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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Pestilence

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is the invariable rendering in the A.V. (except in Exodus 9:3, "murrain," and in Hosea 13:14, "plagues") of the Heb. דֶּבֶר, deber (Sept. usually θάνατος ), which originally seems to mean simply destruction, but is regularly applied to that common Oriental epidemic the plague (q.v.). The same term is also used in the Hebrew Scriptures for all epidemic or contagious diseases (Leviticus 26:25). The writers everywhere attribute it either to the agency of God himself or of that legate or angel whom they denominate מלא, malak; hence the Sept. renders the word דבר, deber, or pestilence, in Psalms 91:6, by δαιμόνιον μεσήμβρινον, "the daemon of noonday," and Jonathan also renders the same word in the Chaldee Targum (Habakkuk 3:5) by the Chaldee word לא, angel or messenger. The prophets usually connect together sword, pestilence, and famine, being three of the most grievous inflictions of the Almighty upon a guilty people (2 Samuel 24:19). In the N.T. the term rendered "pestilence" is λοιμός (Matthew 24:7; Luke 21:11; "pestilent fellow," Acts 24:5). (See DISEASE).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Pestilence'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/p/pestilence.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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