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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Centurion

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(ἑκατοντάρχης and ἑκατόνταρχος , a translation of the Latin centurio, which also occurs in the Graecized form κεντυρίων, Mark 15:39; Mark 15:44-45), a Roman military officer in command of a hundred mnen, as the title implies. The number under him, however, was not always uniform, being enlarged or lessened according to circumstances (see Smith's Dict. of Class. Antiq. s.v.). Cornelius, the first Gentile convert to Christianity, held this rank (Acts 10:1; Acts 10:22). (See CORNELIUS). Other centurions are mentioned in Matthew 8:5; Matthew 8:8; Matthew 8:13; Luke 7:2; Luke 7:6; Acts 21:32; Acts 22:25-26; Acts 23:17; Acts 23:23; Acts 24:23; Acts 27:1; Acts 27:6; Acts 27:11; Acts 27:31; Acts 27:43; Acts 28:16. (See ARMY). The centurion at our Savior's cross (Matthew 27:54; Luke 23:47) is said to have been named Longinus (see the treatises on this point by Goetze and by Mö ller, Obss.philol. Rost. 1696, p.4 sq.). (See CAPTAIN).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Centurion'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/c/centurion.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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