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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1443 - גָּדַר
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
גָּדַר to surround with a fence, hedge, wall, hence to erect a wall. (Arab. جدر id. The primary sense is that of surrounding, fencing, see the kindred roots חָצַר, חָדַר, &c. under the word אָזַר page 27, A. Also אָמַר, כָּתַר. The same stock is widely extended in the western languages, sometimes designating that which fences, and sometimes the space fenced off. Comp. in the Latin of the middle ages, cadarum, Ital. catarata, Germ. Gatter, Gitter; but more frequently with the letter r transposed, Gr. χόρτος, hortus, cors, chors, cohors, Germ. Garten, Gard, i.e. a fortified space, a fortress, as in the pr.n. Stuttgard, etc., Gurt, Hürde, Slav. gorod, i.e. a fortified city. [“comp. Russ. Novogorod”], etc. etc.) Part. גֹּדְרִים builders of the wall, 2 Kings 12:13. Often used figuratively
(a) גָּדַר גָּדֵר עַל to fortify with a wall, to wall around, i.e. to set any one in safety, Ezekiel 13:5 comp. 22:30.
(b) גָּדַר בְּעַד פ׳ to obstruct any one’s way so that he cannot go out, Lamentations 3:7, Job 19:8; Hosea 2:8.
Derivatives all follow immediately.
the Week of Proper 22 / Ordinary 27