the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3618 - οἰκοδομέω
- to build a house, erect a building
- to build (up from the foundation)
- to restore by building, to rebuild, repair
- to found, establish
- to promote growth in Christian wisdom, affection, grace, virtue, holiness, blessedness
- to grow in wisdom and piety
fut. -ήσω: aor. ᾠκοδόμησα (not οἰκ- in Att.): pf. ᾠκοδόμηκα Pl. Grg. 514b: but later Att. pf. Pass. οἰκοδομημένοι IG 22.1627.398: —
1. build a house: generally, build, νεὼν καὶ βωμόν ib.12.24.13; νηόν Hdt. 1.21; οἰκίας ib. 114; γέφυραν ib. 186; πυραμίδας Id. 2.101, cf. Telecl. 42; [αἱ μέλιτται] οἰ. τὰ κηρία Arist. HA 623b27: abs., Pl. Chrm. 161e, 165d: — also in Med., οἰκοδομέεσθαι οἴκημα build oneself a house, have it built, Hdt. 2.121. α', cf. 148; νεωσοίκους And. 3.7; τείχη Th. 7.11; οἰκίας Pl. R. 372a, etc.: — Pass., to be built, Hdt. 2.126, 127; τὰ -ούμενα Arist. GA 730b8. generally, fashion, καταπέτασμα LXX 1 Kings 6:36.
2. metaph., build or found upon, ἔργα ἐπί τι X. Cyr. 8.7.15; οἰ. τέχνην ἔπεσιν Ar. Pax 749.
3. metaph., build up, edify, 1 Corinthians 8:1, 1 Corinthians 10:23, etc.; οἰ. εἰς τὸν ἕνα 1 Thessalonians 5:11 : but also in bad sense, οἰκοδομηθήσεται εἰς τὸ ἐσθίειν will be emboldened, 1 Corinthians 8:10; cf. ἀνοικοδομέω.
οἰκοδομέω, οἰκοδομῶ; imperfect ᾠκοδόμουν; future οἰκοδομήσω; 1 aorist ᾠκοδόμησα (ὀικοδόμησα Tr WH in Acts 7:47; see Tdf. at the passage; Proleg., p. 120; WHs Appendix, p. 161; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 153; Winers Grammar, § 12, 4; Buttmann, 34 (30)); passive (present ὀικοδομοῦμαι (infinitive οἰκοδομεῖσθαι, Luke 6:48 Treg.); perfect infinitive οἰκοδομῆσθαι (Luke 6:48 T WH)); pluperfect 3 person singular ᾠκοδόμητο; 1 aorist ὠκοδομήθην (ὀικοδομήθην, T WH in John 2:20); 1 future ὀικοδομηθήσομαι; (οἰκοδόμος, which see); from Herodotus down; the Sept. for בָּנָה; to build a house. erect a building;
a. properly, α. to build (up from the foundation): absolutely, Luke 11:48 G T WH Tr text
b. metaphorically, α. equivalent to to found: ἐπί ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρα οἰκοδομήσω μου τήν ἐκκλησίαν, i. e. by reason of the strength of thy faith thou shalt be my principal support in the establishment of my church, Matthew 16:18. β. Since both a Christian church and individual Christians are likened to a building or temple in which God or the Holy Spirit dwells (1 Corinthians 3:9, 16ff; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2:21), the erection of which temple will not be completely finished till the return of Christ from heaven, those who, by action, instruction, exhortation, comfort, promote the Christian wisdom of others and help them to live a correspondent life are regarded as taking part in the erection of that building, and hence, are said οἰκοδομεῖν, i. e. (dropping the figure) to promote growth in Christian wisdom, affection, grace, virtue, holiness, blessedness: absolutely, Acts 20:32 L T Tr WH; 1 Corinthians 8:1; 1 Corinthians 10:23; τινα,
STRONGS NT 3618: οἰκοδόμος οἰκοδόμος, ὀικοδομου, ὁ (οἶκος, δέμω to build; cf. οἰκονόμος), a builder, an architect: Acts 4:11 L T Tr WH. (Herodotus, Xenophon, Plato, Plutarch, others; the Sept..)
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οἰκοδομέω , -ῶ
(< οἰκοδόμος ),
[in LXX chiefly for H1129;]
to build a house, to build: absol., Luke 11:48; Luke 14:30; Luke 17:28; οἱ οἰκοδομοῦντες , the builders (as Psalms 118:22, H1129), Matthew 21:42, Mark 12:10, Luke 20:17, 1 Peter 2:7 (LXX); ἐ π᾿ ἀλλότριον θεμέλιον οἰ ., proverb., Romans 15:20; c. acc rei, Galatians 2:18; πύργον ), Matthew 21:33, Mark 12:1, Luke 14:28; ἀποθήκας , Luke 12:18; ναόν , Mark 14:58; pass., John 2:20; οἰκία , Luke 6:48; c. acc rei seq. dat. pers. (cf. Genesis 8:20, Ezekiel 16:24), Luke 7:5, Acts 7:47; Acts 7:49; acc seq. ἐπί , Matthew 7:24; Matthew 7:26 Luke 6:49; πόλιν ἐπ᾿ ὄρους , Luke 4:29; of rebuilding, or restoring, Matthew 23:29; Matthew 26:61; Matthew 27:40, Mark 15:29, Luke 11:47, Metaph., τ . ἐκκλησίαν , Matthew 16:18; of the growth of Christian character (cf. H1129, in Psalms 28:5, Jeremiah 24:6, al.), to build up (AV, edify): absol., Acts 20:32, 1 Corinthians 8:1; 1 Corinthians 10:23; c. acc pers., 1 Corinthians 14:4, 1 Thessalonians 5:11; pass., Acts 9:31, 1 Corinthians 14:17, 1 Peter 2:5; of blameworthy action (AV, embolden), 1 Corinthians 8:10 (cf. ἀν -, ἐπ -, συν -οικοδομέω ).†
οἰκο -δόμος , -ον , ὁ
(<οἶκος + δέμω , to build),
[in LXX for H1129, etc.;]
a builder: Acts 4:11.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The meaning of this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (2 Timothy 2:15 : cf. Proverbs 3:6; Proverbs 11:5) is by no means clear, but on the analogy of the similarly formed καινοτομέω, ";make a new or strange assertion,"; it seems best to lay the main stress on the adj. and to understand by ὀρθοτομέω τὸν λόγον, ";teach the word aright."; Sophocles (Lex. s.v.) renders ";expound soundly"; : cf. the use of ὀρθοτομία = ";orthodoxy"; in eccles. writers. Parry (ad 2 Tim l.c.) adopts the suggestion that the metaphor may be derived not from road making (τέμνειν ὁδόν), but from the mason’s cutting stones fair and straight to fit into their places in a building, and compares the use of their simplex subst. in Syll 587.17 (B.C. 329–8) μισθωτεῖ τῆς τομῆς τῶν λίθων, and .22 τομὴ καὶ κομιδὴ καὶ θέσις τοῦ λίθου. A different turn is given to the verb by Paspati, who translates ";preach fearlessly"; on the ground that in MGr ὀρθὰ κοπτά is used to denote ";clearly and fearlessly"; : see Exp III. i. p. 238.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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