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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
in Heb. properly שָׂטָן, satan’ (i.e. Satan, as it signifies, when with the article), an opponent, e.g. in war, a foe (1 Kings 5:18; 1 Kings 11:14; 23:25; 1 Samuel 29:4), in the forum, a plaintiff (Psalms 109:6; comp. Zechariah 3:1-2), or generally a resister (2 Samuel 19:23), as one that blocks the way (Numbers 22:23; comp. Numbers 22:32). In Greek properly ἀντίδικος, one who speaks against us, e.g. in a suit, the complainant (Matthew 5:25; Luke 12:50); or, generally, an enemy (Luke 18:3), specially, the Devil (1 Peter 5:8). (See ACCUSER).
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Adversary'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/a/adversary.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.