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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #756 - ἄρχομαι

middle voice of (G757) (through the implication of precedence)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be the first to do (anything), to begin
  2. to be chief, leader, ruler
  3. to begin, make a beginning
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (84)
Matthew 13
Mark 26
Luke 31
John 2
Acts 10
2 Corinthians 1
1 Peter 1
HCS (0)
HCS (81)
Matthew 13
Mark 26
Luke 28
John 2
Acts 10
2 Corinthians 1
1 Peter 1
BSB (84)
Matthew 13
Mark 26
Luke 31
John 2
Acts 10
2 Corinthians 1
1 Peter 1
WEB (0)
WEB (87)
Matthew 14
Mark 26
Luke 34
John 2
Acts 10
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Middle voice of G757

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄρχομαι, see ἄρχω.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄρχω ,

[in LXX for H2490, H4911, etc.;]

1. to begin.

2. to rule (v. DCG, ii, 538b.): c. gen., Mark 10:42, Romans 15:12. Mid., to begin: seq. ἀπό , Matthew 16:21; Matthew 20:8, Luke 14:18; Luke 23:5; Luke 24:27; Luke 24:47, John 8:9, Acts 1:22; Acts 8:35; Acts 10:37, 1 Peter 4:17; c. inf., an Aramaic pleonasm, Mark 1:45; Mark 2:23; Mark 5:17, Luke 3:8, al. (v. M, Proverbs 14:1-35 f.; Dalman, Words, 27; MM, s.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the participle in a quasi-adverbial position (see Proleg..3 p. 240) cf. P Ryl II. 156.18 (i/A.D.) λιβὸς [δὲ ] ̣ν κεκλήρων [ται λιβὸς ἐπ᾽ ἀπηλιώ ]τ ̣ην ἀρξάμενοι ἀπὸ τῆς λιβικῆς γωνίας τοῦ πύργο [υ, ib, 157.7 (A.D. 135) ἧς ἐστὶν σχοινισμὸς [ . . . . . . . . ]ρχομένου ̣ νότου ε [ ]ς β [ο ]ρρᾶ, ";its measurements are . . . beginning from south to north"; etc., Syll 537.5 (iv B.C.) σκευοθήκην οἰκοδομῆσαι. . ἀρξάμενον ἀπὸ τοῦ προπυλαίου. P Tebt II. 526 (ii/A.D.) ἀπηλ (ιώτου) ἐχόμ (εναι) ἀρχόμ (εναι) ἀπὸ βορρᾶ Πανκράτης (ἄρουραι) [ . ] Πρῖσκος (ἄρουραι) β ̄ (cited in Moulton, Einleitung p. 287). In reply to a suggestion from one of us that the frequent abbreviation of this participle might have occasioned some of the grammatical confusion found in NT passages (Proleg. 182, 240), Dr A. S. Hunt wrote (Sept. 1909) that ἀρχόμενος was ";commonly abbreviated αρ c in land-survey lists, from Ptolemaic times downwards . . . So it was a stereotyped phrase which might have influenced Luke 24:47; at any rate it is an ingenious suggestion.";

The ordinary use of ἄρχομαι ";begin"; hardly needs illustrating. In P Giss I. 15.5 (ii/A.D.) τῆς ἄλλης ἀρχόμεθα we see it c. gen.; so P Tebt II. 417.8 (iii/A.D.) πλὴν ἀρξόμεθ [α ] τοῦ ἔργου. The familiar NT use in a quasi-auxiliary sense, by its significant absence from Paul and presence in such abundance in those books where OT language is imitated or Aramaic originals translated, seems to belong to the alien elements in NT Greek : see Proleg. p. 14 f. It does not however follow that Luke used it, as Mark seems to do, with no more force than the Middle English gan : we may refer to a note by Archdeacon Allen in a forthcoming work on the Gospel of Mark.

The act. ἄρχω ";rule"; only occurs twice in NT, and is too common in Greek to need quotations. It takes dat. in Syll 319.7 (ii/B.C.) οἷς [ἂν ὁ δῆμος ὁ Μηθυμναίων ] ἄρχῃ, perhaps under Latin influence (cf. impero c. dat.) : the recurrent δόλωι πονηρῶι ";dolo malo"; is suggestive in this regard. For the very common use = ";hold office"; may be cited P Oxy III. 471.145 (ii/A.D.) ἄρξας δὲ καὶ τὴν τ [ῶν ἐκεῖ ] ἀρχιδικαστῶν ἀρ [χὴν ἔτη δέ ]κα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άρξαι αρξαμενοι αρξάμενοι ἀρξάμενοι αρξάμενον αρξαμενος αρξάμενος ἀρξάμενος αρξαμενου αρξαμένου ἀρξαμένου άρξαντες αρξασθαι άρξασθαι άρξασθαί ἄρξασθαι ἄρξασθαί άρξασθε άρξε άρξει αρξεις άρξεις αρξεσθε άρξεσθε ἄρξεσθε άρξεται αρξη άρξη ἄρξῃ αρξησθε άρξησθε ἄρξησθε αρξηται άρξηται ἄρξηται άρξομαι αρξονται άρξονται ἄρξονται άρξουσι άρξωμαι αρξωνται άρξωνται ἄρξωνται άρχει άρχειν άρχετε αρχέτωσαν άρχομαι Αρχομεθα αρχόμεθα Ἀρχόμεθα αρχομένης αρχομενος αρχόμενος ἀρχόμενος Αρχομενων αρχομένων Ἀρχομένων άρχου άρχουσα άρχουσαι αρχούσας αρχουσών αὐτῷ ήργμαι ήρκται ηρξάμην ήρξαν ηρξαντο ήρξαντο ήρξαντό ἤρξαντο ἤρξαντό ήρξας ηρξατο ήρξατο ἤρξατο ήρξεν ήρξω Archomenon Archomenōn Archoménon Archoménōn archomenos archómenos Archometha Archómetha arxamenoi arxámenoi arxamenos arxámenos arxamenou arxaménou arxasthai árxasthai árxasthaí arxe arxē árxei árxēi arxesthe arxēsthe árxesthe árxēsthe arxetai arxētai árxetai árxētai arxontai arxōntai árxontai árxōntai auto autō erxanto ērxanto ḗrxanto ḗrxantó erxato ērxato ḗrxato
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