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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1728 - ἐνάρχομαι

from (G1722) and (G756)
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  1. to begin, to make a beginning
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2490 ‑ חָלַל (khaw‑lal');  7101 ‑ קָצִין (kaw‑tseen');  7223 ‑ רִאשֹׁן (ree‑shone', ree‑shone');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
NAS (2)
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
HCS (2)
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
BSB (2)
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
ESV (2)
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
WEB (2)
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I fut. -ξομαι prob. in E. (v. infr.):

1. in sacrifices, begin the offering, by taking the barley from the basket, κανᾶ δ' ἐναρχέσθω τις E. IA 1470, cf. Men. Sam. 7; προχύτας Χέρνιβάς τ' ἐνάρξεται E. IA 955: pf. in pass. sense, κανοῦν δ' ἐνῆρκται Id. El. 1142; ἐνῆρκται τὰ κανᾶ Aeschin. 3.120.

2. generally, begin, Sammelb. 4369(b).23 (iii B.C.), etc.; τῆς θερείας ἐναρχομένης Plb. 5.30.7: c. inf., πολεμεῖν ib. 1.5; γενειᾶν D.H. 6.13: ἐ. τινός make a beginning of, τῆς ἐπιβολῆς Plb. 5.1.3; τοῦ λόγου Plu. Cic. 35; ὁμιλιῶν engage in, Ath.Med. ap. Orib. inc. 21.9; ἐνῆρκται folld. by a quotation, Apollon.Cit. 1: abs., begin to speak, Plu. Cam. 32.

II later, in Act., hold office, IG 12(5).526.5 (Ceos).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐνάρχομαι: 1 aorist ἐνηρξαμην; to begin, make a beginning: with the dative of the thing from which the beginning is made, Galatians 3:3; τί, Philippians 1:6; 2 Corinthians 8:6 Lachmann edition min. (Polybius, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Plutarch, Lucian; generally with the genitive of the thing begun, as in Sir. 36:29 (); ; 1 Macc. 9:54. in Euripides, with the accusative, of beginning sacrificial rites; at length, to govern, rule, with the genitive Joshua 10:24 the Sept.) (Compare: προ(ενάρχομαι.)

STRONGS NT 1728a: ἐνγράφω ἐνγράφω, see ἐν, III. 2 and 3.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐν -άρχομαι ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2490 hi.;]

to begin, make a beginning: Galatians 3:3, Philippians 1:6.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The ritual sense, which underlies this word in classical Greek, may perhaps still be latent in its two NT occurrences Galatians 3:3, Philippians 1:6 (cf. 2 Corinthians 8:6 B), but how completely the simple sense ";begin"; prevailed in late Greek may be seen from P Tebt I. 24.34 (B.C. 117) διαλαμβάνοντες εἰς ἀπραξίαν ἡμᾶς περιστήσειν ὁπότε δὴ ἐνάρξασθαι, ἀνεχώρησαν κτλ., ";supposing that they would bring me to a standstill at the commencement, they retired etc."; (Edd.) : cf..36 ἐναρχομένου τ [οῦ Με ]χείρ, ";at the beginning of Mecheir."; See also Vett. Val. p. 212.25 ἐὰν δέ πως καὶ ἕτερόν τινα ἐναρξάμενον πράγματος εὕρῃς κτλ.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έναρξαι εναρξαμενοι εναρξάμενοι ἐναρξάμενοι εναρξαμενος εναρξάμενος ἐναρξάμενος εναρχομένη εναρχόμενος εναρχομένου εναρχομένους ενάρχου ενήρκτο enarxamenoi enarxámenoi enarxamenos enarxámenos