers 1:26 18t. Numbers , Joshua , Judges 1:8,9,16 (so read also Judges 1:21; Judges 1:21 compare Joshua 15:53 & see below בנימן) 2 Samuel 1:18; 1 Chronicles 4:27 8t. Chronicles, Jeremiah 7:30 4t. Jeremiah; Hosea 2:2; Joel 4:6; Joel 4:8; Joel 4:19; Obadiah 12 (not in Kings, of Judah or of any other tribe, except בְּנֵי לֵוִי 1 Kings 12:31) including מַטֵּה בְּנֵי יהוּדָה Joshua 15:1,20,21; Joshua 21:1; 1 Chronicles 6:50; for usage with other tribes of Israel, see the articles; — but note (ε) בְּנֵי לֵוִי (literal Genesis 46:11; Exodus 6:16; Numbers 3:17; 1 Chronicles 5:27; 1 Chronicles 6:1; compare 1 Chronicles 23:6) Exodus 32:28; Numbers 3:15; Numbers 16:7,8; Numbers 18:21; Joshua 21:10 (as including sons of Aaron etc.); כָּלבְּֿנֵי לֵוִי Exodus 32:26; ׳ל׳כָּלאַֿחֶיךָ ב Numbers 16:10; ׳ל׳הַכֹּהֲנִים ב Deuteronomy 21:5; Deuteronomy 31:9 compare 1 Kings 12:31 & Malachi 3:8; 1 Chronicles 23:24,27; 1 Chronicles 24:20; Ezra 8:15 (distinguished from priests) Nehemiah 12:23; Ezekiel 40:46 (including בְּנֵי צָדוֺק the priests); also ׳ל׳מַחֲנוֺת ב 1 Chronicles 9:18; בְּנֵי הַלֵּוִי 1 Chronicles 12:27; Nehemiah 10:40; בְּנֵי הַלְּוִיִם 1 Chronicles 15:15; 1 Chronicles 24:30 (compare also לֵוִי); (ζ) בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן (literal Exodus 28:1,40; 1 Chronicles 5:29; 1 Chronicles 24:1; often Aaron and his sons literal Exodus 27:21; Exodus 28:1,4 +) Leviticus 3:5,8,13; Leviticus 6:7; Leviticus 6:11; Leviticus 7:10; Leviticus 7:83; Joshua 21:10; 1 Chronicles 6:35; 1 Chronicles 6:39; 1 Chronicles 6:42; 1 Chronicles 15:4 (+ Levites) 1 Chronicles 24:1; 1 Chronicles 24:31; Nehemiah 12:47; also הַכֹּהֲנִים׳בְּנֵי א Leviticus 1:5,8,11; Leviticus 2:2; Leviticus 3:2; Numbers 3:8; Numbers 10:8 & Joshua 21:19; 2 Chronicles 31:19; compare 2 Chronicles 26:18; 29:21; 35:14 (twice in verse); בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן Leviticus 1:7; Joshua 21:4 (as subdivision of Levites) Joshua 21:13 compare Leviticus 7:34; אֶתכֹּֿהֲנֵי יהוה אֶתבְּֿנֵי אַהֲרֹןוְהַלְּוִּיִּם 2 Chronicles 13:9 compare 2 Chronicles 13:10; once in singular הַכֹּהֵן בֶּןאַֿהֲרֹן Nehemiah 10:39; see also below אַהֲרֹן; (η) בְּנֵי צָדוֺק Ezekiel 40:26,44:15 הכהנים הלוים בני צדוק; Ezekiel 48:11 הכהנים הַמְֿקֻדָּשׁמנגי צדוק (ᵐ5 Sm Co join מ of מבני to preceding word, making plural); (φ) בְּנֵי with names of peoples, lands, and cities, בְּנֵי כֻּשִׁיִּים Amos 9:7; בְּנֵי מִצְרַיִם Ezekiel 16:26; בְּנֵי אַשּׁוּר Ezekiel 16:28; Ezekiel 23:7,9,12,23; אֶדֶץ הַבְּרִית׳ב Ezekiel 30:5 (Co strike out ארץ); בָּבֶל׳ב Ezekiel 23:15. Ezekiel 23:17,28; יְרוּשָׁלַם׳ב Joel 4:6; צִיּוֺן׳ב Joel 2:23; Lamentations 4:2; Psalm 149:2 (compare Zechariah 9:13). See further (ι) בְּנֵי עַמֶּ֑ךָ Leviticus 19:18; compare Leviticus 20:17; Numbers 22:5; Judges 14:16,17; Ezekiel 3:11; Ezekiel 33:2,12,17,30; Ezekiel 37:18; Daniel 12:1 בְּנֵי מָּרִיצֵי עַמְּךָ Daniel 11:14; (κ) קֶבֶר בְּנֵי הָעָם 2 Kings 23:6; 2 Chronicles 35:5,7,12; קִבְרֵי בְּנֵי הָעָם Jeremiah 26:23; (λ) בְּנֵיקֶֿדֶם Genesis 29:1; Judges 7:12; Judges 8:10; 1 Kings 5:10; Job 1:3; Isaiah 11:14; Jeremiah 49:28; Ezekiel 25:4,10; (μ) בְּנֵי הַמְּדִינָה Ezra 2:1 = Nehemiah 7:6; (ν) of bulls, בְּנֵי בָשָׁן Deuteronomy 32:14 (song) compare Klo SK 1872. 254 Di.
2 children (male and female) Genesis 3:16; Genesis 21:7; Exodus 21:5; Exodus 22:23; hence בְּנֵי מְנַשֶּׁה הַזְכָּרִים Joshua 17:2 male children, בֵּן זָכָר Jeremiah 20:15.
3 youth, young men (plural) Proverbs 7:7; Song of Solomon 2:3.
4 the young of animals Leviticus 22:28 (שׁוֺר אוֺ שֶׂה) compare Deuteronomy 22:6,7; 1 Samuel 6:7,10; Zechariah 9:9; Job 4:11; Job 28:8; Job 39:4,16; — בֶּןבָּֿקָר etc. see below 7b below
5 of plant-shootsבֵּן מֹּרָת Genesis 49:22 (twice in verse); also בֵּן Psalm 80:16 ? ("" כַּנָּה; see Che transl. & critical note)
6 figurative of lifeless things, בְּנֵי רֶשֶׁף sparks Job 5:7; stars עַיִשׁעַלבָּֿנֶיהָ Job 38:32; arrows בֶּןקָֿ֑שֶׁת Job 41:2; בְּנֵיאַשְׁמָּתוֺ Lamentations 3:13; compare בֶּןגָּֿרְנִי i.e. corn of my threshing-floor Isaiah 21:10.
7. a. member of a guild, order or class, בְּנֵי הַנְּבִיאִים i.e. those belonging to the prophetic order 1 Kings 20:35; 2 Kings 2:3,5,7,15; 2 Kings 4:1,38 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 5:22; 2 Kings 6:1; 2 Kings 9:1 (Hoffm RS Proph, 85,388, Ki 15f.; Zehnpf BAS i, 355 compare Assyrian mâr šipri (šiprâtum), son of a messenger = messenger, and explains from the son's succeeding to father's calling) & בֶּןנָֿבִיא Amos 7:14; probably also בְּנֵי הַכֹּהֲנִים 1 Chronicles 9:30; Ezra 2:61; Ezra 10:18; בְּנֵי הַשֹּׁעֲרִים Ezra 2:42; compare בְּנֵי הַגְּדוּד 2 Chronicles 25:13 men of the troop, see Palmyrene בנישירתא men of the caravan Vog No, 4 and others; also בְּנֵי הַגּוֺלָה = exiles Ezra 4:1; Ezra 6:19,20; Ezra 8:35; Ezra 10:7,16 (see גולה below גלה): further, in בֶּןנֵֿכָר = foreigner (only P, poetry, & late) Genesis 17:12,27; Exodus 12:43; Leviticus 22:25; Ezekiel 44:9 (twice in verse); ׳הַֿנּ׳ב Isaiah 56:3; בְּנֵיִנֵֿכָר 2 Samuel 22:45,46 = Psalm 18:45; Psalm 18:46; Nehemiah 9:2; Isaiah 60:10; Isaiah 61:5; Isaiah 62:8; Ezekiel 44:7; Psalm 144:7; Psalm 144:11, ׳בְּנֵיהַֿנּ Isaiah 56:6; also בְּנֵי הַתּוֺשָׁבִּים הַגָּרִים עִמָּכֶם Leviticus 25:4,5.
b. of animals, בֶּןבָּֿקָר son of (the) herd, i.e. young one of the herd, בָּקָר וּבְנֵי בָקָר 1 Samuel 14:32 compare עֵגֶל בֶּןבָּֿקָר Leviticus 9:2 (P); then, in General, one of the herd: fit for food Genesis 18:7,8 (J), for sacrifice Numbers 15:8,9 (P); ׳בןהַֿב only Leviticus 12:6 (P); especially מַּרבֶּןבָּֿקָר Exodus 29:1; Leviticus 4:3,14; Leviticus 16:3; Leviticus 23:18; Numbers 7:15 16t. Numbers (all P) + 2 Chronicles 13:9; Ezekiel 43:19,23,25; Ezekiel 45:18; Ezekiel 46:6; מָּרִיםבְּנֵי בָּקָר Numbers 28:11,19,27; Numbers 29:13,17 (P); also בְּנִי אֲתֹנוֺ Genesis 49:11 (poem, J; "" עִירֹה); בְּנֵיצֹֿאן Psalm 114:4; Psalm 114:6; בֶּןרְֿאֵמִים Psalm 29:6; בְָּנֵי הָרַמָּכִים Esther 8:10; בְּנֵי (הַ)יּוֺנָה Leviticus 1:14 7t. Lev + Numbers 6:10 compare בֶּןיֿוֺנָה Leviticus 12:6 (all P); בְּנֵיֿנָ֑שֶׁר Proverbs 30:17; בְּנֵי עֹרֵב Psalm 147:9.
8׳ב as relative noun followed by word of quality, characteristic, etc. especially (α) בֶּןֿ(בני)חַיִל = mighty man 1 Samuel 14:52; 1 Samuel 18:17; 2 Samuel 2:7; 2 Samuel 13:28; 2 Samuel 17:10 (twice in verse); 1 Kings 1:52 7t. Chronicles; ׳אֲנָשִׁים בני ח Judges 18:2; 2 Kings 2:16; אֶלֶף אִישׁ מִבְּנֵי הֶחָ֑יִל Judges 21:10; (β) בְּנֵי עַוְלָה wicked men 2 Samuel 3:34; 2 Samuel 7:10; 1 Chronicles 17:9; Hosea 10:9; ׳בֶּןעֿ Psalm 89:23 (for בני בליעל see בליעל); (γ) בְּנֵי מֶ֑רִי rebels Numbers 17:25 (compare בַּיִת); (δ) בְּנֵי הַתַּעֲרֻבוֺת sons of pledges = hostages 2 Kings 14:14 2 Chronicles 25:24; (ε) בְּנֵי מָוֶת i.e. those deserving of death 1 Samuel 26:16; so בֶּןמֿות 2 Samuel 12:5; בְּנֵי תְמוּתָה appointed or exposed to death Psalm 79:11; Psalm 102:21; compare (ζ) בִּן הַכּוֺת one worthy of smiting Deuteronomy 25:2; (η) בְּנֵי עֹ֑נִי Proverbs 31:5; (θ) בְּנֵי חֲלוֺף Proverbs 31:8; (ι) בְּנֵי שָׁאוֺן Jeremiah 48:45 = tumultuous ones; so also (= Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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בֵּן (for בֵּנֶה from the root בָּנָה No. 3), const. בֶּן־ (with prefixes כְּ, בְּ, לְ without Makkeph), rarely בִּן Proverbs 30:1; Deuteronomy 25:2; Jonah 4:10 and whenever followed by the pr.n. נוּן; once בְּנִי (like אֲבִי), Genesis 49:11, and בְּנוֹ Numbers 24:3, 15 Numbers 24:15. Pl. בָּנִים (as if from sing. בָּן), const. בְּנֵי.
A son (Arab. إِبْنُ; pl. بنُونَ const. بنى, بنى; on the Phœn. monuments very often בן; but in Aram. בַּר, ܒܪܐܳ from בְּרָא to procreate, but with pl. בְּנִין, בְּנֵי, ܒܢܝ̈ܐ). Κατʼ ἐξοχὴν used of the king’s son [The son of God really], Isaiah 9:5 compare בֶּן־מֶלֶךְ Psalms 72:1 pl. בָּנִים sometimes used of children of both sexes, Genesis 3:16, 21:7 30:1 31:17 32:12 Deuteronomy 4:10 although more often there is fully expressed בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת Genesis 5:4,, 10, 13 11:11, seq. In sing. a trace of the common gender is found in בֶּן־זָכָר (more correctly בֵּן זָכָר) “a male son,” Jeremiah 20:15 compare υἱὸς ἄῤῥην, Revelation 12:5. It belongs to poetic diction when “sons of the Grecians” is used for the Grecians; Joel 4:6, like υἷες Ἀχαιῶν, and “sons of the Ethiopians,” Amos 9:7, for the Ethiopians; compare יַלְדֵי נָכִרִים Isaiah 2:6, used of foreigners; בְּנֵי אֶבְיוֹן of the poor, Psalms 72:4 and Greek δυστήνων παῖδες, Il. φ΄. 151. The similar condition of the father and the son is shewn everywhere by this phrase.
The name of son, like those of father and brother (see אָב, אָח ), is of wide extent in Hebrew, and is variously applied. It is used
(1) Of a grandson (like אָב of a grandfather), Genesis 29:5; Ezra 5:1 compare Zechariah 1:1 plur. בָּנִים grandsons, Genesis 32:1 (31:55 ); 31:28 (although where there is greater accuracy of speech grandsons are called בְּנֵי בָנִים Exodus 34:7; Proverbs 13:22, 17:6 ); also descendants, as בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל Israelites; בְּנֵי יְהוּדָה, בְּנֵי לֵוִי Jews, Levites; בְּנֵי עַמּוֹן Ammonites; בְּנֵי חֵת Hittites; בְּנֵי יִשְׁמָעֵאל Ishmaelites. In the same sense is used בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל, בֵּית יְהוּדָה (see בַּיִת No. 8 ); also אִישׁ יש׳ (see אִישׁ 1, g).
(2) It is a name of age, for boy, youth, like the Greek παῖς; compare בַּת No. 2, Song of Solomon 2:3; Proverbs 7:7. The name of son
(3) is applied to a subject, rendering obedience to a king or lord, as to a father, 2 Kings 16:7. Hence metaph. a son of death is one doomed to die, and as if delivered into the dominion of death; 1 Samuel 20:31. 2 Samuel 12:5 “a son of stripes,” i.q. doomed to stripes; Deuteronomy 25:2 compare νἱὸς γεέννης, Matthew 23:15 τῆς ἀπωλείας, John 17:12. Son is applied to
(4) a foster son, who is brought up like a son, Exodus 2:10 compare Acts 7:21 and a disciple, inasmuch as teachers were treated with reverence and obedience, like parents, and received the title of father (see אָב No. 5 ). Hence בְּנֵי הַנְּבִיאִים “sons of the prophets,” for disciples of the prophets, and the schools of the prophets themselves, 1 Kings 20:35; 2 Kings 2:3, 2 Kings 2:5, 2 Kings 2:7, 4:38, etc.; compare Amos 7:14. (So among the Persians, “sons of the magi,” used for the disciples of the magi; among the Greeks ἰατρῶν υἱοί, ῥητόρων υἱοί, παῖδες μουσικῶν, φιλοσόφων for ἰατροί, μουσικοί, etc.; Syr. ܒܢܰܚ ܒܰܪܕܰܝܨܳܢ sons, i.e. disciples of Bardesanes.) To this usage belongs the manner in which, in the book of Proverbs, the poet [inspired writer] addresses the reader, “my son,” Proverbs 2:1, 3:1, 21 4:10, 20 5:1 6:1 7:1 compare בַּת Psalms 45:11.
(5) Followed by a gen. of place, it denotes a man there born, or brought up, as “sons of Zion,” Zionites, Psal. 149:2 “sons of Babylon,” Ezekiel 23:15, 17 Ezekiel 23:17“sons of the East,” i.e. Arabs (see קֶדֶם); “sons of the province,” Ezra 2:1 “sons of a foreign country,” Genesis 17:12 “son of a house,” i.e. verna (see בַּיִת ); “son of a womb,” born of the same womb (see בֶּטֶן ). This arises from things, which are done in any time or place, being attributed to the time or place itself (see Isaiah 3:26, 8:23 Job 3:3); and countries or cities are regarded as the mothers of their particular inhabitants (see אֵם ), and also nations as fathers; whence there is also said בְּנֵי עַמִּי “sons of my people,” i.e. “those who are of my people” (see עַם ) and בְּנֵי הָעָם of the common people, Jeremiah 17:19, 26:23. Used of animals, Deuteronomy 32:14, “rams, sons of Bashan.” It is also applied to things which are contained in any place, as “sons of a quiver,” used of arrows, Lamentations 3:13.
(6) Followed by a gen. of time, it denotes a person or thing, either born or appearing in that time, or as having existed during that time. Thus, “son of his old age,” i.e. born in his old age, Genesis 37:3 “son of youth,” born to a young father, Psalms 127:4 “sons of bereavement,” born of a bereaved mother, i.e. in exile, Isaiah 49:20 “son of five hundred years,” five hundred years old, Genesis 5:32 “a lamb בֶּן־שָׁנָה of the first year,” Exodus 12:5. Jonah 4:10, of the ricinus שֶׁבִּן־לַיְלָה הָיָה וּבִן־לַיְלָה אָבָד “which sprung up in one night, and perished in one night;” “son of the morning,” poetically of the morning star, lucifer, as if born in the morning, Isaiah 14:12.
(7) Followed by a genitive denoting virtue, vice, or condition of life; it denotes a man who has that virtue or vice, or who has been brought up in that condition, as בֶּן־חַיִל “a son of strength,” a hero, warrior (see חַיִל ); בֶּן־בְּלִיַּעַל “son of wickedness,” a wicked man; בֶּן־עַוְלָה id.; בְּנֵי שַׁחַץ “sons of pride,” poetically used of wild beasts; בֶּן־עֳנִי i.q. עָנָי poor, wretched, Proverbs 31:5 “son of possession,” i.e. possessor, heir, Genesis 15:2 “sons of pledging,” i.e. hostages, 2 Kings 14:14 compare υἱὸς τῆς ἀπειθείας, Ephes. 2:2, τέκνα ὑπακοῆς, 1 Peter 1:14. In other figurative and poetic phrases of this kind, which are also common in other cognate languages (see Gol. v. ابن; Castell and Buxtorf v. בַּר; Jones, on Asiatic Poetry, p. 128, seq.), that is called the son of anything which is like it, as “sons of lightning,” used of birds rivalling the lightning in swiftness, Job 5:7 or which is dependent on it, as “sons of a bow,” used of arrows, Job 41:20 or which by any connection is closely joined with it, as “sons of oil,” those anointed with oil, Zechariah 4:14 “son of oil, or fatness,” fat, fertile, etc.; compare אָב, אִישׁ, בַּעַל.
(8) The appellation of “sons of God,” is given in the Old Test.
(a) to angels, Genesis 6:2, seq.; Job 1:6, 2:1 38:7 Psalms 29:1, 89:7 either as the hosts and attendants of God (see צָבָא ), or on account of a greater likeness to the divine nature, although a body is attributed to them, Gen. loc. cit.
(b) to kings (not those of the Hebrews only, but foreign ones also, Psalms 89:28), as being the substitutes of God on earth, taught and aided by the Divine Spirit, 1 Samuel 10:6, 1 Samuel 10:9, 11:6 16:13, 14 1 Samuel 16:14; Isaiah 11:1, Isaiah 11:2[Here applied to Christ]; thus also in the Greek poets, Διογενεῖς βασιλῆες. Psalms 2:7, “the Lord said to me, thou art my son, this day have I begotten thee,” i.e. constituted king (compare Jeremiah 2:27), [Christ in resurrection is here spoken of]. Psalms 82:6, “I have said ye are gods (O kings), and every one of you children of the Most High;”7, “but ye shall die like (common) men,” etc. Psalms 89:28; 2 Samuel 7:14.
(c) to mem who piously worship God, Psalms 73:15; Proverbs 14:26; Deuteronomy 14:1 specially the Israelites, although sometimes ungrateful children, Isaiah 1:2, 30:1, Isaiah 30:9, 43:6 Hosea 2:1; Jeremiah 3:14, 19. In sing. Israel is called “son of God,” Hosea 11:1 [applied to Christ]; and the first-born and beloved, Exodus 4:22, 23 compare Jeremiah 31:20.-The name of son is used
(9) of the young of animals, as בְּנֵי־צאֹן “sons of sheep,” lambs, Psalms 114:4 בְּנִי אֲתֹנוֹ “son of his ass,” i.q. עִירוֹ Genesis 49:11 “sons of a dove,” i.e. young doves, Leviticus 12:6 “sons of a raven,” Psalms 147:9.
(10) son of a tree appears to be poetically used for sucker, offshoot (compare יוֹנֵק, יוֹנֶקֶת). Genesis 49:22, בֵּן פֹּרָת יוֹסֵף “Joseph (is) the son of a fruitbearing tree)”; for בֵּן (perhaps it would be more correctly בֶּן־) seems to be put in the construct state, and פֹּרָת to be i.q. פֹּרִיָּה Isaiah 17:6, “fruitbearing,” sc. tree. But others take it otherwise; see פֹּרָת.
(11) [Ben], pr.n. m., 1 Chronicles 15:18. Other compound proper names are
(a) בֶּן־אוֹנִי (“son of my sorrow”), [Ben-oni], pr.n. given to Benjamin by his mother, Genesis 35:18.
(b) בֶּן־הֲדַד (“son,” i.e. “worshipper of Hadad,” or Adodus, the greatest deity of the Syrians; compare Macrob. Saturnal. i. 23, and pr.n. הֲדַדְעֶזֶר), [Ben-hadad], pr.n. of three kings of Damascene Syria; the first of whom made war with Baasha, king of the ten Tribes, 1 Kings 15:20, seq., and 2 Chronicles 16:2, seq. The second was cotemporary with Ahab; he twice besieged Samaria, and by various military achievements, he became more famous than his father, 1 Kings 20:1, seq.; 2 Kings 6:24, seq.; 8:7. The third, the son of Hazael, who lost most of the provinces acquired by his predecessors, 2Ki 13:1-25. “The palaces of Ben-hadad,” i.e. of Damascus, Jeremiah 49:27; Amos 1:4.
[בֶּן־זוֹחֵת Ben-zoheth, pr.n. m. 1 Chronicles 4:20.]
(c) בֶּן־חַיִל (“brave,” “warrior”), [Ben-hael], pr.n. m. 2 Chronicles 17:7.
(d) בֶּן־חָנָן (“son of one who is gracious”), [Ben-hanan], pr.n. m. 1 Chronicles 4:20.
(e) בִּן־יָמִין (“son of the right hand”, i.e. of prosperity, see below בִּנְיָמִין ), [Benjamin], pr.n. m.
(1) 1 Chronicles 7:10.
(2) Ezra 10:32; Nehemiah 3:23. Where Benjamin the patriarch is intended, this word is always (exc. 1 Samuel 9:1 כתיב) written together, see בִּנְיָמִין.
(f) בְּנֵי־בְרַק (“village of the sons of Berak,” or “of thunder”), [Bene-barak], pr.n. of a town of the tribe of Dan, Joshua 19:45.
(g) בְּנֵי יַעֲקָן see בֶּאֱרוֹת ב׳ י׳.
בֵּן Ch. id.; only in pl. בְּנִין, בְּנֵי (the place of the sing. is filled by בַּר); as, בְּנֵי גָלוּתָא those who go into exile, those who leave their country. Daniel 2:25. בְּנֵי תוֹרִין young doves, Ezra 6:9. (Syriac ܒܰܪ plur. ܒܢܺܚܢ id.)
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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