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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3548 - כֹּהֵן
1) priest, principal officer or chief ruler
1a) priest-king (Melchizedek, Messiah)
1b) pagan priests
1c) priests of Jehovah
1d) Levitical priests
1e) Zadokite priests
1f) Aaronic priests
1g) the high priest
1244) nk (כנ KN) AC: Stand CO: Root AB: Sure: The pictograph k is a picture of the open palm, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "opening of a seed". When the seed opens the roots begin to form the base of the plant by going down into the soil. The plant rises out of the ground forming the stalk of the plant. A tall tree can only stand tall and firm because of the strong root system which supports it.
Nm) nk (כנ KN) - I. So:A firmness in a situation. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Firm:A standing tall and firm. An upright person of column. III. Base:The base which provides support as well as a persons home or family as a base. IV. Gnat:Possibly as a firm standing insect. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (74): foot, estate, base, office, place, well, so, thus, like, well, such, howbeit, state, after, that, following, therefore, wherefore, lice, manner - Strongs: H3651 (כֵּן), H3652 (כֵּן), H3653 (כֵּן), H3654 (כֵּן)
Nm) nka (אכנ AKN) - Surely: To be firm in something. [df: Ka] KJV (40): also, but, certainly, even, howbeit, least, nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, scarce, surely, sure, truly, verily, wherefore, yet - Strongs: H389 (אַךְ), H403 (אָכֵן)
V) nek (כהנ KHN) - Adorn: To put on special ornaments or garments for a special office or event. (see Isaiah 61:10) KJV (23): (vf: Piel) minister, execute, deck, office, priest - Strongs: H3547 (כָּהַן)
V) nfk (כונ KWN) - Firm: To set something firmly in place, either physically or with words. KJV (219): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) prepare, establish, ready, provide, right, fix, set, direct, order, fashion, certain, confirm, firm - Strongs: H3559 (כּוּן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כֹּהֵן [pl. כֹּהֲנִים], m. a priest (Syr. Chald. ܟܗܳܢܳܐ, כַּהֲנָא, Ethiop. ካህን፡ id. As to the Arabic, and the etymology, see the root), Genesis 14:18, 41:45, 50 Genesis 41:50; Exodus 2:16, 3:1 18:1, and often. כֹּהֵן הָרֹאשׁ. 2 Chronicles 19:11, 24:11 26:20, and הַכֹּהֵן הַגָּדוֹל Leviticus 21:10; Numbers 35:25, 28 Numbers 35:28; Joshua 20:6, the high priest, who also is called הַכֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ the anointed priest, Leviticus 4:3,. Kings, who were also priests, are mentioned Genesis 14:18; Psalms 110:4.-There is a very old opinion of Hebrew writers, that כֹּהֵן also signifies prince. Not only have the Chaldee interpreters in several places (Genesis 41:45 Ex. loc. cit.; Psalms 110:4) translated it by רַבָּא a prince; but even the author of the books of Chronicles seems to have followed this opinion; giving, according to his manner, an interpretation of the words, 2 Samuel 8:18, וּבְנֵי דָוִד כֹּהֲנִים הָיוּ; 1 Chronicles 18:17, וּבְנֵי דָוִיד הָרִאשֹׁנִים לְיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ “and the sons of David (were) the chief about the king,” i.e. the principal ministers of the kingdom. Nevertheless, from 2 Samuel 8:17, compared with 1 Samuel 21:2, 22:9, it appears pretty clearly that in 2 Samuel 8:18, priests are really to be understood, although not of the tribe of Levi; [This shews that they could not have been priests]; and the author of the Chronicles seems to have chosen this interpretation of the more ancient text, being unable to admit of any priests except those of the tribe of Levi. [No such priests could have been under that dispensation; the inspiration of the books of Chronicles, as well as those of Samuel, must not be forgotten.] (See De Wette, Beyträge zur Einleit. ins A. T. i. page 81, 82; and my history of the Hebrew language, page 41.) The authority of Onkelos is much lower, and in all the above cited examples the signification of priest is the only true one. [Let this assertion of Gesenius be carefully weighed.]
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13