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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1727 - ἐναντίος

from (G1725)
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  1. over against, opposite
    1. of place, opposite, contrary (of the wind)
  2. metaph.
    1. opposed as an adversary, hostile, antagonistic in feeling or act
    2. an opponent
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Acts 3
1 Thessalonians 1
Titus 1
NAS (14)
Matthew 1
Mark 3
Luke 3
Acts 5
1 Thessalonians 1
Titus 1
HCS (7)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Acts 3
1 Thessalonians 1
Titus 1
BSB (8)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Acts 3
1 Thessalonians 1
Titus 1
ESV (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Acts 2
1 Thessalonians 1
WEB (8)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Acts 3
1 Thessalonians 1
Titus 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐναντίος, α, ον,

I opposite, = ἀντίος (which is rare in Prose):

1 of Place, on the opposite side, opposite, c.dat., ἀκταὶ ἐναντίαι ἀλλήλῃσιν Od. 10.89; Πάτροκλος δέ οἱ.. ἐ. ἧστο Il. 9.190, cf. Od. 23.89: hence, fronting, face to face, αὐτῳ οὔ πω φαίνετ' ἐναντίη 6.329; ὄττις ἐ. τοι ἰσδάνει Sapph. 2.2; δεῖξον.. τὸ σὸν πρόσωπον δεῦρ' ἐ. πατρί before him, E. Hipp. 947; τὰναντία τινί things open to one's sight, X. Cyr. 3.3.345: abs., ἐ. στάνθ' E. Hipp. 1078 (but ἐ. κεῖσθαι look opposite ways, Pl. Smp. 190a). with Verbs of motion, in the opposite direction, ἔνθα οἱ.. ἐναντίη ἤλυθε μήτηρ came to meet him, Il. 6.251; ἐναντίοι ἀλλήλοισιν ὄγμον ἐλαύνωσιν 11.67; δύο ἅμαξαι ἐ. ἀλλήλαις Th. 1.93; ἄνεμος ἐ. ἔπνει X. An. 4.5.3. Astrol., in diametrical aspect, Vett.Val. 70.16, Man. 3.360.

2. in hostile sense, opposing, facing in fight, c. gen., ἐναντίοι ἔσταν Ἀχαιῶν Il. 5.497, cf. S. Aj. 1284, X. An. 4.3.28, etc.: c. dat., Il. 5.12, E. Supp. 856, IT 1415; οἱ ἐ. one's adversaries, A. Th. 375, Gorg. Fr. 12 D., etc.; the enemy, Hdt. 7.225, Th. 4.64, etc. generally, opposed to, τινί X. An. 3.2.10; τὸ ἐ. the opposite party, Id. Ath. 1.4; presenting obstacles, hindering, τινί S. Ph. 642. ὁ δι ἐναντίας the opponent in a alawsuit, PFlor. 1.58.15 (iii A.D.), etc.

3. of qualities, acts, etc., opposite, contrary, reverse, τἀναντί' εἰπεῖν A. Ag. 1373; δίκαια καὶ τἀναντία S. Ant. 667: mostly c.gen., τὰ ἐ. τούτων the very reverse of these things, Hdt. 1.82, cf. Th. 7.75, etc.; δείξας.. ἄστρων τὴν ἐ. ὁδόν, i.e. τὴν τοῦ ἡλίου ὁδὸν ἐ. οὖσαν τοῖς ἄστροις E. Fr. 861: also c. dat., Ὀρφεῖ δὲ γλῶσσαν τὴν ἐναντίαν ἔχεις A. Ag. 1629; τἀναντία πρήσσειν [ τῇ ὑγιείῃ ] Democr. 234; δύο τὰ -ώτατα εὐβουλίᾳ Th. 3.42; ἀγαθῷ κακὸν -ώτερον ἢ τῷ μὴ ἀγαθῷ Pl. R. 491d; ἐναντία λέγει αὐτὸς αὑτῷ Id. Prt. 339b, cf. Ar. Ach. 493; τἀναντία τούτοις Pl. Prt 323d; ἐναντία γνῶναι ταῖς πλείσταις [ πόλεσιν ] X. Lac. 1.2; τὴν ἐ. τινὶ ψῆφον θέσθαι D. 19.65; simply τὴν ἐ. θέσθαι τινί Pl. La. 184d: folld. by ἤ, τοὺς ἐ. λόγους ἢ ὡς αὐτὸς κατεδόκεε Hdt. 1.22; τοὐ. δρῶν ἢ προσῆκ' αὐτῷ ποιεῖν Ar. Pl. 14; τοὐ. ἔπαθεν ἢ τὸ προσδοκώμενον Pl. Lg. 966e, cf. R. 567c, etc.: freq. strengthd., πᾶν τοὐ., πάντα τἀ., quite the contrary, Lg. 967a, X. Mem. 3.12.4; πολὺ τοὐ. Stratt. 57; τὸ δὲ πολὺ ἐναντίον ἀποβήσεται Pl. Ap. 39c. τὰ ἐ. opposites in Philos., Pherecyd.Syr. 3, Arist. Metaph. 986b3, etc.

4. in the Philos. of Arist., τἀναντία (dist. fr. other ἀντικείμενα, Metaph. 1018a25) are contraries, esp. the two attributes within the same genus which differ most widely from each other (as hot and cold), Cat. 6a18, al. ἐ. ἀποφάνσεις, προτάσεις, contrary propositions (All B is A, No B is A), opp. contradictory (v. ἀντιφατικῶς), Id. Int. 17b4, APr. 63b28.

II freq. in Adv. usages:

1 from Hom. downwds., neut. ἐναντίον as Adv., opposite, facing, ἐ. ὧδε κάλεσσον here to my face, Od. 17.544; εἰς ὦπα ἰδέσθαι ἐ. to look one in the face, 23.107; ἐ. προσβλέπειν τινά E. Hec. 968, etc.; γυναῖκας ἀνδρῶν μὴ βλέπειν ἐ. ib. 975: abs., D. 4.40, etc.: hence, like a Pr c. gen., in the presence of, τῆς βουλῆς IG 12.91; τῶνδ' ἐ. S. OC 1002; μαρτύρων ἐ. Ar. Ec. 448; ἐ. τοῦ παιδίου Id. Lys. 907; ἐ. ἁπάντων λέγειν Th. 6.25; ἐ. Διός Plb. 7.9.2; also neut. pl., IG 7.1779 (Thespiae). in hostile sense, against, c. gen., ἀνέσταν.. σφοῦ πατρὸς ἐ. Il. 1.534; ἐ. ἰέναι τινός 21.574; ἐ. μάχεσθαί τινος 20.97; ἐ. ἵστασ' ἐμεῖο 13.448: abs., ἐ. μίμνειν stand one's ground against, ib. 106: c. dat., νεικεῖν ἀλλήλοισιν ἐ. 20.252; ἐ. θεοῖς E. Or. 624; ἐ. τῷ ὅρκῳ πράττειν IG 22.1258.2. contrariwise, in Att. also with the Art., τοὐναντίον on the other hand, τοὐ. δέ.. Antiph. 80.4; ἢ πάλιν τοὐ. Men. 460.5; conversely, Pl. Men. 89e. neut. pl. ἐναντία as Adv., c. dat., Hdt. 6.32, Th. 1.29, etc.

2. with Preps., ἐκ τοῦ ἐ. over against, opposite, opp. ἐκ πλαγίου, X. HG 4.5.15, etc.; ἐξ ἐναντίας, Ion. -ίης, Hdt. 7.225, Th. 4.33 (οἱ ἐξ ἐ. the opposing parties, prob. in PGrenf. 2.78.26 (iv A. D.)); ἐκ τῶν ἐ. on the contrary, Plb. 5.9.9; ἀπ' ἐναντίας Ascl. Tact. 1.2; ἀπ' ἐ. Χωρεῖν Procop. Arc. 4; κατὰ τὰ ἐ. Pl. Ti. 39a: Geom., αἱ κατ' ἐναντίον τοῦ παραλληλογράμμου πλευραί the opposite sides of the parallelogram, Archim. Aequil. 1.9; αἱ κατ' ἐ. τομαί opposite sections (i. e. branches) of the hyperbola, Apollon.Perg. Con. 3.23.

3. regul. Adv. -ίως contrariwise, c. dat., τούτοις οὐκ ἐ. λέγεις A. Eu. 642; ἐ. διακεῖσθαί τινι Pl. R. 361c; ἐ. ἀντικεῖσθαι Arist. Int. 17b20; πικρῶς καὶ ἐ. like an enemy, D. 19.339; ἐ. ἢ ὡς ἀνδραπόδοις τραφεῖσι Pl. Tht. 175d; ἐ. ἔχειν to be exactly opposed, Id. Euthd. 278a; πρός τι to be contrary in respect of.., D. 1.4; in the Logic of Arist., Metaph. 1057b11, al., cf. Procl. in Alc. p.268C.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐναντίος, ἐναντία, ἐναντίον (ἀντίος set against) (from Homer down), properly, that which is over against; opposite; used:

1. primarily of place; opposite, contrary: of the wind (Xenophon, an. 4, 5, 3), Matthew 14:24; Mark 6:48; Acts 27:4; ἐξ ἐναντίας (Winers Grammar, 591 (550); Buttmann, 82 (71)), opposite, over against (see ἐκ, I. 4), with the genitive Mark 15:39.

2. metaphorically, opposed as an adrersary, hostile, antagonistic in feeling or act: 1 Thessalonians 2:15 (on which passage (for confirmatory references to ancient authors) cf. Grimm on 3Macc. 7:4 (on the other hand, see Lünem. on 1 Thess. l. c.)); ἐξ ἐναντίας, an opponent (A. V. he that is of the contrary part), Titus 2:8; ἐναντίον ποιεῖν τί τίνι, to do something against one, Acts 28:17; ἐναντία πράττειν πρός τό ὄνομα τίνος, Acts 26:9. Neuter ἐναντίον, adverb, as a preposition is construction with the genitive (Buttmann, 319 (273)), before, in the sight of, in the presence of, one (so in Greek writings from Homer down; the Sept. often for לִפנְיֵ and בְּעֵינֵי also for לְעֵינֵי): Mark 2:12 (T Tr marginal reading WH ἔμπροσθεν); Luke 20:26; Acts 7:10 (ἐναντίον Φαραώ, when he stood before Pharaoh (here Tdf. ἔναντι, which see)); Acts 8:32; Hebraistically, in the judgment, estimation, of one, Luke 24:19; (Luke 1:6 T Tr WH) (Genesis 10:9, etc.). (τό ἐναντίον i. e. τοὐναντίον see in its place.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐν -αντίος , -α , -ον

(< ἀντίος , set against),

[in LXX: ἐξ ἐναντίας , for H5048, etc.; ἐναντίον , for H6440 etc.;]

over against, opposite, contrary: ἄνεμος , Matthew 14:24, Mark 6:48, Acts 27:4; ἐξ ἐναντίας (ellipse obscure, v. Bl., § 44,1; Mozley, Psalms 42:1-11), c. gen., Mark 15:39. Metaph., opposed, hostile: 1 Thessalonians 2:15, Acts 26:9; Acts 28:17; ὁ ἐξ ἐ ., Titus 2:8. Neuter., -ίον , adv., as prep. c. gen., before, in the presence of: Luke 1:6; Luke 20:26; Luke 24:19 Acts 7:10 (ἔναντι , T), Acts 8:32 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐναντίος is common in the adjuration εὐορκοῦντι μέν μον εὖ εἴη, ἐπιορκοῦντι δὲ τὰ ἐναντία ";if I observe the oath may it be well with me, but if I swear falsely, the reverse,"; as e. g. P Oxy X. 1258.10 f (A.D. 45). The adj. is followed by dat., as in Acts 28:17, in PSI IV. 282.18 (A.D. 183) μηδὲ ποιῆσαι ?] ἐναντίον τι τῇ α ̣ ̣τῇ ὑπογραφῇ. For ἐκ τῶν ἐναντίων = ";on the contrary,"; see P Par 63.49 (B.C. 165), P Grenf II. 36.13 (B.C. 95). Ὁ δι᾽ ἐναντίας is found = ";the opponent"; in a lawsuit, as Chrest. I. 461.6 (beg. iii/A.D.) δέομαί σου ἀκοῦσαί μο ]υ πρὸς τὸν ἐξ ἐναντίας ἀ [ντίδικον, P Flor I. 58.15 (iii/A.D.) π ̣ρὸς τοὺς δἰ [ ]ναντίας, P Strass I. 41.8 (A.D. 250) ἔδει μὲν γὰρ τὴν δι᾽ ἐναντίας. . . ἔτι μᾶλ ̣λ ̣ο ̣ν δ [ι ]α ̣γωνίσασθαι καὶ ἐκδικῆσαι τὰ τῆς παιδός. In P Ryl II. 144.15 (A.D. 38) we have ὃς δὲ ἐκ τοῦ ἐναντίου ἄλογον ἀηδίαν μοι ἐπιχειρήσας παρεχρήσατό μοι πολλὰ καὶ ἄσχημα, ";whereupon he opposing me made a brutal and odious attack upon me and subjected me to much shameful mishandling"; (Edd.). For ἐναντίον ";in the presence of,"; cf. P Eleph 1.7 (B.C. 311– 0) (= Selections, p. 3) ἐπιδειξάτω δὲ Ἡ. ὅτι ἂν ἐγκαλῆι Δ. ἐναντίον ἀνδρῶν τριῶν, ";and let H. prove his charge against D. in the presence of three men,"; P Hib I. 89.9 (B.C. 239) ἐναντ ̣[ίον τῶν ὑπογε ]γραμμένων μαρτύρων, P Lille I. 29i. 31 (iii/B.C.) λέγων τὸ ἀδίκημα τῶι κυρίωι ἐναντίον μὴ ἔλασσον ἢ δύο μαρτύρων, ib.ii. 31 ἐναντί [ον τῶν νομο ]φυλάκων. In this sense the word is peculiar to the Lukan writings in the NT. MGr ξάγναντος (= ἐξ ἐναντίας), ";against,"; ";opposite.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εναντια εναντία ἐναντία εναντιας εναντίας ἐναντίας εναντίοι εναντιον εναντίον ἐναντίον εναντιος εναντίος ἐναντίος εναντιους εναντίους ἐναντίους εναντιων εναντίων ἐναντίων εναπέθανεν enantia enantía enantias enantías enantion enantiōn enantíon enantíōn enantios enantíos enantious enantíous
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