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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3559 - כּוּן
1) to be firm, be stable, be established
1a1) to be set up, be established, be fixed
1a1a) to be firmly established
1a1b) to be established, be stable, be secure, be enduring
1a1c) to be fixed, be securely determined
1a2) to be directed aright, be fixed aright, be steadfast
1a3) to prepare, be ready
1a4) to be prepared, be arranged, be settled
1b1) to establish, set up, accomplish, do, make firm
1b2) to fix, make ready, prepare, provide, provide for, furnish
1b3) to direct toward (moral sense)
1b4) to arrange, order
1c1) to be established, be fastened
1c2) to be prepared, be ready
1d1) to set up, establish
1d2) to constitute, make
1d3) to fix
1d4) to direct
1e) (Pulal) to be established, be prepared
1f) (Hithpolel) to be established, be restored
1244) nk (כנ KN) AC: Stand CO: Root AB: Sure: The pictograph k is a picture of the open palm, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "opening of a seed". When the seed opens the roots begin to form the base of the plant by going down into the soil. The plant rises out of the ground forming the stalk of the plant. A tall tree can only stand tall and firm because of the strong root system which supports it.
Nm) nk (כנ KN) - I. So:A firmness in a situation. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Firm:A standing tall and firm. An upright person of column. III. Base:The base which provides support as well as a persons home or family as a base. IV. Gnat:Possibly as a firm standing insect. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (74): foot, estate, base, office, place, well, so, thus, like, well, such, howbeit, state, after, that, following, therefore, wherefore, lice, manner - Strongs: H3651 (כֵּן), H3652 (כֵּן), H3653 (כֵּן), H3654 (כֵּן)
Nm) nka (אכנ AKN) - Surely: To be firm in something. [df: Ka] KJV (40): also, but, certainly, even, howbeit, least, nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, scarce, surely, sure, truly, verily, wherefore, yet - Strongs: H389 (אַךְ), H403 (אָכֵן)
V) nek (כהנ KHN) - Adorn: To put on special ornaments or garments for a special office or event. (see Isaiah 61:10) KJV (23): (vf: Piel) minister, execute, deck, office, priest - Strongs: H3547 (כָּהַן)
V) nfk (כונ KWN) - Firm: To set something firmly in place, either physically or with words. KJV (219): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) prepare, establish, ready, provide, right, fix, set, direct, order, fashion, certain, confirm, firm - Strongs: H3559 (כּוּן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כּוּן unused in Kal, prop. to stand upright; see Pilel, Hiphil, and the noun כֵּן. A secondary root is the Arab. and Eth. كَانَ, ኮነ፡ to exist, to be. As to וַיְכוּנֶּנּוּ Job 31:15 see Analyt. Ind.
(1) to set up, to erect, prop. to set upright, as a throne, Psalms 9:8; 2 Samuel 7:13 hence, to confirm, to establish, to maintain, Psalms 7:10, 40:3 48:9 68:10 90:17 99:4.
(2) to found, as a city, Psalms 107:36; Habakkuk 2:12 the earth, Psalms 24:2, 119:90 heaven, Proverbs 3:19.
(3) to direct, as arrows, Psalms 7:13, 11:2 also without the accus. חִצִּים absol. (zielen), followed by עַל of the mark, Psalms 21:12. Metaph. with the omission of לֵב (for the full form, see Hiphil, No. 4), to turn one’s mind to any thing, to have in one’s mind, Job 8:8; Isaiah 51:13.
(4) to create, to form, used of God with regard to man, Deuteronomy 32:6; Psalms 119:73 the moon and stars, Psalms 8:4.
(1) to be established (used of one’s steps), Psalms 37:23.
(2) Pass. of act. No. 3, to be prepared, Ezekiel 28:13.
Hiphil הֵכִין i.q. Pilel.
(1) to set up, to erect, e.g. a seat, Job 29:7; Psalms 103:19 hence, to establish, Psalms 89:5; 2 Samuel 7:12 to strengthen, Psalms 10:17, 89:5.
(2) to constitute, to appoint any one, e.g. a king; followed by לְ 2 Samuel 5:12; Joshua 4:4.
(3) to found, as a sanctuary, 1 Kings 6:19 an altar, Ezra 3:3 the world, the mountains, Psalms 65:7; Jeremiah 10:12, 51:15.
(4) to direct, to aim, as a weapon, followed by לְ of pers. (against any one), Psalms 7:14 to set the face, Ezekiel 4:3, one’s way, 2 Chronicles 27:6. Specially
(a) הֵכִין לֵב לְ to apply one’s mind to do something, i.e. to purpose seriously, to take in hand, 2 Chronicles 12:14, 30:19 Ezra 7:10 and without לֵב 1 Chronicles 28:2, הֲכִינוֹתִי לִבְנוֹת “I have purposed to build;” Judges 12:6 (b) (לֵב) הֵכִין to apply the mind, 1 Samuel 23:22 followed by לְ of pers. (for to care for) 2 Chronicles 29:36.
(c) הֵכִין לֵב אֶל־יְהֹוָה to direct the heart to the Lord, 1 Samuel 7:3; 2 Chronicles 20:33 and without אֶל־יְהֹוָה Job 11:13.
(5) to prepare, make ready, as food, Genesis 43:16 deceit, Job 15:35 compare Job 27:17, 39:5, etc.-As to the Inf. absol. אָכֵן (for הָכֵן), and its use as an adverb, see that word.
Hophal, pass. of Hiphil, No. 1, Isaiah 16:5 of No. 2, Isaiah 30:33 of No. 5, Nahum 2:6; Proverbs 21:31.
Niphal, pass. of Pilel and Hiphil.
(1) to be set up, to rise up, Isaiah 2:2; Ezekiel 16:7 (of breasts becoming round); to stand firm, to be established, Psalms 93:2, 101:7 Job 21:8. Hence נְכוֹן הַיּוֹם Proverbs 4:18, fixed, steady day, noon, when the sun seems to stand without moving, at the highest point of its course in the sky; Gr. σταθερὸν ἠ̓͂μαρ, σταθερὰ, μεσημβρία Arab. قايمة النهار; see Schult. on Pro. loc. cit.; Ruhnken ad Tim. p. 236. Figuratively
(a) to be right, fit, Exodus 8:22; Job 42:8; Psalms 5:10.
(b) to be true, sincere; Psalms 78:37, לִבָּם לֹא־נָכוֹן עִמּוֹ “their heart was not sincere towards him.” Part. f. נְכוֹנָה that which is sincere, sincerity, Psalms 5:10.
(c) to be firm, constant; רוּחַ נָכוֹן a spirit constant in the purpose of virtue, Psalms 51:12; Genesis 41:32, נָכוֹן הַדָּבָר מֵעִם הָאֱלֹהִים “the thing is certainly decreed of God.”
(d) to be firm, intrepid, used of the mind, Psalms 57:8, 108:2 112:7.
(e) to be sure, certain, אֶל־נָכוֹן certainly, 1 Samuel 26:4, 23:23.
(2) to be founded, Judges 16:26.
(3) to be prepared; Exodus 19:11, הֱיוּ נְכוֹנִים “be ye ready;” verse 15 Exodus 19:15, 34:2 Ezekiel 38:7. Followed by לְ of pers. to be ready for any one, i.e. to be near at hand, Proverbs 19:29 compare Job 15:23 followed by לְ of the thing, to be ready for any thing, i.e. to be near doing it; Psalms 38:18, אֲנִי לְצֶלַע נָכוֹן “I am near falling.”
Hithpael הִתְכּוֹנֵן, once Proverbs 24:3 elsewhere הִכּוֹנֵן
(1) to be established, confirmed. Proverbs 24:3; Numbers 21:27; Isaiah 54:14.
(2) to prepare oneself. Psalms 59:5.
Derived nouns, כֵּן, אָכֵן, כַּוָּן, כִּיּוּן, מָכוֹן, מְכוֹנָה, תְּכוּנָה and the pr.n. יָכִין, יְכָנְיָה, כָּנְיָה, יְהוֹיָכִין.
כּוּן 1 Chronicles 18:8 [Chun], pr.n. of a town in Phœnicia, called in the parallel place, 2 Samuel 8:8, בֵּרֹתַי. In the itinerary of Antoninus, it is called Conna, see Michaëlis in Suppl. p. 1233.
Eve of Ascension