the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1984 - ἐπισκοπή
- investigation, inspection, visitation
- that act by which God looks into and searches out the ways, deeds character, of men, in order to adjudge them their lot accordingly, whether joyous or sad
- overseership, office, charge, the office of an elder
- the overseer or presiding officers of a Christian church
I watching over, visitation, of God, LXX Numbers 16:29, Luke 19:44.
1. office of ἐπίσκοπος, 1 Timothy 3:1, Cod.Just. 1.3.35 Intr., etc.: generally, office, LXX Psalms 108:8(109).8.
2.. = cross ἐπίσκεψις 3, ib. Numbers 14:29, al.
ἐπισκοπή, ἐπισκοπῆς, ἡ (ἐπισκοπέω), inspection, visitation (German Besichtigung);
a. properly: εἰς ἐπισκοπήν τοῦ παιδός, to visit the boy, Lucian, dial. deor. 20, 6; with this exception no example of the word in secular writings has yet been noted.
b. In biblical Greek, after the Hebrew פְּקֻדָּה, that act by which God looks into and searches out the ways, deeds, character, of men, in order to adjudge them their lot accordingly, whether joyous or sad; inspection, investigation, visitation (Vulg. usuallyvisitatio): so universally, ἐν ἐπισκοπή ψυχῶν, when he shall search the souls of men, i. e. in the time of divine judgment, Wis. 3:13; also ἐν ὥρα ἐπισκοπῆς, Sir. 18:20 (19); so perhaps ἐν ἡμέρα ἐπισκοπῆς, 1 Peter 2:12 (see below); in a good sense, of God's gracious care: τόν καιρόν τῆς ἐπισκοπῆς σου, i. e. τόν καιρόν ἐν ᾧ ἐπεσκέψατο σε ὁ Θεός, in which God showed himself gracious toward thee and offered thee salvation through Christ (see ἐπισκέπτομαι, b.), Luke 19:44; ἐν καιρῷ ἐπισκοπῆς, in the time of divine reward, 1 Peter 5:6 Lachmann; also, in the opinion of many commentators, 1 Peter 2:12 (others, associate this passage with Luke 19:44 above; cf. DeWette (edited by Brückner) or Huther at the passage); from the O. T. cf. Genesis 50:24; Job 34:9; Wis. 2:20 Wis. 3:7, etc. with a bad reference, of divine punishment: Exodus 3:16; Isaiah 10:3; Jeremiah 10:15; Wis. 14:11 Wis. 19:14 (15); (etc.; cf. Sophocles Lexicon, under the word).
c. after the analogy of the Hebrew פְּקֻדָּה (Numbers 4:16; 1 Chronicles 24:19 (here the Sept. ἐπίσκεψις), etc.), oversight i. e. overseership, office, charge; Vulg. episcopatus: Acts 1:20, from Psalm 108:8
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† ἐπι -σκοπή , -ῆς , ἡ ,
1. a visiting, visitation (εἰς ἐ . τοῦ παιδός , Lucian, dial. deor., 20, 6); as in LXX (after Heb.), of God's visitation in mercy, or in judgment (Leviticus 19:20 Job 10:12, Jeremiah 6:15, Wisdom of Solomon 2:20, al.): Luke 19:44, 1 Peter 2:12 (v. Hort, in l).
2. office, charge, esp. office of an ἐπίσκοιος (q.v.): Acts 1:20 (LXX), 1 Timothy 3:1 (Cremer, 527 f., 864; DCG, ii, 809b).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
A iv/A.D. Lycaonian inscr. describes a bishop as—εἴκοσι πέντε ὅλοις ἔτεσιν τὴν ἐπισκοπὴν μετὰ πολ [λ ]ῆς ἐπιτειμίας διοι [κ ]ήσας (Exp VII. vi. p. 387 : C. and B. ii. P. 543).
The subst. ἐπισκοπεία is found in the Royal Ordinances P Tebt I. 5.189 (B.C. 118), where reference is made to penalties incurred for making false returns ";in connexion with the government inspections";—πρὸς τὰ ̣ς ̣ βα ̣(σιλικὰς) ἐ ̣π ̣ι ̣σ ̣κοπείας.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.