the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #314 - ἀναγινώσκω
- to distinguish between, to recognise, to know accurately, to acknowledge
- to read
From G303 and G1097
1. to distinguish between, to recognize, to know accurately, to acknowledge; hence,
2. to read (in this significance ("first in Pindar O. 10 (11). 1") from (Aristophanes) Thucydides down): τί, Matthew 22:31; Mark 12:10; Luke 6:3; John 19:20; Acts 8:30, 32; 2 Corinthians 1:13; (Galatians 4:21 Lachmann marginal reading); Revelation 1:3; Revelation 5:4 Rec.; τινα, one's book, Acts 8:28, 30; ἐν with the dative of the book, Matthew 12:5; Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:26; with ellipsis of ἐν τῷ νόμῳ, Luke 10:26; followed by ὅτι (objective), Matthew 19:4; (followed by ὅτι recitative, Matthew 21:16); τί ἐποίησε, Matthew 12:3; Mark 2:25. The object not mentioned, but to be understood from what precedes: Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14; Acts 15:31; Acts 23:34; Ephesians 3:4; passive 2 Corinthians 3:2. to read to others, read aloud: 2 Corinthians 3:15; Acts 15:21 (in both places Μωϋσῆς equivalent to the books of Moses); (Luke 4:16; Acts 13:27); 1 Thessalonians 5:27; Colossians 4:16.
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(Attic ἀναγιγν -),
[in LXX chiefly for H7121;]
1. to know certainly, know again, recognize.
2. Of written characters, to read: Matthew 24:15, Mark 13:14, Acts 15:31; Acts 23:34, Ephesians 3:4; c. acc rei, Matthew 22:31, Mark 12:10 Luke 6:3, John 19:20, Acts 8:30; Acts 8:32, 2 Corinthians 1:13, Revelation 1:3; c. acc pers., Ἠσαίαν τ . προφήτην , Acts 8:28; Acts 8:30; seq. ἐν , Matthew 12:5; Matthew 21:42, Mark 12:26 (so. ἐν τ . νόμῳ ), Luke 10:26; seq. ὅτι , Matthew 19:4; Matthew 21:16; τί ἐποίησε , Matthew 12:3, Mark 2:25; pass. 2 Corinthians 3:2; of reading aloud (MM, VGT, s.v.), Luke 4:16, Acts 13:27; Acts 15:21, 2 Corinthians 3:15, Colossians 4:16, 1 Thessalonians 5:27 (M, Th., in l).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this word = ";read aloud,"; as generally in classical Greek, cf. P Grenf I. 37.15 (late ii/B.C.) ἐπιλέγ ̣ματο ̣ς ἀναγνωσθέντος, of the reading aloud of a petition, and P Goodsp Cairo 29iii. 1 (c. A.D. 150) ἧς ἀναγνωσθείσης, of a will. So P Oxy I. 59.8 (A.D. 292) ἐπίσταλμα ἐν ἡμῖν ἀνεγνώσ [θη ], ";at a meeting of our body a despatch was read,"; and Michel 699.5 (end of iii/B.C.) τό τε ψήφισμα ἀνέγνωσαν. The word is used absolutely in P Amh II. 64.2 (A.D. 107) ἀναγνωσθέντος, ";a report was read."; On the other hand it must mean simply ";read"; in P Eleph 9.3 (B.C. 222) ὡς ἂν οὖν ἀναγνῶις [τὴ ]ν ̣ ἐπιστολήν, and similarly ib. 13.3, also BGU IV. 1079.6 ff. (a private letter—i/A.D.) λοιπὸν ου ἔλαβον παρὰ το (ῦ) Αραβος τὴν ἐπιστολὴν καὶ ἀνέγνων καὶ ἐλυπήθην, and P Fay 20.23 (iii/iv A.D.) where it refers to copies of an edict set up in public places σύνοπτα τοῖς ἀναγιγνώσκουσιν, ";in full view of those who wish to read."; Ἀνέγνων is a common formula for an authenticating signature, like the Legimus of the Roman Emperors : see e.g. P Par 69.8, .10, .14 (B.C. 233). The play on two compounds of γινώσκω in 2 Corinthians 1:13 may be paralleled by P Oxy VII. 1062.13 (ii/A.D.) αυ ̣̓[τ ]ὴν δέ σοι τὴν ἐπιστολὴν πέμψω διὰ Σύρου ἵνα αὐτὴν ἀναγνοῖς νήφων καὶ σαυτοῦ καταγνοῖς. It is interesting to note from the literary record of the verb that the meaning ";read"; is essentially Attic, Ionic (Herod.) using ἐπιλέγεσθαι : see LS and Schlageter p. 24. In Preisigke 1019, 1020, 1022, 1023, all προσκυνήματα from the same Egyptian temple (Kalab-schah), also 1065 (Abydos)—we find the record of the adoration of a number of persons from one family, to which is appended καὶ τοῦ ἀναγινώσκοντος, in one case following καὶ τοῦ γράψαντος. This inclusion of the reader, whoever he may be, distantly reminds us of Revelation 1:3.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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