the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #3423 - יָרֵשׁ
1) to seize, dispossess, take possession off, inherit, disinherit, occupy, impoverish, be an heir
1a1) to take possession of
1a2) to inherit
1a3) to impoverish, come to poverty, be poor
1b) (Niphal) to be dispossessed, be impoverished, come to poverty
1c) (Piel) to devour
1d1) to cause to possess or inherit
1d2) to cause others to possess or inherit
1d3) to impoverish
1d4) to dispossess
1d5) to destroy, bring to ruin, disinherit
1458) sr (רסה RSh) AC: Inherit CO: Head AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head. The head of the tribe (chief) or family (father) is passed from generation to generation. The head grants permission for the betrothal of his daughters and determines the inheritor of the tribe or family. The head of a person, place, thing or time. (eng: raise - with the exchange of the s and sh)
Nm ) sar (ראסה RASh) - Head: The top of the body. A person in authority or role of leader. The top, beginning or first of something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: syr] KJV (619): head, chief, top, beginning, company, captain, sum, first, principal, chapiters, rulers - Strongs: H7217 (רֵאשׁ), H7218 (רֹאשׁ), H7389 (רִישׁ)
ef1) esair (ריאסהה RYAShH) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular יָרַשׁ Jeremiah 49:1; וְיָרַשׁ consecutive Jeremiah 49:2; Numbers 27:11; 2 masculine singular יָרָ֑שְׁתָּ 1 Kings 21:19; וְיָרַשְׁתָּ֫ Deuteronomy 6:18 2t.; suffix וִירִשְׁתָּהּ consecutive Deuteronomy 17:14 2t. on this and kindred forms see Kö i. 406,411); וִירִשְׁתָּם consecutive Deuteronomy 19:1; Deuteronomy 31:3; 3 plural יָרְשׁוּ Deuteronomy 3:20 +; suffix וִיִרֵשׁוּךָ consecutive Ezekiel 36:12 (Kö l.c.); וִירֵשׁוּהָ consecutive Isaiah 34:11 3t.; 2 masculine plural וִירִשְׁתֶּם consecutive Deuteronomy 4:1 7t.; 1 plural יָרַשְׁנוּ Deuteronomy 3:12, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִירַשׁ Genesis 21:10; Psalm 25:13; 2 masculine plural תִּירְשׁוּ Leviticus 20:24; 1 Chronicles 28:8; תִּירָ֑שׁוּ Ezekiel 33:25,26; תִּירָשׁ֑וּן Deuteronomy 5:30, etc.; Imperative masculine singular יְרָ֑שָׁה Deuteronomy 33:23; רֵשׁ Deuteronomy 1:21; 1 Kings 21:15; רָ֑שׁ Deuteronomy 2:24,31; masculine plural וּרְשׁוּ Deuteronomy 1:8; Deuteronomy 9:23; Infinitive construct לָרֶ֫שֶׁת Deuteronomy 2:31+ 17t.; לָרָ֑שֶׁת Nehemiah 9:23; suffix לְרִשְׁתְּךָ Genesis 28:4; לְרִשְׁתּוֺ 1 Kings 21:16,18; לְרִשְׁתָּהּ Genesis 15:7 28t.; Participle יוֺרֵשׁ Genesis 15:3 6t.; plural י(וֺ)רְשִׁים Deuteronomy 12:2; Jeremiah 8:10; suffix יֹרְשָׁיו Jeremiah 49:2; —
1 take possession of, especially by force, have as a possession, often with collateral idea of taking in place of others, succeeding to, inheriting (compare 2):
a. land, followed by accusative Genesis 15:7,8; Numbers 13:30; Numbers 21:24,35; Joshua 18:13 (all J E), Joshua 24:4,8 (E), Judges 2:6; Judges 11:21,22,23,24 (twice in verse); Judges 18:9; Deuteronomy 1:8,21,39 25t. Deuteronomy , + Deuteronomy 11:31; Deuteronomy 17:14; Deuteronomy 26:1 (all possess land and dwell therein), similarly Isaiah 65:9 (twice in verse); Psalm 69:36; בְּאַרְצַם מִשְׁנֶה יִירָ֑שׁוּ Isaiah 61:7 in their land they shall possess the double; הָחֵל רָשׁ Deuteronomy 2:24; הָחֵל רָשׁ לָרֶשֶׁת אֶתאַֿרְצוֺ Deuteronomy 2:31; especially phrase (הארץ) שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ (etc. עֹבְרִים) אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם בָּאִים Deuteronomy 4:5,14,26 12t. Deuteronomy; also Ezra 9:10; see Deuteronomy 30:18; Joshua 1:11 (twice in verse); Joshua 1:15 (twice in verse); Joshua 12:1; Joshua 13:1; Joshua 21:41; Joshua 23:5 (all D); Amos 2:10; Obadiah 19..19 Habakkuk 1:6; Ezekiel 33:24,25,26; Leviticus 20:24 (twice in verse) (H), Genesis 28:4; Numbers 33:53 (both P), 1 Chronicles 28:8; Nehemiah 9:15,22,23,24; Psalm 25:13; Psalm 37:9; Psalm 37:11; Psalm 37:22; Psalm 37:29; Psalm 37:34; + ב instrumental Psalm 44:4; also וַעֲמַל לְאֻמִּים יִירָ֑שׁוּ Psalm 105:44 ("" וִיִּתֵּןלָהֶם אַרְצוֺת גּוֺיִם); take possession of fields Jeremiah 8:10 (object not expressed), 1 Kings 21:15,16,18,19; Psalm 83:13; inheritance (in land) Numbers 27:11; Numbers 36:8 (twice in verse) (all P); city (cities), Joshua 19:47 (JE), Judges 3:13; Obadiah 20; so הַרקָֿדְשִׁי Isaiah 57:13 ("" נחל ארץ), Isaiah 63:18 where read probably הַרֿקָדְשֶׁ֑ךְ (for ᵑ0׳עַםקֿ, see ᵐ5 VB and "" clause); possess city and dwell therein 2 Kings 17:24; Isaiah 34:17,11yea the pelican and bittern shall possess it; so of nettles Hosea 9:6; וְיִרַשׁ זַרְעֲךָ אֵת שַׁעַר אֹיְבָיו Genesis 22:17, compare Genesis 24:60 (both J); possess houses Ezekiel 7:24 (strike out Co), Nehemiah 9:25; יוֺרֵשׁ עֶצֶר Judges 18:7 possessing wealth (? seeVB) .
b. a people (with collateral idea of being their heir (
2), and so dispossessing them.), so especially in Deuteronomy 2:12,21,22; Deuteronomy 9:1 (+ cities), Deuteronomy 11:23; Deuteronomy 12:2,29,29; Deuteronomy 18:14; Deuteronomy 19:1; Deuteronomy 31:3; Numbers 21:32 (Kt וַיִּירַשׁ; J E), Amos 9:12; מַדּוּעַ יָרַשׁ מִלְכֹּם אֶתֿ גָּ֑ד Jeremiah 49:1 (on text seeVB), Jeremiah 49:2; Jeremiah 49:2 (in these 3perhaps play on meaning inherit, compare Jeremiah 49:1 a); Ezekiel 36:12; Obadiah 17; Isaiah 54:3; nations + countries Ezekiel 35:10.
2 inherit, followed by accusative of person = be one's heir Genesis 15:3,4 (twice in verse) (JE); שִׁפְחָה כִּיתִֿירַשׁ גְּבִרְתָּהּ Proverbs 30:23 (or, dispossess?); absolute be heir, followed by עִם person = jointly with Proverbs 21:10 (E); (הַ)יּוֺרֵשׁ ( the) heir 2 Samuel 14:7; Jeremiah 49:1 ("" בָּנִים); Micah 1:15 (= possessor, captor), where paronom. with proper name, of a location מָרֵשָׁה; inherit persons, as slaves לָרֶשֶׁת אֲחֻזָּה Leviticus 25:46 (H).
3 = impoverish, הַלְיָרְשֵׁנוּ קְרָאתֶם Judges 14:15 to impoverish us did ye call (us)?
Niph`al Imperfect יִוָּרֵשׁ Proverbs 23:21; 2 masculine singular תִּוָּרֵשׁ Genesis 45:11; Proverbs 20:13; אִוָּרֵשׁ Proverbs 30:9; — be ( dispossessed =) impoverished, come to poverty Genesis 45:11 (E), Proverbs 20:13; Proverbs 23:21; Proverbs 30:9 (opposed to אֶשְׂבַּע).
Pi`el Imperfect מְּרִי אַדְמָתֶ֑ךָ יְיָרֵשׁ הַצְּלַָצל Deuteronomy 28:42 the fruit of thy ground shall the cricket get full possession of (compare Qal Hosea 9:6; Isaiah 34:11), i.e. devour.
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הוֺרִישׁ Judges 1:27 +; 2 masculine singular הוֺרַשְׁתָּ 2 Chronicles 20:7; Psalm 44:3, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יוֺרִישׁ Joshua 3:10; וִיּ֫(וֺ)רֶשׁ Judges 1:19 +; 3 feminine singular suffix 3 masculine plural תּוֺרִישֵׁמוּ Exodus 15:9, etc.; Infinitive absolute הוֺרֵשׁ Joshua 3:10; Joshua 17:13; הוֺרֵישׁ Judges 1:28; construct לְהוֺרִישׁ Deuteronomy 4:38 +, etc.; Participle מוֺרִישׁ 1 Samuel 2:7; Deuteronomy 18:12; suffix מוֺרִישָׁם Deuteronomy 9:4,5; —
1 cause to possess, or inherit Judges 11:24; מִיְּרֻשָּֽׁתְךָ אֲשֶׁר הוֺרַשְׁתָּנוּ 2 Chronicles 20:11; followed by ל person, וְהוֺרַשְׁתֶּם לִבְנֵיכֶם Ezra 9:12 and cause your sons to inherit (it); figurative תּוֺרִישֵׁנִיעֲוֺנוֺת נְעוּרָ֑י Job 13:26 thou makest me to inherit (the consequences of) the iniquities of my youth.
2 cause (others) to possess or inherit, then Generally dispossess:
a. followed by accusative of a people or person, Joshua 13:13; Joshua 16:10 (both J E), Judges 1:29,30,31,32,33 (all opposed to ישׁבבְּקֶרֶב), Joshua 14:12 (JE), Joshua 17:13 (J E; הוֺרֵשׁ לֹא הוֺרִישׁוֺ), Judges 1:28 ( id.); opposed to ישׁב אֵת Joshua 15:63; opposed to ישׁב בְּ Judges 1:21,27; also Numbers 21:32 Qr, Numbers 32:39; Joshua 17:18 (all J E), Joshua 13:12 (D), Judges 1:19; b Judges 2:23; also וַיֹּרֶשׁאֶתהָֿהָר Judges 1:19 a (= אתיֿושׁבי ההר see V b), Deuteronomy 7:17; Psalm 44:3; וְהוֺרַשְׁתָּםוְהֵאֲבַדְתָּם Deuteronomy 9:3; followed by accusative. + מִמְּנֵי Exodus 34:24; Numbers 32:21; Joshua 3:10 (הוֺרֵשׁ יוֺרִישׁ; all these J E), Deuteronomy 4:38; Deuteronomy 9:4,5; Deuteronomy 18:12; Joshua 13:6; Joshua 23:9 (both D), Numbers 33:52,55 (both P), Judges 2:21; Judges 11:23,24; 1 Kings 14:24; 1 Kings 21:26; 2 Kings 16:3; 2 Kings 17:8; 2 Kings 21:2 (all D), 2 Chronicles 28:3; 33:2; accusative. + מִלִּפְנֵי Deuteronomy 11:23; Joshua 23:5,13 (D; "" הָדַף), 2 Chronicles 20:7; accusative. + מִשָּׁם Joshua 15:14 (JE) = Judges 1:20; of cities (i.e. their inhabitants) Joshua 8:7; Joshua 17:12; so of a land = Numbers 33:53 (P), see Numbers 33:52; Numbers 33:55 [ᵐ5 + יושׁבי].
b. followed by accusative of thing, מִבִּטְנוֺ יֹרִשֶׁנּוּ אֵל Job 20:15 God shall cast them out of his belly, i.e. riches ("" חַיִל בָּלַעוַיְקִאֶנּוּ).
3 = impoverish, יהוה מוֺרִישׁ וּמַעֲשׁיר 1 Samuel 2:7 (song) ׳י impoverisheth and maketh rich; followed by accusative (of Tyre) אֲדֹנָי יוֺרִשֶׁנָּה Zechariah 9:4 (see Zechariah 9:3).
4 nearly = bring to ruin, destroy, followed by accusative of a people אָרִיק חַרְבִּי תּוֺרִישֵׁמוֺ יָדִי Exodus 15:9 (poem in E); so perhaps also Numbers 14:12 (J E; AV disinherit; "" אַכֶּנּוּבַּדֶּבֶר). 5 =
Qal take possession of a land Numbers 14:24 (JE), but read probably יִרָשֶׁנָּה.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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