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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6485 - פָּקַד
1) to attend to, muster, number, reckon, visit, punish, appoint, look after, care for (verb)
1a1) to pay attention to, observe
1a2) to attend to
1a3) to seek, look about for
1a4) to seek in vain, need, miss, lack
1a5) to visit
1a6) to visit upon, punish
1a7) to pass in review, muster, number
1a8) to appoint, assign, lay upon as a charge, deposit
1b1) to be sought, be needed, be missed, be lacking
1b2) to be visited
1b3) to be visited upon
1b4) to be appointed
1b5) to be watched over
1c) (Piel) to muster, call up
1d) (Pual) to be passed in review, be caused to miss, be called, be called to account
1e1) to set over, make overseer, appoint an overseer
1e2) to commit, entrust, commit for care, deposit
1f1) to be visited
1f2) to be deposited
1f3) to be made overseer, be entrusted
1g) (Hithpael) numbered
1h) (Hothpael) numbered
2) musterings, expenses (noun masculine plural abstract)
2630) dqp (פקד PQD) AC: Oversee CO: Overseer AB: Oversight: The role of the overseer is to watch over, direct, command, chastise, review and count those in his charge for the purpose of producing work. [from: qp]
V) dqp (פקד PQD) - I. Oversee:To closely inspect. II. Count:As an overseeing of numbers. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) number, visit, punish, appoint, commit, miss, set, charge, governor, lack, oversight, officer, count, empty, ruler, overseer, judgement - Strongs: H6485 (פָּקַד)
df1) edfqp (פקודה PQWDH) - I. Oversight:A careful watching over. II. Number:As counted. KJV (32): visitation, office, charge, oversight, officer, ordering, account, custody, number - Strongs: H6486 (פְּקֻדָּה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal234 Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳פ Exodus 4:31 +; 1 singular מָּקַדְתִּי Exodus 3:16 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִפְקֹד Genesis 50:24 +, etc.; Imperative masculine singular מְּקֹד Numbers 3:15 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute מָּקֹד Genesis 50:24 +; construct לִפְקֹד 2 Samuel 24:4 +, etc.; Participle active מֹּקֵד Exodus 20:5 +; passive (הַ) מְּקֻדִים Exodus 30:14 +, construct מְּקוּדֵי Numbers 31:14 +, etc.; —
A. 1. a. pay attention to, observe (with care, practical interest), of ׳י with accusative of person + of thing Exodus 3:16 (J), with accusative of person Exodus 4:31 (J; "" רָאָה), Psalm 8:5 (with providence, compare מְּקֻדָּה Job 10:12; "" זָכַר); with accusative of thing 1 Samuel 15:2; Psalm 80:15 ("" הִבִּיט, רָאָה), Lamentations 4:22 ("" גִּלָּה עַל), יִוְכֹּר עֲוֺנָם וְיִפְקֹד חַטאֹתָם Hosea 8:13 = Hosea 9:9 = Jeremiah 14:10; 1 Samuel 17:18 observe thy brothers as to well-being (לְשָׁלוֺם; i.e. see how they fare).
b. attend to, in Acts , see to, with accusative of person 2 Kings 9:34; accusative of sheep Jeremiah 23:2 (in figurative); compare Zechariah 10:3; b Zechariah 11:16.
c. seek (with interest, desire), seek ׳י Isaiah 26:16; in bad sense, look about for Ezekiel 23:21. Hence
d. seek in vain, need, miss, lack (compare
Niph`al, and Arabic Ethiopic above), with accusative of person 1 Samuel 20:6; Isaiah 34:16, of thing 1 Samuel 25:15; Jeremiah 3:16.
2 specifically visit, with accusative, for different purposes: with (ב) a present Judges 15:1; especially of ׳י, visit graciously Genesis 21:1; Genesis 50:24,25 = Exodus 13:19 (all E), Isaiah 23:17; Jeremiah 15:15 ("" זָכַר), Jeremiah 27:22; Jeremiah 29:10; Psalm 65:10 +; בִּישׁוּעָתֶ֑ךָ Psalm 106:4 ("" זָכַר); visit to search, test, accusative of person Job 7:18 ("" כָּחַן), Psalm 17:3 ("" id.; object omitted), absolute Job 31:14; to punish Jeremiah 6:15; Jeremiah 49:8; Jeremiah 50:31; Psalm 59:6; accusative of person omitted Exodus 32:34 a Isaiah 26:14, with עַל of thing (of sin) Jeremiah 5:9,29; Jeremiah 9:8 (here + ב person); accusative of thing Psalm 89:33; absolute, of ׳י s anger Job 35:15.
3 with עַל person, visit upon, ׳י subject, + accusative of thing (of sin) Amos 3:2,14; Hosea 1:4; Hosea 2:15; Exodus 20:5; Exodus 34:7; Deuteronomy 5:9 10t.; accusative of thing omitted, = punish Isaiah 10:12; Jeremiah 9:24; Jeremiah 11:22; Jeremiah 13:21 10t. Jeremiah , + 8t.; + כ of thing Hosea 12:3; Jeremiah 21:14; + clause of sin Hosea 4:14; with אֶל person Jeremiah 50:18 (twice in verse), אֶל + עַל Jeremiah 46:18; indefinite subject with עַל of vineyard = injure Isaiah 27:3.
4 pass in review, muster (nearly = number), with accusative, 1 Samuel 11:8; 1 Samuel 13:15; 2 Samuel 24:2,4 11t. + Numbers 1:3,19,44,49 16t. Numbers (P); accusative omitted 1 Samuel 14:17 (twice in verse); Numbers 3:42; object נָוֶה Job 5:24; especially passive participle, persons or things mustered (numbered), Exodus 30:12,13,14; Exodus 38:25,26; Numbers 1:21,22 67t. Numbers; + 1 Chronicles 23:24.
1 with accusative of person + אִתָּם Genesis 40:4, + עַל person over whom Jeremiah 15:3; Jeremiah 51:27; Numbers 27:16, + אֶל (for עַל) Jeremiah 49:19 = Jeremiah 50:44; with accusative of person alone Numbers 3:10, + בְּראֹשׁ הָעָם Deuteronomy 20:9; passive participle plural appointed ones, officers, of (fighting) host Numbers 31:14,48; 2 Kings 11:15; 2 Chronicles 23:14.
2 with accusative of thing, appoint, assign, + עַל person to whom, Numbers 4:27 (on text see Di); with accusative of thing only, Numbers 4:32; compare Job 34:13; Job 36:23; lay upon (עַל person) as a charge, Zephaniah 3:7 (reading מֵעֵינֶיהָ, ᵐ5 We Now, for מְעוֺנָהּ); + infinitive 2 Chronicles 36:23 = Ezra 1:2; = deposit, with accusative of thing + ב location, 2 Kings 5:24 (compare מִּקָּדוֺן).
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִפְקַד 1 Samuel 25:7 +; 2 masculine singular וְנִפְקַדְתָּ֫ 1 Samuel 20:18; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִמָּקֵד 1 Samuel 20:18 +, etc.; Infinitive הִמָּקֵד absolute 1 Kings 20:39; construct Judges 21:3; —
1 be ( sought, i.e. needed) missed, lacking 1 Samuel 20:18 + 1 Samuel 20:19 (ᵐ5, for ᵑ0תֵּרֵד, We Dr and others), 1 Samuel 25:7; 1 Kings 20:39 (+ infinitive absolute), 2 Kings 10:19 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 23:4 (Gr Gie conjecture יִפְחָ֖דוּ), + מִן particle Judges 21:3; 1 Samuel 25:21; 2 Samuel 2:30; Numbers 31:49; of seat 1 Samuel 20:18, place 1 Samuel 20:25; 1 Samuel 20:27 (i.e. be empty).
2 be visited (graciously) Ezekiel 38:8; Isaiah 24:22, compare Isaiah 29:6 (ב accompare; see Di).
3 be visited upon, עַל person, Numbers 16:29 (subject מְּקֻדָּה); רָ֑ע׳בַּל יִמּ Proverbs 19:23 evil shall not be visited (that Isaiah , upon him; read perhaps שׂבֵר עָלָיו for שָׂבֵעַ יָלִין see Toy).
4 be appointed Nehemiah 7:1, + עַל Nehemiah 12:44.
Pi`el (intensive) muster a host, Participle מְפַקֵּד Isaiah 13:4 (of ׳י).
Pu`al be passed in review, Perfect 3 masculine singular מֻּקַּד Exodus 38:21; be caused to miss, deprived of, 1 singular מֻּקַּדְתִּי Isaiah 38:10 with accusative of thing, ** sense dubious, Ges am (shall be) missed for; Hi Di De Che Comm. am punished, mulcted of.
Hithpa`el be mustered, Perfect 3 plural הִתְמָּֽקְדוּ Judges 20:15,17; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּתְמָּקֵד Judges 21:9; 3 masculine plural Judges 20:15 (on form see Ges§ 54 l).
Hothpa`al id., Perfect 3 plural הָתְמָּֽקְדוּ 1 Kings 20:27; Numbers 1:47; Numbers 2:33; Numbers 26:62 (Ges l.c.).
Hiph`il29 Perfect 3 masculine singular הִפְקִיד Genesis 39:5 +, 2 masculine singular suffix הִפְקַדְתּוֺ 1 Samuel 29:4, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַפְקִיד Isaiah 10:28, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַפְקֵד Numbers 1:50; Psalm 109:6, etc.; —
1 with accusative of person, set ( over), make overseer; 2 Kings 25:23; + עַל Genesis 39:4; Jeremiah 1:10; Numbers 1:50 8t., figurative, acc, of punishment, Leviticus 26:16; + ב Jeremiah 40:5 3t.; + ב and על Genesis 39:5; + ל 1 Kings 11:28; + אֲשֶׁר שָׁם 1 Samuel 29:4 where thou hast stationed him, insert also 1 Samuel 29:10 ᵐ5 The We Dr and others; + אִתּוֺ Jeremiah 40:7, compare Jeremiah 41:10.
2 with accusative of thing (implicit),
a. commit, entrust (compare מִּקָּדוֺן), ׳עַליַֿד פ 1 Kings 14:27 2 Chronicles 12:10; with accusative רוּחִי + בְּיָָֽדְךָ Psalm 31:6.
b. deposit, with accusative of thing + ב location Jeremiah 36:20, + ל location Isaiah 10:28; accusative of person (Jeremiah as prisoner) + ב location Jeremiah 37:21.
Hoph`al 1. be visited in punishment, Perfect 3 masculine singular הָפְקַד Jeremiah 6:6 (impersonal; but ᵐ5 ψευδής read הַשֶּׁקֶר JDMich, הַמֶּרֶק Gie).
2 be deposited, אִתּוֺ Leviticus 5:23 (subject הַמִּקָּדוֺן).
3 be made overseer, Participle (הַ)מֻפְקָדִים, with בֵּית 2 Kings 22:9; 2 Kings 12:12 Qr (Kt הפקדים); ׳בְּבֵית י 2 Kings 22:5 (Qr strike out ב), 2 Chronicles 34:10; with עַל person 2 Chronicles 34:12; absolute 2 Chronicles 34:17.
[מְּקוּדִים noun plural [masculine] abstract musterings i.e. expenses; — construct מְּקוּדֵי Exodus 38:21 (see Di).
פָּקַד fut. יִפְקֹד prop. (as I suppose), to strike upon or against any person or thing (auf jem., etwas ftoßen); cogn. roots, פָּגַע, פָּגַשׁ. Hence
(1) in a good sense, to go to any person or thing
(a) to visit (befuchen), 1 Samuel 17:18, “and go to thy brethren (to enquire) לְשָׁלוֹם as to (their) welfare.” Followed by בְּ of the present which a visitor brings with him (compare בְּ), Judges 15:1.
(b) to go in order to inspect and explore; hence to search, Psalms 17:3; Job 7:18.
(c) for the sake of inspecting, reviewing; hence to review, to number a people, an army, Numbers 1:44, seq.; 3:39, seqq.; 1 Kings 20:15. Part. pass. פְּקוּדִים those who are numbered, Numbers 1:21, seqq.; 2:4, seqq; Exodus 30:14 (compare Hothpa. and the noun מִפְקָד); also, to miss, to find wanting in reviewing, 1 Samuel 20:6, 25:15 Isaiah 34:16. (Eth. פקד to review, to number.)
(d) to go to any one to take care of him, to look after any one, as a shepherd his flock, Jeremiah 23:2 God, men, Genesis 21:1, 50:24 Exodus 3:16, 4:31 1 Samuel 2:21; Job 7:18. Sometimes to look after any one again (after an interval), Isaiah 23:17 also, to look to any one as expecting help, Isaiah 26:16. (Arab. فقد to animadvert, to consider, to long for. VIII. to visit, to explore.) Hence
(2) causat. (i.q. Hiphil) to cause any one to look after other (persons or things), so that he should care for them, i.e.
(a) to set any one over anything; followed by an acc. of pers. and עַל Numbers 4:27, 27:16 Jeremiah 51:27. Metaph. Jeremiah 15:3, “I will set over them four kinds,” i.e. I will lay four kinds of calamities. Absol. Numbers 3:10; Deuteronomy 20:9. Part. pass. פְּקוּדִים officers, Numbers 31:48; 2 Kings 11:15. Compare Niphal, Hiphil, and the noun פָּקִיד. Followed by אֵת (אִתּ) to set with, to join to any one as a companion, servant (jem. behgeben, behordnen), Genesis 40:4.
(b) to commit, to charge to the care of any one (Aram. Pe. and Pa. to command, to charge); followed by עַל of pers. 2 Chronicles 36:23; Ezra 1:2. Job 36:23, מִי פָקַד עָלָיו דַּרְכּוֹ “who has commanded his way to him?” Job 34:13, מִי פָקַד עָלָיו אַרְצָה “who has charged him with the earth?” i.e. has committed the earth to his care. Compare פִּקּוּד command.
(c) to deposit anywhere (to commit to any one’s care), 2 Kings 5:24. Compare פִּקָּדוֹן deposit, store.
(3) to go to any one, in a hostile sense, to fall upon, to attack (compare פָּגַע No. 1, a); absol. Job 31:14, 35:15 Isaiah 26:14 followed by עַל of pers. Isaiah 27:3 chiefly used of God chastening the wicked, Jeremiah 9:24, 44:13 followed by אֶל Jeremiah 46:25 בְּ Jeremiah 9:8 acc. Psal. 59:6. In other places the cause of punishment is assigned, as Hosea 12:3, לִפְקֹד עַל יַעֲקֹב כִּדְרָכָיו “to punish Jacob according to their ways;” more often the sin to be punished is put in the acc. Exodus 20:5, פֹּקֵד עֲוֹן אָבוֹת עַל בָּנִים “punishing the sin of the fathers on the children.” Exodus 32:34, 34:7 Numbers 14:18; Isaiah 13:11; Hosea 1:4, 2:15 4:9 compare 1 Samuel 15:2; Psalms 89:33, where mention of the person is omitted.
(1) pass. of Kal No. 1, c, to be missing, to be lacking, Numbers 31:49; 1 Samuel 20:18, 25 1 Samuel 20:25, 25:7, 21 1 Samuel 25:21.
(2) Pass. of Kal No. 2, a, to be set over, Nehem. 7:1 12:44.
(3) Pass. of Kal No. 3, to be punished, Isaiah 24:22, 29:6 Numbers 16:29; Proverbs 19:23.
Piel, i.q. Kal No. 1, c, to muster, Isaiah 13:4.
(1) to be mustered, Exodus 38:21.
(2) to be lacking; Isaiah 38:10, “I shall be lacking the remainder of my days,” my friends will seek me in vain amongst the living.
Hiphil, i.q. Kal No. 2.
(1) to set any, one over any thing; followed by an acc of pers. an עַלּ of thing, Genesis 39:5, 41:34 Numbers 1:50; Jeremiah 1:10, 40:11 לְ 1 Kings 11:28 בְּ Jeremiah 40:5, 41:18 absol. 2 Kings 25:23. Metaph. Leviticus 26:16 (compare in Kal, Jeremiah 15:3).
(2) to commit, to charge, to the care of any one; followed by עַל יְדֵי 2 Chronicles 12:10 בְּיַד Psalms 31:6 followed by אֵת, prop. to commit with any one (as if to deposit with him), Jerem. 40:7 41:10. Absol. Jeremiah 37:21.
(3) to deposit anywhere, Isaiah 10:28; Jeremiah 36:20.
Hophal הָפְקַד part. מֻפְקָדִים.
(1) to be set over, 2 Kings 12:12; 2 Chronicles 34:10, 12 2 Chronicles 34:12.
(2) to be deposited with any one; followed by אֵת Lev. 5:23.
(3) to be punished, Jeremiah 6:6.
Hithpael, pass. of Kal No. 1, c, to be mustered, to be numbered, Judges 20:15, 17 Judges 20:17, 21:9.
Hothpael pl. הָתְפָּֽקְדוּ (for הָתְפַּקְּדוּ), id.; Numbers 1:47, 2:33 26:62 1 Kings 20:27.
Derived nouns, פְּקֻדָּה-פִּקּוּד, פָּקִיד, מִפְקָד.