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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1934 - ἐπιζητέω
- to enquire for, seek for, search for, seek diligently
- to wish for, crave
- to demand, clamour for
1. seek after, wish for, miss, τινά Hdt. 3.36, Plu. Sull. 19; οὐδὲν ἄλλο χρῆμα οὕτω ἐν βραχέϊ ἐπεζήτησα ὡς.. Hdt. 5.24; μηδὲν ἐπιζητείτω let her lack nothing, PTeb. 416.20 (iii A.D.); ἐ. τὸν ἄν θρωπον make further search for.., D. 18.133; τῆς αἰτίας αἰτίαν ἐπι ζητούσης requiring, Plb. 1.5.3, cf. Ph. 1.18: abs., οἱ ἐπιζητοῦντες the beaters (for game), X. Cyr. 2.4.25: — Pass., τὰ ἐπιζητούμενα περὶ τὴν εὐδαιμονίαν Arist. EN 1098b22, cf. 1172b35, Diog.Oen. 23; οἱ -ούμενοι criminals ` wanted', POxy. 80.15 (iii A.D.).. request, πρός τινας ὁμολογίαν Anatolian Studies 38, cf. PMasp. 156.16 (vi A.D.).
2.. seek for besides, μηδ' ἕτερ' ἐπιζήτει καλά Antiph. 44.5; inquire further, περὶ.. Sor. 1.2, cf. Gal. 16.490.
3.. Pass., ἐπιζητεῖται is matter of question, ἐ. πότερον.. Arist. EN 1169b13, cf. Phld. D. 1.22, Rh. 1.194S., al.
4.. demand, require, PLille 7.6 (iii B.C.): — Pass., POxy. 1194.2 (iii A.D.).
ἐπιζητέω, ἐπιζητῶ; imperfect ἐπεζήτουν; 1 aorist ἐπεζήτησα; from Herodotus down; the Sept. for דָּרַשׁ and in 1 Samuel 20:1; Ecclesiastes 7:29 (28) for בִּקֵּשׁ; to inquire for, seek for, search for, seek diligently (German herbeisuchen (the επι( seems to be directive rather than intensive)): τινα, Luke 4:42 (for Rec. ἐζήτουν); Acts 12:19; equivalent to to desire, wish for, crave: τί, Matthew 6:32; Luke 12:30; Romans 11:7; Philippians 4:17; Hebrews 11:14; Hebrews 13:14; περί τίνος, Acts 19:39 (R G T) (but if your inquiry or desire has reference to other matters); with the infinitive, Acts 13:7 (as in Polybius 3, 57, 7; Diodorus 19, 8); equivalent to to demand, clamor for: σημεῖον, Matthew 12:39; Matthew 16:4; Mark 8:12 R G; Luke 11:29 (where T Tr WH ζητεῖ (as L T Tr WH in Mark, the passage cited)).
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ἐπι -ζητέω , -ῶ ,
"directive" of ζητέω (MM, Exp., xiv),
to inquire for, seek after, wish for: c. acc rei, Matthew 6:32; Matthew 12:39; Matthew 16:4, Luke 12:30, Acts 19:39, Romans 11:7, Philippians 4:17, Hebrews 11:14; Hebrews 13:14; c. acc pers., Luke 4:42, Acts 12:19; c. inf., Acts 13:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
A few exx. may be quoted to illustrate the varying shades of meaning of this verb in the NT. Thus for the sense ";seek for,"; as in Luke 4:42, cf. P Hamb I. 27.4 (B.C. 250) τῆι δὲ ἐφαύριον αὐτὸν ἐπεζήτουν καὶ οὐχ ηὕρισ [κον ἐμ Φιλαδε ]λφείαι, and for ";inquire,"; cf. P Fay 39.14 (A.D. 183) ἐπιζητου ̣ͅν ̣τ ̣ί σοι, ";in answer to your inquiry,"; and so P Oxy I. 77.6 (A.D. 223) : the directive rather than the intensive force of the compound is well seen in P Tebt II. 411.7 (ii/A.D.) ὁ γὰρ κράτιστος ἐπιστράτηγος ἱκανῶς σε ἐπεζήτησε, ";has made several inquiries about you."; Similarly for ";desire,"; cf. P Tebt II. 314.6 (ii/A.D.) ἐπιζητοῦντος τοῦ [ἀ ]ρχιερέως τὸν παι ̣ͅδ ̣α ε [ἰ ]δῖν, and for the stronger ";demand,"; P Lille I. 7.6 (iii/B.C.) καὶ ἐπιζητήσαντος αὐτοῦ βυβλάριά τινα, ἃ ἐδεδώκειν ἐν φυ (λακῆι), P Tebt II. 416.20 (iii/A.D.) μηδὲν ἐπιζητείτω, ";let her want for nothing"; (Edd.). The passive appears in P Oxy I. 80.15 (A.D. 238–44) τοὺς ἐπιζητουμένους, of criminals who are ";wanted,"; P Oxy IX. 1194.2 (c. A.D. 265) πρὸς τὰ ἐπιζητηθέντα ὥστε μεταδοθῆναι τὰ λοιπαζόμενα, ";in answer to the requisition for a report of the arrears"; (Ed.), ib. 1196.15 (A.D. 211–12) ἐ ̣μφανὴς ὢν ὁπόταν ἐπιζητηθῶ, ";appearing whenever I may be required"; (Ed.), and in the interesting P Oxy I. 36ii. 8 (ii/iii A.D.) from which we learn that if a tax-gatherer had any suspicion that a merchant had more goods on his ship than he had declared (ἀπεγράψατο) he had the right of requiring the cargo to be unloaded—ἐ ̣[ὰν ] δ ̣ε ̣, τελώνης ἐκφορ [τισ ]φῆναι τὸ πλοῖον ἐπιζητήσῃ, ὁ ἔμπορος ἐκφορτιζέ [τ ]ω.
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