the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #817 - אָשָׁם
1) guilt, offense, guiltiness
1a) offense, trespass, fault
1b) guilt, guiltiness
1c) compensation (for offense)
1d) trespass offering, guilt offering
1473) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: Breathe CO: Breath AB: Desolate: The wind, or breath, of someone or something is its character.
A) ms (סהמ ShM) AC: ? CO: Breath AB: Desolate: Hebrew names are words given to describe character.
Nm) ms (סהמ ShM) - I. Breath:The breath of a man is character, what makes one what he is. The name of an individual is more than an identifier but descriptive of his character or breath. II. There:Used to identify another place. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Sky:The place of the winds. [Hebrew and Aramaic; Only used in the masculine plural form, mimsor nimsin Aramaic] IV. Aroma: A sweet aroma that is carried on the wind or breath. [df: Mo] KJV (1365): name, renown, fame, famous, heaven, air, sweet, there - Strongs: H5561 (סַם), H8033 (שָׁם), H8034 (שֵׁם), H8036 (שֻׁם), H8064 (שָׁמֶה), H8065 (שְׁמַיִן), H8536 (תַּמָּה)
Nf1 ) ems (סהמה ShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (39): astonishment, desolation, desolate, waste, wonderful - Strongs: H8047 (שַׁמָּה)
kf1) emsm (מסהמה MShMH) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (7): desolate, astonishment - Strongs: H4923 (מְשַׁמָּה)
nmm) nmsa (אסהמנ AShMN) - Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. KJV (1): desolate - Strongs: H820 (אַשְׁמָן)
B) mms (סהממ ShMM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert. One in horror or in astonishment is one dried up in the inside.
V) mms (סהממ ShMM) - Desolate: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Piel) desolate, astonish, waste, destroy, wonder, amaze - Strongs: H8074 (שָׁמֵם), H8075 (שְׁמַם)
Nf1) emms (סהממה ShMMH) - Desolate: KJV (58): desolate, waste - Strongs: H8077 (שִׁמָמָה)
ejm) nfmmis (סהיממונ ShYMMWN) - Desolation: KJV (2): astonishment - Strongs: H8078 (שִׁמָּמוֹן)
C) msa (אסהמ AShM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Guilt: One with a character of wrongdoing.
V) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (35): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) guilty, desolate, offend, trespass, destroy, faulty, offence - Strongs: H816 (אָשֵׁם)
Nm) msa (אסהמ AShM) - Guilt: KJV (49): trespass, sin, guiltiness - Strongs: H817 (אָשָׁם), H818 (אָשֵׁם)
Nf1) emsa (אסהמה AShMH) - Guilt: KJV (19): trespass, sin, offend - Strongs: H819 (אַשְׁמָה)
G) mes (סההמ ShHM) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning;]
Nm) mes (סההמ ShHM) - Shoham: An unknown stone. KJV (11): onyx - Strongs: H7718 (שֹׁהַם)
J) mfs (סהומ ShWM) AC: Smell CO: Garlic AB: ?: A sense of smell from breathing.
Nm) mfs (סהומ ShWM) - Garlic: From its strong odor. KJV (1): garlick - Strongs: H7762 (שׁוּמִים)
L) msi (יסהמ YShM) AC: ? CO: Desert AB: Desolate: A wind blowing over the land pulls the moisture out of the ground drying it up, making a place of ruin or desert.
V) msi (יסהמ YShM) - Desolate: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) desolate - Strongs: H3456 (יָשַׁם)
bf1) emisi (יסהימה YShYMH) - Desolate: KJV (1): seize - Strongs: H3451 (יְשִׁימָה)
bjm) nfmisi (יסהימונ YShYMWN) - Desert: A desolate place. KJV (13): desert, wilderness, solitary - Strongs: H3452 (יְשִׁימוֹן)
- A2090 Msc (Rain, Rain)
- A2443 Msn (Pant, Breath)
- A2444 Psn (Blow, Twilight)
- A2848 Dms (Destroy)
- A2849 Ums (Shake)
- A2850 Nms (Oil)
- A2851 Oms (Hear, Report, Obedience)
- A2854 Sms (Sun)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 offence, trespass, fault Psalm 68:22 ( guiltiness RV).
2 guilt Genesis 26:10 (J) Proverbs 14:9; Jeremiah 51:5.
3 compensation, לְהָשִׁיב הָאָשָׁם אֵלָיו to whom to return the compensation (or satisfaction for injury) Numbers 5:7,8 (P; restitution for guilt RV).
4 trespass-offering (AV, but guilt-offering RV) used only in Leviticus 5; Leviticus 6:10; Leviticus 7:1; Leviticus 14:1; Leviticus 19:21,22; Numbers 5:1; Numbers 6:12; Numbers 18:9 (P), & Ezekiel 40:39; Ezekiel 42:13; Ezekiel 44:29; Ezekiel 46:20, compare Ezra 10:19. This offering seems to have been confined to offences against God or man that could be estimated and so covered by compensation. The ordinary trespass-offering was a ram, together with restitution and a penalty of a fifth of its value. The trespass-offerings of the leper and Nazirite were Hebrews -lambs Leviticus 14Numbers 6:12; if the person who suffered wrong or his kinsmen were not living the fine went to the priests. The victims were offered, the blood and fat pieces going to the altar, the skin and flesh to the priests. There seems to have been no application of the blood to the horns of the altar (the chief ceremony of the sin-offering) because the guilt was not expiated at the altar but by compensation to the wronged person or his representative. A part of the blood of the leper's trespass-offering was applied to his person to consecrate him (as in the case of the ram of consecration to consecrate the priests Leviticus 8:23). The trespass-offering is unknown to J E D and the older Hebrew literature. However, the Philistines send an אשׁם of golden mice and tumours 1 Samuel 6:3,4,8,17, and an אשׁם of money was given to the priests 2 Kings 12:17, but these are entirely different from the trespass-offering of P. The Messianic servant offers himself as an אשׁם in compensation for the sins of the people, interposing for them as their substitute Isaiah 53:10 (incorrectly, sin-offering AV RV). See further Oehler OT Theol. § 137 Di Leviticus 5:14.
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אָשָׁם with suff. אֲשָׁמוֹ Pl. with suff. אֲשָׁמָיו fault, guilt, blame, which any one incurs, Genesis 26:10; Jeremiah 51:5. Hence
(1) that by which any one contracts guilt, Numbers 5:7,.
(2) sacrifice for transgression, 1 Samuel 6:3, seq.; 2 Kings 12:17; Isaiah 53:10; Ezekiel 40:39. In the Mosaic law there is a careful distinction between these sacrifices for trespass (אֲשָׁמִים), and sacrifices for sin (חַטָּאוֹת). Not only were the ceremonies used in the two cases different (see -Lev. 5:126, Engl. Ver. -119 ; and -6:17 ; -7:17 ; compare -4:135 ; -6:1723, Engl. Ver. -2430 ), but in one and the same offering both kinds of victims were sometimes joined (as Leviticus 14:10, seq.; Numbers 6:12, seq.; comp. -Lev. 5:710 ); and the particular faults or sins which were to be expiated by the one or the other offering are carefully laid down in the law (see Levit. 5:15 -12:24 ; -19:2022 ; Numbers 6:11, 12 ); although the exact difference between each kind of sin has hitherto been vainly inquired[?]. See Joseph. Antiquit. iii. 9, § 3 Philo, De Victimis, ii. page 247; Mang., Rosenm. on Leviticus 5:6 Carpzov, Antiquit. S. Cod. page 707, seq.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.