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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2961 - κυριεύω
- to be lord of, to rule, have dominion over
- of things and forces
- to exercise influence upon, to have power over
1. to be lord or master of, πάντων X. Mem. 2.6.22, cf. Arist. EN 1160b35; τῆς Ἀσίας X. Mem. 3.5.11; μυρίων γῆς πήχεων Men. 1099, cf. PEleph. 14.14 (iii B.C.), etc.; τῶν γενημάτων PTeb. 105.47 (ii B.C.); τῆς θαλάττης Agatharch. 5; ὧν ἁ πόλις.. κυριεύει IG 5(2).510.4 (Arc., ii B.C.); κυριεύειν τὴν γυναῖκα τοῦ ἀνδρός D.S. 1.27; σανίδων Phld. Mort. 24; νεκρῶν καὶ ζώντων Romans 14:9; κρατεῖν καὶ κ. PStrassb. 14.22 (iii A.D.); gain possession of, seize, ζωγρίᾳ τινῶν Plb. 1.7.11, al., cf. Ph. Bel. 80.41: later c. acc., τὰ σώματα καὶ τὴν βοῦν κ. PGrenf. 1.21.13 (ii B.C.); τοῦ κυριεύοντος τὴν ὅλην οἰκουμένην PMag.Lond. 121.838: abs., to be dominant, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.244: — Pass., to be dominated, possessed, ὑπό τινος Arist. Mir. 838a10. Astrol., of planets, κ. τοῦ σχήματος Ptol. Tetr. 169, cf. Vett.Val. 63.23: — Pass., οἱ -όμενοι τόποι Ptol. Tetr. 112.
2. to have legal power to do, c. inf., Lex ap. Aeschin. 1.35.
II ὁ κυριεύω (sc. λόγος, wh. is expressed in Arr. Epict. 2.19.1), a logical puzzle, Plu. 2.615a, Luc. Vit.Auct. 22, etc., cf. Stoic. 2.93.
κυριεύω; future κυριεύσω; 1 aorist subjunctive 3 person singular κυριεύσῃ; (κύριος); to be lord of, to rule over, have dominion over: with the genitive of the object (cf. Buttmann, 169 (147)), Luke 22:25; Romans 14:9; 2 Corinthians 1:24; absolutely, οἱ κυριεύοντες, supreme rulers, kings, 1 Timothy 6:15; of things and forces equivalent to to exercise influence upon, to have power over: with the genitive of the object, ὁ θάνατος, Romans 6:9; ἡ ἁμαρτία, 14; ὁ νόμος, Romans 7:1. (Xenophon, Aristotle, Polybius, and following, the Sept. for מָשַׁל (etc.).) (Compare: κατακυριεύω.)
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(< κύριος ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4911;]
to be lord or master of, to rule (over): C. gen. obj., Luke 22:25, Romans 14:9, 2 Corinthians 1:24; absol., 1 Timothy 6:15; metaph., ὁ θάνατος , Romans 6:9; ἡ ἁμαρτία , Romans 6:14; ὁ νόμος , Romans 7:1 (cf. κατα -κυριεύω ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
κυριεύω is construed with gen. of obj., as in Luke 22:25 etc., in such passages as P Par 15.13 (B.C. 120) οἰκιῶν, ὧν καὶ τῶν προγόνων μου κεκυριευκότων ἐφ᾽ ὅσον περιῆσαν χρόνον, or P Tebt I.104.15 (B.C. 92), a marriage contract in which provision is made that the wife is to own their property in common with her husband—κυρεύουσαν (l. κυριεύουσαν —but cf. Mayserp. 147) μετ᾽ αὐτοῦ κοινῇ τῶν ὑπαρχόντων αὐτοῖς : cf. also Michel 976.11 (B.C. 300) ὧν τε αὐτὸς ἐκυρίευσεν, ";those things for which he was personally responsible."; P Lond 154.14 (A.D. 68) (= II. p. 179) μηδὲ τοὺς παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ κυριεύοντα [ς αὐτῶν ] . . κ (αὶ) κατασπῶντες shows part. ace. plur. in –ας followed by one in –ες (Thackeray Gr. i. p. 149). In the magic P Lond 121.838 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. III) the verb is followed by the acc.—τοῦ κυριεύοντος τὴ (ν) ὅλην οἰκουμένην, and in P Eleph 14.14 (Ptol.) the usual constr. with the gen.—τῆς δὲ γῆς κυριεύσει καὶ τῶν καρπῶν —is accompanied by an absol. constr.—.22 κυριεύσουσιν δὲ καθ᾽ ἃ καὶ οἱ πρῶτον κύριοι ἐκέκτηντο. For the same two constructions we may compare the verb with the gen. in Romans 6:9; Romans 6:14 al. and its absol. occurrence in 2 Corinthians 3:17 οὗ δὲ τὸ πνεῦμα κυριεύει, ἐλευθερία according to Bishop Chase’s happy conjectural reading : see JTS xvii. p. 60 ff. On ὁ κυριεύων as the colloquial name for the ";master"; argument, see Epict. ii. 19. I. The subst. κυριεία is found in P Tor I. Iv. 37 (B.C. 116) μηδεμιᾶς κρατήσεως μηδὲ κυριείας τινὸς ἐγγαίου περιγενομένης αὐτῶι, where the editor (p. 152) distinguishes between κράτησις, occupatio, possessio, or ius in re, and κυριεία, dominium, or ius ad rem : for the form κυρεία, as in Daniel 4:19 (Theod.) al., cf. P Amh II. 95i. 6 (A.D. 109) τὴν τ ̣ο ̣υ ̣των κυρ [ε ]ίαν καὶ κράτησιν, P Tebt II. 294.19 (A.D. 146). See also Mayser Gr. pp. 92, 417.
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