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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4970 - σφόδρα

neuter plural of sphodros (violent, of uncertain derivation) as adverb
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  1. exceedingly, greatly
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3190 ‑ יָטַב (yaw‑tab');  3966 ‑ מְאֹד (meh‑ode');  4390 ‑ מָלָא (maw‑lay', maw‑law');  5704 ‑ עַד (ad);  5704 ‑ עַד (ad);  7690 ‑ שַׂגִּיא (sag‑ghee');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Matthew 7
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Revelation 1
NAS (10)
Matthew 6
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Revelation 1
HCS (11)
Matthew 7
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Revelation 1
BSB (11)
Matthew 7
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Revelation 1
ESV (10)
Matthew 6
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
Revelation 1
WEB (12)
Matthew 7
Mark 1
Luke 1
Acts 2
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Adv., properly neut. pl. of σφοδρός, very much, exceedingly:

I with Verbs, ἐμήδιζον γὰρ ς. Hdt. 9.17; ς. ἱμείρουσα S. El. 1053; καὶ ς. πείθει persuades them too well, Id. Aj. 150 (anap.); ς. λέγειν with vehemence, Antipho 6.15; ς. κολάζειν severely, Th. 3.46; ς. ὁρίσασθαι exactly, Pl. Phdr. 263d, cf. Phlb. 58d, Phd. 68a, 73a; ς. χαίρω I am exceedingly glad, POxy. 41.17 (iii/iv A.D.).

2. with Adjs., ς. ὑπέρτεροι far superior, Pi. N. 4.37; μισόδημον ς. Ar. Fr. 108; ς. ἄδικος Pl. R. 361a; ἁλμυρὸν ς. Arist. Mete. 359a13; κακοδαίμων ς. Antiph. 56; ς. γενναῖος Men. 223.14; πολλοῦ ς. at a very high price, very dear, Id. 197; πολλοὶ ς. Bato 7.1; ἐνιαυτοὺς ς. ὀλίγους Men. 481.6; χαρὰ μεγάλη ς. Matthew 2:10 : with Adjs. it most freq. follows, and in Com. Poets it usu. stands at the end of the verse.

3. with a Subst., τὴν ς. φιλίαν Pl. Lg. 731e; τινῶν ς. γυναικῶν very womanish women, ib. 639b; τῆς ς. προθυμίας ib. 952c; τῆς ς. μανίας Id. Phdr. 251a; ἐν τοῖς ς. ψύχεσιν Arist. HA 599a19.

4. with other Advbs., ἐπάταξε πῶς οἴει ς. Ar. Ra. 54; θαυμαστῶς ὡς ς., ἀμηχάνως ὡς ς., Pl. R. 331a, Phdr. 263d; μάλα ς. Id. Alc. 1.124d; πάνυ ς. Ar. Pl. 25, 745; ς. πάνυ Aeschin. 2.36; πάνυ καὶ ς. Pl. Lg. 627a; οὐ ς. not very much, Hp. Aër. 15, Antiph. 204.11, Pl. Phd. 100a; οὕτω ς. ἦν ἀρχαῖος Antiph. 273; οὕτω ς. ἐστὶ.. Βοιώτιος Eub. 39.

5. τὸ ς., = cross σφοδρότης, Pl. Smp. 210b, al.

6. σφόδρα, σφοδρῶς LXX Genesis 7:19.

II ς. γε or καὶ ς. γε, in answers, strongly affirmative, freq. in Pl., πάνυ γε ς. Men. 82b; πάνυ ς. ταῦτα λέγω Ap. 25a.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σφόδρα (properly neuter plural of σφοδρός, vehement, violent;), from Pindar and Herodotus down, exceedingly, greatly: placed after adjectives, Matthew 2:10; Mark 16:4; Luke 18:23; Revelation 16:21; with verbs, Matthew 17:6, 23; Matthew 18:31; Matthew 19:25; Matthew 26:22; Matthew 27:54; Acts 6:7.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σφόδρα ,

adv. (prop. neut. of σφοδρός , excessive, violent),

[in LXX chiefly for H3966;]

very, very much, exceedingly: with verbs, Matthew 17:6; Matthew 17:23; Matthew 18:31; Matthew 19:25; Matthew 26:22; Matthew 27:54, Acts 6:7; with adjectives, Matthew 2:10, Mark 16:4, Luke 18:23, Revelation 16:21.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";four thousand"; (Matthew 15:38 al.) : PSI V. 480.5 (v/vi A.D.) εἰς πλή [ρωσιν τ ]ῶν τετρακισχειλίων ἀρταβῶν τῶν πραθέντων αὐτω ̣.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σφοδρα σφόδρα σφοδρόν σφοδρώ sphodra sphódra
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