the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1540 - גָּלָה
1) to uncover, remove
1a1) to uncover
1a2) to remove, depart
1a3) to go into exile
1b1a) to uncover oneself
1b1b) to discover or show oneself
1b1c) to reveal himself (of God)
1b2a) to be uncovered
1b2b) to be disclosed, be discovered
1b2c) to be revealed
1b3) to be removed
1c1) to uncover (nakedness)
1c2) to disclose, discover, lay bare
1c3) to make known, show, reveal
1d) (Pual) to be uncovered
1e) (Hiphil) to carry away into exile, take into exile
1f) (Hophal) to be taken into exile
1g1) to be uncovered
1g2) to reveal oneself
1357) lo (אהל AhL) AC: Work CO: Yoke AB: ?: The pictograph o is a picture of they eye representing knowledge and experience, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff or yoke. Combined these mean "experience the staff". The yoke, a staff is lifted over the shoulder, is attached to the oxen for performing work. (eng: collar - with the exchange of the sound of the ayin with the c and the additional r)
Nm ) lo (אהל AhL) - I. Above:[df: lwe]II. Upon:[Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (152): above, high, upon, in, on, over, by, for, both, beyond, through, throughout, against, beside, forth, off, from - Strongs: H5920 (עַל), H5921 (עַל), H5922 (עַל)
if1) elot (תאהלה TAhLH) - Trench: A watercourse that rises in elevation to bring down water from a higher source. KJV (11): conduit, trench, watercourse, healing, cured, river - Strongs: H8585 (תְּעָלָה)
V) llo (אהלל AhLL) - Work: To perform a work. To work over another as a mocking or abuse. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (23): (vf: Hitpael, Hophal) glean, done, abuse, mock, affect, children, do, defiled, practice, wrought, bring, come, went - Strongs: H5953 (עָלַל), H5954 (עֲלַל)
H) elo (אהלה AhLH) AC: Lift CO: ? AB: ?: The lifting of the yoke onto the shoulder. One taken into exile is placed in the yoke for transport and the yoke of bondage. It was a common practice to strip the clothes off of those taken into exile.
V) elo (אהלה AhLH) - I. Rise:To go, come or bring oneself or something up. [Hebrew and Aramaic; A generic verb with a wide application meaning to lift up] [df: hlg]II. Uncover:As a lifting off of the cover. To be exposed from the removal of clothing. Also to reveal something by exposing it. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: hlg alg]KJV (1087): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Hophal, Pual, Piel) up, offer, come, bring, ascend, go, chew, offering, light, increase, burn, depart, put, spring, raise, break, exalt, uncover, discover, captive, carry away, reveal, open, captivity, show, remove, appear, brought, carry - Strongs: H1540 (גָּלָה), H1541 (גְּלָא), H5924 (עֵלָּא), H5927 (עָלָה)
ff1) eilo (אהליה AhLYH) - Loft: A room on top of the house used during hot days of summer. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (21): chamber, parlour, up, ascent, loft, chamber - Strongs: H5944 (עֲלִיָּה), H5952 (עִלִּי)
Nf1 ) elfo (אהולה AhWLH) - I. Rising:A rising of smoke from a burnt offering. II. Captivity:In the sense of lifting a yoke on the shoulder. [df: hlwghlg] KJV (331): burn offering, ascent, go up, captivity, carry, captive, remove - Strongs: H1473 (גֹּלָה), H5930 (עוֹלָה)
- A2027 Lob (Rule, Master)
- A2349 Lom (Transgress, Transgression)
- A2415 Lon (Shod, Sandal)
- A2418 Ron (Young)
- A2542 Zlo (Rejoice)
- A2545 Xlo (Rejoice)
- A2548 Ylo (Triumph)
- A2551 Lmo (Labor, Laborer)
- A2622 Lop (Make, Work)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal51 Perfect ׳ג etc. 1 Samuel 4:21 + (18t. in all); Imperfect יִגְלֶה 1 Samuel 20:2 5t., וַיִּ֫גֶָֽל 2 Kings 17:23 3t., also jussive יִ֫גֶל Job 20:28; Job 36:15; 3 masculine plural יִגְלוּ Amos 6:7; Imperative masculine singular גְּלֵה Ezekiel 12:3; Infinitive absolute גָּלֹה Amos 5:5 2t., construct גְּלוֺת Judges 18:30; Jeremiah 1:3; Participle גּוֺלֶה 2 Kings 24:14, גֹּלֶה 1 Samuel 22:8 3t., feminine גּוֺלָה Isaiah 49:21; passive גָּלוּי Esther 3:14 2t., construct גְּלוּי Numbers 24:4,16; —
1גָּלָה אֹזֶן uncover the ear of one, i.e. reveal to him 1 Samuel 9:15; 1 Samuel 20:2,12,13; 1 Samuel 22:8 (twice in verse); 1 Samuel 22:17; 2 Samuel 7:27; 1 Chronicles 17:25; Ruth 4:4; Job 33:16; Job 36:10,15; גְּלוּי עינים uncovered of eyes, having the eyes open Numbers 24:4,16; גָּלָה סוֺד reveal a secret Amos 3:7; Proverbs 20:19; הגלוי the revealed opposed to הֶחָתוּם Jeremiah 32:11; גָּלוּי לְ disclosed, published Esther 3:14; Esther 8:13.
2 intransitive remove, depart, גלה משׂושׂהארץ the mirth of the land is departed Isaiah 24:11; יגליבול ביתו the increase of his house shall depart Job 20:28; גלה חציר Proverbs 27:25.
3 go into exile Judges 18:30; 2 Kings 17:23; 2 Kings 25:21; Isaiah 5:13; Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 52:27; Ezekiel 12:3; Ezekiel 39:23; Amos 1:5; Amos 5:5; Amos 6:7; Amos 7:11,17; Micah 1:16; Lamentations 1:3; גלה כבוד 1 Samuel 4:21,22; Hosea 10:5; participle גֹּלָה an exile 2 Samuel 15:19; 2 Kings 24:14; Isaiah 49:21; Amos 6:7.
Niph`al Perfect נִגְלָה 1 Samuel 3:21 9t., נִגְלָתָה Isaiah 53:1, נִגְלֵתִי 1 Samuel 2:27, נִגְלוּ Genesis 35:7 2t., נִגְלִינוּ 1 Samuel 14:8; Imperfect יִגָּלֶה, תִּגָּלֶה 1 Samuel 3:7 4t., תִּגָּל Isaiah 47:3, יִגָּלוּ 2 Samuel 22:16 2t.; Imperative הִגָּלוּ Isaiah 49:9; Infinitive absolute נִגְלֹה 1 Samuel 2:27; construct נִגְלוֺת 2 Samuel 6:20, הִגָּלוֺת 2 Samuel 6:20 2t.; Participle plural נִגְלֹת Deuteronomy 29:28; —
a. uncover oneself (one's nakedness) 2 Samuel 6:20.
b. discover or shew oneself Isaiah 49:9, אֶל 1 Samuel 14:8,11.
c. reveal himself (of God), אֶל Genesis 35:7 (E) 1 Samuel 2:27; 1 Samuel 3:21, באזני Isaiah 22:14.
a. be uncovered (one's nakedness), ערוה Exodus 20:26 (E) Isaiah 47:3; Ezekiel 16:36; Ezekiel 23:29, שׁולים Jeremiah 13:22.
b. be disclosed, discovered, foundations 2 Samuel 22:16 (= Psalm 18:16) Ezekiel 13:14; gates of death Job 38:17, עון Hosea 7:1, פשׁע Ezekiel 21:29, רעה Proverbs 26:26; Ezekiel 16:57.
c. be revealed ׳כבוד י Isaiah 40:5, ׳זרוע י Isaiah 53:1, ׳דבר י 1 Samuel 3:7, צדקה Isaiah 56:1; with לְ Isaiah 23:1; Daniel 10:1, הַנִּגְלֹת the things revealed Deuteronomy 29:28.
3 be removed, דּוֺרִי נִסַּע וְנִגְלָה מִנִּי my habitation is plucked up and removed from me Isaiah 38:12.
Pi`el56 Perfect גִּלָּה Leviticus 20:11, גִּלִּית Isaiah 57:8, גִּלֵּיתִי Jeremiah 33:6; Imperfect יְגַלָּה Deuteronomy 23:1, תְּגַל Proverbs 25:9; Imperative גַּל Psalm 119:18, גַּלִּי Isaiah 47:2; Infinitive גַּלּוֺת Leviticus 18:6; Participle מְגַלֶּה Job 12:22; —
a. nakedness (oft = contract marriage, RSLag Genesis 1882,408; JPh ix. 94) Leviticus 18:6-19; Leviticus 20:11-21 (H 23t.) Ezekiel 22:10; compare כנף אביו Deuteronomy 23:1; Deuteronomy 27:20; of exposure, as a reproach, Ezekiel 16:37; Ezekiel 23:10, compare נבלת Hosea 2:12, שׁולים Nahum 3:5; immodesty Ezekiel 23:18, מקור דמיה Leviticus 20:18 (H), תזנותיה Ezekiel 23:18; ׳ג alone Isaiah 57:8 (all subject feminine)
b. in General: feet Ruth 3:4,7, leg Isaiah 47:2, vail Isaiah 47:2 (i.e. remove it) compare Isaiah 22:8, פנילבושׁו Job 41:5, eyes Numbers 22:31 (E) Psalm 119:18 (open them so as to see).
2 disclose, discover, lay bare, secret places Jeremiah 49:10, deep places Job 12:22, foundations Micah 1:6, blood Isaiah 26:21, iniquity Job 20:27, secret Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 25:9, a wanderer (betray) Isaiah 16:3.
3 make known, shew, reveal, רִיב אֶל make known a cause unto Jeremiah 11:20; Jeremiah 20:12; with לְ Job 33:6; גִּלָּה צִדְקָתוֺ לעיני shew his righteousness in the eyes of Psalm 98:2; with על עון ׃עָל, על חטאת make known concerning, iniquity, sin Lamentations 2:14; Lamentations 4:22.
Pu`al Perfect גֻּלְּתָה be uncovered Nahum 2:8; Participle תּוֺכַחַת מְגֻלָּה open rebuke Proverbs 27:5.
Hiph`il39 Perfect הֶגְלָה 2 Kings 17:11 +, הִגְלָה 2 Kings 24:14, הֶגְלָם 1 Chronicles 8:7, הִגְלָם Jeremiah 20:4; Imperfect וַיֶּגֶל 2 Kings 17:6 3t.; suffix וַיַּגְלֶהָ 2 Kings 16:9, וַיַּגְלֵם 2 Kings 15:29; 1 Chronicles 5:26, יַגְלוּם 1 Chronicles 8:6: Infinitive הַגְלוֺת 1 Chronicles 5:41 5t., בַּגְלוֺתוֺ Jeremiah 27:20; — carry away into exile, take into exile 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 16:9; 2 Kings 17:6,11,26,27,28,33; 2 Kings 18:11; 2 Kings 24:14,15; 2 Kings 25:11; 1 Chronicles 5:6,26; 1 Chronicles 5:41; 1 Chronicles 8:6,7; 2 Chronicles 36:20; Ezra 2:1; Nehemiah 7:6; Esther 2:6; Jeremiah 20:4; Jeremiah 22:12; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 27:20; Jeremiah 29:1,4,7,14; Jeremiah 39:9; Jeremiah 43:3; Jeremiah 52:15,28,29,30; Lamentations 4:22; Ezekiel 39:28; Amos 1:6; Amos 5:27.
Hoph`al Perfect הָגְלָה Esther 2:6; feminine הָגְלְתָה Esther 2:6, הָגְלוּ 1 Chronicles 9:1; Jeremiah 40:7, הָגְלָת Jeremiah 13:19 (twice in verse) (Ges§ 75, R. 1); Participle passive מֻגְלִים Jeremiah 40:1 carried into exile.
Hithpa`el 1. Imperfect וַיִּתְגַּל was uncovered (naked) Genesis 9:21.
2 Infinitive בְּהִתְגַּלּוֺת לִבּוֺ that his heart may reveal itself Proverbs 18:2.
[גְּלָא, גְּלָה] verb reveal (Biblical Hebrew גָּלָה uncover, reveal); —
Pe`al reveal secrets, human agent: Infinitive לְמִגְלֵא Daniel 2:47; of God, Participle active גָּלֵא Daniel 2:22; Daniel 2:28; Daniel 2:29; Daniel 2:47.
Pe`il Perfect גְַּלִי Daniel 2:19, גֱּלִי Daniel 2:30, revealed (W CG 225 Nö LCB, 1896,703); — of secret, with ל person
Haph`el take into exile (Biblical Hebrew
Hiph`il), Perfect 3 masculine singular הַגְלִי, with accusative of person Ezra 4:10; Ezra 5:12 (ל location).
גָּלָה fut. יִגְלֶה with Vav convers. וַיִּגֶל prop. to be naked, and trans. to make naked (kindred to the root גָּלַח to be naked; hence, to be bald, whence, by a softer pronunciation, גָּלַהּ, גָּלָה); especially used of the ear by taking away the hair, of the face by taking away a veil (Arab. جل ا to cast away a garment, to cast away a vail and make bare a woman’s face; metaph. to uncover anything). In the usage of the Hebrew language
(1) to make naked; hence, to disclose, reveal, to uncover; especially in the phrase גָּלָה אֹזֶן פ׳ to make bare, to uncover any one’s ear by taking away the hair, as done by those who are about to disclose some secret thing; hence to certify of anything, to disclose a matter; 1 Samuel 20:2, “my father will not do anything וְלֹא יִגְלֶה … אֶת־אָזְנִי but he will disclose it to me,” verses 12 1 Samuel 20:12, 13 1 Samuel 20:13, 9:15 22:8, 17 1 Samuel 20:17. Elsewhere used, in a sense a little different, of God, Job 36:10, “he opens their ears to instruction;” verse 15 Job 36:15, 33:16. Hence it is applied גָּלָה סוֹד to reveal a secret, Amos 3:7; Proverbs 20:19. It is also said, גָּלָה סֵפֶר to disclose, to unfold a book, ein Buch auffchlagen, Jeremiah 32:11, 14 Jeremiah 32:14.
(2) to make a land naked of inhabitants, i.e. to emigrate (Arabic جل ا and جلى id.), and that whether willingly, 2 Samuel 15:19 or unwillingly, i.e. to be led into exile, 2 Kings 17:23, 24:14 25:21 Amos 1:5, 6:7, etc; used of inanimate things, Isaiah 24:11, “the joy of the land is gone away,” is exiled; Job 20:28; Proverbs 27:25.
(1) to be uncovered, to be made naked; Isaiah 47:3, “thy nakedness shall be uncovered;” Ezekiel 13:14, 16:36 23:29. Also used of a vail taken away, Jeremiah 13:22.
(2) to be revealed.
(a) used of men and of God; to appear, as if by the removal of a vail, i.q. נִרְאָה; followed by אֶל Genesis 35:7; 1 Samuel 14:8, 11 1 Samuel 14:11 compare Isaiah 53:1, where there follows עַל.
(b) to be manifested, manifest, used of things which were before concealed, Isaiah 49:9; Hosea 7:1.
(c) to be declared, followed by לְ and אֶל Isaiah 23:1; 1 Samuel 3:7.
(3) to be carried away; pass. of Hiph. Isaiah 38:12.
Piel i.q. Kal, but so however, that the proper signification is the prevalent one.
(1) to make naked, to uncover, as the feet, Ruth 3:4, the foundations of a building, Micah 1:6. It is also followed by an acc. of the removed covering, Isaiah 22:8, 47:2 Nahum 3:5; Job 41:5. Specially
(a) גִּלָּה עֶרְוַת אִשָּׁה “to uncover the nakedness of a woman;” i.e. to have intercourse with her, Leviticus 18:8, seq.; 20:17, seq. From the words of Leviticus 18:8, it is understood why to uncover the nakedness of a man, is used for, to have unlawful intercourse with his wife, 20:11, 20 Leviticus 20:20, 21 Leviticus 20:21 in which sense there is also said, to uncover his skirt or coverlet; Deuteronomy 23:1, 27:20.
(b) to uncover any one’s eyes (said of God), i.e. to open them, to shew to him things hidden from mortals; Numbers 22:31; Psalms 119:18, גְּלוּי עֵינַיִם (a man) “with open eyes;” said of a prophet, Numbers 24:4, 16 Numbers 24:16. [Part. Paül.]
(2) metaph. to reveal some hidden thing, Job 20:27 a secret, Proverbs 11:13 to deliver up a fugitive, Isaiah 16:3 to make known his power and glory, as God, Psalms 98:2; Jeremiah 33:6. גִּלָּח עַל ד׳ is i.q. גִּלָּה אֶת־אֲשֶׁר עַל ד׳ to uncover a vail, which vailed over any thing, Lamentations 2:14, 4:22 (where nothing needs alteration).
Pual, to be uncovered; Nahum 2:8, of Nineveh, גֻּלְּתָה “she is uncovered,” i.e. ignominiously.
Hithpael, הִגְלָה and הֶגְלָה fut. apoc. וַיֶּנֶל to carry away, to lead into exile; 2 Kings 15:29, 17:6, 11 2 Kings 17:11, 18:11, etc.
Hophal pass. Esther 2:6, etc.
(1) to uncover oneself, Genesis 9:21.
(2) to reveal itself, said of any one’s heart.
Derivatives, גּוֹלָה, גּוֹלָז, גָּלוּת, גִּלָּיוֹז, and the pr.n. גָּלְיַת, יָנְלִי.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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