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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #7602 - שָׁאַף

Transliteration
shâ'aph
Phonetics
shaw-af'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2305,2306
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to gasp, pant, pant after, long for, breathe heavily

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to gasp, pant after, snuff up

1a2) to gasp or pant (with desire), pant after, be eager for

1a3) to thirst for one’s blood (from actions of animals) (figuratively)

2) to crush, trample, trample upon

2a) (Qal) to trample upon, crush

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1670 ‑ ἑλκύω (hel‑koo'‑o, hel'‑ko);  1828 ‑ ἐξέλκω (ex‑el'‑ko);  2662 ‑ καταπατέω (kat‑ap‑at‑eh'‑o);  3404 ‑ μισέω (mis‑eh'‑o);  3583 ‑ ξηραίνω (xay‑rah'ee‑no);  4151 ‑ πνεῦμα (pnyoo'‑mah);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (14)
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
1
Amos
2
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (14)
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
1
Amos
2
BSB (14)
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
1
Amos
2
ESV (13)
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
1
Amos
2
WEB (14)
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
2
Ezekiel
1
Amos
2
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1477) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: Strike CO: Serpent AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth, the p is a picture of the mouth. Combined these mean "sharp teeth in the mouth". A serpent (סנאכ snake) has sharp fangs in the mouth. Its prey is taken into the mouth swallowed by drawing down into the belly. (eng: sharp - with the additional r; serpent - with the exchange of the s and sh and the additional r and nt; jasper)

A) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?

Nf ) eps (סהפה ShPH) - Milk: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): cheese - Strongs: H8194 (שְׁפוֹת)

fm) ips (סהפי ShPY) - High place: In the sense of the serpent lifting its head to strike. KJV (10): high place - Strongs: H8205 (שְׁפִי)

B) pps (סהפפ ShPP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

bjm ) nfpips (סהפיפונ ShPYPWN) - Shephiyphon: An unknown species of viper. KJV (1): adder - Strongs: H8207 (שְׁפִיפֹן)

C) psa (אסהפ AShP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

Nm ) psa (אסהפ AShP) - Enchanter: From their hissing. [Aramaic only] KJV (8): astrologer - Strongs: H825 (אַשָּׁף), H826 (אָשַׁף)

Nf1) epsa (אסהפה AShPH) - Quiver: A pouch with a mouth for sharp arrows. KJV (6): quiver - Strongs: H827 (אַשְׁפָּה)

D) pas (סהאפ ShAP) AC: Swallow CO: ? AB: ?: A drawing in by swallowing as the snake swallows its prey.

V) pas (סהאפ ShAP) - I. Swallow: II. Draw:To draw water from a well. [df: bas] KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Participle) swallow, snuff, pant, desire, devour, draw, drawer - Strongs: H7579 (שָׁאַב), H7602 (שָׁאַף)

am ) pasm (מסהאפ MShAP) - Well: A place for drawing water. [df: basm] KJV (1): draw - Strongs: H4857 (מַשְׁאָב)

H) eps (סהפה ShPH) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?: The serpent lifts its head up high to strike.

V) eps (סהפה ShPH) - High: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal, Pual) stick out, high - Strongs: H8192 (שָׁפָה)

J) pfs (סהופ ShWP) AC: Strike CO: ? AB: ?: A striking of the serpent.

V) pfs (סהופ ShWP) - Strike: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) bruise, break, cover - Strongs: H7779 (שׁוּף)

L) psi (יסהפ YShP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning]

Nf1) psi (יסהפ YShP) - Jasper: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (3): jasper - Strongs: H3471 (יָשְׁפֶה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2022
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁאַף

(1)  to breathe hard, to pant (fchnauben), spoken of an enraged person, Isaiah 42:14 of one in haste; hence to hasten, Ecclesiastes 1:5. Compare הֵפִיחַ No. 4. Roots of the same stock are שׁוּף, נָשַׁף, נָשַׁב, שָׁבַב No. I.; and kindred to these is the syllable הַב, אַו, which has the sense both of blowing and desiring. In the Indo-Germanic languages it is found with a sibilant, fchnauben, fchnappen, to snap, with an aspirate, happen (jappen), etc.

(2) to pant after (fchnappen), to catch at with open mouth, as the air, Jeremiah 2:24, 14:6 a shadow, Job 7:2 the night (i.e. death), Job 36:20. Poet. it is ascribed to a noose or trap lying in wait for any one, Job 5:5 (see צַמִּים ). Followed by עַל Amos 2:7, “who pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor,” they are urgent that dust may be on the head of the poor, as a mark of oppression or mourning. Elsewhere to pant after any one is i.q. to thirst for his blood, a metaphor taken from wild beasts, Psalms 56:2, Psalms 56:3, 57:4 Amos 8:4; Ezekiel 36:3.

I.

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List of Word Forms
הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֖ים הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֤ים השאפים וְאֶשְׁאַ֖ף וְשָׁאַ֖ף וְשָׁאֹ֨ף וָאֶשְׁאָ֑פָה ואשאף ואשאפה ושאף יִשְׁאַף־ ישאף־ שְׁאָפַ֣נִי שָׁאֲפ֣וּ שָׁאֲפ֥וּ שָׁאֲפָ֣ה שֹׁאֲפִ֣י שׁוֹאֵ֛ף שאפה שאפו שאפי שאפני שואף תִּשְׁאַ֥ף תשאף haš·šō·’ă·p̄îm hashshoaFim haššō’ăp̄îm šā’ăp̄āh šā’ăp̄ū šā·’ă·p̄āh šā·’ă·p̄ū šə’āp̄anî šə·’ā·p̄a·nî shaaFah shaaFu sheaFani shoaFi shoEf šō’ăp̄î šō·’ă·p̄î šō·w·’êp̄ šōw’êp̄ tiš’ap̄ tiš·’ap̄ tishAf vaeshAfah veeshAf veshaAf veshaOf wā’eš’āp̄āh wā·’eš·’ā·p̄āh wə’eš’ap̄ wə·’eš·’ap̄ wə·šā·’ap̄ wə·šā·’ōp̄ wəšā’ap̄ wəšā’ōp̄ yiš’ap̄- yiš·’ap̄- yishaf
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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