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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3583 - ξηραίνω
- to make dry, dry up, wither
- to become dry, to be dry, be withered
- of plants
- of the ripening of crops
- of fluids
- of the members of the body
- to waste away, pine away, i.e. a withered hand
fut. -ᾰνῶ E. Cyc. 575: aor. ἐξήρἀνα Th. 1.109, Hp. Epid. 2.3.2, but ἐξήρηνα Id. Hum. 1, Mul. 2.112, Aret. CD 1.3: — Pass., fut. ξηρανθήσομαι Gal. 1.516, etc., but Med. ξηρᾰνοῦμαι in same sense, Hp. Aff. 25, Arist. Mete. 356b25: aor. ἐξηράνθην Il. 21.345, Hp. Epid. 5.30, Pl. Phlb. 31e: pf. ἐξήρασμαι Hp. Vict. 2.66, Loc.Hom. 29, Antiph. 217.13; ἐξήραμμαι Thphr. CP 5.14.6, Mark 3:1, POxy. 1188.19 (i A.D.), Sch. Ar. Pl. 1082; inf. ἀπ-εξηράνθαι Hp. Mul. 1.17; part. ἐξηρᾱμένος only late, Sch. Porph. Abst. 2.6: (ξηρός): —
1. parch, dry up, ξηρανεῖ σ' ὁ Βάκχιος E.l.c.; of the sun, X. Mem. 4.3.8, etc.; τὸ σῶμα πρὸς ἀέρα ξ. Jul. Or. 6.203b; make costive, τὴν κοιλίην Hp. Aph. 3.17, cf. 2.20 (Pass.): — Pass., to be or become dry, parched, ἐξηράνθη πεδίον Il.l.c., cf. Pl. Ti. 88d, etc.; to be withered, ἐξηράνθη ἡ συκῆ Matthew 21:19, cf. Demetr.Lac. Herc. 1012.12, POxy. l.c.
2. drain dry, ξηράνας τὴν διώρυχα Th. 1.109.
3. metaph., κακουχεῖ αὑτὸν καὶ ξ. Teles p.34 H. Pass., of a paralytic, Mark 9:18.
ξηραίνω: 1 aorist ἐξηρανα (James 1:11); passive, present ξηραίνομαι; perfect 3 person singular ἐξήρανται (Mark 11:21), participle ἐξηραμμενος; 1 aorist ἐξηράνθην; cf. Buttmann, 41 (36); (from ξηρός, which see); from Homer down; the Sept. chiefly for יִבֵּשׁ and הובִישׁ; to make dry, dry up, wither: active, τόν χόρτον, James 1:11; passive to become dry, to be dry, be withered (cf. Buttmann, 52 (45)) (the Sept. for יָבֵשׁ): of plants, Matthew 13:6; Matthew 21:19; Mark 4:6; Mark 11:20; Luke 8:6; John 15:6; (1 Peter 1:24); of the ripening of crops, Revelation 14:15; of fluids: ἡ πηγή, Mark 5:29; τό ὕδωρ, Revelation 16:12 (Genesis 8:7; Isaiah 19:5); of members of the body, to waste away, pine away: Mark 9:18; ἐξηραμμενη χείρ, a withered hand, Mark 3:1, and R G in 3.
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(< ξηρός ),
[in LXX chiefly for H3001;]
to dry up, parch, wither. c. acc, τ . χόρτον , James 1:11; pass., to become or be dry or withered. of plants, Matthew 13:6; Matthew 21:19-20, Mark 4:6; Mark 11:20-21, Luke 8:6, John 15:6, 1 Peter 1:24; of ripened crops, Revelation 14:15; of liquids, Mark 5:20, Revelation 16:12; of members of the body, to waste away, Mark 3:1 (cf. 1 Kings 13:4) Mark 9:18.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
On the improbability that Ὀνησίφορος, who, according to tradition, suffered martyrdom at Parium, a city of Mysia, in the beginning of ii/A.D., is to be identified with the friend and disciple of Paul (2 Timothy 1:16; 2 Timothy 4:19), see W. M. Ramsay Exp T ix. p. 495 f. The identification, as Ramsay points out, becomes impossible if we accept the tradition embodied in the Acts of Paul and Thekla (A.D. 150–170), which makes Onesiphorus, a native of Antioch, converted by Paul on his first visit, and already a householder at that time, about A.D. 48.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.