the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7200 - רָאָה
1) to see, look at, inspect, perceive, consider
1a1) to see
1a2) to see, perceive
1a3) to see, have vision
1a4) to look at, see, regard, look after, see after, learn about, observe, watch, look upon, look out, find out
1a5) to see, observe, consider, look at, give attention to, discern, distinguish
1a6) to look at, gaze at
1b1) to appear, present oneself
1b2) to be seen
1b3) to be visible
1c) (Pual) to be seen
1d1) to cause to see, show
1d2) to cause to look intently at, behold, cause to gaze at
1e1) to be caused to see, be shown
1e2) to be exhibited to
1f) (Hithpael) to look at each other, face
V) ear (ראה RAH) - See: To see or perceive something or someone. Also to see visions. [A generic verb with a wide application meaning "to see"] KJV (1313): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual) see, look, behold, shew, appear, consider, seer, spy, respect, perceive, provide, regard, enjoy, lo, foresee, heed - Strongs: H7200 (רָאָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal1141 Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ר Genesis 29:10 +, suffix וְרָֽאֲךָ consecutive Exodus 4:14 רָאָהוּ 2 Kings 2:12 +; 3 feminine singular רָֽאֲתָה Genesis 38:14, suffix רָאָֽתְךָ Job 42:5; 2 masculine singular רָאִיתָ Genesis 20:10 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִרְהֶ Genesis 22:8 +, jussive יֵרֵא Genesis 41:33 (Baer Gi, Ges§ 75p, hh Kö i.561; van d. H. יֵרֶא), יִ֫רֶא Exodus 5:21 +, וַיַּרְא Genesis 18:2 + ( 1 Samuel 19:20, read plural ᵐ5 Comm., i.e. וַיִּרְאֻ Dr Sm lxiii), suffix יִרְאַנִי Exodus 33:20, וַיִּרְאֵ֑נִי 2 Samuel 1:7; 3 feminine singular תִּרְאֶה Leviticus 20:17; Job 33:28, jussive תֵּרֵא Micah 7:10; Zechariah 9:5 (Baer Gi, compare Ges Kö above; van d. H תֵּרֶא), וַתֵּ֫רֶא Genesis 3:6 +; 1 singular אֶרְאֶה Genesis 21:16 +, וָאֵ֫רֶא Genesis 31:10 +, etc.; Imperative רְאֵה Genesis 27:27 +, etc.; Infinitive absolute רָאֹה Exodus 3:7 +, רָאוֺ Genesis 26:28; Isaiah 6:9; construct רְאֹה Genesis 48:11, רְאוֺת Exodus 10:28 +, רַאֲוָה Ezekiel 28:17, etc., Participle active רֹאֶה Ezekiel 13:15 +, etc.; passive רְאֻיוֺת (Baer Gi; van d. H. רְאֻיּוֺת) : —
1. a. see, subject עַיִן, עֵינַיִם, with accusative of person Isaiah 6:5; Isaiah 30:20; Jeremiah 42:2 5t. Job , Proverbs; subject person, with accusative Genesis 12:12,15 + מִי רָאָהוּ 1 Samuel 23:22, read הֵמְּהֵרָהᵐ5 Th We and others. [not HPS]); רֹאִי 1 Samuel 16:13 (participle suffix, compare בְּאֵר לַחֵי רֹאִי 1 Samuel 16:14, .p. 91above) accusative of God 1 Samuel 32:31 (מָּנִים אֶלמָּֿנִים); accusative of person omitted 1 Samuel 18:2; 1 Samuel 19:1 +; with accusative מְּנֵי 1 Samuel 31:2; 1 Samuel 46:30; 1 Samuel 48:11; Exodus 33:20, opposed to אֶתאֲחֹרָ֑י Exodus 33:23; with accusative מְּנֵי specifically of having access to man of rank Genesis 43:3,5 + (see [ מָּנֶה] 2 b).
b. see, with accusative of thing: subject עַיִן, עֵינַיִם Joshua 24:7 (E) 1 Samuel 24:11 (van d. H. Baer; v. 1 Samuel 24:10 Gi), Deuteronomy 3:21 5t. Deuteronomy , +; וְעֵינָיו אֶתעֵֿינָיו תִּרְאֶינָה Jeremiah 32:4, compare Jeremiah 34:3; accusative omitted 2 Samuel 24:3; Deuteronomy 21:7 9t. (לִרְאוֺת) 1 Samuel 6:13 read לקְרָאתוֺᵐ5 We Dr Kit Bu HPS Now); subject pers Genesis 13:15; Genesis 31:12 + very often; with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מַרְאֶה Exodus 3:8 7t., מַרְאָה Daniel 10:7 (twice in verse); Daniel 10:8, חָזוֺן Daniel 8:15, חֶזְיֹנוֺת Joel 3:1; hence see absolute= receive Revelation , Isaiah 30:10 ("" חזה), compare Ezekiel 13:3 and see I. רֹאֶה; with accusative עֶרְוָה, see ׳צ, p. 788f.; see war, i.e. see it impending Exodus 13:17 (E); אֶתהַֿקּוֺתֹ׳וְאֶתהַֿלַּמִּידִים ר Exodus 20:18 (Gi Exodus 20:15); רֹאֵי הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ Ecclesiastes 7:11 those who see the sun = living men; accusative of thing. omitted Exodus 22:9; 2 Samuel 13:5 +, וָאֶרֵאֶה בֶּחָזוֺן Daniel 8:2 (twice in verse).(absolute); וְלֹא יִרְאוּ לֹא יֵדְעוּ Nehemiah 4:5; עֵינֵי רֹאִים Isaiah 32:3, מְקוֺם רֹאִים Job 34:26; with adverb or adverb phrase instead of accusative of thing: כָּהֵנָּה Genesis 41:19 compare Isaiah 66:8; Ezekiel 1:27 (twice in verse), כַּאֲשֶׁר 2 Kings 2:19; 2 Chronicles 29:8; 30:7; Job 4:8; Ezekiel 16:50; Daniel 1:13, כֵּן Psalm 48:9.
2 see, followed by accusative + clause or phrase of closer designation: (I) + epexegetical clause with כִּי, accusative of person Genesis 6:2 saw them that they were fair, Genesis 12:4 (both J), Exodus 2:2; Exodus 32:25 (both E), 1 Kings 11:28, accusative of face + id. Genesis 31:5 (E), Exodus 34:25 (P); accusative of thing Genesis 49:15 (poem), Isaiah 22:9; Genesis 1:4 (P), Ecclesiastes 2:24; Ecclesiastes 4:4 and probably 2 Kings 14:26 (reading כִּי מַר הוּא); (2) כָּלהַֿבָּא עָלָיו וְעָמָ֑ד׳ר 2 Samuel 20:12; (3) + adjective (including participle), accusative person Genesis 7:1 (J), Amos 9:1; 2 Samuel 18:10 39t. ( Jeremiah 46:5 strike out ׳רᵐ5 Gie), + accusative אֲשֶׁר Exodus 14:13 (twice in verse) (J); accusative of thing, Exodus 23:5; Exodus 33:10 (both E), Deuteronomy 22:4; Ezekiel 33:3,6; Daniel 1:10; Daniel 8:4,6,7; (4) + מָה, accusative of thing Numbers 13:18 (JE), Haggai 2:3; (5) + preposition Phr., accusative of person Exodus 5:19 (J), Zechariah 4:10; Ecclesiastes 10:7; Esther 5:9; accusative of thing + בִּכְבוֺדוֺ Haggai 2:3, + כ pres. Jeremiah 23:13,14, + כ person Judges 9:36, כ of thing 2 Samuel 18:27; (6) accusative of person + adverb accusative + כ person Jeremiah 30:6.
3 see, so as to learn to know: with accusative of person Deuteronomy 33:9 ("" הִכִּיר, יַדַע); with accusative of thing Deuteronomy 1:19,31; Deuteronomy 11:2; Job 11:11 ("" יָדַע ), Psalm 16:10; Psalm 49:10; = have experience of, Jeremiah 5:12; Jeremiah 14:13; Jeremiah 20:18; Jeremiah 42:14; Zephaniah 3:15; Psalm 89:49; Ecclesiastes 5:17, שֵׁנָה בְּעֵינָיו אֵינֶנּוּ רֹאֶה Ecclesiastes 8:16; מָה ראית Genesis 20:10i.e. what hast thou encountered, that . . . ? Bacher ZAW xix (1899). 345 ff.; Terminol. 177f.
4 absolute see, have (power of) vision, Genesis 27:1 (J), Genesis 48:10 (E), 1 Samuel 3:2; 1 Samuel 4:15; 1 Kings 14:4, miraculous 2 Kings 6:17 (twice in verse); 2 Kings 6:20 (twice in verse); denied of idols Deuteronomy 4:28; Psalm 115:5; Psalm 135:16; figurative of spiritual vision Isaiah 6:10; Isaiah 29:18; Isaiah 42:18; Jeremiah 5: Deuteronomy 29:3; Ezekiel 12:2 (twice in verse); Psalm 40:13; Psalm 69:24; עַיִן רֹאָה Proverbs 20:12. — 1 Samuel 14:27 read Qr see אור.
5 see = perceive:
a. followed by clause with כִּי, Exodus 3:4; Exodus 8:11; Genesis 1:10,12 + often( 1 Samuel 23:15 read וַיִּרָא and he feared We Dr Kit Bu HPS Now); omit כִּי (late) Lamentations 1:10; Psalm 49:11; Ecclesiastes 3:16; followed by מָה of indirect question Genesis 2:19 (J), Genesis 37:20 (E), Judges 9:48; Deuteronomy 32:20; Jeremiah 7:17; Jeremiah 33:24; Ezekiel 8:6; Jonah 4:5 +; בַּמָּה Judges 16:5 compare 1 Samuel 14:38, כַּמָּה Zechariah 2:6; Psalm 35:17; followed by מִי of indirect question 1 Samuel 14:17; Isaiah 40:26; Lamentations 2:20 ( + הַבִּיטָה); followed by אֵי 1 Samuel 26:16, אֵיכֹה 2 Kings 6:13, אֵיפֹה Jeremiah 3:2; followed by clause with הֲ whether, Genesis 8:8; Genesis 18:21; Numbers 11:23 (all J), Exodus 4:18 (E), Psalm 14:2; Psalm 53:3; Song of Solomon 6:11 b Esther 3:4, אִם whether Jeremiah 30:6; Lamentations 1:12; Psalm 139:24; Song of Solomon 7:13, אֲשֶׁר that or how 1 Samuel 18:15, אֵי Ecclesiastes 2:3, שֶׁ that Ecclesiastes 2:13, שְׁ Ecclesiastes 3:18.
b. with accusative צָרַת נַפְשׁוֺ Genesis 42:21 (i.e. saw it by out-ward signs), compare Hosea 5:13. [ Note, under
5 (rarely in other cases, and only Samuel Kings Jeremiah), Imperative + ידע Imperative: דַּע וּרְאֵה 1 Samuel 24:12; 2 Samuel 24:13; 1 Kings 20:22; דְּעִי וּרְאִי 1 Samuel 25:17; Jeremiah 2:19; דְּעוּ וּרְאוּ 1 Samuel 12:17; 1 Samuel 14:38; 1 Samuel 23:22; 1 Kings 20:7; 2 Kings 5:7; in reverse order, רְאוּ וּדְעוּ 1 Samuel 23:23; Jeremiah 5:1.]
6 look at, see, by direct volition:
a. subject men, with accusative of thing, Genesis 9:22,23 (J), Genesis 42:9,12 (E), Leviticus 13:3,15 +; with accusative of land = reconnoitre Joshua 2:1; look at sun, etc., for worship Deuteronomy 4:19; Job 31:26; = inspect 1 Kings 9:12; Leviticus 14:36 (twice in verse); with accusative of person Numbers 24:20,21 (JE), Exodus 2:25; Leviticus 13:3,5 (all P), 1 Samuel 9:16 +, ( 1 Samuel 19:15 HPS proposes אֶלבֵּֿית for לִרְאוֺת); with preposition אַחֲרִי רֹאִי׳ר Genesis 16:13 (J) I have looked after one seeing me (interpretation see Di).
b. subject God, with accusative of thing Genesis 9:16 (P); = inspect Genesis 11:5 (J); look at with favour, accusative of person Job 37:24; Psalm 138:6; so perhaps figurative, subject Prayer of Manasseh , regard, with accusative אָוֶן Psalm 66:18 (Hup-Now; Che Bae Dr and others intend); look with pleasure (accusative omitted, + מִן by reason of, as a fruit of) Isaiah 53:11 (si vera); insert accusative אוֺרᵐ5 Houb Klo Du Che Hpt Kit [perhaps], with Hiph`il יַרְאֶהᵐ5 Du Che Hpt, rescues from travail his soul, makes it see light).
c. without accusative, look, take a look, etc. (of man and God; often + וְהִנֵּה ), Genesis 8:13; Genesis 18:2; Exodus 3:2; Leviticus 13:8; Lamentations 3:50 (מִן local), Genesis 13:14 (מִן local + ה locative), Deuteronomy 3:27; Ezekiel 40:4; Ezekiel 44:5 (all בְּעֵינֶיךָ), + often; peculiarly, תִרְאוּ וְכֵן תַּעֲשׂוּ מִמֶּנִּי Judges 7:17 (compare GFM).
d. look after, see after, learn about, with accusative of thing Genesis 37:14 (J), with accusative of person = visit (go to see) 1 Samuel 15:35; 1 Samuel 20:29; 2 Samuel 13:5,6; 2 Kings 8:29 2 Chronicles 22:6; 2 Kings 9:16, compare Ezekiel 20:28, עֵין רֹאִי Job 7:8 (Di Bu and others).
e. observe, watch, absolute, 1 Samuel 6:9,16; 1 Samuel 17:28; Ecclesiastes 8:16 ("" ידע).
f. look upon = endure to see, with accusative of thing Habakkuk 1:13 ("" הִבִּיט).
g. look out, find out, accusative of person 2 Kings 9:2; Genesis 41:33 (E), + ל person 1 Samuel 16:17; select, accusative of person + מִן from among 2 Kings 10:3, + ב among + ל person 1 Samuel 16:1; provide, furnish,, with accusative of thing Deuteronomy 33:21 (poem), + ל person Genesis 22:8 (E), compare absolute יִרְאֶה׳י as proper name, of a location = ׳י seeth Genesis 22:14 a (E; ? read יֵרָאֶה, compare v b,
Niph`al and Di); רְאֻיוֺת Esther 2:9 looked out = suitable (as often Late Hebrew).
h. look at = concern oneself about, accusative of thing (+ בְּיָדוֺ) Genesis 39:23 (J).
7 of mental observation:
a. Imperative see ! observe ! consider ! exclamation (nearly = הִנֵּה), followed by clause: Genesis 27:27; Genesis 31:50 see ! God is witness Genesis 39:14; Genesis 41:41; Exodus 4:21; Deuteronomy 1:8 +; followed by independent noun 2 Samuel 24:22 ("" 1 Chronicles 21:23 followed by clause).
b. look at, i.e. inquire into, a matter, accusative of thing omitted, of ׳י, 1 Samuel 24:16 (Gi v. 1 Samuel 24:15).
c. give attention to, accusative of thing, Jeremiah 2:31, absolute give attention ! 2 Samuel 13:28; 2 Kings 6:32; Exodus 25:40; Psalm 45:11; take heed to, accusative of thing, 1 Kings 12:16 2 Chronicles 10:16; absolute take heed ! Exodus 10:10, + מֶּן 2 Kings 10:23.
d. discern, חָכְמָה׳לִבִּי ר Ecclesiastes 1:16, טוֺב׳ר Ecclesiastes 3:13.
e. distinguish, with בֵּיןלְ֗֗֗ of person Malachi 3:18.
f. consider, reflect, Ecclesiastes 7:14 (followed by clause oratio recta [direct speech]). 8. a. with ב, literally, look into, hence look at with interest (German 'sich vertiefen in'): (I) gaze at 1 Samuel 6:19 (on context see We Dr HPS), so as to become acquainted with Genesis 34:1 (P); so as to find out Ecclesiastes 3:22; inspect liver (for omens) Ezekiel 21:26; some - what weakened = behold Job 3:9; 2 Chronicles 7:3; Psalm 64:9. (2) look at with kindness, of ׳י, בָּעֳנִי Genesis 29:32; 1 Samuel 1:11 ( + infinitive absolute), 2 Samuel 16:12, בַּצַּר Psalm 106:44. (3) upon a spectacle causing anger Exodus 2:11 (E), grief Genesis 21:16 (E), Genesis 44:34; Numbers 11:15 (both J), 2 Kings 22:20 (subject עֵינָיִם) = 2 Chronicles 34:28; Esther 8:6 (twice in verse), abhorrence Isaiah 66:24. (4) gaze at with apprehension Ecclesiastes 11:4. (5) with joy, pleasure, 2 Kings 10:16; Micah 7:9; Jeremiah 29:32; Isaiah 52:8 (עַיִן בְּעַיִן, compare
Niph`al Numbers 14:14), Job 20:17; Job 33:28; Psalm 54:9; Psalm 106:5; Psalm 128:5; Song of Solomon 3:11; Song of Solomon 6:11 a Ecclesiastes 2:1. (6) especially with exultation, triumph = feast eyes upon, sometimes gloat over (fallen enemies), Judges 16:27; Micah 7:10; Ezekiel 28:17; Obadiah 12,13; Psalm 22:18; Psalm 112:8; Psalm 118:7.
b. with אֶל person Isaiah 17:7 (subject עֵינַיִם; "" שָׁעַה עַל); עַל person Exodus 5:21 (J); עַלהָֿאָבְנָ֑יִם׳ר Exodus 1:16 see [ אֹבֶן] and Comm., also Spiegelb ZA xiv (June 1900), 269 ff.
c. with ל, לַלֵּבָב׳לַעֵינַיִם וְיוה יִר ׳הָאָדָם יִר 1 Samuel 16:7, מִייִרְאֶהלָּֿ֑מוֺ Psalm 64:6. — Corrupt is וּרְאִיתַנִי כְתוֺר הָאָדָם 1 Chronicles 17:17 (and "" וְזֹאת תּוֺרַת הָאָדָם 2 Samuel 7:19), read וַתַּרְאֵנִי (with other changes) We Dr Kau Bu HPS Now; Ezekiel 12:12 read probably
Niph`alᵐ5 Hi Co Krae; Micah 6:9 read probably יִרְאָה compare Now GASm.
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular נִרְאָה Genesis 48:3 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יֵרָאֶה Genesis 22:14 +, jussive יֵרָא Exodus 34:3; Leviticus 9:6, וַיֵּרָא Genesis 12:17 +; 1 singular וָאֵרָא Exodus 6:3, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הֵרָאֵה 1 Kings 18:1; Infinitive construct לְהֵרָאוֺת 1 Samuel 17:17 +, לֵרָאוֺת Isaiah 1:12 2t., הֵרָאֹה Judges 13:21; 1 Samuel 3:21, etc.; —
1 appear, especially
a. of ׳י (God): with אֶל person Genesis 12:7 (twice in verse) + 6t. J, Genesis 35:1 (E), Genesis 35:9; Genesis 48:3; Exodus 6:3 (בְּאֵל שַׁדַּי, ב essent.), Leviticus 9:4 (all P), 1 Kings 3:5; 1 Kings 9:2 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 7:12; 1 Kings 11:9; with ל person Jeremiah 31:3; 2 Chronicles 1:7; 3:1 (insert ׳יᵐ5 Kau Kit); absolute Genesis 22:14 in the mountain where ׳י appeareth (probably, Di Sta G i. 450 Dr Hast. DB ii. 563; E), Numbers 14:14 (J E; עַיִן בְּעַיִן, see Isaiah 52:8 Qal 8 a (5)), Leviticus 16:2 (P; ב location +עַל), 1 Samuel 3:21 (ב location), 2 Samuel 22:11 (עַלכַּֿנְפֵירֿוּחַ; < וַיֵּדֶא "" Psalm 18:11), + 5t.; of ׳מַלְאַךְ י, with אֶל person Exodus 3:2 (E), Judges 13: of ׳כְּבוֺד י; with אֶל person Leviticus 9:6,23; Numbers 14:10 (ב location), Numbers 16:19; Numbers 20:6 (all P), Judges 6:12; Judges 13:3; עַל person Isaiah 60:2; absolute Exodus 16:10 (ב location), Numbers 17:7 (both P).
b. appear, of Prayer of Manasseh , = present oneself: with אֶל person Genesis 46:29 (J), Judges 13:10; 1 Kings 18:1,2,15; Leviticus 13:7 (twice in verse); Leviticus 13:19, אֶל of God Psalm 84:8 (ב location), אֶלמְּֿנֵי הָאָדֹן Exodus 23:17 (E); absolute Isaiah 16:12 (strike out as dittograph Lo Du Che Hpt Marti and others); especially (Masora) followed by (אֶתֿ)מְּנֵי of ׳י, rendered appear before ׳י: so וְנִרְאָה 1 Samuel 1:22, יֵרָאֶה Exodus 34:23 (JE), Deuteronomy 16:10, וְאֵרָאֶה Psalm 42:3, יֵרָאוּ Exodus 23:15 (E), Exodus 34:20 (JE), Deuteronomy 16:16, לֵרָאוֺת Exodus 34:24 (JE), Deuteronomy 31:11; Isaiah 1:12; read probably in all
Qal (see [ מָּנֶה] II.2).
c. appear, of things: late (Hexateuch only P), absolute Genesis 1:9; Genesis 8:5, with ב location Genesis 9:14; Leviticus 13:14,57; elsewhere poet, Psalm 18:16 = 2 Samuel 22:16; Psalm 90:16; Proverbs 27:25 (of דֶּשֶׁא), Song of Solomon 2:12 (ב location; of blossoms); subject מַרְאֵיהֶם Daniel 1:15 ( +adjective predicate), Daniel 1:13 (+ לְפָנֶיךָ); subject חָזוֺן, with אֶל person Daniel 8:1 (twice in verse); subject כְּנֶגַע Leviticus 14:35 (with ל person).
2 be seen:
subject thing, 1 Kings 10:12 2 Chronicles 9:11 (where כָּהֶם subject) Ezekiel 19:11, of sins Ezekiel 21:29 ("" הִגָּלוֺת), subject כָּזֹאת Judges 19:30, כְּאֶבֶן etc. Ezekiel 10:1.
subject person 2 Samuel 17:17 ( +לָבוֺא) be seen to come.
c. be seen = occur 2 Kings 23:24 (ב location); = exist, +ל person Exodus 13:7 (twice in verse) (JE), Deuteronomy 16:4, compare Ezekiel 10:8; = be present, + ב location Judges 5:8; Exodus 34:3 (JE).
3 be visible, Exodus 33:23 (J E; subject ׳י s face), אֵין אֶבֶן נִרְאָה 1 Kings 6:18; 1 Kings 8:8 (twice in verse) = 2 Chronicles 5:9 (twice in verse), Jeremiah 13:26; Isaiah 47:3.
Pu`al Perfect 3 plural עַצְמֹתָיו לֹא רֻוְּ Job 33:21 (Baer Gi; d. f. Ki Kö i. 41,563, Mappik Ges§ 14 d; van d. H. רֻאוּ), apparently his bones are not seen, detected; De which were (formerly) not seen; Di are insignificant ('un-scheinbar'), so Bae; probably corrupt, Bu נָאווּ, Du strike out as doublet.
Hithpa`el reciprocal look at each other: Imperfect 2 masculine plural לָ֫מָּה תִּתְרָאוּ Genesis 42:1 (E); techn. 3 masculine plural וַיִּתְרָאוּ פָנִים 2 Kings 14:11 2 Chronicles 25:21 and they looked each other in the face, i.e. met in combat, Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
רָאָה inf. absol. רָאֹה, רָאוֹ, constr. רְאֹה, רְאוֹת, fut. יִרְאֶה, apoc. יֵרֶא, with ו convers. וַיַּרְא, rarely וַיִּרְאֶה 1 Samuel 17:42; 2 Kings 5:21 in the rest of the forms תֵּרֶא, וָאֵרֶא ;וַתֵּרֶא.
(1) to see (Arab. رَأَى id. To this answers the Gr. ὁράω, like יָדַע, Gr. εἴδω, Lat. video). Const. followed by an acc. (very frequently), rarely followed by a dat. Psalms 64:6 and with two acc. Genesis 7:1, אוֹתְךָ רָאִיתִי צַדִּיק “thee have I seen righteous;” followed by an entire sentence, with כִּי prefixed, e.g. Genesis 6:5, וַיַּרְא יְהֹוָה כִּי רַבָּה רָעַת הָאָדָם. Genesis 28:6, 29:31 38:14 also by attraction, Genesis 1:4, וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאוֹר כִּי טוֹב. Genesis 6:2; Exodus 2:2 followed by הֲ interrogative (whether), Exodus 4:18. Without the accusative, Psalms 40:13, “the penalties of sins [my iniquities] לֹא יָכֹלְתִּי לִרְאוֹת I cannot see them,” i.e. take them in with my eyes, they are so much. Psalms 40:4, רַבִּים יִרְאוּ וַיִּירָאוּ “many shall see (shall be witnesses of my liberation) and shall fear;” compare the same paronomasia, Psalms 52:8; Job 6:21.-Specially
(a) to see the face of a king, is said of his ministers, who are received to his presence, 2 Kings 25:19; Jeremiah 52:25; Esther 1:14.
(b) To see the face of God, i.e. to be admitted to behold God, a privilege conferred, according to the Old Test., to very few mortals; as to the elders of Israel in the giving of the law, Exodus 24:10 (compare Psalms 11:7, 17:15 ); to Moses, Exodus 33:20. It was commonly considered that this could not be done without peril of life, Genesis 16:11, 32:30 Judges 13:22; Isaiah 6:5 compare Exodus 33:20 so also Judges 6:22.-Absol.
(c) to see is used for to enjoy the light, to live; Gr. βλέπειν; more fully, to see the sun, Ecclesiastes 7:11 (compare Gr. ζώειν καὶ ὁρᾷν φάος Ἠελίοιο, Hom.; in later writers simply ὁρᾷν); also, to see Jehovah in the land of the living, Isaiah 38:11. It is thus that the difficult passage Genesis 16:13, is to be understood, הֲגַם הֲלֹם רָאִיתִי אַחֲרֵי רֹאִי “do I then here see (i.e. live) also after the vision,” sc. of God, having beheld God? compare letter b.
(d) to see, i.e. to be taught in visions divinely brought, is said of the prophets, Isaiah 30:10 (comp. 29:10 ). Hence part. רֹאֶה a prophet (which see), מַרְאֶה vision. Compare חָזָה No. 2.
(2) to see, i.q. to look at, to view, to behold (befehn, anfehn), with a purpose, followed by an acc. Genesis 11:5, “and Jehovah came down לִרְאֹת אֶת־הָעִיר.” Leviticus 13:3, Leviticus 13:5, 17 Leviticus 13:17; 1 Kings 9:12. Followed by בְּ Genesis 34:1, לִרְאוֹת בִּבְנוֹת הָאָרֶץ “to see the daughters of the land.” Ezekiel 21:26, רָאָה בַכָּבֵד “he looked at the liver.” Ecclesiastes 11:4, רֹאֶה בֶעָבִים “one who looks at the clouds.” Song of Solomon 6:11. But Ecclesiastes 12:3, בַּאֲרֻבּוֹת רֹאוֹת is, “those who look out at the windows.”- Jeremiah 18:17, “I will look at them with the back and not with the face,” i.e. I will turn my back upon them. Specially
(a) to be pleased with the sight, as the eye lingers on objects of pleasure, and with them we feast our eyes. Proverbs 23:31, “look not upon the wine when it is red.” Isaiah 53:2. Especially followed by בְּ (compare page 97, B ), Job 3:9, 20:17 Isaiah 66:5 [Niphal]; Psalms 106:5 very often used of joy felt at the destruction of enemies. Psalm 54:9, בְּאֹיְבַי רָֽאֲתָה עֵינִי “mine eye has looked (with pleasure) on my enemies,” i.e. on their destruction. Psalms 22:18, 37:34 112:8 118:7 Obadiah 1:12. On the other hand
(b) to look with sorrow, to be witness of anything sorrowful, grievous. Genesis 21:16, אַל אֶרְאֶה בְּמוֹת הַיֶּלֶד “let me not see the death of the child.” Genesis 44:34; Numbers 11:15; Esther 8:6.
(c) to despise (as if to look down upon any one, comp. καταφρονέω, herabfehn auf), to behold with contempt. Job 41:26, אֶת כָּל־גָּבוֹהַּ יִרְאֶה “he despises every thing high” (as if set in the very highest place); compare Song of Solomon 1:6, אַל תִּרְאֻנִי שֶׁאֲנִי שְׁחַרְחֹרֶת “despise me not (fehet mich nicht verächtlich an) because I am dark.”
(d) to regard, have respect to. Isaiah 26:10, בּל יִרְאֶה גֵּאוּת יְהֹוָה “he will not regard the majesty of Jehovah;” especially used of God as looking on affliction in order to remove it. Exodus 4:31, כִּי רָאָה אֶת־עָנְיָם “when he regarded their affliction.” Psalms 9:14, 25:18 31:8 2 Kings 14:26 and followed by בְּ Genesis 29:32; 1 Samuel 1:11; Psalms 106:44.
(e) to see about anything, to provide or care for it, i.q. יָדַע No. 7. 1 Kings 12:16, רְאֵה בֵיתְךָ דָּוִד “see to thine own house, David!” Genesis 39:23, “the keeper of the prison cared for nothing which was delivered to Joseph.” Isaiah 22:11. Psalms 37:37, רְאֵה יָשָׁר “take care (to follow) uprightness,” fiehe aufs Recht.
(f) רָאָה לוֹ to provide anything for oneself (fich auserfehen), i.e. to choose, to procure for oneself. Genesis 22:8, “God will provide for himself a lamb for a burnt offering:” Genesis 22:14, “and Abraham called the name of that place (Moriah), יְיָ יִרְאֶה (that which) Jehovah chooses” = מָרְאִיָּה, contr. מֹרִיָּה (which see). Deuteronomy 33:21, וַיַּרְא רֵאשִׁית לוֹ “and he chose the first-fruit for himself.” Genesis 41:33; Deuteronomy 12:13; 1 Samuel 16:1, 17 1 Samuel 16:17. Part. רָאוּי selected, Esther 2:9. Compare Tob_12:1, ὅρα, τέκνον, μιαθὸν τῷ ἀνθρώπῳ.
(g) to go to see, to visit any one, to go in order to visit and salute, 2 Samuel 13:5; 2 Kings 8:29; 2 Chronicles 22:6. In this sense there is more fully said רָאָה אֶת־שְׁלוֹם פּ׳ Genesis 37:14 (compare שָׁאַל לְשָׁלוֹם לְ).
(h) followed by אֶל to look unto any one as expecting aid, Isaiah 17:7 followed by עַל to look upon any one, to examine his cause, Exodus 5:21.
(1) figuratively, to look at any thing (beabfichtigen, im Auge haben), to aim at, to propose to oneself. Genesis 20:10, “what hadst thou in view that thou hast done this?”
(3) The Hebrews (like the Greeks and others) not unfrequently use of a verb of seeing of those things also which are not perceived by the eyes, but
(a) by other senses, as by hearing; Genesis 2:19, לִרְאוֹת מַה יִּקְרָא לוֹ “to see what he would call them;” Genesis 42:1; Exodus 20:19; Jeremiah 33:24; Job 2:13 (compare Gr. ὁράω, Brunk ad Soph. Œd. Col. 138); taste, Genesis 3:6 touch, feeling, Isaiah 44:16, רָאִיתִי אוּר “I feel the fire” (the warmth).
(b) of those things which are perceived, felt, and enjoyed by the mind (נֶפֶשׁ of the Hebrews, see No. 2). Thus it is said to see life, Ecclesiastes 9:9 to see death, Psalms 89:49 (compare ἰδεῖν θάνατον, Hebrews 11:5); and in the same sense to see the pit [corruption], Psalms 16:10, 49:10 also to see sleep, Ecclesiastes 8:16 (compare Terent. Heautontim. iii. 1, 82); to see famine, Jeremiah 5:12 to see good (Cic. Mil. 28, bona videre), i.e. to enjoy the good of life, Psalms 34:13; Ecclesiastes 3:13, 6:6 also רָאָה בְטוֹב Jerem. 29:32 Micah 7:9; Ecclesiastes 2:1 and on the other hand, to see affliction, Lamentations 3:1 evil, Proverbs 27:12; Jeremiah 44:17 also רָאָה בְרָעָה Obadiah 1:13. Compare ὁρᾷν κινδύνονς, Tob. iv. 4. Hence used
(c) of the things which we perceive with the mind or heart (בַּלֵּב); hence to perceive, to understand, to learn, to know. Ecclesiastes 1:16, לִבִּי רָאָה הַרְבֵּה חָכְמָה “my heart knew much wisdom;” Ecclesiastes 2:12; Jeremiah 2:31, 20:12 1 Samuel 24:12; 1 Kings 10:4. Often used of the things which we learn by the experience of life. Isaiah 40:5, “all flesh shall see (shall understand, prove) that God hath spoken.” Job 4:8, כַּאֲשֶׁר רָאִיתִי “even as I have proved.” רָאָה בֵין to see (the difference) between, Malachi 3:18.
(1) to be seen, Judges 5:8; 1 Kings 6:18; Proverbs 27:25.
(2) to let oneself be seen, to appear, Genesis 1:9, 9:14 used of persons, followed by אֶל to shew oneself, Leviticus 13:7, 19 Leviticus 13:19; 1 Kings 18:1. נִרְאָה אֶת־פְּנֵי יְיָ to appear at the sanctuary (see אֶת־פְּנֵי p. 680, B ). Often used of Jehovah, or an angel, who appears, 1 Samuel 3:21 followed by אֶל of pers. Genesis 12:7, 17:1 18:1 לְ Jeremiah 31:3.
(3) pass. of No. 2, letter f, to be provided, cared for, Genesis 22:14, בְּהַר יְהֹוָה יֵרָאֶה “in the mount of Jehovah there shall be provided,” i.e. in Mount Moriah God shall provide for men, and give them aid, as he formerly did to Abraham (verse Genesis 22:8); so now: a proverbial phrase [?], implying that God cares for those who go to his temple, and affords them his aid; allusion is at the same time made to the etymology of the name מֹרִיָּה, which see.
Pual, to be seen. Plur. רֻאוּ (Dag. forte, or rather Mappik in the letter א, see Lehrg. p. 97), Job 33:21.
Hiphil הִרְאָה and הֶרְאָה fut. יַרְאֶה apoc. וַיַּרְא (like the fut. Kal), 2 Kings 11:4.
(1) causat. of Kal No. 1, to cause one to see, Deuteronomy 1:33 hence followed by two acc. to shew anything to any one, Exodus 25:9; 2 Kings 11:4; Nahum 3:5 especially used of the prophets, to whom things were divinely shown, Amos 7:1; 2 Kings 8:13.
(2) causat. of Kal No. 2, letter a, to cause one to see with pleasure, followed by בְּ Psalms 59:11.
(3) causat. of Kal No. 3, letter b, to cause any one to experience evil, with two acc. Psalms 60:5, 71:20 to cause to enjoy good, Ecclesiastes 2:24; Psalms 4:7, 85:8 with acc. of pers. and בְּ of thing, Psalms 50:23, 91:16.
Hophal הָרְאָה pr. to be made to see any thing, i.e. to be shewn something. Exodus 25:40, “according to the pattern אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה מָרְאֶה בָּהָר which was shewn to thee in the mount.” Exodus 26:30; Deuteronomy 4:35; Leviticus 13:49, הָרְאָה אֶת־הַכֹּהֵן “and he shall be shewn to the priest.”
Hithpael, to look at one another
(a) used of those who are delaying, who, being uncertain what to do, do nothing, Genesis 42:1.
(b) used of those who fight hand to hand, 2 Kings 14:8, 11 2 Kings 14:11(compare Isaiah 41:23). So the old Germ. proverb, fich die Köpfe befehn, fich das Weiße im Auge befehn.
Derived nouns, רָאֶה, רֹאֶה, רְאוּת and רְאִית, רְאִי, רֳאִי, מַרְאֶה, מַרְאָה, Ch. רֵו, אֲרוּ (אֲלוּ), and pr.n. רְאָיָה, רְאוּבֵן, רוּת, יִרְאִיָּה, מֹרִיָּה.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.