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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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the name of seven men, with a difference of orthography in the original. (See EBER).

1. EBER (Heb. E'ber, עֵבֶר, one of the other side, i.e. of the river, q. d. immigrant; Sept. ῞Εβερ and ῎Εβερ, Vulg. Heber), son of Salah, who became the father of Peleg at the age of 34 years, and died at the age of 464 (Genesis 10:24; Genesis 11:14; 1 Chronicles 1:25). His name occurs in the genealogy of Christ (Luke 3:35, Ε᾿βέρ, "Heber"). B.C. 2448-1984. There is a degree of interest connected with him from the notion, which the Jews themselves entertain, that the name of Hebrews, applied to them, was derived from this alleged ancestor of Abraham. No historical ground appears why this name should be derived from him rather than from any other personage that occurs in the catalogue of Shem's descendants; but there are so much stronger objections to every other hypothesis, that this, perhaps, is still the most probable of any which have yet been started. (See Gesenius, Geschichte der Heb. Sprache und Schrift, p. 11.) Hence "the children of Eber" (בְּנֵי עֵבֶר, Genesis 10:21), and simply in poetry Eber (עֵבֶר, Numbers 24:24; Sept. ῾Εβραῖοι, Vulg. Hebraei), i.q. HEBREWS (עַבְרַים ). Several other persons of this (Heb.) name occur, but no others are anywhere Anglicized "Heber."

2. "EBER" (same Heb. word as above; Sept. ῎Ιωβήδ, Vulg. Heber), the last-named of the seven chiefs of the Gadites in Bashan (1 Chronicles 5:13, where the name is Anglicized "Heber"). B.C. between 1612 and 1093.

3. "EBER" (same Hebrew word as above; Sept. ᾿Ωβήδ , Vulg. feber), apparently one of the sons of Shashak, and a chief of the tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:22, where the name is Anglicized" Heber"). B.C. ante 598.

4. "HEBER" (Che'ber, חֶבֶר, conmunity, as in Hosea 6:9; Proverbs 21:9; or a spell, as in Deuteronomy 18:11; Isaiah 47:9; Isaiah 47:12; Sept. Χόβορ, Χοβέρ, Χάβερ ), son of Beriah, and grandson of Asher (Genesis 46:17; 1 Chronicles 7:31-32). B.C. apparently ante 1873. His descendants are called HEBERITES (Heb. Chebri', חֶבְרַי, Sept. Χοβερί, Numbers 26:45, where the name of the progenitor is written חֵבֶר ).

5. "HEBER" (same Heb. word as last, Sept. Χάβερ, Vulg. Haber), "a descendant of Hobab, which latter was son of Jethro, and brother of the wife of Moses. His wife was the Jael who slew Sisera (B.C. 1409), and he is called Heber the Kenite (Judges 4:11; Judges 4:17; Judges 5:24), which seems to have been a name for the whole family (Judges 1:16). Heber appears to have lived separate from the rest of the Kenites, leading a patriarchal life amid his tents and flocks. He must have been a person of some consequence, from its being stated that there was peace between the house of Heber and the powerful king Jabin. At the time the history brings him under our notice, his camp was in the plain of Zaanaim, near Kedesh, in Naphtali" (See JAKL); (See KENITE).

6. "HEBER" (same Heb. word as last, Sept. Ἀβάρ ), apparently a son of Mered (of Judah) by Jehudijah, and "father" of Socho (1 Chronicles 4:18). B.C. post 1612. (See MERED). 7. "HEBER" (same Heb. word as last, Sept. Ἀβέρ), one of the "sons" of Elpaal, and a chief of the tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:17). B.C. apparently cir. 598.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Heber'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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