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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #32 - ἄγγελος
- a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God
ἄγγελος, ὁ, ἡ,
1. messenger, envoy, Il. 2.26, etc.; δι' ἀγγέλων ὁμιλέειν τινί Hdt. 5.92. ζ, cf. SIG 229.25 (Erythrae): — prov., Ἀράβιος ἄ., of a loquacious person, Men. 32.
2. generally, one that announces or tells, e.g. of birds of augury, Il. 24.292, 296; Μουσῶν ἄγγελος, of a poet, Thgn. 769; ἄγγελε ἔαρος.. χελιδοῖ Simon. 74; ἄ. ἄφθογγος, of a beacon, Thgn. 549; of the nightingale, ὄρνις.. Διὸς ἄ. S. El. 149: c. gen. rei, ἄ. κακῶν ἐμῶν Id. Ant. 277; ἄγγελον γλῶσσαν λόγων E. Supp. 203; αἴσθησις ἡμῖν ἄ. Plot. 5.3.3; neut. pl., ἄγγελα νίκης Nonn. D. 34.226.
3. angel, LXX Genesis 28:12, al., Matthew 1:24, al., Ph. 2.604, etc.
4. in later philos., semi-divine being, ἡλιακοὶ ἄ. Jul. Or. 4.141b, cf. Iamb. Myst. 2.6, Procl. in R. 2.243 K.; ἄ. καὶ ἀρχάγγελοι Theol.Ar. 43.10, cf. Dam. Pr. 183, al.: also in mystical and magical writings, Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.45, PMag.Lond. 46.121, etc.
II title of Artemis at Syracuse, Hsch.
ἄγγελος , -ον , ό ,
[in LXX chiefly for H4397;]
1. a messenger, one sent: Matthew 11:10, James 2:20.
2. As in LXX, in the special sense of angel, a spiritual, heavenly being, attendant upon God and employed as his messenger to men, to make known his purposes, as Luke 1:11, or to execute them, as Matthew 4:6. The ἄ . in Revelation 1:20 Revelation 2:1, al., is variously understood as
(1) a messenger or delegate,
(2) a bishop or ruler,
(3) a guardian angel,
(4) the prevailing spirit of each church, i.e. the Church itself. (Cf. Swete, Ap., in l; DB, iv, 991; Thayer, s.v.; Cremer, 18; MM, VGT, s.v.)
[in LXX for נגד hi.;]
to announce, report: John 4:51 (WH R omit), John 20:18 (ΜΜ , VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
In Syll 512.71, a dialect inscr. of ii/B.C. from Calymna, ἄγγελοι are envoys whose names are given. The word is used in the sense of ";intermediary"; (cf. Galatians 3:19) in Syll 122.25 (iv/B.C.) ὀμόσαι δ ]ι᾽ ἀγγέλων. For the presumably Christian ";angel"; inscriptions from Thera see Deissmann LAE, p. 279 with accompanying facsimile, and the paper ";It is his Angel"; (J. H. M.) in JTS 1902, p. 519 f. Add (from Crönert) IG XII. iii. 933. In Archiv iii. p. 445, No. 67, is published a Greek inscription from Assouan of the time of M. Aurelius, which begins—Μεγάλῃ τύχῃ τοῦ [θε ]ο ̣[ῦ. . . τ ]ῶν ἀνγέλων τῆς [ἱ ]ε ̣ρεί [ας ] : cf. also p. 451 No. 94 (time of Diocletian), Ὑπὲρ εὐχῆς τῶν ἀνγέλων Ἐμεσηνοὶ ἀνέθηκαν κτλ. Οἱ ἄγγελοι θεοῦ, as in 1 Timothy 5:21, occurs in the extremely interesting Jewish inscription Syll 816.10 κύριε ὁ πάντα ἐ [φ ]ορῶν καὶ οἱ ἄνγελοι θεοῦ. Dittenberger assigns it to i/A.D. and yet apparently prefers to regard it as Christian : there does not, however, seem to be anything distinctive of Christianity—it is a Jewish prayer for vengeance upon unknown murderers : see Deissmann LAE, p. 423 ff. It is interesting to observe that the special meaning ";angel"; is apparently a reversion to the oldest signification, for in Homer the ἄγγελος is often a messenger of the gods. The two branches of the Aryan language-group diverge here. In Vedic Indian the An̄girasaḥ̯are ";higher beings intermediate between gods and men,"; as Macdonell rather tentatively concludes (Vedic Mythology, 143). In Persian angara (?—see on ἀγγαρεύω) is a human messenger. Perhaps both meanings coexisted in the corner of the Indo-Germanic area to which the word is restricted. See also Hatzidakis on ἄγγελος in Sitz. Ber. d. Wien. Akad. 1913, 2.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week of Advent