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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Esdras

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(Εσδρας; Vulg. Esdras), the Graecized form, used throughout the Apocrypha (1 Esdras 8:1; 1 Esdras 8:3; 1 Esdras 8:7-9; 1 Esdras 8:19; 1 Esdras 8:23; 1 Esdras 8:25; 1 Esdras 8:91-92; 1 Esdras 8:96; 1 Esdras 9:1; 1 Esdras 9:7; 1 Esdras 9:16; 1 Esdras 9:39-40; 1 Esdras 9:42; 1 Esdras 9:45-46; 1 Esdras 9:49; 2 Esdras 1:1; 2 Esdras 2:10; 2 Esdras 2:33; 2 Esdras 2:42; 2 Esdras 6:10; 2 Esdras 7:2; 2 Esdras 7:25; 2 Esdras 8:2; 2 Esdras 8:19; 2 Esdras 14:1; 2 Esdras 14:38), of the name of the scribe EZRA (See EZRA) (q.v.). In several manuscripts of the Latin Vulgate, as well as in all the printed editions anterior to the decree of the Council of Trent, and in many since that period, there will be found four books following each other, entitled the 1James 2:1-26 d, 3d, and 4th books of Ezra. The first two are the canonical books of Ezra and Nehemiah, the 3d and 4th form the subject of the articles below. They are the same which are called 1James 2:1-26 d Esdras in the English Authorized Version. For their use and relation to the canonical books see Josippon ben-Gorion (ed. Breithaupt, 1710), page 47 sq.; Trendelenburg, in Eichhorn's Biblioth. 1:180 sq.; Eichhorn, Einleit. in d. Apocr. page 335 sq.; Herzfeld, Gesct. d. Israel, page 320 sq.; Ewald, Gesch. Isr. 4:131 sq.; Keil, Einleit. in d. A. T. (ed. 1859), page 677 sq.; Davidson, Text of O.T. page 937 sq. (See APOCRYPHA).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Esdras'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/e/esdras.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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