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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3001 - יָבֵשׁ
1) to make dry, wither, be dry, become dry, be dried up, be withered
1a1) to be dry, be dried up, be without moisture
1a2) to be dried up
1b) (Piel) to make dry, dry up
1c1) to dry up, make dry
1c1a) to dry up (water)
1c1b) to make dry, wither
1c1c) to exhibit dryness
V) sab (באסה BASh) - Stink: Something that gives off a bad odor or is loathsome. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael) stink, abhor, abomination, loathsome, stinking, savour, displeased - Strongs: H887 (בָּאַשׁ), H888 (בְּאֵשׁ)
V) sbi (יבסה YBSh) - Dry: To be dried up as well as withered, ashamed or confused. KJV (78): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) dry up, withered, confounded, ashamed, dry, wither away, clean, shamed, shamefully - Strongs: H3001 (יָבֵשׁ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
יָבֵשׁ fut. יִיבַשׁ, pl. יִבָשׁוּ inf. constr. יְבוֹשׁ, יְבשֶׁת Genesis 8:7, to be dried up, to be or become dry; used of plants, trees, grass, Isaiah 15:6, 19:7 40:7, Isaiah 40:8; Joel 1:12 of tilled fields, Jeremiah 23:10; Isaiah 27:11; Ezekiel 17:9 of the earth, Genesis 8:14 of bones void of marrow, Ezekiel 37:11 of a withered hand, 1 Kings 13:4 (comp. Mark 3:1); hence, of vital strength, Psalms 22:16, יָבֵשׁ כַּחֶרֶשׂ כֹּחִי “my strengthis dried up like a potsherd.” Moisture itself is said also to dry up; hence it is used of rivers and the sea, Job 14:11; Genesis 8:14; Joel 1:20. (Arab. يَبِسَ id.) As to its difference from הָרֵב to be dry, see under that word.
Piel יִבֵּשׁ to dry, to make dry, Job 15:30; Proverbs 17:22; Nahum 1:4 (where וַיַבְּשֵׁהוּ is for וַיְיַבְּשֵׁהוּ).
(1) to dry, to make dry, Joshua 2:10, 4:23.
(2) intransit. to become dry, used of plants, fruits, the harvest, Joel 1:10, 12 Joel 1:12, 17 Joel 1:17 and metaph. ver. 12 Joel 1:12, “joy is dried up (i.e. has perished) from the children of men.”
II. יָבַשׁ Hiphil הוֹבִישׁ, with a signification taken from that of בּוֹשׁ
(1) to put to shame, 2 Samuel 19:6.
(2) intrans, i.q. בּוֹשׁ in Kal, to be ashamed, to be put to shame, made to blush, Jeremiah 2:26, 6:15 8:12 especially used of a person whose hope has failed, JoeI 1:11 Jeremiah 10:14; Zechariah 9:5 poet. of cities overthrown (compare the Germ. zu Schanden werden), Jeremiah 48:1, 20 Jeremiah 48:20, 50:2, Jeremiah 50:3.
(3) to do shameful things, to act basely, Hosea 2:7.
יָבֵשׁ adj. fem. יְבֵשָׁה
(1) dry, dried up, Job 13:25; Ezekiel 17:24, 21:3.
(2) [Jabesh], pr.n.
(a) of a town in Gilead, which also is written יָבֵישׁ 1 Samuel 11:1, 1:3 Judges 21:8.
(b) of a man, 2 Kings 15:10, 13 2 Kings 15:13, 14 2 Kings 15:14.
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