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Bible Encyclopedias
Iniquity

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

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(prop. עָון , ἀδικία; but represented in the A. Vers. by several other words) means in Scripture not only sin, but, by metonymy, also the punishment of sin, and the expiation of it: "Aaron will bear the iniquities of the people;" he will atone for them (Exodus 28:38). The Lord "visits the iniquities of the fathers upon the children" (Exodus 20:5); he sometimes causes visible effects of his wrath to fall on the children of criminal parents. "To bear iniquity" is to endure the punishment of it, to be obliged to expiate it. The priests bear the iniquity of the people; that is, they are charged with the expiation of it (Exodus 28:38; Leviticus 10:17). (See SIN).

Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Iniquity'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​tce/​i/iniquity.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.
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