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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
(Arab. maula, Turk. meula, i.e., ruler) is the name of a Turkish superior judge, who is an expounder of civil and criminal law, and of the religion of the state; he is therefore, necessarily both a lawyer and an ecclesiastic. Under him is the cadi or judge, who administers the law, and superior to him are: the kadhiasker and the mufti (q.v.). They all are, however, subject to the Sheik al-Islam, or supreme mufti. In Persia, the office of mollah is similar to what it is in Turkey; but his superior there is the "sadr," or chief of the mollahs. In the states of Turkestan, the mollahs have the whole government in their hands. (See MULLAH).
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Mollah'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/m/mollah.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20