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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5532 - סָכַן

a primitive root
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1) to be of use or service or profit or benefit

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be of use or service

1a2) servitor, steward (participle)

1a3) to benefit, profit

1b) (Hiphil) to be used, be wont, exhibit use or habit, show harmony

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1321 ‑ διδάσκω (did‑as'‑ko);  1984 ‑ ἐπισκοπή (ep‑is‑kop‑ay');  2282 ‑ θάλπω (thal'‑po);  4276 ‑ προελπίζω (pro‑il‑pid'‑zo);  
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Numbers 2
1 Kings 2
Job 6
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Isaiah 1
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HCS (12)
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BSB (12)
Numbers 2
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ESV (9)
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Job 5
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WEB (12)
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Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2478) nkx (סכנ SKN) AC: Benefit CO: ? AB: ?: [from: kx- as a covering of stores]

V) nkx (סכנ SKN) - Benefit: To be of use, service or profit in order that one may benefit from it. KJV (14): (vf: Paal, Niphil, Hiphil, Pual, Participle) acquaint, profitable, cherish, advantage, endanger, impoverish, treasure - Strongs: H5532 (סָכַן), H5533 (סָכַן)

hm) nkxm (מסכנ MSKN) - Poor: One who benefits from others generosity. KJV (4): poor - Strongs: H4542 (מִסְכֵּן)

hf1) enkxm (מסכנה MSKNH) - Storehouse: Places for storing items for future benefit. KJV (7): store, storehouse, treasure - Strongs: H4543 (מִסְכְּנוֹת)

hf3) tfnkxm (מסכנות MSKNWT) - Poverty: Those who rely on benefits from others. KJV (1): scarceness - Strongs: H4544 (מִסְכֵּנֻת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [סָכַן] verb be of use of service, benefit (Tel Amarna sakânu, care for (with preposition ana) Zim ZA vi. 248 Wkl TA Glossary; Phoenician סכן prefect Lzb329; compare perhaps Tel Amarna zukini as loan-word Wkl l.c.); —

Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular only Job: יִסְכֹּן Ecclesiastes 22:2, וֺן- Ecclesiastes 15:3, יִסְכָּןֿ Ecclesiastes 22:22t.; Participle סֹכֵן Isaiah 22:15; feminine סֹכֶ֫נֶת 1 Kings 1:2,4; —

1 be of use or service, only participle ׳וּתְהִי לוֺ ס 1 Kings 1:2 and let her become servitress to him, Song of Solomon 1Kings 1:4 (+ וְתְּשָׁרֲתֵהוּ); סֹכֵן Isaiah 22:15 = servitor, steward.

2 benefit, profit, absolute Job 15:3; with לְ person Job 22:2; Job 35:3, עַלֿ person Job 22:2; with accusative Job 34:9 (or absolute gain benefit, גבר subject).

Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular הִסְכַּ֫נְתִּי Numbers 22:20; 2 masculine singular הִסְבַּ֑נְתָּה Psalm 139:3; Imperative הַסְכֶּןנָֿא Job 22:21; Infinitive abs. הַסְכֵּן Numbers 22:30; — be used, wont, strictly exhibit use, or habit, הַהַסְכֵּן הִסְכַּנְתִּי לַעֲשׂוֺתלְךָ כֹּה Numbers 22:30 (J) have I ever shewn the habit of doing thus to thee? hence shew harmony with (עִם) one Job 22:21, be familiar with, know intimately (subject ׳י) Psalm 139:3 (with accusative דְּרָכַי).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סָכַן fut. יִסְכֹּן

(1) pr. i.q. שָׁכַן, سَكَنَ to inhabit, to dwell, with an acc. of pers. with any one.

(2) Those who live with any one in the same house become familiar with him, they associate with him, hence Part. סֹכֵן an associate, friend (of a king), Isaiah 22:15 fem. סֹכֶנֶת female friend, 1 Kings 1:2, 1 Kings 1:4. Comp. Hiph. Hence

(3) followed by לְ and עַל of pers. to do kindness to any one, Job 22:2, 35:3 absol. Job 15:3. Intrans. to profit, Job 34:9.

(4) i.q. Arab. سَكُنَ Conj. I. and V. to be poor, needy, see P.u. and מִסְכֵּן, מִסְכֵּנוּת. Many have despaired of reconciling this signification with the others; and the attempts which have been made to do this have been very unsatisfactory. To give my own opinion, I suppose that it has originated in the idea of being seated, which is nearly connected with that of dwelling. Words which imply being seated, are often applied to the idea of sitting down, sinking, through languor and debility; compare قمد to sit, Conj. IV. pass. to be forced to sit down, to be lame; قَمَدُ weakness in the foot of a camel; قُمَدىُّ an impotent man; also sedחre and siןre. Arabic سَكُنَ and Heb. סֻכַּן is therefore pr. to be collapsed, sunk, sunk in one’s affairs, heruntergekommen fehn, compare מוּךְ, מָכַךְ.

Niphal, i.q. Ch. Ithpa. to be endangered. Ecclesiastes 10:9, “he who cuts wood shall be endangered.” So it is commonly taken, nor is it a bad sense, although this signification is foreign from the other meanings of the verb. I should suppose it to be a denominative from שַׂכִּין a mattock, an axe, which see: hence to cut oneself, to be wounded by cutting.

Pual, part. מְסֻכָּן prop. brought to want; hence poor, needy (see Kal No. 4). Isaiah 40:20, הַמְסֻכָּן תְּרוּמָה “he who is poor as to gifts,” who has not much to offer.

Hiphil הִסְכִּין

(1) to form acquaintance with any one; followed by עִם Job 22:21 also with anything; hence to know; with an acc. Psalms 139:3, כָּל־דְּרָכַי הִסְכַּנְתָּה “thou knowest all my ways.”

(2) to be accustomed to do anything; followed by a gerund, Numbers 22:30.

The derived noun מִסְכְּנוֹת storehouses, takes its signification from the verb כָּנַס.

[Derivatives, מִסְכֵּן, מִסְכֵּנוּת].


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List of Word Forms
הִסְכַּ֔נְתִּי הִסְכַּֽנְתָּה׃ הַֽהַסְכֵּ֣ן הַסְכֶּן־ הַסֹּכֵ֣ן ההסכן הסכן הסכן־ הסכנתה׃ הסכנתי יִּסְכָּן־ יִסְכָּן־ יִסְכֹּ֖ן יִסְכּ֑וֹן יסכון יסכן יסכן־ סֹכֶ֑נֶת סֹכֶ֙נֶת֙ סכנת ha·has·kên hahasKen hahaskên has·ken- has·sō·ḵên hasken hasken- hassoChen hassōḵên his·kan·tāh his·kan·tî hisKantah hiskantāh hisKanti hiskantî sō·ḵe·neṯ soChenet sōḵeneṯ yis·kān- yis·kō·wn yis·kōn yiskān- yisKon yiskōn yiskōwn
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