the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1828 - ἐξέλκω
- to draw out
- metaph. lure forth: in hunting and fishing as game is lured from its hiding place, so man by lure is allured from the safety of self-restraint to sin. In Jas 1:14, the language of the hunting is transferred to the seduction of a harlot.
ἐξέλκ-ω, fut. -έλξω Ar. Eq. 365 (Pors.): aor. 1 -είλκῠσα; inf. -ελκύσαι Id. Pax 315, 506: — Pass., -ελκυσθῇ Hdt. 2.70: — draw, drag out, Il. 23.762: c. gen. loci, Od. 5.432 (Pass.); φάσγανον.. ἐ. κολεοῦ E. Hec. 544; Ἑλλάδ' ἐ. δουλίας rescue from slavery, Pi. P. 1.75; δύστηνον ἐ. πόδα, of a lame man, S. Ph. 291: abs., without πόδα, of one wounded, E. Andr. 1121; ἐξέλξω σε τῆς πυγῆς θύραζε Ar. Eq. 365 (Pors. for ἐξελῶ) ; ἐξελκύσαι τὴν πᾶσιν Εἰρήνην φίλην drag her out of the cave, Id. Pax 294, cf. 315, 506; rare in Prose, as Pl. R. 515e; ἐξελκυσθείς Arist. Pol. 1311b30; τέχναι τινὰ ἐ. τῆς πενίας Lib. Or. 39.14.
ἐξέλκω: (present passive participle ἐξελκόμενος); to draw out, (Homer, Pindar, Attic writings); metaphorically, equivalent to to lure forth (A. V. draw away): ὑπό τῆς ... ἐπιθυμίας ἐξελκόμενος, James 1:14, where the metaphor is taken from hunting and fishing: as game is lured from its covert, so man by lust is allured from the safety of self-restraint to sin. (The language of hunting seems to be transferred here (so elsewhere, cf. Wetstein (1752) at the passage) to the seductions of a harlot, personated by ἐπιθυμία; see τίκτω.)
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ἐξ -έλκω ,
[in LXX: Genesis 37:28 (H4900), etc.;]
to draw out or away: metaph., ὑπὸ τ . ἐπιθυμίας , James 1:14 (v. Mayor, in l).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἐξέλκω is found in its literal sense of ";draw out"; (ci. Genesis 37:28) in connexion with the account of the healing in the Asclepieum of a man who had been blinded by a spear, Syll 803.67 (iii/B.C.) ἐδ [όκει οἱ τὸν θεὸν ] ἐξελκύσαντα τὸ βέλος εἰς τὰ β [λέφα ]ρα τὰς καλουμ [ένας οἱ κόρας πά ]λιν ἐναρμόξαι.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.