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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
(Heb. Ashchur', אִשְׁחוּר, perh. black, otherwise man of nobility; Sept. Ἀσχώ v. r. Ἀσδώδ, and Ἀσούρ v. r. Ἀχούρ ), a posthumous son of Hezron (grandson of Judah), by one of his wives (the daughter of Machir), Abiah (1 Chronicles 2:24). He had several sons by each of his two wives (1 Chronicles 4:5), and through these he is called (in both passages) the " father" (founder) of Tekoa, which appears to have been the place of their eventual settlement. B.C. cit. 1658. Schwarz suggests (Palest. p. 119) that the name may be connected with the Beth-Zacharias (q.v.) of Josephus (War, i, 1, 5); but this lies at some distance from Tekoa. (See ASSHUR).
is the tenth day or tenth night of Moharram, which is the first month of the Arabic year. The word also signifies ten days or: ten nights. In ch. 89 of the Koran, God is introduced swearing by the ten nights.' The Mohammedans generally fast on this day for three reasons:
(1) because the ancient Arabians observed it as a fast-day before the time of Mohammed; (2) because on this day Noah left the ark; and (3) because on this day God pardoned the Ninevites.
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Ashur'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/a/ashur.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.