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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1932 - ἐπιείκεια

from (G1933)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. mildness, gentleness, fairness
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
NAS (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
HCS (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
WEB (2)
Acts 1
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιείκεια, ἡ,


1. reasonableness, ἔχει τινὰ οὗτος ὁ λόγος ἐπιείκειαν Hp. Fract. 31.

2.. equity, opp. strict law, Arist. Top. 141a16, etc.; κατ' ἐπιείκειαν, opp. κατὰ τοὺς ὅρκους, Isoc. 18.34; ἄκαμπτον εἰς ἐ. Plu. Cat.Mi. 4.

3.. of persons, reasonableness, fairness, Th. 3.40, 48, 5.86, Pl. Lg. 735a, etc.; ἐ. καὶ πρᾳότης Plu. Per. 39, cf. 2 Corinthians 10:1; also, goodness, virtuousness, Lys. 16.11, D. 21.207, Arist. EN 1175b24: pl., joined with χάριτες, Isoc. 4.63, cf. 15.149.

II. personified, Clemency, Plu. Caes. 57.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιείκεια (WH ἐπιεικία, see Iota), ἐπιεικείας, , (ἐπιεικής, which see), mildness, gentleness, fairness (`sweet reasonableness' (Matthew Arnold)): Acts 24:4; joined with πραότης (which see), 2 Corinthians 10:1; Plutarch, Pericl. 39; with φιλανθρωπία, Polybius 1, 14, 4; Philo, vit. Moys. i. § 36; with χρηστότης, Herodian, 5, 1, 12 (6 edition Bekker). Cf. Plato, defin., p. 412 b. Aristotle, eth. Nic. 5, 10. (Baruch 2:27; Wis. 2:19 Wis. 12:18; 2 Macc. 2:22; 3Macc. 3:15.) [SYNONYMS: ἐπιείκεια, πραότης: "πραότης magis ad animum ἐπιείκεια vero magis ad exteriorem conversationem pertinet (Estius on 2 Corinthians 10:1). πραότης virtus magis absoluta; ἐπιείκεια magis refertur ad alios (Bengel, ibid.). See at length Trench, § xliii.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Rec. -είκεια ), -ας ,

(< ἐπιεικής ),

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 2:19; Wisdom of Solomon 12:18 Baruch 2:27, from LXX Baruch 4:24, TH (3:42), 2 Maccabees 2:22; 2 Maccabees 10:4, 3 Maccabees 3:15; 3 Maccabees 7:6*;]

fairness, moderation, gentleness ("sweet reasonableness," Matthew Arnold): Acts 24:4; c. πραΰτης , 2 Corinthians 10:1.†

ἐπιείκεια see ἐπιεικία

SYN.: πραΰτης G4240 (v. Tr., Syn., § xliii)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

An interesting ex. of this word occurs in the Abinnaeus correspondence, when an official writes urging him in his character of πραιπόσιτος to keep a look-out for any natron that might be smuggled into Arsinoe, and to arrest those engaged in the attempt—P Lond 231.10 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 285, Chrest. I. p. 379) τὰ αὐτὰ δ ̣ηλῶ, ἵνα μετὰ πάσης ἐπιεικείας τὴν φρουρὰν τῶν ταμειακῶν νίτρων ποιήσῃ καὶ πάντας ὅσους καταλαμβάνεις ἐπισχῇς μετὰ καὶ τῶν κτηνῶν αὐτῶν. Cf. from the inscrr. OGIS 504.9 (time of Hadrian) where a certain Οὔλπιος Εὐρυκλῆς is praised ὡς. . . ἐν τῶι κοινῶι ἐπὶ παιδείαι τε καὶ τῆι ἄλληι ἀρετῆι καὶ ἐπιεικείαι διάδηλον ἑαυτὸν πεποιηκέν [αι ], ib. 507.3 (time of Hadrian) αὐτῶι τὰ αὐτὰ ἐπιεικείᾳ τε καὶ αἰδοῖ πάσηι κεχρημένωι, and Syll 932.35 (ii/A.D. ad init.) ἐντείλ ]ας μὴ ὕβρει μηδὲ βίᾳ, δικαιοσύνῃ δὲ καὶ ἐπεικείᾳ [κρατ ]εῖν τοὺς ἐνοικοῦντας. In P Oxy I. 67.6 (A.D. 338) ἅπερ ἀντέγραψεν πρὸς τὴν σὴν ἐπιείκιάν τε καὶ καθαρότητα, ";which in reply he wrote to your clemency and impartiality"; (Edd.), the abstract honorific periphrasis : cf. CPR I. 19.15, .24 (A.D. 350). The word is used by Proclus in his description (Epistologr. Gr. p. 8 ε ̄) of an ironical epistle—λίαν ἄγαμαι τὴν σὴν ἐπιείκειαν, ὅτι οὕτω ταχέως μεταβάλλῃ ἀπ᾽ εὐνομίας εἰς τὸ ἐναντίον (cited by Dibelius HZNT ad Philippians 4:5). From the above instances it will be seen that ἐπιείκεια is a very elusive term, and is by no means always = ";sweet reasonableness.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επιεικεία ἐπιεικείᾳ ἐπιεικείας επιεικεύσατο επιεικια ἐπιεικίᾳ επιεικιας ἐπιεικίας επιεκείας epieikeia epieikeíāi epieikeias epieikeías
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