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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5065 - נָגַשׂ
1) to press, drive, oppress, exact, exert demanding pressure
1a1) to press, drive
1a2) to exact
1a3) driver, taskmaster, ruler, oppressor, tyrant, lord, exactor of tribute (participle)
1b) (Niphal) to be hard pressed
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳נ 2 Kings 23:25; Imperfect יִגּשֹׁ Deuteronomy 15:2; 2 masculine singular תִּגּשֹׁ Deuteronomy 15:3; 2 masculine plural תִּנְגּ֑שֹׁוּ Isaiah 58:3; — Participle נֹגֵשׂ Isaiah 9:3 +, etc.; —
1 press, drive to work (object עַצְּבֵיכֶם your workmen), Isaiah 58:3 (Ges Comm., De Di Du; exact [changing ׳ע, q. v.] Che, etc.); see
2 exact with accusativeכֶּסֶף, 2 Kings 23:35; followed by accusative of person only Deuteronomy 15:2,13.
3 Participle (= substantive) driver, task-master Exodus 3:7; Exodus 5:6,10,13,14; Job 3:18; (ass-) driver Job 39:7; of (arbitrary) ruler Isaiah 3:12, ruler (good sense) Zechariah 10:4; = foreign oppressor, tyrant Isaiah 9:3 (with בְּ) Isaiah 14:2,4; Zechariah 9:8; exactor of tribute, Daniel 11:20; plural abstract lordship = lord, ruler, figurative of צְדָקָה (personified) Isaiah 60:17 ("" מְּקֻדָּתֵךְ שָׁלוֺם).
Niph`al Perfect נִגַּשׂ 1 Samuel 13:6 2t. + Isaiah 3:5 (וְ consecutive); — hard pressed by enemy 1 Samuel 13:6, and Song of Solomon 1Samuel 14:24 (but omitted by emendation, after ᵐ5, Th We Dr Kit Bu HPS); treated harshly, of suffering servant of ׳י Isaiah 53:7; reciprocal tyrannize over (׳ב) each other Isaiah 35..
נָגַשׂ fut. יִגֹּשׂ (once יִנְגּוֹשׂ Isaiah 58:3), [“Arabic نجش”] to impel, to urge, to drive
(1) a labourer to work, Isaiah 58:3. Whence part. נוֹגֵשׂ a taskmaster, ἐργοδιώκτης, Exodus 3:7; Job 3:18 also followed by בְּ, hence נֹגֵשׂ בּוֹ Isaiah 9:3 used of a driver of animals, Job 39:7.
(2) to urge a debtor, to demand a debt, with an acc. of pers. Deuteronomy 15:2, Deuteronomy 15:3 to demand tribute, followed by two acc. of the tribute and those on whom it is levied, 2 Kings 23:35 part. נוֹגֵשׂ an exactor of tribute, Daniel 11:20.
(3) to reign, to rule, part. נוֹגֵשׂ a ruler, a tyrant, Isaiah 3:12, 14:2 60:17 Zechariah 10:4. Ethiop. ነገሠ፡ id. whence ንጉሥ፡ and ነጋሢ፡ a king; ንጉሠ፡ ነገሥት፡ king of kings, a title of the king of Ethiopia.
Niphal נִגַּשׂ to be pressed, harassed, 1 Samuel 13:6; Isaiah 53:7 to press or harass one another, Isaiah 3:5 to be harassed with toil, to be wearied out (used of an army), 1 Samuel 14:24.