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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1325 - δίδωμι
- to give
- to give something to someone
- of one's own accord to give one something, to his advantage
- to bestow a gift
- to grant, give to one asking, let have
- to supply, furnish, necessary things
- to give over, deliver
- to reach out, extend, present
- of a writing
- to give over to one's care, intrust, commit
- something to be administered
- to give or commit to some one something to be religiously observed
- to give what is due or obligatory, to pay: wages or reward
- to furnish, endue
- of one's own accord to give one something, to his advantage
- to give
- to cause, profuse, give forth from one's self
- to give, hand out lots
- to appoint to an office
- to cause to come forth, i.e. as the sea, death and Hell are said to give up the dead who have been engulfed or received by them
- to give one to someone as his own
- as an object of his saving care
- to give one to someone, to follow him as a leader and master
- to give one to someone to care for his interests
- to give one to someone to whom he already belonged, to return
- to cause, profuse, give forth from one's self
- to grant or permit one
- to commission
δίδωμι, Il. 23.620, etc. (late δίδω POxy. 121 (iii A. D.)); late forms, 1 pl. διδόαμεν v. l. in J. BJ 3.8.5, etc., 3 pl. δίδωσι (παρα-) Id. AJ 10.4.1, etc.; but thematic forms are freq. used, esp. in and Ion., διδοῖς, διδοῖσθα, Il. 9.164, 19.270, διδοῖ Od. 17.350, Mimn. 2.16, Hdt. 2.48, Hp. Aër. 12 (ἀνα-), A. Supp. 1010, etc., διδοῦσι Il. 19.265 (always in Hom.), dub. in Att., Antiph. 156; imper. δίδου Thgn. 1303, Hdt. 3.140, E. Or. 642, δίδοι Pi. O. 1.85, Epigr. in Class.Phil. 4.78, δίδωθι Od. 3.380; inf. διδόναι, also διδοῦν Thgn. 1329, διδοῦναι Il. 24.425, Aeol. δίδων Theoc. 29.9; part. διδούς, Aeol. δίδοις Alc. Supp. 23.13: impf. ἐδίδουν -ους -ου, Ar. Eq. 678, Od. 19.367, 11.289 ( δίδου Il. 5.165), etc.; 3 pl. ἐδίδοσαν Hdt. 8.9, etc., ἐδίδουν (v.l. ἐδίδων) Hes. Op. 139, D.H. 5.6 codd. (ἀπ-), also ἔδιδον prob. in h.Cer. 437, δίδον ib. 328; iter. δόσκον Il. 14.382: fut. δώσω 14.268, etc., διδώσω Od. 13.358, 24.314; inf. δωσέμεναι Il. 13.369: aor. 1 ἔδωκα, used only in ind., Od. 9.361, etc., δῶκα Il. 4.43: aor. 2 ἔδων, used in pl. ind. ἔδομεν ἔδοτε ἔδοσαν (Lacon. ἔδον IG 5(1).1 B 1), and in moods, δός, δῶ, δοίην, δοῦναι, δούς; forms of aor., subj. 3 sg. δώῃ, δώῃσι, δῷσι, Il. 16.725, 1.324, Od. 2.144; 3 sg. δώη, Boeot. δώει SIG 2858.17 (Delph.), IG 7.3054 (Lebad.), δοῖ PPetr. 2. p.24; 1 pl. δώομεν Il. 7.299, Od. 16.184, 3 pl. δώωσι Il. 1.137; 3 sg. opt. is written δόη UPZ 1.4, δοῖ IG 14.1488, etc.; inf. δόμεναι Il. 1.116, δόμεν 4.379 (also Dor., Ar. Lys. 1163 (ἀπο-), δόμειν SIG 942 (Dodona)); Cypr. inf. δοϝέναι Inscr.Cypr. 135.5H. (also opt. δυϝάνοι ib. 6); Arc. part. ἀπυ-δόας IG 5(2).6.13 (Tegea); inf. δῶναι Schwyzer 666.2 (Orchom., iii B. C.), also in later Greek, BGU 38.13 (ii A. D.): pf. δέδωκα Pi. N. 2.8, etc.; Boeot. 3 pl. ἀπο-δεδόανθι IG 7.3171.35 (Orchom.): plpf. ἐδεδώκει X. Cyr. 1.4.26: — Med. only in compds.: — Pass., fut. δοθήσομαι E. Ph. 1650, Isa 3.39, etc.: aor. ἐδόθην Od. 2.78, etc.: pf. δέδομαι Il. 5.428, A. Supp. 1041, Th. 1.26, etc.; 3 pl. δέδονται E. Supp. 757: plpf. ἐδέδοτο Th. 3.109: —
1. give freely, τινί τι Od. 24.274, etc.: in pres. and impf., to be ready to give, offer, Il. 9.519, Hdt. 5.94, 9.109, Ar. Fr. 100, X. An. 6.3.9, etc.; τὰ διδόμενα things offered, D. 18.119.
2. of the gods, grant, assign, κῦδος, νίκην, etc., Il. 19.204, 11.397, etc.; of evils, δ. ἄλγεα, ἄτας, κήδεα, etc., 1.96, 19.270, Od. 9.15, etc.; twice in Hom. in Pass., οὔ τοι δέδοται πολεμήϊα ἔργα not to thee have deeds of war been granted, Il. 5.428, cf. Od. 2.78; later εὖ διδόναι τινί give good fortune, provide well for.., S. OT 1081, OC 642, E. Andr. 750: abs., of the laws, grant permission, δόντων αὐτῷ τῶν νόμων Isaiah 7:2, cf. Pl. Lg. 813c.
3. offer to the gods, ἑκατόμβας, ἱρὰ θεοῖσιν, Il. 12.6, Od. 1.67, etc.
4. with inf. added, ξεῖνος γάρ οἱ ἔδωκεν.. ἐς πόλεμον φορέειν gave it him to wear in war, Il. 15.532, cf. 23.183; δῶκε [τεύχεα] θεράποντι φορῆναι 7.149: later freq. of giving to eat or drink, ἐκ χειρὸς διδοῖ πιεῖν Hdt. 4.172, cf. Cratin. 124, Pherecr. 69, etc.; ἐδίδου ῥοφεῖν Ar. Fr. 203; δίδου μασᾶσθαι Eup. 253; δὸς καταφαγεῖν Hegem. 1; τὴν κύλικα δὸς ἐμπιεῖν Pherecr. 41; δὸς τὴν μεγάλην σπάσαι Diph. 17.7; with inf. omitted, φιάλην ἔδωκε κεράσας Ephipp. 10; εὐζωρότερον δός Diph. 58; also of giving water to wash with, δίδου κατὰ χειρός (sc. νίψασθαι) Arched. 2.3, cf. Alex. 261.2.
5. Prose phrases, δ. ὅρκον, opp. λαμβάνειν, tender an oath, δοκεῖ κἂν ὀμόσαι εἴ τις αὐτῷ ὅρκον διδοίη Isa 9.24, cf. D. 39.3, Arist. Rh. 1377a8; δ. ψῆφον, γνώμην, put a proposal to the vote, propose a resolution, D. 21.87, 24.13: δ. χάριν, = χαρίζεσθαι, S. Aj. 1354, Cratin. 317; ὀργῇ χάριν δούς having indulged.., S. OC 855; λόγον τινὶ δ. give one leave to speak, X. HG 5.2.20; δ. λόγον σφίσι deliberate, Hdt. 1.97; οὐκ, εἰ διδοίης.. σαυτῷ λόγον S. OT 583; δοῦναι, λαβεῖν λόγον, Arist. SE 165a27 (but δ. λόγον, εὐθύνας, render accounts, IG 12.91, al.): δ. δίκην or δίκας, v. δίκη: ἀκοὴν δ. λόγοις lend an ear to.., S. El. 30, etc.; δ. ἐργασίαν give diligence, = Lat. dare operam, OGI 441.109 (Lagina, i B. C.), POxy. 742.11: c. inf., Luke 12:58 : abs., sc. πληγήν, λίθῳ δ. τινί PLips. 13 iii 3; ἐμβολὰς διδόναι, ram, of ships, D.S. 13.10.
II c. acc. pers.,
1. hand over, deliver up, ἀχέεσσί με δώσεις Od. 19.167; μιν.. ὀδύνῃσιν ἔδωκεν Il. 5.397; Ἕκτορα κυσίν 23.21; πυρί τινα Od. 24.65; πληγαῖς τινά Pl. R. 574c; ἔδωκε θῆρας φόβῳ Pi. P. 5.60.
2. of parents, give their daughter to wife, θυγατέρα ἀνδρί Il. 6.192, Od. 4.7; also of Telemachus, ἀνέρι μητέρα δώσω 2.223; τὴν.. Σάμηνδε ἔδοσαν gave her in marriage to go to Samé, 15.367, cf. 17.442; with inf. added, δώσω σοι Χαρίτων μίαν ὀπυιέμεναι Il. 14.268: in Prose and Trag., θυγατέρα δ. τινὶ γυναῖκα Hdt. 1.107, cf. Th. 6.59, X. HG 4.1.4, etc.: abs., ἐδίδοσαν καὶ ἤγοντο ἐξ ἀλλήλων Hdt. 5.92. β, cf. E. Med. 288; also δ. κόρᾳ ἄνδρα Pi. P. 9.117.
3. διδόναι τινά τινι grant another to one's entreaties, pardon him at one's request, X. An. 6.6.31; διδόναι τινί τι forgive one a thing, condone it, E. Cyc. 296 (s. v. l.).
4. δ. ἑαυτόν τινι give oneself up, δ. σφέας αὐτοὺς τοῖσι Ἀθηναίοισι Hdt. 6.108, cf. S. Ph. 84, Th. 2.68; τινὶ εἰς χεῖρας S. El. 1348; δ. ἑαυτὸν τοῖς δεινοῖς D. 18.97; εἰς τοὺς κινδύνους Plb. 3.17.8; εἰς ἔντευξιν Id. 3.15.4; εἰς τρυφήν, εἰς λῃστείας, D.S. 17.108, 18.47: c. inf., δίδωσ' ἑκὼν κτείνειν ἑαυτόν S. Ph. 1341.
5. appoint, establish, of a priest, LXX Exodus 31:6; δῶμεν ἀρχηγόν ib. Numbers 14:4; δ. τινὰ εἰς ἔθνος μέγα ib. Genesis 17:20; place, τινὰ ὑπεράνω πάντα τὰ ἔθνη ib. De. 28.1: — Pass., οἱ δεδομένοι, = Nethinim, ministers of the Temple, ib. Nehemiah 5:3; ἐδόθη αὐτοῖς ἵνα.. orders were given them that.., Revelation 9:5.
1. in vows and prayers, c. acc. pers. et inf., grant, allow, bring about that.., esp. in prayers, δὸς ἀποφθίμενον δῦναι δόμον Ἄϊδος εἴσω grant that he may go.., Il. 3.322; τὸν κασίγνητον δότε τυίδ' ἴκεσθαι Sapph. Supp. 1.2; δός με τείσασθαι give me to.., A. Ch. 18, cf. Eu. 31; also c. dat. pers., τούτῳ.. εὐτυχεῖν δοῖεν θεοί Id. Th. 422; θεοὶ δοῖέν ποτ' αὐτοῖς.. παθεῖν S. Ph. 316, cf. OC 1101, 1287, Pl. Lg. 737b.
2. grant, concede in argument, δ. καὶ συγχωρεῖν Id. Phd. 100b, cf. Arist. Metaph. 990a12, al.: c. inf., Id. Ph. 239b29; δ. εἶναι θεούς Iamb. Myst. 1.3; ἑνὸς ἀτόπου δοθέντος τἆλλα συμβαίνει Arist. Ph. 186a9; δεδομένα, τά, data, title of work by Euclid; ἡ δοθεῖσα γραμμή, γωνία, etc., Pl. Men. 87a, Euc. 1.9, etc.; δεδόσθω κύκλος Archim. Sph.Cyl. 1.6, al.; also in Alchemy, δός take certain substances, Pleid.X. 69. Gramm., describe, record, Sch. Pi. P. 5.93, Sch. Il. 16.207. seemingly intr., give oneself up, devote oneself, c. dat., esp. ἡδονῇ E. Ph. 21, Plu. Publ. 13; ἡδοναῖς Philostr. VS 1.12; ἐλπίδι J. AJ 17.12.2; εἰς δημοκοπίαν D.S. 25.8; δρόμῳ δοὺς φέρεσθαι at full speed, Alciphr. 3.47.
δίδωμι (διδῶ, Revelation 3:9 L T WH; (διδῶ Tr, yet see WH Appendix, p. 167)), 3 person plural διδοασι (Revelation 17:13 (not Rec.)), imperative δίδου (Matthew 5:42 R G); imperfect 3 person singular ἐδίδου, 3 person plural ἐδίδουν (ἐδίδοσαν, John 19:3 L T Tr WH (see ἔχω)); future δώσω; 1 aorist ἔδωκα (2 person singular ἐδωκες, John 17:7 Tr marginal reading, 8 Tr marginal reading; cf. references under the word κοπιάω), subjunctive δώσῃ (and δώσωμεν) from an imaginary indicative form ἐδωσα (Mark 6:37 T Tr marginal reading); John 17:2 (Tr marginal reading WH δώσει); Revelation 8:3 (L T Tr WH δώσει; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 720f; Buttmann, 36 (31); Winers Grammar, 79 (76); (Veitch, under the word δίδωμι at the end, also Sophocles Lexicon, under the word, and especially the Introduction, p. 40; WH's Appendix, p. 172)); perfect δέδωκα (on the interchange between the forms of the pf and of the aorist in this verb cf. Buttmann, 199 (172)); pluperfect ἐδεδώκειν and without augment (Winers Grammar, § 12, 9; Buttmann, 33 (29)) δεδώκειν, Mark 14:44; and L text T Tr WH in Luke 19:15; 3 person plural δεδώκεισαν, John 11:57; 2 aorist subjunctive 3 person singular δῷ (δῴη, John 15:16 Tr marginal reading; Ephesians 1:17 WH marginal reading; 2 Timothy 2:25 L WH marginal reading; δοῖ, Mark 8:37 T Tr WH; cf. Buttmann, 46 (40); WH's Appendix, p. 168; Kuenen and Cobet, praef., p. lxi.), plural δῶμεν, δῶτε, δῶσιν, optative 3 person singular δῴη for δοιή, Romans 15:5; (2 Thessalonians 3:16); 2 Timothy 1:16, 18; (
A. absolutely and generally: μακάριον ἐστι μᾶλλον διδόναι, ἡ λαμβάνειν, Acts 20:35.
B. In construction;
I. τίνι τί, to give something to some one — in various senses;
1. of one's own accord to give one something, to his advantage; to bestow, give as a gift: Matthew 4:9; Luke 1:32; Luke 12:32, and often δόματα (cf. Buttmann, 148 (129)), Matthew 7:11; Luke 11:13; Ephesians 4:8 (Psalm 67:19
2. to grant, give to one asking, let have: Matthew 12:39; Matthew 14:7; Matthew 16:4; Matthew 20:23; Mark 6:22, 25; Mark 8:12; Mark 10:40; Luke 11:29; Luke 15:16; John 11:22; John 14:16; John 15:16; John 16:23; Acts 3:6; James 1:5; (noteworthy is 1 John 5:16 δώσει (namely, probably ὁ Θεός) αὐτῷ ζωήν τοῖς ἁμαρτάνουσιν, etc., where αὐτῷ seems to be an ethical dative and τοῖς ἁμαρτάνουσιν dependent on the verb; see Buttmann, 133 (116) note, cf. 179 (156); Winer's Grammar, 523 (487), cf. 530 (494)); in contradistinction from what one claims: John 3:27; John 19:11.
3. to supply, furnish, necessary things: as ἄρτον τίνι, Matthew 6:11; Luke 11:3; John 6:32, 51; τροφήν, Matthew 24:45; βρῶσιν, John 6:27; besides in Matthew 25:15, 28; Mark 2:26; Mark 4:25; Luke 6:4; Luke 8:18; Luke 12:42; Luke 19:24, 26; John 4:10, 14, 15; Ephesians 6:19.
4. to give over, deliver, i. e., a. to reach out, extend, present: as Matthew 14:19; Matthew 17:27; Mark 6:41; Mark 14:22; Luke 9:16; Luke 22:19; τό ψωμίον, John 13:26; τό ποτήριον, John 18:11; Revelation 16:19; τάς χεῖρας διδόναι, to give one the hand, Acts 9:41; Galatians 2:9.
b. of a writing: ἀποστάσιον, Matthew 5:31.
c. to give to one's care, intrust, commit; aa. something to be administered; universally: παντί ᾧ ἐδόθη πολύ, Luke 12:48; property, money, Matthew 25:15; Luke 19:13, 15; ἀμπελῶνα, a vineyard to be cultivated, Mark 12:9; Luke 20:16; τάς κλείς (κλεῖδας) τεσς βασιλείας. Matthew 16:19; τήν κρίσιν, John 5:22; κρίμα, Revelation 20:4; τήν ἐξουσίαν ἑαυτῶν, Revelation 17:13 (not Rec.); τά ἔργα, ἵνα τελειώσω αὐτά, John 5:36; τό ἔργον, ἵνα ποιήσω, John 17:4; τό ὄνομα τοῦ Θεοῦ, to be declared, John 17:11 (not Rec., John 17:12 T Tr WH). bb. to give or commit to some one something to be religiously observed: διαθήκην περιτομῆς, Acts 7:8; τήν περιτομήν, the ordinance of circumcision, John 7:22; τόν νόμον, John 7:19; λόγια ζῶντα, Acts 7:38.
5. to give what is due or obligatory, to pay: wages or reward, Matthew 20:4, 14; Matthew 26:15; Revelation 11:18; ἀργύριον, as a reward, Mark 14:11; Luke 22:5; taxes, tribute, tithes, etc.: Matthew 17:27; Matthew 22:17; Mark 12:14 (15); Luke 20:22; Luke 23:2; Hebrews 7:4; θυσίαν namely, τῷ κυρίῳ, Luke 2:24 (θυσίαν ἀποδοῦναι τῷ Θεῷ, Josephus, Antiquities 7, 9, 1); λόγον, render account, Romans 14:12 (L text Tr text ἀποδοῦναι).
6. δίδωμι is joined with nouns denoting an act or an effeet; and a. the act or effect of him who gives, in such a sense that what he is said διδόναι (either absolutely or with the dative of person) he is conceived of as effecting, or as becoming its author. Hence, δίδωμι joined with a noun can often be changed into an active verb expressing the effecting of that which the noun denotes. Thus, διδόναι αἶνον τῷ Θεῷ is equivalent to αἰνεῖν τόν Θεόν, Luke 18:43; ἀπόκρισιν τίνι equivalent to ἀποκρίνεσθαι, John 1:22; John 19:9; ἐγκοπήν δοῦναι τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ equivalent to ἐνκόπτειν τό εὐαγγέλιον, to hinder (the progress of) the gospel, 1 Corinthians 9:12; ἐντολήν τίνι equivalent to ἐντέλλεσθαι τίνι John 11:57; John 12:49; John 13:34; 1 John 3:23; δόξαν τίνι equivalent to δοξάζειν τίνι (see δόξα, II.); ἐργασίαν, after the Latinoperam dare, take pains, (A. V. give diligence), equivalent to ἐργάζεσθαι, Luke 12:58 (συμβούλιον, cf. the Latinconsilium dare, equivalent to συμβουλεύεσθαι, Mark 3:6 Tr text WH text); διαστολήν τίνι i. q διαστέλλειν τί, 1 Corinthians 14:7; παραγγελίαν, 1 Thessalonians 4:2 παράκλησιν, 2 Thessalonians 2:16; ἔλεος equivalent to ἐληιν, 2 Timothy 1:16, 18 ἀγάπην, show (A. V. bestow), 1 John 3:1; ἐκδίκησιν 2 Thessalonians 1:8; βασανισμόν, Revelation 18:7; ῤάπισμα equivalent to ῥαπίζειν τινα, John 18:22; John 19:3; φίλημα equivalent to φιλεῖν τινα, Luke 7:45. or b. the noun denotes something to be done by him to whom it is said to be given: διδόναι τίνι μετάνοιαν, to cause him to repent, Acts 5:31; Acts 11:18; γνῶσιν σωτηρίας,Luke 1:77; ἐλπίδα τίνι, 2 Thessalonians 2:16.
7. Joined with nouns denoting strength, faculty, power, virtue, δίδωμι (τίνι τί) is equivalent to: to furnish, endue, (one with a thing): Luke 21:15 (δώσω ὑμῖν στόμα καί σοφίαν); Acts 7:10; ἐξουσίαν, Matthew 9:8; Matthew 10:1; Luke 10:19; John 17:2; Revelation 2:26; Revelation 6:8; Revelation 13:7; διάνοιαν, 1 John 5:20; σύνεσιν, 2 Timothy 2:7; and in the very common phrase διδόναι τό πνεῦμα. (I'. διδόναι τίνι τίνος to give to one (a part) of etc.: Revelation 2:17 (G L T Tr WH) δώσω αὐτῷ τοῦ μάννα, cf. Winers Grammar, 198 (186); Buttmann, 159 (139).)
II. δίδωμι τί without a dative, and δίδωμι τινα.
1. δίδωμι τί;
a. with the force of to cause, produce, give forth from oneself: ὑετόν, from heaven, James 5:18; καρπόν, Matthew 13:8; Mark 4:7, 8f (Deuteronomy 25:19; Sir. 23:25); σημεῖα, Matthew 24:24; Mark 13:22 (not Tdf.); Acts 2:19 (Exodus 7:9; Deuteronomy 13:1, etc.); ὑπόδειγμα, John 13:15; φέγγος, Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:24 (φῶς, Isaiah 13:10); φωνήν, 1 Corinthians 14:7f; διά τῆς γλώσσης λόγον, 1 Corinthians 14:9; γνώμην, to give one's opinion, to give advice, 1 Corinthians 7:25; 2 Corinthians 8:10.
2. δίδωμι τινα;
a. where the noun refers to the office one bears, to appoint: κριτάς, Acts 13:20.
b. to cause to come forth: δίδωμι ἐκ τῆς συναγωγῆς τοῦ Σατανᾶ τῶν λεγόντων (namely, τινας (cf. Buttmann, 158 (138); Winer's Grammar, § 59, 4 b.)), Revelation 3:9; so also the sea, death, Hades, are said to give (up) the dead who have been engulfed or received by them, Revelation 20:13.
3. δίδωμι τινα τίνι;
a. to give one to some one as his own: as the object of his saving care, Hebrews 2:13; to give one to someone, to follow him as a leader and master, John 6:37, 39; John 10:29; John 17:6, 9, 12 (but see B. I. 4.
c. aa. above),
d. δίδωμι ἐμαυτόν τίνι, to one demanding of me something, I give myself up as it were; an hyperbole for disregarding entirely my private interests, I give as much as ever I can: 2 Corinthians 8:5.
4. δίδωμι τινα with a predicate accusative: ἑαυτόν τύπον, to render or set forth oneself as an example, 2 Thessalonians 3:9; with a predicate of dignity, office, function, and a dative of the person added for whose benefit some one invested with said dignity or office is given, that is, is bestowed: αὐτόν ἔδωκεν κεφαλήν ὑπέρ πάντα τῇ ἐκκλησία, head over all things to the church, Ephesians 1:22; ἔδωκεν τούς μέν ἀποστόλους κτλ., namely, τῇ ἐκκλησία, Ephesians 4:11. For in neither of these passages are we obliged, with many interpreters, to translate the word appointed, made, after the use of the Hebrew נָתַן; especially since in the second Paul seems wish to confirm the words quoted in Ephesians 4:8, ἔδωκε δόματα τοῖς ἀνθρώποις. Those in the church whom Christ has endued with gifts and functions for the common advantage the apostle reckons among the δόματα given by him after his ascension to heaven.
III. Phrases in which to the verb δίδωμι, either standing alone or joined to cases, there is added:
1. an infinitive, either alone or with an accusative; δίδωμι τίνι followed by an infinitive denoting the object: δίδωμι τίνι φαγεῖν, give, supply, something to eat, give food (Buttmann, 261 (224); Winer's Grammar, 318f (299)), Matthew 14:18; Matthew 25:35, 42; Mark 6:37; Mark 5:43; Luke 8:55; Luke 9:13; Revelation 2:7; πιεῖν, John 4:7, 10; with the addition of an object accusative depending on the φαγεῖν or πιεῖν: Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23 (R G L); with an accusative added depending on the verb δίδωμι: John 6:31 Revelation 16:6; followed by an infinitive indicating design (cf. Buttmann, as above), to grant or permit one to etc.: Luke 1:73f (δοῦναι ἡμῖν ἀφόβως λατρεύειν αὐτῷ); John 5:26; Acts 4:29; Romans 15:5; Ephesians 3:16; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 6:4; Revelation 7:2; (followed by εἰς, with the infinitive: Romans 15:16, cf. Buttmann, 265 (228)); by a construction borrowed from the Hebrew, καί δώσω τοῖς ... καί προφητεύσουσι, Revelation 11:3; in the passive, Matthew 13:12; Mark 4:11 (ὑμῖν δέδοται γνῶναι (G L T Tr WH omit γνῶναι) to you it has been granted etc.); followed by the accusative and the infinitive: δῴη (L T Tr WH δῷ) ὑμῖν ... κατοικῆσαι τόν Χριστόν ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις ὑμῶν, Ephesians 3:16f; ἔδωκεν αὐτόν ἐμφανῆ γενέσθαι, Acts 10:40; οὐ δώσεις τόν ὅσιον σου ἰδεῖν διαφθοράν (from Psalm 15:10
IV. δίδωμι τί, or τίνι τί, or τίνι or τινα, followed by a preposition with a noun (or pronoun);
1. τίνι ἐκ τίνος (cf. Winers Grammar, § 28, 1; Buttmann, 159 (139)): δότε ἡμῖν (a part) ἐκ τοῦ ἐλαίου ὑμῶν, Matthew 25:8; ἐκ τῶν ἄρτων, easily to be supplied from the context, Mark 2:26; Luke 6:4; ἐκ τοῦ πνεύματος αὐτοῦ ἔδωκεν ἡμῖν, 1 John 4:13; otherwise in John 3:34 ὁ Θεός οὐ δίδωσι τό πνεῦμα ἐκ μέτρου, by measure, i. e. according to measure, moderately (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 51, 1 d.); otherwise in Revelation 3:9 δίδωμι ἐκ τῆς συναγωγῆς (see II. 2 b. above). τίνι ἀπό τίνος: Luke 20:10 ἵνα ἀπό τί καρποῦ τοῦ ἀμπελῶνος δῶσιν (L T Tr WH δώσουσιν) αὐτῷ, namely, the portion due. Τί followed by εἰς with a noun, to give something to put into, Luke 6:38 μέτρον δώσουσιν εἰς τόν κόλπον ὑμῶν (shall they give, i. e. pour into your bosom), or upon, Luke 15:22 δότε δακτύλιον εἰς τήν χεῖρα αὐτοῦ (put a ring on his hand); εἰς τόν ἀγρόν, for the field, to pay its price, Matthew 27:10; τίνι τί εἰς τάς χεῖρας, to commit a thing to one, deliver it into one's power: John 13:3 (Hebrew פּ בְּיַד נָתַן, Genesis 9:2; Genesis 14:20; Exodus 4:21); εἰς τήν διάνοιαν, or ἐπί τάς καρδίας (Jeremiah 38:33
2. δίδωμι τί ἐν τίνι, i. e. to be or remain in, so that it is in (cf. Winers Grammar, 414 (386); Buttmann, 329 (283)): ἐν τῇ χειρί τίνος, John 3:35; ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις, 2 Corinthians 1:22; ἐν τῇ καρδία τίνος, 2 Corinthians 8:16 (cf. 1 Kings 10:24); εἰρήνην δοῦναι ἐν τῇ γῆ to bring peace to be on earth, Luke 12:51.
3. δίδωμι τί ὑπέρ τίνος, give up for etc. (cf. Winer's Grammar, 383f (358f)): John 6:51; ἑαυτόν ὑπέρ τίνος, Titus 2:14; ἑαυτόν ἀντίλυτρον ὑπέρ τίνος, 1 Timothy 2:6; ἑαυτόν περί (R WH text ὑπέρ; cf. περί, the passage cited δ.) τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν, for sins, i. e. to expiate them, Galatians 1:4.
5. Hebraistically, δέδωκα ἐνώπιον σου θύραν ἀνεῳγμένην I have set before thee a door opened, i. e. have caused the door to be open to thee, Revelation 3:8. [SYNONYMS: διδόναι, δωρεῖσθαι: διδόναι, to give in general, antithetic to λαμβάνειν; δωρεῖσθαι specific, to bestow, present; διδόναι might be used even of evils, but δωρεῖσθαι could be used of such things only ironically; see δόμα, at the end. Compare: ἀναδίδωμι, ἀποδίδωμι, ἀνταποδίδωμι, διαδιαδωμι, ἐκδίδωμι, ἐπιδίδωμι μεταδίδωμι, παραδίδωμι προδίδωμι.]
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[in LXX chiefly for H5414 (53 words in all);]
to givein various senses, acc, to context bestow, grant, supply, deliver, commit, yield: absol., Acts 20:35; c. acc rei et dat. pers., Matthew 4:9; Matthew 5:31, John 1:12, al. mult.; c. dat. pers., seq. ἐκ , Matthew 25:8; id. c. gen. part., Revelation 2:17; c. acc pers., John 3:16, Revelation 20:13, al.; δεξιάς , Galatians 2:9; φίλημα , Luke 7:45; γνῶσιν , Luke 1:77; κρίσιν , John 5:22; of seed yielding fruit, Mark 4:7-8; ἐργασίαν (Deiss., LAE, 117 f.), Luke 12:58; c. inf. fin., Matthew 27:34, Mark 5:43, Luke 8:55, John 6:52, al.; c. dat. pers. et inf., Luke 1:74, al.; c. acc et inf., Acts 2:27, Revelation 3:9; c. dupl. acc, Matthew 20:28, Mark 10:45, Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 4:11, 2 Thessalonians 3:9, 1 Timothy 2:6, al.; ἐαυτὸν δ . εἰς (Polyb., al.), Acts 19:31; c. dat. pers., seq. κατά (MM, Exp., xi), Revelation 2:23 (LXX); δ . ἵνα , Revelation 3:9; δέδωκα ἐνώπόν σου θύραν ἀνεωγμένην , Revelation 3:8.
SYN.: δωρέομαι G1433.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Oxy X. 1292.9 (c. A.D. 30) ἔδωκα Ἑρμᾶτι δο ̣υ ̣̑ναί σοι (δραχμὰς) ι ̄β ̄, ib. VII. 1062.15 (ii/A.D.) τὸ ἀργύριον δὸς Ζωίλωι τῶι φιλῶι, ib. 1068.24 (iii/A.D.) εἵνα δῷς αὐτοῖς γράμματα should serve as exx. of the ordinary usage of this common verb. For διδόναι λόγον cf. P Oxy X. 1281.9 (a loan—A.D. 21) ἐφ᾽ ὧι ̣ κ ̣ο ̣μ ̣ι ̣ζ ̣ομέν ̣ου ̣ [τοῦ ] Ἰωσήπου ταῦτα πρότερον δώσει λόγ ̣ο ̣[ν ] τούτων, ";on condition that when Joseph receives it he shall first render an account of it"; (Edd.), P Strass I. 32.9 (A.D. 261) δότω λόγον, τί αὐτῷ ὀφείλ [ε ]ται καὶ ποῦ παρέσχεν, ἵνα οὕτως αὐτῷ ἐνλογηθῇ Lest Acts 13:20 should be supposed a Hebraism, after (e.g.) Numbers 14:4, we may quote P Lille I. 28.11 (iii/B.C.) αὐτοῖς ἐδώκαμεν μεσίτην Δωρ [ί ]ων [α, ";nous leur avons donné pour arbitre Dorion"; (Edd.), P Flor I. 2.52 (A.D. 265) δίδομεν καὶ προσαγγέλλομεν τὸν ὑπογεγραμμένον εἰς δεσμοφυλακείαν : cf. ib. 91.3 (ii/A.D.) ἐδόθην εἰς ἑ [τέραν αὖ λιτουργία ]ν, and P Oxy IX. 1195.1 (A.D. 135) Ἀπολλωνίωι κριτῆι δοθέντι ὑπὸ Πετρωνίου Μαμερτείνου τοῦ κρατίστου ἡγεμόνος. Similarly Deissmann (LAE, P. 117) disposes of the ";Latinism"; in Luke 12:58 by reference to a letter of B.C. 2 written in vulgar Greek, P Oxy IV. 742.14 δὸς ἐργασία [ν, ";give your attention to it,"; and to the occurrence of the same phrase in the unpublished P Bremen 18 (c. A.D. 118). He also cites OGIS 441.109 (B.C. 81) φροντίζωσιν διδῶσίν τε ἐργασίαν, ";may they take heed and give diligence"; (but see Dittenberger’s note). Herwerden (Lex. s.v.) illustrates the elliptical use (e.g. Revelation 2:23) from Rev. pap. Lips. 13iii. 3 ὁ ἄλλος λίθῳ δέδωκεν τῷ υἱῷ μου, sc. πληγήν : cf. our ";he gave it him with a stick."; For δίδωμι ἐμαυτόν τινι or ὑπέρ τινος (as 2 Corinthians 8:5, Titus 2:14) cf. P Par 47.26 (c. B.C. 153) (= Witkowski.2, p. 90) ἰ καὶ αὑτοὺς δεδώκαμεν καὶ ἀποπεπτώκαμεν ὑπὸ τῶν θεῶν καὶ πιστεύοντες τὰ ἐνύπνια, and see Nägeli, p. 56. There is a suggestive use of δ. in the question addressed to an oracle, P Oxy IX. 1213.4 (ii/A.D.) ἀξιοῖ Μένανδρος [εἰ ] δέδοταί μοι γαμῆσαι; [τοῦ ]τό μοι δός ";M. asks, is it granted me to marry? Answer me this"; (Ed.), so Wessely Spec.gr. 12, 26 εἶ οὐ [δέ ]δοταί μοι συμβιῶσαι Ταπεθεῦ [τι; (cf. Archiv v. p. 232). There is the same collocation of verbs in Matthew 19:11, where it is implied that there are those οἶς οὐ δέδοται. For δός at the end of the first oracle cf. P Oxy VIII. 1149.9 (ii/A.D.) : it answers to τοῦτό μοι σύμφωνον ἔνενκε in ib. 1148.9, and κύρωσ [όν ] μοι τοῦτο τὸ γραπτόν in Wessely’s oracle. Δὸς πεῖν (as in John 4:7) may be cited from P Leid Wviii. 9 (ii/iii A.D.).
On the forms of this verb, which was rapidly coming over into the -ω class, like other -μι verbs in the Hellenistic age—cf. MGr δίδω, δίνω or δώνω —see BS, p. 192, CR xv. pp. 37 f., 436, xviii. pp. 111 f., and the editor’s note on P Oxy VII. 1053.13. On ib. 1066.12 (iii/A.D.) ἔλεγέν μοι Ἀπόλλων ὅτι οὐδέν μοι ἔδωσεν, attention is drawn to ἔδωσεν as ";a rather early instance of the sigmatic form which is occasionally found in writers of the decadence.";
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