the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1443 - גָּדַר
1) to wall up, wall off, close off, build a wall
1a1) to wall up, shut off
1a2) masons (participle)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect גָּדַר Job 19:8 2t., וְגָדַרְתִּ֫י Hosea 2:8; Amos 9:11; Imperfect 2 masculine plural וַתִּגְדְּרוּ Ezekiel 13:5; Participle גֹּדֵר Isaiah 58:12; Ezekiel 22:30; plural גֹּדְרִים 2 Kings 12:13; 2 Kings 22:6; — wall up, shut off, literal only Participle, absolute = masons (wall-builders) 2 Kings 12:13; 2 Kings 22:6; also Isaiah 58:12 (object מֶּרֶץ); figurative of Yahweh's dealings with men, object אֹרַה Job 19:8, דֶּרֶך Lamentations 3:9; compare Hosea 2:8 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb גָּדֵר), in all = obstructing path of life, compare also Lamentations 3:7 (with בַּעֲדִי); of restoring fallen booth of David Amos 9:11 (object פרצים); of repairing fortunes of Israel, a work neglected by prophets Ezekiel 13:5, and by all in power Ezekiel 22:30 (both with accusative of congnate meaning with verb)
גָּדַר to surround with a fence, hedge, wall, hence to erect a wall. (Arab. جدر id. The primary sense is that of surrounding, fencing, see the kindred roots חָצַר, חָדַר, &c. under the word אָזַר page 27, A. Also אָמַר, כָּתַר. The same stock is widely extended in the western languages, sometimes designating that which fences, and sometimes the space fenced off. Comp. in the Latin of the middle ages, cadarum, Ital. catarata, Germ. Gatter, Gitter; but more frequently with the letter r transposed, Gr. χόρτος, hortus, cors, chors, cohors, Germ. Garten, Gard, i.e. a fortified space, a fortress, as in the pr.n. Stuttgard, etc., Gurt, Hürde, Slav. gorod, i.e. a fortified city. [“comp. Russ. Novogorod”], etc. etc.) Part. גֹּדְרִים builders of the wall, 2 Kings 12:13. Often used figuratively
(a) גָּדַר גָּדֵר עַל to fortify with a wall, to wall around, i.e. to set any one in safety, Ezekiel 13:5 comp. 22:30.
(b) גָּדַר בְּעַד פ׳ to obstruct any one’s way so that he cannot go out, Lamentations 3:7, Job 19:8; Hosea 2:8.
Derivatives all follow immediately.