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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2529 - καθοράω

from (G2596) and (G3708)
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  1. to look down, see from above, view from on high
  2. to see thoroughly, perceive clearly, understand
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Romans 1
NAS (2)
Romans 2
HCS (1)
Romans 1
BSB (1)
Romans 1
WEB (0)
WEB (1)
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. κατ-, impf. καθεώρων X. Cyr. 3.2.10, Ion. 3 sg. κατώρα Hdt. 7.208: pf. καθεώρακα Pl. Lg. 905b: fut. κατόψομαι Hdt. 3.17: 3 sg. pf. κατῶπται Pl. R. 432b: aor. 1 κατώφθην Id. Phlb. 46b: for aor. Act., v. κατεῖδον: —


look down, ἐξ Ἴδης καθορῶν Il. 11.337; ἐπί τινος Hdt. 7.44: Med., ἐπὶ Θρῃκῶν καθορώμενος αἶαν Il. 13.4.


1. trans., look down upon, ὅσους θνητοὺς ἠέλιος καθορᾷ Sol. 14, cf. Thgn. 168, 616, X. Cyr. 3.2.10; ὑψόθεν τὸν τῶν κάτω βίον Pl. Sph. 216c, etc.: metaph., φρένα Δίαν κ., ὄψιν ἄβυσσον A. Supp. 1058 (lyr.): Med., Τροίην κατὰ πᾶσαν ὁρᾶται Il. 24.291.

2. have within view, see distinctly, descry, Hdt. 7.208, 9.59, Ar. Nu. 326, Pl. R. 516a, etc.: Pass., Th. 3.20, 112, Pl. Phlb. 38d, etc.

3. behold, observe, perceive, Pi. P. 9.49, E. Fr. 910.5 (anap.); καθορᾶν τι ἔν τινι to observe something therein, Pl. Lg. 905b, cf. Grg. 457c; τι ἐν τῇ ζητήσει Id. R. 368e; ἵν' ἃ πανουργεῖς μὴ καθορᾷ σου that he may not observe thy knavish tricks, Ar. Eq. 803; also κ. τὰς τρίχας εἰ.. to look and see whether.., Hdt. 2.38.

4. explore, τὰ ἄλλα Id. 3.17, cf. 123.

5. regard, reverence, τὸ τοῦ θεοῦ κράτος LXX 3 Maccabees 3:11.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καθοράω, καθόρω:

1. to look down, see from above, view from on high (Homer, Herodotus, Xenophon, Plato, others).

2. "to see thoroughly (cf. κατά, III. 1 at the end), perceive clearly, understand" (German erschauen): present passive 3 person singular καθορᾶται, Romans 1:20 (3Macc. 3:11, and often in classical Greek). Cf. Fritzsche, Ep. ad Romans, i., p. 61.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καθ -οράω , - ,

[in LXX: Numbers 24:2 (H7200), Job 10:4; Job 39:26, 3 Maccabees 3:11 *;]

1. to look down.

2. to discern clearly: Romans 1:20. †

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the aor. of this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (Romans 1:20 : cf. proleg. p. 117) cf. P Lond 342.13 (A.D. 185) (= II. p. 174), where the production of certain offenders is demanded—ὅτι ̣ κ ̣α [τ ]ίδωμεν τ [ίς ἔ ]σται ὁ καρπιζόμενός σε. In the well-known epitaph of Abercius, Bishop of Hierapolis towards the close of ii/A.D., Christ is described as the pure Shepherd—

ὃς βόσκει προβάτων ἀγέλας οὔρεσι πεδίοις τε,

ὀφθαλμοὺς ὃς ἔχει μεγάλους πάντα καθορόωντας.

See Lightfoot Apost. Fathers.2 11.i. p.496.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καθορά καθοράς καθοραται καθοράται καθορᾶται καθόρμια καθορών kathoratai kathorâtai