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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Ruddy

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(אִדְמוֹנַי, admoni, reddish; Sept. πυῤῥάκης; Vulg. rufus). Many interpreters think that the word means red-haired. and it is so rendered in the ancient versions, although ours understands a ruddy complexion. It would then appear that Esau (Genesis 25:25) and David (1 Samuel 16:12) had red hair, a peculiarity so uncommon in the East that it forms a particular distinction, as in the Scriptural instances; but it is by no means unknown, especially in mountainous countries. It has been observed in Persia, accompanied with the usual fresh complexion. Such hair and complexion together seem to have been regarded as a beauty among the Jews. The personal characters of Esau and David appear to agree well with the temperament which red hair usually indicates. That interpretation, however, is by no means established, and the contempt of Goliath for David as a youth of a fair, bright skin is more probable. (See DAVID). This view is confirmed by the application of kindred words, as adam (אִדִ ם ), in Lamentations 4:7, to the Nazarites in general; and adam (אָדֹ ם ) to the bridegroom (Song of Solomon 5:10), who is immediately described as black-haired (Song of Solomon 5:11).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Ruddy'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/r/ruddy.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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