the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
Click here to join the effort!
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #93 - ἀδικία
- injustice, of a judge
- unrighteousness of heart and life
- a deed violating law and justice, act of unrighteousness
ἀδικ-ία, Ion. -ιη, ἡ,
I wrongdoing, injustice, ἀδικίης ἄρχειν Hdt. 1.130, cf. 4.1, E. Or. 28, Pl. Grg. 477c, al.; τύχἡ μᾶλλον ἢ ἀδικίᾳ Antipho 6.1; 'foul' in racing, Anon. in SE 30.15.
II wrongful act, offence, Hdt. 6.136; καταγνόντες αὑτῶν ἀδικίαν And. 1.3: — in pl., Pl. Phd. 82a, etc.
ἀδικία, (ας, ἡ (ἄδικος) (from Herodotus down);
2. unrighteousness of heart and life;
a. universally: Matthew 23:25 Griesbach; Acts 8:23 (see σύνδεσμος); Romans 1:18, 29; Romans 2:8; Romans 6:13; 2 Timothy 2:19; opposed to ἡ ἀλήθεια, 1 Corinthians 13:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:12; opposed to ἡ δικαιοσύνη, Romans 3:5; Hebrews 1:9 Tdf.; owing to the context, the guilt of unrighteousness, 1 John 1:9; ἀπάτη τῆς ἀδικίας deceit which unrighteousness uses, 2 Thessalonians 2:10; μισθός ἀδικίας reward (i. e., penalty) due to unrighteousness, 2 Peter 2:13 (see ἀδικέω, 2 b. at the end).
b. specifically, unrighteousness by which others are deceived: John 7:18 (opposed to ἀληθής); μαμωνᾶς τῆς ἀδικίας deceitful riches, Luke 16:9 (cf. ἀπάτη τοῦ πλούτου, Matthew 13:22; others think 'riches wrongly acquired'; (others, riches apt to be used unrighteously; cf. Matthew 13:8 and Meyer at the passage)); κόσμος τῆς ἀδικίας, a phrase having reference to sins of the tongue, James 3:6 (cf. κόσμος, James 3:8); treachery, Luke 16:8 (οἰκονόμος τῆς ἀδικίας (others take it generally, 'acting unrighteously')).
3. a deed violating law and justice, act of unrighteousness: πᾶσα ἀδικία ἁμαρτία ἐστι, 1 John 5:17; ἐργάται τῆς ἀδικίας, Luke 13:27 αἱ ἀδικίαι iniquities, misdeeds, Hebrews 8:12 (from the Sept. Jeremiah 38:34 (
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
ἀδικία , -ας , ἡ
(< ἄδικος ),
1. injustice: Luke 18:6, Romans 9:14.
2. unrighteousness, iniquity: John 7:18, Acts 8:23 Romans 1:18; Romans 1:29; Romans 2:8; Romans 6:13, 2 Timothy 2:19, 1 John 1:9; 1 John 5:17; opp. to ἀλήθεια , 1 Corinthians 13:6, 2 Thessalonians 2:12; to δικαιοσύνη , Romans 3:5; ἀπάτη τῆς ὰ ., 2 Thessalonians 2:10; μισθὸς ἀδικίας , Acts 1:18, 2 Peter 2:13; 2 Peter 2:15; ἐργάται τῆς ἀ ., Luke 13:27; μαμωνᾶς τῆς ἀ ., Luke 16:9; κόσμος τῆς ἀ ., James 3:6; οἰκονόμος τῆς ἀ ., Luke 16:8.
3. = ἀδίκημα , an unrighteous act: ironically, a favour, 2 Corinthians 12:13; pl., Hebrews 8:12 (Cremer, 201; MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Oxy IX. 1203.24 (i/A.D.) τὰ ὑπὸ τοῦ πατρὸς Λεονίδου ἐπὶ τῇ ἡμῶν ἀδικίᾳ πραχθέντα ";done by his father L. to our hurt."; BGU IV. 1123.11 (i/B.C.) μηδ᾽ ἄλλο μηδὲν ἐπιτελεῖν ἐπὶ τῇ τοῦ ἑτέρου ἀδικίᾳ. P Tebt I. 104.23 (B.C. 92) the husband may not alienate the property, ἐπ᾽ ἀδικίαι τῆι Ἀπολλωνίαι. P Magd 14.10 (iii/B.C.) συγγρα ]φὴ ἐπ᾽ ἀδικίαι γεγραμμένη. It is curious that this recurrent combination should not appear in NT (except in 1 Corinthians 13:6, which is quite different), among two dozen instances of the noun. For the concrete sense we find in papyri the neuter ἀδίκιον, which is also Attic, and quotable from Ionic inscriptions : see instances in Mayser Gr. p. 432.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.