the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2818 - κληρονόμος
- one who receives by lot, an heir
- an heir
- in Messianic usage, one who receives his allotted possession by right of sonship
- one who has acquired or obtained the portion allotted to him
Dor. κλᾱρονόμος, ὁ, (νέμομαι) heir, freq. the heir in possession, Isa 1.44, Pl. Lg. 923c; of the heir apparent, SIG 884.53 (iii A.D.): c. gen. pers., Pl. Lg. 923e, IG 22.1623.117, Epicur. Fr. 217, SIG 953.65 (Cnidus, ii B.C.): c. gen. rei, Lys. 32.23; κληρονόμους τῶν αὑτοῦ καταστήσας Isoc. 19.9, etc.: metaph., κ. τῆς εὐνοίας, τῆς ἀτιμίας, Id. 5.136, D. 22.34; τῆς ὑπὲρ τῶν νόμων [δίκης ] Id. 21.20; κλαρονόμος μοίσας τᾶς Δωρίδος Mosch. 3.96; κ. καταλιπεῖν τινα Arist. Pol. 1270a28; κ. γράφειν τινά AP 11.171 (Lucill.).
κληρονόμος, κληρονόμου, ὁ (κλῆρος, and νέμομαι, to possess), properly, one who receives by lot; hence,
1. an heir (in Greek writings from Plato down);
b. in Messianic usage, one who receives his allotted possession by right of sonship: so of Christ, as κληρονόμος πάντων, all things being subjected to his sway, Hebrews 1:2; of Christians, as exalted by faith to the dignity of sons of Abraham and so of sons cf God, and hence, to receive the blessings of God's kingdom promised to Abraham: absolutely, Romans 8:17; Galatians 3:29; with τοῦ Θεοῦ added, i. e. of God's possessions, equivalent to τῆς δόξης (see δόξα, III. 4 b.), Romans 8:17; Θεοῦ διά Χριστοῦ, by the favor of Christ (inasmuch as through him we have obtained ἡ υἱοθεσία), Galatians 4:7 Rec., for which L T Tr WH read διά Θεοῦ (see διά, A. III. 1) (cf. C. F. A. Fritzsche in Fritzschiorum opuscc., p. 148 (who advocates the Rec. as that reading in which the others probably originated (but cf. Meyer, in the place cited; WH in loc.))); τοῦ κόσμου, of government over the world, Romans 4:13f; ζωῆς: αἰωνίου, Titus 3:7; τῆς βασιλείας, James 2:5.
2. the idea of inheritance having disappeared, one who has acquired or obtained the portion allotted him: with the genitive of the tiring, Hebrews 6:17; Hebrews 11:7; τοῦ σκότους, used of the devil, Ev. Nicod. c. 20 (or Descens. Chr. ad Inferos 4,1). (The Sept. four times for יורֵשׁ: Judges 18:7; 2 Samuel 14:7; Jeremiah 8:10; Micah 1:15.)
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κληρο -νόμος , -ου , ὁ
(< κλῆρος , νέμομαι , to possess),
[in LXX: Judges 18:7, 2 Samuel 14:7, Micah 1:15, Jeremiah 8:10 (H3423), Sirach 23:22*;]
1. (as in cl.) an heir: Matthew 21:38, Mark 12:7, Luke 20:14, Galatians 4:1; of those who as sons of God inherit the privileges of the Messianic Kingdom; of Christ himself, Hebrews 1:2; of Abraham, Romans 4:13-14; of Christians, Romans 8:17, Galatians 3:29, Titus 3:7, James 2:5.
2. (As in LXX: Jg, Mi, Je, ll. c.) a possessor: Hebrews 6:17; Hebrews 11:7 (Cremer, 359 f.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For κληρονόμος in its ordinary sense of ";heir,"; which is found in the NT in such passages as Matthew 21:38, Galatians 4:1, we may cite P Oxy I. 105.8 (A.D. 117–137) ἐὰν δὲ ἐπὶ ταύτῃ τελευτήσω τῇ διαθήκῃ, κληρονόμον ἀπολείπω τὴν θυγατέραν (corrected to –έρα) μου Ἀμμωνοῦν. . . ";if I die with this will unchanged, I leave my daughter Ammonous heir . . ..,"; P Meyer 6.22 (A.D. 125) μετηλλαχότος δὲ τοῦ Φιλίππου ἐπὶ κληρονόμῳ υἱῷ Ἀφροδεισίῳ, ";Philip has died and his son Aphrodisius is heir,"; and ib. 8.5 (A.D. 151) ἡ ἀμφοτέρων μήτηρ Διδυμάριον ἐτελεύτησεν. . . ἐπὶ κληρον ̣ο ̣μοις ἡμεῖν. The word as involving the responsibilities of heirship is illustrated from the Macedonian inscrr. by Ferguson Legal Terms, p. 56 ff., e.g. No. 180—
Εἰ δὲ ὁ κληρονόμος ὁ ἐμὸς
παραπέμψῃ τι, δώσει
τῷ ταμιείῳ δηνάρια ψ ̄ν ̄.
";But if my heir neglect anything he shall pay to the treasurer a fine of 750 denarii."; Attention is also drawn to the ";conditions"; attaching to heirship as an element common to the inscrr. and to the NT. ";In the latter every man might become an heir by complying with the conditions of the promise given to Abraham. In the inscriptions the one thing most often emphasized is the obligation of the κληρονόμος to fulfil certain conditions devolving upon him as heir. When Paul insists that only those who fulfil the conditions of heirship are truly heirs, he is making use of a well-known principle"; (p. 58).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.