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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4060 - περιτίθημι

from (G4012) and (G5087)
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  1. to place around, set about
  2. to put on a garment
  3. to put or bind a thing around another
  4. to present, to bestow, confer, a thing upon one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 553 ‑ אָמֵץ (aw‑mats');  1431 ‑ גָּדַל (gaw‑dal');  1961 ‑ הָיָה (haw‑yaw');  2280 ‑ חָבַשׁ (khaw‑bash');  3423 ‑ יָרֵשׁ (yaw‑rash', yaw‑raysh');  3513 ‑ כָּבַד (kaw‑bad, kaw‑bade');  3547 ‑ כָּהַן (kaw‑han');  3632 ‑ כָּלִיל (kaw‑leel');  3847 ‑ לָבֵשׁ (law‑bash', law‑bashe');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5710 ‑ עָדָה (aw‑daw');  5823 ‑ עָזַק (aw‑zak');  6801 ‑ צָנַף (tsaw‑naf');  7194 ‑ קָשַׁר (kaw‑shar');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
NAS (10)
Matthew 4
Mark 4
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
HCS (8)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
BSB (8)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
ESV (5)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
John 1
WEB (8)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


place or put round, put on, περὶ δὲ ξύλα θῆκαν Od. 18.308; δέραισι περθέτω ( Aeol. ) . . ὐποθύμιδας Alc. 36; π. κυνέην τινί Hdt. 2.162; στεφάνους τινί Id. 6.69; πιλίδια περὶ τὴν κεφαλήν Pl. R. 406d; χρυσόν ib. 420e; φωνήεσί τε καὶ ἀφώνοις π. γράμματα attach letters to . ., Id. Cra. 393e, cf. 414c; π. σφαῖραν Arist. Cael. 285b3; σκληρὸν περὶ τὸ σαρκῶδες περιέθηκεν ἡ φύσις Id. PA 685a8; δέρματα ἐπὶ τοὺς βραχίονας LXX Genesis 27:16; περίβολον τῷ τεμένει IG 12(9).906.7 (Chalcis, iii A. D. ): Med., put round oneself, put on, περὶ δὲ τρυφάλειαν . . κρατὶ θέτο Il. 19.381; περὶ δὲ ξίφος ὀξὺ θέτ' ὤμῳ Od. 2.3, 4.308; περθέμενον χλάμυν ( Aeol. for περι -) prob. in Sapph. 64; π. στέφανον E. Med. 984 (lyr.), cf. Ar. Th. 380, al.; στρεπτόν X. Cyr. 2.4.6; σκευήν Pl. Cri. 53d; δακτύλιον Id. R. 360b; βασιλείαν OGI 90.44 (Rosetta, ii B.C. ); διάδημα αὐτὸς περιεθήκατο App. Mith. 67 .

II metaph., bestow, confer upon, π. τινὶ βασιληΐην, κράτος, ἐλευθερίην, Hdt. 1.129, 3.81, 142, Simon. 100; πόλει τὸ κάλλιστον ὄνομα, τινὶ δόξαν, Th. 4.87, Isoc. 5.149, etc.; π. τινὶ ὄνειδος, ἀτιμίαν, put reproach, dishonour upon him, Antipho 5.18, Th. 6.89; πίστιν τισί Aeschin. 2.103; συμφοράν Antipho 2.3.1; Μηδικὴν ἀχὴν τοῖς Ἕλλησι put the Median yoke round their necks, Th. 8.43; ὁ πυκτικὸς . . οὐ πᾶσι τὴν αὐτὴν μάχην π . does not prescribe . ., Arist. EN 1180b11; τῇ Ἀθηνᾷ τὴν τέχνην ascribe, Id. Pol. 1341b8; [ ταῖς πράξεσι] μέγεθος π. καὶ κάλλος Id. Rh. 1368a29: Med., assume, ἰσχὺν ἑαυτῷ Democr. 252; σχῆμα ἀλλότριον Arr. Epict. 2.19.28 .

2. reversely, π. τινὰ ὕβρει envelop him with . ., D.L. 6.33 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

περιτίθημι, 3 person plural περιτιθέασιν (Mark 15:17; see references in ἐπιτίθημι); 1 aorist περιέθηκα; 2 aorist participle περιθείς, περιθέντες; from Homer down;

a. properly, to place around, set about, (cf. περί, III. 1): τίνι τί, as φραγμόν τῷ ἀμπελῶνι, Matthew 21:33; Mark 12:1; to put a garment on one, Matthew 27:28; στέφανον, put on (encircle one's head with) a crown, Mark 15:17 (Sir. 6:31; Plato, Alcib. 2, p. 151 a.); τί τίνι, to put or bind one thing around another, Matthew 27:48; Mark 15:36; John 19:29.

b. tropically, τίνι τί, to present, bestow, confer, a thing upon one (so in classical Greek from Herodotus down, as ἐλευθερίαν, Herodotus 3, 142; δόξαν, Demosthenes, p. 1417, 3; see Passow, ii, p. 881f; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, II.); τό ὄνομα, Wis. 14:21; Thucydides 4, 87): τιμήν, 1 Corinthians 12:23; Esther 1:20.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

περι -τίθημι ,

[in LXX for H5414, H7760, etc.;]

to place or put around: c. acc et dat., Matthew 21:33; Matthew 27:48, Mark 12:1; Mark 15:36, John 19:29; of garments, etc., to put on: Matthew 27:28 Mark 15:17 (Sirach 6:31). Metaph., like περιβάλλω , to bestow, confer (Thuc., al., Esther 1:20): 1 Corinthians 12:23.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The phrase εὖ or καλῶς ποιήσεις is very common introducing a command or request, almost = our ";please"; or ";kindly."; It is generally followed by an aor. part., as in 3 John 1:6, e.g. P Oxy II. 294.12 (A.D. 22) εὖ οὖν ποιήσις γράψας μοι ἀντιφώνη [σ ]ιν περὶ τούτων, ";please write me an answer on these matters,"; ib. 300.5 (late i/A.D.) περὶ οὗ καλῶς ποιήσεις ἀντιφωνήσασά μοι ὅτι ἐκομίσου, ";please send me an answer that you have received it,"; ib. III. 525.7 (early ii/A.D.) καλῶς ποιήσεις δοὺς λ ̣ω ̣[το ]υ ̣̑ παρὰ Σαραπίωνος ἐκ τοῦ ἐ [μοῦ ] λόγου, ";please get some lotus (?) for him from Sarapion at my expense"; (Edd.), ib. VI. 967 (ii/A.D.); but by the fut. ind. in ib. II. 297.3 (A.D. 54) καλῶς ποιήσεις γράψεις διὰ πιττακίων τὸν ἀπολογισμὸν τῶν [π ]ρ [ο ]βάτων, ";kindly write me in a note the record of the sheep"; (Edd.), ib. I. 113.6 (ii/A.D.) εὖ ποιήσεις ἀγοράσεις μοι (δραχμὰς) β ̄. In ib. VI. 929.6, .17 (ii/iii A.D.) καλῶς ποιήσεις is followed first by a part. ἀπαιτήσας, and then by ἀποκαταστῆσαι. The phrase μὴ ἄλλως ποιήσεις is used in cases of urgency as in the letter already quoted, ib. II. 294.14 (A.D. 22) μὴ οὖν ἄλλως ποιήσις, ἐγὼ δὲ αὐτὸς οὔπω οὐδὲ ἐνήλεπα (= ἐναλήλιφα sc. ἐμαυτὸν) ἕως ἀκούσω φάσιν παρὰ σοῦ περὶ ἁπάντων, ";be sure to do this; I am not so much as anointing myself until I hear word from you on each point"; (Edd.).

For the strong sense of ποιέω, ";am effective,"; as in the ";working"; of charms, cf. P Osl I. 1i. 1 (iv/A.D.) εἰς πάντα ποιῶν, with the editor’s note. In P Oxy XII. 1480.11 (A.D. 32) πεπόητε εἰς τὸν ἐκλογιστήν, instead of the editors’ rendering ";he has made it (a delay spoken of) as far as the eclogistes is concerned (?),"; Olsson (Papyrusbriefe, p. 75) thinks that ποιέω may be used for πράττω —";he has arranged it with the eclogistes.";

The phrase ποιεῖν μετά τινος, ";to act on someone’s behalf,"; is common in the LXX (Genesis 24:12 al.), but in the NT is confined to Luke (e.g. Luke 1:72; Luke 10:37, Acts 14:27). It is often regarded as a Hebraism (Blass Gr. p. 134, Souter Lex. s.v., but see Kühring, p. 35, Proleg. p. 106, Robertson Gr. p. 610 f.). The only instances we can quote from the papyri are late—BGU III. 948.8 (iv/A.D.) καλιοο ̣τερεν (l. καλλιότερον) . . . ἐποίησα μετὰ σοῦ, ib. 798.7 (Byz.) εἰς π ̣άντα τὰ καλὰ ἃ ἐποίησεν ̣ μετὰ τῶν δούλων αὐτῆς. The Latinism τὸ ἱκανὸν ποιεῖν (Mark 15:15) is illustrated s.v. ἱκανός.

For the meaning ";remain,"; ";abide,"; with an acc. of time as an adverbial addition, as in Acts 20:3, James 4:13, cf. PSI IV. 362.15 (B.C. 251–0) ὁρῶν με πλείους ἡμέρας ἐκεῖ ποιοῦντα, γράφει μοι εἰς Ἀλεξάνδρειαν, P Par 47.21 (c. B.C. 152–1) (= UPZ i. p. 332) δύο ἡμέρας ποιεῖ ἐν τῶι Ἀνυβιείωι πίνων, P Flor II. 137.7 (A.D. 263) προ ̣, ς ̣ τὴν μίαν ἡμέραν ἣν ̣ ποιεῖ ἐκεῖ, P Gen I. 54.19 (iv/A.D.) ἐποίησαμεν γὰρ τρῖς ἡμέρας ἐν τῇ Καρανίδι κοινώτεροι, and P Iand 14.6 (iv/A.D.) : see also Mayser Gr. II. i. p. 81.

The meaning ";celebrate,"; as in Matthew 26:18, Acts 18:21 D, Hebrews 11:28, is seen in P Fay 117.12 (A.D. 108) ἐπὶ (= εὶ) Ἔρα ̣σ ̣ο [ς ] τὰ Ἁρποχράτια ὧδε τάχα ι ̄δ ̄ πυ ̣[ήσ ]ι, ";since Erasus is going to celebrate the festival of Harpocrates so soon on the 14th"; (Edd.).

The case against giving ποιέω a sacrificial sense in the NT (Luke 22:19, 1 Corinthians 11:24) is stated at length by T. K. Abbott Essays chiefly on the Original Texts of the Old and New Testaments, p. 110 ff., see contra F. W. Mozley Exp VI. vii. p. 370 ff.

We may add a few miscellaneous exx.—PSI VI. 552.19 (iii/B.C.) ἐὰν μ ̣ὲν ποιῶσιν ἡδέ ̣ω ̣ς αὐτά, βέλτιστα, P Oxy II. 260.8 (A.D. 59) ἐξ ἧς ἐποιησάμε [θα ] πρὸ [ς ] ἑαυτ ̣ο ̣υ <ς > ἐπὶ τοῦ στρατηγοῦ, ";in consequence of our confronting each other before the strategus"; (Edd.), BGU I. 163.7 (A.D. 108) φασὶ οἱ παρόντες ἐκεῖνον μᾶλλον τοῦτο πεποιηκέναι (for perf. cf. 2 Corinthians 11:25), καὶ γὰρ ἄλλοι ὡς πληγέντες ὑπὸ αὐτοῦ ἀναφόριον δεδώκασι, P Tebt II. 315.28 (ii/A.D.) where the writer promises to help in getting a friend’s books through the scrutiny by the government inspector, πρὶν γὰρ [α ] ̣τὸ [ν ] π [ρό ]ς σε ἐλθῖν ἐλθῖν ἐγὼ αὐτὸν ποι [ήσ ]ω ἐκπλέξαι σε, ";for I will make him let you through before he comes to you"; (Edd.), and ib. 407.21 (A.D. 199 ?) where an ex-high-priest warns his wife and daughter that if they do not fall in with his wishes he will leave certain property to the temple—πά ]ν ̣τα ὅ [σα ] ἐποίησα ἐπ᾽ ὀνόματός σου εἶναι τοῦ [ἐν Ἀλεξανδρείᾳ θεοῦ ] μεγ [ ]λου Σαράπιδος, ";all that I placed in your name is the property of the great Serapis at Alexandria."; In records of manumission, it is frequently stated that an enfranchised slave is free ποιεῖν ὅ κα θέλῃ, ";to do whatever he wills"; : see Deissmann (LAE p. 328 f.), who compares Galatians 5:17.

For the forms ποῖσαι Luke 11:42 א, ποίσας John 5:11 W, see Moulton Gr. ii. p. 73, and cf. Archiv iv. p. 492. Πεποιήκεισαν, as in Mark 15:7, is found in Magn 93 (b).24 (a Senate decree—c. B.C. 190).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
περιέθετο περιέθηκα περιεθηκαν περιέθηκαν περιέθηκάν περιέθηκας περιέθηκε περιεθηκεν περιέθηκεν περιετίθετο περιθείναι περιθείναί περιθεις περιθείς περιθεὶς περιθέμενος περιθεντες περιθέντες περιθέσθω περιθήσεις περιθήσεται περιθήσετε περιθήση περιθήσονται περιθήσουσι περίθου περιτιθεασιν περιτιθέασιν περιτιθείς περιτιθεμεν περιτίθεμεν periethekan periethēkan periéthekan periéthēkan perietheken periethēken periétheken periéthēken peritheis peritheìs perithentes perithéntes perititheasin peritithéasin peritithemen peritíthemen
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