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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1933 - ἐπιεικής

from (G1909) and (G1503)
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  1. seemingly, suitable
  2. equitable, fair, mild, gentle
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5546 ‑ סַלָּח (sal‑lawkh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
NAS (5)
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
HCS (5)
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
BSB (5)
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (5)
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
WEB (5)
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Titus 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιεικ-ής, ές,

I fitting, meet, suitable, τύμβον οὐ μάλα πολλὸν.., ἀλλ' ἐπιεικέα τοῖον not very large but meet in size, Il. 23.246; τείσουσι βοῶν ἐπιεικέ' ἀμοιβήν a fair recompense for them, Od. 12.382. Elsewh. Hom. has only the neut. ἐπιεικές, either in the phrase ὡς ἐπιεικές as is meet, Il. 19.147, 23.537, Od. 8.389: or c. inf., ὅν κ' ἐπιεικὲς ἀκουέμεν whom it may be meet for you to hear, Il. 1.547; ὅπλα.. οἷ' ἐπιεικὲς ἔργ' ἔμεν ἀθανάτων such as is meet they should be, 19.21, cf. 23.50, Od. 2.207.

II. after Hom.,

1. of statements, rights, etc.,. reasonable, specious, ἡ δὲ τρίτη τῶν ὁδῶν πολλὸν ἐπιεικεστάτη ἐοῦσα μάλιστα ἔψευσται Hdt. 2.22; ἐ. πρόφασις Th. 3.9; λόγος Pl. Ti. 67d; ἐπιεικῆ λέγειν Id. Ap. 34d; ἐ. ὁδός a tolerable road, Plu. Crass. 22.. opp. δίκαιος, fair, equitable, not according to the letter of the law, ἐπανόρθωμα νομίμου δικαίου Arist. EN 1137b11, cf. Rh. 1374a26; τῶν δικαίων τὰ ἐπιεικέστερα προτιθεῖσι Hdt. 3.53; οὔτε τοὐπ. οὔτε τὴν χάριν οἶδεν, μόνην δ' ἔστερξε τὴν ἁπλῶς δίκην S. Fr. 770, cf. E. Fr. 645; συγχωρεῖν τἀπιεικῆ τινι Ar. Nu. 1438; ἐπιεικέστερον ἢ δικαιότερον Antipho 2.2.13; ἐ. ὁμολογία Th. 3.4; γνώμη Ar. V. 1027; τὸ ἐ. καὶ σύγγνωμον Pl. Lg. 757e; πρὸς τὸ ἐ., = ἐπιεικῶς 3, Th. 4.19.

2.. of persons, able, capable, παῖς τὰ μὲν ἄλλα ἐ., ἄφωνος δέ Hdt. 1.85; οἱ ἐπιεικέστατοι τῶν τριηράρχων X. HG 1.1.30; τίνες.. τῶν νέων ἐπίδοξοι γενέσθαι ἐ. may be expected to turn out well, Pl. Tht. 143d, cf. Lg. 957a; τοὺς ἐ. καὶ τοῦ δήμου καὶ τῶν εὐπόρων Arist. Ath. 26.1.. in moral sense, reasonable, fair, good, ἐ. τὴν ψυχήν, φύσει, Pl. Smp. 210b, R. 538c: abs., Th. 8.93, Isoc. 1.48, Ephesians 3:17, etc.; ἐ. ἄνδρες, opp. μοχθηροί, Arist. Po. 1452b34; ἐ. περὶ τὰ συμβόλαια D. 34.30; τοὐπιεικές fairness, goodness, S. OC 1127.. with social or political connotation, the upper or educated classes, λέγω ἀντικεῖσθαι τοὺς ἐ. τῷ πλήθει Arist. Pol. 1308b27, cf. Ath. 28.1.

III. Adv. -κῶς, Ion. -κέως,

1. fairly, tolerably, moderately, ἐγγλύσσει ἐ. Hdt. 2.92; ἐ. δάκνειν, παρρησίαν ἄγειν, Phld. Lib. pp.13,45 O.; ἐ. ἔχειν to be pretty well, Hp. Coac. 368; ἐ. ἐξεπίστασθαι Ar. V. 1249; ἔστι τὸ χωρίον ἐ. ἰσχυρόν Hell.Oxy. 13.5; ἐ. ἀναίσθητον Arist. GC 319b20; ἐ. πλατύ Id. HA 495b27, cf. 497a23; οἱ πυρετοὶ ἐς τεταρταῖον ἐ. μεθίστανται about the fourth day, Hp. Coac. 140, cf. Alex. 281; ἐ. τὸ τρίτον μέρος pretty nearly, about, Plb. 6.26.8; ἐ. οἷοί τε ἦσαν κατέχειν were fairly well able.., Pl. Phd. 117c; ἐ. μὲν.. perhaps, Id. Grg. 493c.

2.. probably, reasonably, Id. R. 431e, etc.: Sup. -έστατα, γενέσθαι most suitably, Id. Lg. 753b.

3.. with moderation, mildly, kindly, οὐκ ἐ. ἐντυγχάνων οὐδὲ πρᾴως Plu. Pyrrh. 23; ἐ. ἔχειν πρός τινα Isoc. 15.4: Comp. -έστερον, διακείμενοι Id. 8.61.

4.. generally, usually, Plu. Pel. 18, Jul. MIsa 348c, Lib. Or. 11.19, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιεικής, ἐπιεικές (εἰκός, what is reasonable);

1. seemly, suitable (from Homer down).

2. equitable, fair, mild, gentle: 1 Timothy 3:3; Titus 3:2; 1 Peter 2:18; James 3:17. Neuter τό ἐπιεικές (as often in Greek writings from Thucydides down) ὑμῶν equivalent to ἐπιείκεια ὑμῶν, Philippians 4:5. (See ἐπιείκεια, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπιεικής , -ές

(< εἰκός , likely),

[in LXX: Psalms 86:5 (H5546), Ezra 8:13*;]

1. seemly, fitting (Hom.).

2. equitable, fair, moderate: 1 Timothy 3:3, Titus 3:2, 1 Peter 2:18, James 3:17; τὸ ἐ . (Thuc., i, 76), Philippians 4:5 (cf. Mayor, Ja, l.c., and see ἐπιεικία ).†

ἐπιείκεια see ἐπιεικία


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιεικής is found in the fragmentary P Petr II. 3(c)—hiat cont. Cf. P Oxy IX. 1218.5 (iii/A.D.) οἶδα γάρ σου τὸ σπουδεον καὶ ἐπικές (l. τὸ σπουδαῖον καὶ ἐπιεικές), ";for I know your goodness and reasonableness"; (Ed.). With 1 Timothy 3:3 cf. the use of the adverb in Priene 119.13 (i/B.C. ad init.) where a man who has been elected ἀντιγραφεύς is said to have discharged his duties in an equitable manner—ἦρξεν ἐπιεικῶς : also P Tebt II. 484 (c. A.D. 14) where writing to certain πράκτορες who were deficient in their reckoning the strategus (?) says—καὶ ἐπικέστερον (l. ἐπιεικέστερον) ὑμῖν ἐχρησάμη (ν), and P Oxy XII. 1414.23 (A.D. 270–5) οἱ βουλευταὶ εἶπ (ονἐπειεικῶς ὁ πρύτανις, ";the senators said, ‘The Prytanis has done right’ "; (Edd.). According to Radermacher Gr. p. 36 n..1 ἐπεικής is the form found in the inscrr. and ἐπιεικής the form in the papyri : but cf. Priene 119 ut s. On the relation of the two forms, see Moulton Gr. ii. § 38.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επέζησε επιεικεις επιεικείς ἐπιεικεῖς επιεικες επιεικές ἐπιεικὲς επιεικεσιν επιεικέσιν ἐπιεικέσιν επιεικη επιεική ἐπιεικῆ επιεικης επιεικής ἐπιεικής επιεικώς επιζήμιον epieike epieikê epieikē epieikē̂ epieikeis epieikeîs epieikes epieikès epieikēs epieikḗs epieikesin epieikésin
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