the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7223 - רִאשֹׁן
1) first, primary, former (adjective)
1a) former (of time)
1a2) former things
1b) foremost (of location)
1c) first (in time)
1d) first, chief (in degree)
2) first, before, formerly, at first (adverb)
1458) sr (רסה RSh) AC: Inherit CO: Head AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head. The head of the tribe (chief) or family (father) is passed from generation to generation. The head grants permission for the betrothal of his daughters and determines the inheritor of the tribe or family. The head of a person, place, thing or time. (eng: raise - with the exchange of the s and sh)
A) sr (רסה RSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?
Nf2 ) tsr (רסהת RShT) - Net: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (21): net - Strongs: H7568 (רֶשֶׁת)
fjm) nfisr (רסהיונ RShYWN) - Permission: KJV (1): grant - Strongs: H7558 (רִשְׁיוֹן)
B) ssr (רסהסה RShSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?
ibm ) sisrt (תרסהיסה TRShYSh) - Tarshish: An unknown precious stone. A chief of trade goods. KJV (7): beryle - Strongs: H8658 (תַּרְשִׁישׁ)
C) sra (ארסה ARSh) AC: Request CO: ? AB: ?: A granting permission to marry.
V) sra (ארסה ARSh) - Betroth: To request a woman for marriage. [df: Vra] KJV (11): (vf: Pual, Piel) betroth, espouse - Strongs: H781 (אָרַשׂ)
Nf2 ) tsra (ארסהת ARShT) - Request: KJV (1): request - Strongs: H782 (אֲרֶשֶׁת)
D) sar (ראסה RASh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?
Nm ) sar (ראסה RASh) - Head: The top of the body. A person in authority or role of leader. The top, beginning or first of something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: syr] KJV (619): head, chief, top, beginning, company, captain, sum, first, principal, chapiters, rulers - Strongs: H7217 (רֵאשׁ), H7218 (רֹאשׁ), H7389 (רִישׁ)
Nf3 ) tfsar (ראסהות RAShWT) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (1): bolster - Strongs: H7226 (רַאֲשׁוֹת)
Nf4) tisar (ראסהית RAShYT) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (51): beginning, firstfruits, first, chief - Strongs: H7225 (רֵאשִׁית)
af1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Head: As a leader. KJV (1): principality - Strongs: H4761 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)
ef1) esair (ריאסהה RYAShH) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)
ejm) nfsair (ריאסהונ RYAShWN) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)
gm) safr (רואסה RWASh) - Venom: The poison of serpents that comes sacks located in the head. Also by extension any type of poison. KJV (12): gall, venom, poison, hemlock - Strongs: H7219 (רוֹשׁ)
gf1) esafr (רואסהה RWAShH) - Head: KJV (1): beginnings - Strongs: H7222 (רֹאשָׁה)
kf1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (8): bolster, pillow, head - Strongs: H4763 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)
emfm) insair (ריאסהני RYAShNY) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (1): first - Strongs: H7224 (רִאשׁוֹנִי)
J) sfr (רוסה RWSh) AC: ? CO: Poor AB: ?: One who hangs down the head and is in need.
Nm) sfr (רוסה RWSh) - Poor: KJV (24): poor, lack, needy - Strongs: H7326 (רוּשׁ)
L) sri (ירסה YRSh) AC: Inherit CO: ? AB: Inheritance: The inheritor becomes the head of the family. [See also src]
V) sri (ירסה YRSh) - Inherit: KJV (232): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) possession, out, inherit, heir, possession, succeed, dispossess, poverty, drive, enjoy, poor, expel - Strongs: H3423 (יָרֵשׁ)
Nf1) esri (ירסהה YRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (2): possession - Strongs: H3424 (יְרֵשָׁה)
am) srfm (מורסה MWRSh) - Inheritance: KJV (3): possession, thought - Strongs: H4180 (מוֹרָשׁ)
af1) esrfm (מורסהה MWRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (9): possession, inheritance, heritage - Strongs: H4181 (מוֹרָשָׁה)
df1) esfri (ירוסהה YRWShH) - Inheritance: KJV (14): possession, heritage, inheritance - Strongs: H3425 (יְרֻשָּׁה)
icm) sfrit (תירוסה TYRWSh) - Wine: A freshly pressed wine. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (38): wine - Strongs: H8492 (תִּירֹשׁ)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
a. in time, former of two Genesis 25:25 (J), Genesis 41:20 (E), Deuteronomy 10:1,2,3,4,10; Deuteronomy 24:4, compare Hosea 2:9; Leviticus 4:21; Leviticus 9:15 (both P), Judges 20:39; 2 Kings 1:14; Haggai 2:3,9; Ezra 3:12 +; more Generally former, previous, Numbers 21:26 (JE), Micah 4:8; 2 Kings 17:34,40; Zechariah 1:4; Zechariah 7:7,12; Zechariah 8:11; Nehemiah 5:15; Ecclesiastes 17:10; Psalm 79:8 +; ׳כָּעֵת הָ ר Isaiah 8:23; ׳דִּבְרֵי דויד הָ ר 1 Chronicles 29:29 the doings of David, the former and the latter (הָאַחֲדֹנִים), compare 2 Chronicles 9:29; 12:15; 16:11; 20:34; 25:26; 26:22; 28:26; 35:27; early days of harvest 2 Samuel 21:9; רִאשֹׁנִים as substantive, former persons, ancestors, men of old, Deuteronomy 19:14; Leviticus 26:45 (H), Ecclesiastes 1:11 (opposed to אַחֲרֹנִים); (תָ)רִאשֹׁנוֺת as substantive the former things, i.e. past events Isaiah 41:22; Isaiah 43:9,18; Isaiah 46:9; Isaiah 48:3, earlier predictions Isaiah 42:9.
b. location, foremost, of two 2 Samuel 18:27.
a. in time, ׳הַמַּכָּה הָ ר 1 Samuel 14:14 the first slaughter (preliminary to General carnage); ׳וְלֹאהָֿיָה דְּבָרִי ר 2 Samuel 19:44 was not my word first? ׳ר in apposition with person subject 2 Samuel 19:21 I am come as first, compare perhaps Isaiah 41:27 (insert אָמַרְתִּי Ges De < read הִגַּדְתִּים for הִנֵּה הִנָּם Che Hpt Kit Di), and ׳הָ ר Jeremiah 50:17 (opposed to הָאַחֲרוֺן), Isaiah 43:27; ׳ר absolute, first of mankind Job 15:17; absolute of ׳י, I (an the) first Isaiah 41:4 (+אֶתֿאַחֲדֹנִים), + אַחְרוֺן Isaiah 44:6; Isaiah 48:12; absolute of time, מֵרִאשׁוֺן Jeremiah 17:12 from the beginning; especially first of a def. series (sometimes opposed to אַחֲרוֺן). first day of feast Deuteronomy 16:4; Exodus 12:15 (twice in verse); Exodus 12:16 5t. P (H), Nehemiah 8:18, usually first month (חֹרֶשׁ) Exodus 40:2,17; Leviticus 23:5 6t. P, 1 Chronicles 12:16 (van d. H. v. 1 Chronicles 12:15) + 10t. Chronicles, Ezra , Esther 3:7; Daniel 10:4, חֹדֶשׁ omitted Genesis 8:13; Exodus 12:2,18; Numbers 9:5 (all P) Ezekiel 29:17; Ezekiel 30:20; Ezekiel 45:18,21, so Joel 2:23, but read כָּרִאשׁוֺנָה ( 3 a) ᵐ5ᵑ6 We Now and Dr.
b. first in degree, chief: יַדהַשָּׂרִיםרִ֗֗֗אשׁוֺנָה Ezra 9:2 the hand of the princes ... has been first in this trespass; 1 Chronicles 18:17; Daniel 10:13 (Chronicles, Esther 1:14 below).
3. a. feminine with preposition as adverb phrase: (1) of time, בָּרִאשֹׁנָה Genesis 13:4 (J), = before, formerly, so Joshua 8:5,6 (JE), 2 Samuel 7:10; 2 Samuel 20:18; Jeremiah 7:12; Isaiah 52:4, ׳לָר = before, formerly, Genesis 28:19 (J), Judges 18:29; so ׳כְּבָר as formerly Judges 20:32; 1 Kings 13:6; Isaiah 1:26; Jeremiah 33:7,11, = ׳כָּ ר Deuteronomy 9:15; Daniel 11:29 (opposed to כָּאַחֲרוֺנָה); בָּר = at first, first of all, Deuteronomy 13:10; Deuteronomy 17:7; Numbers 10:13 (P) Joshua 8:33 (D), 1 Kings 17:13; 1 Kings 20:9; Zechariah 12:7; Proverbs 20:21 (opposed to אַחֲרִיתָהּ), 1 Chronicles 11:6 (twice in verse); 1 Chronicles 17:9; Nehemiah 7:5; לְמַבָּרִאשׁוֺנָה 1 Chronicles 15:13 (= ׳לְמַהבָּֿר) for what was at first, etc. (מָךְ 1 e); (2) location, ׳בָּר i.e. at the head of an army 1 Kings 20:17, a procession Numbers 10:14 (P), compare Isaiah 60:9.
b.רִאשֹׁנָה alone as adverb: (1) of time first Genesis 38:28 (J), 1 Kings 18:25; Jeremiah 16:18; Leviticus 5:8; Numbers 2:9; Joshua 21:10 (all P), Isaiah 65:7 (Ew De Che Di Du Skinner, >adjective Ges Hi Kn); (2) of place Genesis 33:2 (J); (3) of degree, rank, Esther 1:14.
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.