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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #04390 - מָלָא
1) to fill, be full
1a1) to be full
1a1a) fulness, abundance (participle)
1a1b) to be full, be accomplished, be ended
1a2) to consecrate, fill the hand
1b1) to be filled, be armed, be satisfied
1b2) to be accomplished, be ended
1c1) to fill
1c2) to satisfy
1c3) to fulfil, accomplish, complete
1c4) to confirm
1d) (Pual) to be filled
1e) (Hithpael) to mass themselves against
V) alm (מלא MLA) - Fill: [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: arm] KJV (253): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual, Piel, Participle) fill, full, fulfill, consecrate, accomplish, replenish, wholly, set, expire, fully, gather, overflow, satisfy, filthy, lift - Strongs: H4390 (מָלָא), H4391 (מְלָא), H4754 (מָרָא)
J) lfm (מול MWL) AC: ? CO: Front AB: ?: The front of a long series of the same. The past is seen as "in front" in ancient Hebrew thought because the past can be seen while the future is unseen and therefore behind.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal99 Perfect ׳מ Exodus 40:34 +; suffix מְלַאוֺ Esther 7:5; מָלֵאתָ Job 36:17; מָלֵאתִי Micah 3:8; Jeremiah 6:11; מָלֵ֫תִי Job 32:18; מָֽלְאוּ Genesis 29:21 +; מָלוּ Ezekiel 28:16 (מָלֵאתָ) ᵐ5ᵑ6 Co); מָלֵ֑אוּ Isaiah 1:15, etc.; Imperfect 3 feminine singular suffix חִמְלָאֵ֣מוֺ Exodus 15:9; יִמְלְאוּ Genesis 50:3 2t.; וַיִּמְלְאוּ Genesis 25:24; Genesis 50:3; Imperative מִלְאוּ Genesis 1:22 5t.; Infinitive construct מְלֹאת (מְלֹאות) Leviticus 8:33 12t.; Participle מָלֵא Jeremiah 23:24; מְלֵאִים Isaiah 6:1; (compare also below מָלֵא adjective ); —
1 be full, usually with accusative material:
a. literally subject houses Exodus 8:17; Exodus 10:6 (both J) Judges 16:27; Isaiah 13:21; 2 Chronicles 5:13, compare Ezekiel 10:4 (strike out Co); winepress Joel 4:13; threshing-floor Joel 2:24; vessel 2 Kings 4:6; Job 21:24, etc.; Job 20:22 מְלֹאות (compare מְלֹא), i.e. fulness, abundance.
b. figurative, earth full of violence Genesis 6:13, compare Leviticus 19:29 (both P), Micah 6:12; Isaiah 1:15; Jeremiah 23:10; Jeremiah 51:5; Psalm 26:10; Ezekiel 7:23 (twice in verse); Ecclesiastes 9:3, etc.; earth full of glory, mercy, goodness, knowledge, of ׳מ Psalm 33:5; Psalm 119:64; Isaiah 11:9; Habakkuk 3:3; compare also Psalm 48:11; Psalm 104:24, etc.; subject נֶפֶשׁ = desire be satisfied (full) with suffix Exodus 15:9; ׳וְדִין רָשָׁע מ Job 36:17 and of judgment on the wicked art thou full (hast thou thy fill), compare Di Du; מָלֵא לֵב לַעֲשׂוֺת רָ֑ע Ecclesiastes 8:11; especially of days, years, be full, accomplished, ended, Genesis 25:24; Genesis 29:21; Genesis 50:3 (twice in verse) (JE); Leviticus 8:33; Leviticus 12:4,6; Leviticus 25:30; Numbers 6:5,13 (P); 1 Samuel 18:26; 2 Samuel 7:12; Jeremiah 25:12; Jeremiah 29:10; Lamentations 4:18; Ezekiel 5:2; 1 Chronicles 17:11; Esther 1:5; Esther 2:12; Daniel 10:3; compare also with other subject (literally) Jeremiah 25:34; Isaiah 40:2.
2 transitive fill, of populating sea and earth Genesis 1:22,28; Genesis 9:1 (all P); consecrate מִלְאוּ יֶדְכֶם ליהוה; (literally fill the hand) Exodus 32:29 (compare below); especially of glory of ׳י filling tabernacle and temple; Exodus 40:34,35 (P) 1 Kings 8:10,11, compare Isaiah 6:1; see also Jeremiah 23:24, especially literal Ezekiel 10:3; Ezekiel 43:5; Ezekiel 44:4; 2 Chronicles 5:14; 7:1,2; followed by 2accusative fill jars (with) water 1 Kings 18:34; absolute overflow עַלכָּֿלגְּֿדוֺתָיו׳מ Joshua 3:15 (compare 1 Chronicles 12:16
Pi`el); figurative fill land with sin Jeremiah 16:18, compare Jeremiah 19:4; Ezekiel 8:17; Ezekiel 28:16, compare Ezekiel 30:11; מְלָאוֺ לִבּוֺ לַעֲשׂוֺתכֵּֿן Esther 7:5 (compare Ecclesiastes 8:11 above); מִלְאוּ הַשְּׁלָטִים Jeremiah 51:11 meaning obscure, see [שֶׁלֶט]; Gie proposes ׳מִרְטוּ הַשּׁ polish. Niph`al Perfect נִמְלָאֿ Song of Solomon 5:2; Imperfect יִמָּלֵא 2 Samuel 23:7 9t.; וַיִּמָּלֵא Exodus 7:25 5t.; יִמָּֽלְא֫וּ Proverbs 3:10 2t.; יִמָּֽלֵ֑אוּ Proverbs 24:4; יִמָּֽלְאוּן Ezekiel 32:6; —
1 be filled, usually with accusative of material (with מִן of source Ecclesiastes 1:8, compare Ezekiel 32:6; with לְ Habakkuk 2:14); land, with people Exodus 1:7; compare 2 Kings 3:17,20; Isaiah 2:7 (twice in verse); Isaiah 2:8; house with smoke Isaiah 6:4, compare Ezekiel 10:4; see also Proverbs 3:10; Proverbs 24:4; Jeremiah 13:12 (twice in verse); Zechariah 8:5; Song of Solomon 5:2; Ecclesiastes 11:3; 2 Kings 10:21; Ezekiel 32:6; = be armed 2 Samuel 23:7 (literally be filled or fill himself, i.e. his hand, with weapon, compare Pi`el 2); be satisfied, subject נֶפֶשׁ = appetite Ecclesiastes 6:7; subject אֹזֶן Ecclesiastes 1:8; figurative earth filled with violence (compare
Qal) Genesis 6:11, compare Ezekiel 9:9; Ezekiel 23:33; with glory and knowledge of ׳י Numbers 14:21; Habakkuk 2:14; Psalm 72:19; see also 1 Kings 7:14; Psalm 71:8; Psalm 126:2; Esther 3:5; Esther 5:9; Proverbs 20:17; absolute Ezekiel 26:2 (but Co below מָלֵא adjective , so ᵐ5ᵑ7) Ezekiel 27:25.
2 be accomplished, ended, subject days Exodus 7:25; of an exchange, requital, Job 15:32.
Pi`el112 Perfect מִלֵּא Exodus 35:35 +; מִלָּא Jeremiah 51:34; מִלֵּאתָ Deuteronomy 6:11 +; מִלְאוּ Numbers 32:11 +, etc.; Imperfect יְמַלֵּא Leviticus 8:33 +; יְמַלֵּה֗֗֗ Job 8:21; וַיְמַלְאוּ Genesis 42:25; Exodus 39:10; יְמַלֵּ֑אוּ Ezekiel 7:19, etc.; Imperative מַלֵּא Genesis 29:27 5t.; מַלְאוּ Jeremiah 4:5; Ezekiel 9:7; Infinitive construct מַלֵּא Exodus 29:29 5t.; מַלְּאוֺת (אֹת-) Exodus 31:5 5t.; suffix מַלְּאָם Jeremiah 33:5; Participle מְמַלֵּא Jeremiah 13:13; 1 Chronicles 12:15; plural מְמַלְאִים Isaiah 65:11 2t.; —
1 fill (often with 2accusative; literal, with בְּ 2 Kings 9:24; Ezra 9:11; Job 40:31; with מִן Jeremiah 51:34; Psalm 127:5): Genesis 21:19; Genesis 24:16; Genesis 26:15; Genesis 42:25; Genesis 44:1; Exodus 2:16; Deuteronomy 6:11; Joshua 9:13; 1 Kings 18:35; 1 Kings 20:27; 2 Kings 3:25; 2 Kings 23:14; Isaiah 23:2; Job 3:15; Job 22:18; Jeremiah 41:9; Ezekiel 3:3; Ezekiel 7:19; Ezekiel 9:7; Ezekiel 10:2; Ezekiel 24:4; Nahum 2:13; Haggai 2:7; Psalm 129:7; 2 Chronicles 16:14, etc. (indefinite subject); fill (cup) with drink for libation Isaiah 65:11; figurative fill with spirit Exodus 28:3; Exodus 31:3; Exodus 35:31 compare Exodus 35:35, Psalm 107:9; Isaiah 33:5; Jeremiah 15:17; fill (with blood) 2 Kings 21:16; with abominations Ezra 9:11 (with בְּ ).
2 special uses are: satisfy appetite Job 38:39; Psalm 17:14; Proverbs 6:30; Job 20:23; Jeremiah 51:14 (figurative); take a handful of כַּמּוֺ מִן׳מ Leviticus 9:17; grasp יָדוֺ בְּ׳מ 2 Kings 9:24, compare (of laying arrow on bow) figurative הַקֶּשֶׁת בְּאֶפְרַיִם׳מ Zechariah 9:13; overflow מְמַלֵּא עַלכָּֿלגְּֿד֯יֹתָיו 1 Chronicles 12:16 (compare Joshua 3:15
Qal); give in full וַיְמַלְאוּם לַמֶּלֶךְ 1 Samuel 18:27 (read וַיְמַלְּאֵם A ᵐ5 L ᵑ9 We Dr Kit Bu); ׳מִלֵּא יַד מּ figurative for institute to a priestly office, consecrate Exodus 28:41; Exodus 29:9,29,33,35; Leviticus 8:33; Leviticus 16:32; Leviticus 21:10; Numbers 3:3; Judges 17:5,12; 1 Kings 13:33; Ezekiel 43:26 (altar), 1 Chronicles 29:5; 2 Chronicles 13:9; 29:31 (compare Assyrian umallu ‡atu, confer upon, Dl HWB 409); אַחֲרֵי׳מ wholly follow ׳י Numbers 14:24; Numbers 32:11,12; Deuteronomy 1:36; Joshua 14:8,9,14; 1 Kings 11:6; fill in, i.e. set precious stones Exodus 28:17 (בּוֺ מִלֻּאַת אֶבֶן׳מ) compare Exodus 31:5; Exodus 35:33; Exodus 39:10 (all P); etc.
3 fulfil, accomplish, complete, object week, year, day, Genesis 29:27,28; Exodus 23:26; Isaiah 65:20; Job 39:2; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Daniel 9:2; object word, promise, etc.; subject ׳י 1 Kings 8:15,24; 2 Chronicles 6:4,15; Psalm 20:5; Psalm 20:6; subject men 1 Kings 2:27; Jeremiah 44:25; 2 Chronicles 36:21.
4 confirm words 1 Kings 1:14.
Pu`al Participle filled, i.e. set with jewels מְמֻלָּאִיםבַּתַּרְשִׁישׁ Song of Solomon 5:14.
Hithpa`el Imperfect עָלַי יִתְמַלָּא֑וּן Job 16:10, mass themselves against me; perhaps denominative from מְלֹא 2
[מְלָא] verb fill (see Biblical Hebrew); —
Pe`al Perfect 3 feminine singular מְלַאת Daniel 2:35 (with accusative).
Hithpe`el Perfect 3 masculine singular הִתְמְלִי חֱמָא Daniel 3:19 was filled with rage.
[מַלְאַךְ] see לאך. מִלָּה see מלל. below,
מָלָא (see No. 1, Esther 7:5) and מָלֵא in pret. א being occasionally, cast away, מָלֵתִי Job 32:18 מָלוּ Ezekiel 28:16 inf. מְלֹאת Leviticus 8:33 מְלֹאות Job 20:22 fut. יִמְלָא.
(1) transit. (pret. once Med. A, Esther 7:5), to fill, to make full. (Arab. مَلَأَ, Syr. ܡܠܳ id. This root also is widely extended in the Indo-Germ. languages, in which, however, for m there is p, as the Sanscr. plê, to fill; Gr. πλέω (πληρής, πίμπλημι), πλέος, also βλύω, βρύω; Lat. plere; whence implere, complere, plenus; Goth. fulljan; Germ. füllen, voll; Engl. full, to fill. Also the Polish pilny; Bohem. plny. The original idea is that of abundance, overflowing, Ueber flie ßen, as is seen from the cognate πλέω, πλείω, to sail; also φλέω, φλύω, fleo, fluo, pluo). Specially
(a) to fill, as anything does a vacant space with its own bulk or abundance; with an acc. of place, Genesis 1:22, מִלְאוּ אֶת־הַמַּיִם בַּיַמִּים “fill the waters in the seas;” ver. 28 9:1 Exodus 40:34, כְּבוֹד יְיָ מָלֵא אֶת־הַמִּשְׁכָּן “the glory of Jehovah filled the tabernacle;” 1 Kings 8:10, 11 1 Kings 8:11 Jerem. 51:11, מִלְאוּ הַשִּׁלָטִים “fill the shields,” sc. with your bodies; surround yourselves with shields.
(b) to fill a place with any thing, with two acc. of the place and the thing filling it, Ezekiel 8:17, מָֽלְאוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ חָמָס “they have filled the land with violence;” Ezekiel 28:16, 30:11 Jeremiah 16:18, 19:4 more rarely followed by מִן of that which fills, -Ex. 1632 ; often also
(c) with the accusative of the thing which fills, Ezekiel 32:29, מִלְאוּ יֶדְכֶם לַיהוָֹה “fill your hand to Jehovah,” sc. with gifts to be offered to him; Esther 7:5, “who is he לִבּוֹ לַעֲשׂוֹת כֵּן אֲשֶׁר מְלָאוֹ who has filled his heart (sc. with boldness) to do this?” i.e. who has dared to do this? Job 36:17, וְרִין רֶשָׁע מְלֵאתָ “and (if) thou fillest the cause of the wicked,” i.e. fillest up the measure of the sins of the wicked, wenn du das Sündenmaaß des Frevels fülleft (compare Genesis 15:16).
(2) intrans. to be filled, to be full, Joshua 3:15, followed by an acc. of the thing with which any thing is full. Genesis 6:13, מָֽלְאָה הָאָרֶץ חָמָס “the earth is filled with violence.” Judges 16:27, “the house was full הָֽאֲנָשִׁים of men.” Job 32:18, “I am full מִלִּים of words;” Psalms 10:7, 26:10 33:5 48:11 65:10 Isaiah 11:9, etc.; followed by מִן Isaiah 2:6. Specially in Hebrew it is said
(a) מָֽלְאָה נַפְשִׁי my soul is filled, used of taking vengeance, Exodus 15:9.
(b) to be fulfilled, or completed, used of space of time. Genesis 25:24, וַיִּמְלְאוּ יָמֶיהָ לָלֶּרֶת “and her time was fulfilled for bearing,” her time to bring forth arrived. 50:3, כֵּן יִמְלְאוּ יְמֵי הַחֲנֻטִים “so do they fulfil the time of embalming,” i.e. so many days does it continue (compare Esther 2:12); 29:21 Levit. 8:33 12:4, Leviticus 12:6; Lamentations 4:18; Jeremiah 25:34.
Niphal (principally used in fut.), i.q. Kal No. 2, to be filled, to be full, with an acc. Genesis 6:11, וַתִּמָּלֵא הָאָרֶץ חָמָס “and the earth was full of violence.” Exodus 1:7, וַתִּמָּלֵא הָאָרֶץ אֹתָם “and the land was filled with them;” 1 Kings 7:14; 2 Kings 3:17 also followed by מִן of the thing, Ezekiel 32:6 and לְ Habakkuk 2:14. Used of the mind, or desire being filled, Ecclesiastes 6:7 of time completed, Exodus 7:25; Job 15:32. To be filled with iron (with an acc.), with arms, used for to be armed, fenced, 2 Samuel 23:7.
Piel מִלֵּא, more rarely מִלָּא Jeremiah 51:34 inf. מַלֵּא and מַלֹּאות fut. יְמַלֵּא, once יְמַלֵּה Job 8:21, to fill, to make full, to fill up.
(1) Construed with an acc. of the thing which is filled, i.q. Kal No. 1, c. Observe the phrases
(a) to fill any one’s hand, i.e. to deliver the priesthood into his hand, Exodus 28:41, 29:9 Leviticus 21:10.
(b) to fill one’s hand to Jehovah, sc. with gifts, i.e. to offer large gifts, 1 Chronicles 29:5; 2 Chronicles 13:9, 29:31 compare in Kal, Exodus 32:29. Figuratively
(c) of time, to fulfil, to bring to an end (compare Kal No. 2, b). Genesis 29:27, “fulfil this week,” i.e. finish this week; verse 28 Genesis 29:28; Job 39:2; Daniel 9:2 compare 2 Chronicles 36:21.
(d) to fill up, or complete a number. Exodus 23:26, “I will fill up the number of thy days;” comp. Isaiah 65:20. 1 Samuel 18:27, “David brought the foreskins וַיְמַלְאוּם לַמֶּלֶךְ and filled them to the king,” i.e. brought them in full number. 1 Kings 1:14, מִלֵּאתִי אֶת־דְּבָרַיִךְ “I will fill up (or add to, confirm) thy words.”
(e) to fill, to satisfy the soul, i.e. the desire, hunger, Job 38:39; Proverbs 6:30 (comp. under חַיָּה). Opp. to an empty soul, i.e. famishing, Isaiah 29:8. Compare Kal No. 2, a.
(f) to fulfil a promise, 1 Kings 8:15 a vow, Psalms 20:6 a prophecy, 1 Kings 2:27.
(g) with another verb, to do anything fully, i.e. thoroughly. Jeremiah 4:5, קִרְאוּ מַלְאוּ “cry out fully,” i.e. strongly, as it is well given by the Vulg. Compare Arab. تملا النظر الى to observe any one closely, جَعَلَ وَمَلَأَ to do, and to fulfil, i.e. to do carefully. Also without the verb, by ellipsis מִלֵּא הַקֶּשֶׁת to bend a bow strongly, for מִלֵּא לִדְרֹךְ הַקֶּשֶׁת Zechariah 9:13 Compare Arab. أَمْلَأَ فى اُلْقَوْسِ and fully املا اُلَّنزْعَ فى القوس Schult. Opp. Min. p. 176, 355; and Syr. ܡܠܳ ܩܶܫܬܐܳ; also מִלֵּא אַחֲרֵי יְיָ for מִלֵּא לָלֶכֶת אַחֲרֵי יְיָ to follow the Lord fully, i.e. to shew full obedience to him; Numb. 14:24 32:11, 12 Numbers 32:12; Deuteronomy 1:36; Joshua 14:8, Joshua 14:9, 14 Joshua 14:14; 1 Kings 11:6 and so frequently.
(2) with an acc. of the thing with which any thing is filled (etwas ein füllen), for to pour into, to put into. Isaiah 65:11, הַמְמַלְאִים לַמְנִי מִמְסָךְ “who pour out a drink offering to Fortune,” or fill a cup with a libation in honour of Fortune. So מִלֵּא אֲבָנִים to fill gems, for to insert, set them in sockets. Exodus 28:17, 31:5 35:33. Once absol. 1 Chronicles 12:15, וְהוּא מְמַלֵּא עַל־כָּל־גּדוֹתָיו “and it (Jordan) filled (its bed with waters) over all its banks.”
(3) with two accus. of the thing to be filled and that which fills, see Kal No. 1, b. Exodus 35:35, מִלֵּא אֹחָם חָכְמַת־לֵב “he has filled them with wisdom of heart.” Job 3:15, 22:18 Isaiah 33:5. More rarely followed by מִן of the thing which fills, Psalms 127:5; Jeremiah 51:34 Levit. 9:17 also, בְּ in this phrase, מִלֵּא יָדוֹ בַּקֶּשֶׁת “to fill one’s hand with a bow,” i.e. to take hold of a bow, 2 Kings 9:24.
Pual part. מְמֻלָּאִים filled up with gems as set; followed by בְּ Song of Solomon 5:14. Compare Piel No. 2.
Hithpael, pr. mutually to fill each other out, i.e. mutually to aid each other, as it were filling out each other’s vacancies; followed by עַל to attack with united strength, Job 16:10.
Derived nouns are, מִלּוֹא, מִלֵּאת, pr.n. יִמְלָא, יִמְלָה, and those which immediately follow.